one of the two types of transport tissue in vascular plants, phloem being the other, the basic function is to transport water, but it also transports some nutrients
xylem
also known as tracheophytes, they form a large group of plants that are defined as those land plants that have tissues for conducting water and minerals throughout the plant
vascular plants
is one of two main structural axes of a vascular plant, the other being the root, it is normally divided into nodes and internodes
stems
spore producing plant; diploid (2N) phase of reproduction
sporophyte
In vascular plants, itis the organ of a plant that typically lies below the surface of the soil which absorbs water and nutrients
roots
is a process in which pollen is transferred to the female reproductive organs of seed plants, thereby enabling fertilization and reproduction
pollination
the vascular tissue in plants that conducts sugars and other metabolic products downward from the leaves
phloem
a complex organic polymer deposited in the cell walls of many plants, making them rigid and woody
lignin
also known as bryophytes, they are small, simple plants without a vascular transport system
nonvascular plants
are a group of seed-producing plants that includes conifers, cycads, Ginkgo, and Gnetales
gymnosperms
tissue with cells that lie between dermal and vascular tissue; include parenchyma, collenchyma, and sclerenchyma
ground tissue
gamete producing plant; haploid (N) phase of reproduction
gametophyte
the seed-bearing structure in angiosperms formed from the ovary after flowering
fruit
the seed-bearing part of a plant, consisting of reproductive organs (stamens and carpels) that are typically surrounded by a brightly colored corolla (petals) and a green calyx (sepals)
flower
the outer covering of a plant which typically consists of a single layer of epidermal cells
dermal tissue
a significant part of the embryo within the seed of a plant, upon germination, it usually becomes the first leaves of a seedling
cotlyedon
is an impermeable, buoyant material, a prime-subset of bark tissue that is harvested for commercial use
cork
are seed-producing plants that include flowers and the production of fruits that contain the seeds
angiosperms
organs of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem that is involved in gas exchange
leaves
a flowering plant's unit of reproduction, capable of developing into another such plant
seed

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