Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Mesoamerican people who were conquered by the Spanish Aztec
Mixed Native American and European ancestry Mestizos
People born in the New World of European ancestry. Creoles
Flow of goods and people that began with Columbus's voyages ColumbianExchange
The "reconquest" of Spain from the Moors Reconquista
Spanish term for "conquerors" Conquistadores
The capital city of the Aztec empire. Tenochtitlan
Santa Fe established Sixteenten
Large-scale farm worked by Indian laborers Hacienda
Was used as a justification for English imperial expansion BlackLegend
Year of Martin Luther's Ninety-five Theses Fifteenseventeen
Fifteenth-century European ship Caravel
Replaced the encomienda system RepartimientoSystem
Pueblo Revolt Was When Sixteeneighty
First African slaves transported to Caribbean island Fifteenzerotwo

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The Age of Exploration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Spanish conqueror of Mexico Hernan Cortes
took the lead in European exploration Portugal
went around the cape and cut across the Indian ocean to the coast of India Vasco de Gama
a thriving spice trade port melaka
believed he could reach Asia by sailing west instead of east around Africa Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus explored these coastlines cuba
persuaded the king of Spain to finance his voyage to Asia through the western hemisphere Ferdinand Magellan
explored the New England coastline of the Americas for England John Cabot
his letters described the land he saw led to the use of the name America Amerigo Vespucci
individuals with firearms, organizational skills, and determination that led to success conquistadors
Aztec monarch montezuma
landed on the pacific coast of south America with 180 men Francisco Pizarro
the right of landowners to use native Americans as laborers encomienda
the exchange of plants and animals between Europe and Asia columbian exchange
a settlement of people living in a new territory, linked to a parent country colony
a set of principles that dominated society mercantilism
the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports balance of trade
payments subsides
large agricultural estates plantations
connected Europe, Asia, and Africa triangular trade
the middle portion of the triangular trade route middle passage
"so great is the corruption that our country is being completely depopulated" king afonso
pulled into the slave trade benin
in the 1500's Portugal came to dominate this land Brazil
Spanish and Portuguese officials who had been born in Europe peninsulares
descendants of Europeans born in Latin America creoles
offspring of Europeans and Native Americans mestizos
offspring of Africans and Europeans mulattoes

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APUSH Period 1 Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A system where encomenderos would offer protection and Catholicism for labor. Encomienda System
He was an encomenderos. In the Mid-1500s, he came to see his encomienda and saw the inhumane treatment and abuse the encomienda system promoted. He started petitioning the King of Spain to institute laws that would protect natives against abusive practices. Bartolome De Las Casas 
It put regulations on inhuman practices.   New Laws of 1542 
About 91% of all of them died from diseases that were being brought over to the Americas from Europe. Native Americans
It was a process of transferring plants, animals, diseases, and people between the Old and New Worlds. Columbian Exchange
He was given 3 ships (the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria) by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. He arrived at the Bahamas on October 12, 1492. By 1494, he decided to “subjugate by force of arms” the Taino, Arawak, and Carib people.  Christopher Columbus
They married and merged Castile and Aragon unifying Spain and stopping the encroachment of the Moors (Reconquista). They also funded Christopher Columbus’s voyage to America.   Ferdinand and Isabella
Spain went to the Pope because they were scared Portugal would try to take their territory. This treaty, in 1494, divided the world between Spain (having the western hemisphere) and Portugal (having land east however Portugal technically had Brazil). They didn’t ask the native people or anyone else in Europe for that matter. Treaty of Tordesillas 
The night Moctezuma drove Cortes from Tenochtitlan.  Noche Triste
In 1680, Pueblos revolt against attacks on their religion, killing priests and destroying Catholic missionaries. Spain lost control of Santa Fe and Mew Mexico for 50 years.  Pope's Rebellion
It was a belief that the Spanish only killed, tortured, and stole in the Americas while doing nothing good.  The Black Legend
In other words, it is corn cultivation, (in 6,000 BCE) domesticated crops and animals, led to civilization, and ended nomadic lifestyle. It was majorly significant to South America.  Maize
It was a practice of growing beans, corn, and squash together. It improved diet and also led to large populations.  Three-sister Farming
It was the 1st European nation to send explorers around the west coast of Africa.  Portugal
It taught people had to be constantly on defense against temptations. Europeans also wanted to share this with others around the world and became a major reason for exploration.  Christianity
The 3 main reasons many colonists wanted to come to the New World. Gold, God, Glory
It allowed sailors to sail with or against wind and made it capable for Europeans to now sail south toward Africa.  Caravel
The bridge that got the earliest Americans between 11,000 and 35,000 years ago from Asia. It was created during the Ice Age.  Beringia Land Bridge 
One of the causes of exploration, He was an Italian adventure who travelled to China, lived there 17 years and wrote a book that described the wealth and products of China.   Marco Polo
First European to see Pacific by crossing Panama in 1513 (claiming all land for Spain).  Vasco Nunez Balboa
An animal brought from Europe that changed the Indians way of life.    Horse
Started in Spain in 1519 with 5 ships, led the 1st successful European circumnavigation of globe in 1522. Ferdinand Magellan
From 1513 to 1521, he explored Florida seeking gold and the “fountain of youth” but unfortunately didn’t find either of those.  Juan Ponce De Leon
In 1509, he went to the Caribbean because of wealth and titles. In the 1520s, he failed to conquer the Inca Empire In 1533, he founded Peru. Eight years later, he was killed by a fellow conquistador named Diego de Almagro.  Francisco Pizarro
From 1539 to 1542, helped with the Inca defeat and explored in Southeast U.S. seeking for gold. He discovered the Mississippi River. He mistreated the Indians and died of fever and wounds. His people threw his body in the Mississippi River.  Hernando De Soto 
In 1519, he entered Aztec capital and discovered their rituals and wealth. He kidnapped Moctezuma, killed 100s of natives, but Spanish ended up running for their lives. He teamed up with other natives to defeat Aztecs. By 1521, he defeated the Aztecs.  Hernan Cortes
Person of mixed European and Indian ancestry.  Mestizos 
Their capital city was Tenochtitlan. They had a warrior culture and are well known for their rituals (human sacrifices). They lived in central Mexico.  Aztecs
They were located in Peru and Andes Mountains. They built road networks, terrace farming, and quipu.   Incas
They were located in Peru and Andes Mountains. They built road networks, terrace farming, and quipu.   Mayas

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2.1 Spanish Colonization & New Spain Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Incan emperor ATAHUALPA
Spanish conquerors CONQUISTADORS
Explored the southwestern borderlands. Never did find streets of gold. CORONADO
Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec. CORTES
People born in the Americas to parents from Spain. Wealthy and well educated. CREOLES
Founder of New Mexico colony in 1598. DEONATE
Explored Florida to the Mississippi River DESOTO
Indian woman who advised Cortes DONAMARINA
Land grants from Spanish government that allowed for Native Americans to provide labor or pay taxes. ENCOMIENDAS
One of 4 people who traveled more than 1000 miles through the Southwest. ESTEVANICO
People at the bottom of the social classes in New Spain. INDIANS
Catholic father who set up 24 missions in Arizona. KINO
A priest who tried to protect the Indians' civil rights, and, in doing so, encouraged African slave trade. LASCASAS
People of mixed Spanish and Indian background. MESTIZOS
Settlements run by Catholic priests and friars. Goal: to convert Indians to Christianity. MISSION
Aztec emperor MOCTEZUMA
People at the top of the social order in New Spain; born in Spain, highest jobs, owned land and mines. PENINSULARES
Conquered Inca PIZARRO
A large estate farmed by many workers. PLANTATION
Searched for fountain of youth in Florida. PONCEDELEON
Forts where soldiers lived. PRESIDIOS
Towns PUEBLOS

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Spanish Conquest of The Americas Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A region where North and South America meet, and now includes modern day countries such as Guatemala and Mexico. Mesoamerica
Corn; grown typically in Central or South America. An important Aztec food. maize
A highly contagious disease brough to the Americas by the Europeans. The indigenous people had no immunity to this deadly disease and more than 90% died from it. smallpox
A natural body of water (lake) within the valley of Mexico. LakeTexcoco
A pottery fragment usually unearthed as an archaelogical relic. Also known as potsherds. sherd
A water supply system constructed to convey water over a long gradual slope. aqueduct
A god that is a guardian of protector of something in particular. For example, Chicmexochiti was the patron god of artists. patrongod
The capital city of the Aztec Empire, built in the centre of Lake Texcoco. Tenochtitlan
The exposure of multiple layers beneath Earth's surface so archaelogists can study the artefacts of a site. statigraphy
A small, floating piece of fertile land used for agriculture. chinampa
Aztec emperor who reigned during the Spanish conquest of Tenochtitlan. Montezuma
The offering of a crop or killing of a live animal or person to please a god. sacrifice
The art of decorating something with small pieces of coloured materials such as glass, stones, tiles or shells. mosaic
A road built across a broad body of water or wetland. causeway
A term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of Spanish or Portuguese Empires in a general sense. Literally, it means 'conqueror'. conquistador
The Spanish conquistador who invaded Aztec territory and took the city of Tenochtitlan. Cortes
Payments, such as goods or services, made by one nation to ensure protection by another. tribute
A glassy, black rock that is formed by cooling lava. obsidian
In Aztec context, the name given to a document written by the Aztecs, which uses mainly pictures to tell a story. codex
A symbol or image used to represent words. glyph

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U.S. History Unit 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Brand of car that makes Grand Ams, Grand Prix, and Firebirds Pontiac
President that is on the 100 dollar bill Benjamin Franklin
Also known as the Seven Years War French and Indian War
Brand of Oatmeal Quaker
"In 1492, _______ sailed the ocean blue" Christopher Columbus
Columbus first incountered this tribe of indians when landing in America Tainto
Used to take land and enslave the Indians encomienda
Not the real name for the tribe but they derive from the Pueblos Anasazi
Solve the equation: (Bongo-B)+K= Kongo
a servant with no teeth indentured servant
Captian from Mr. Smiths most quoted movie, "Pocahontas" John Smith
Indian war from 1675-1676 King Philips War
restricted use of foriegn ships for trade Navigation Acts
founder of the Pennsylvania Province William Penn
empire based in Tenochtitlan Aztec
England trying to take back control of America merchantilism
ninth emperor of the Aztec empire Montezuma
European and American parents mestizo
trade from three ports or regions triangular acts
intellectual movement that emphasized reason and individualism. enlightenment

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The First Global Age Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Indians initially encountered by Columbus Taino
Took Mexico for Spain Cortes
Defeated by Cortes Aztec
Aztec traitor and translator Malinche
Aztec emperor Moctezuma
Conquered Peru for Spain Pizzaro
Council of ____; pass laws for Spanish colonies Indies
Representative rulers of the Spanish King Viceroys
Exchange of goods Trade
Right to force Native Americans to work Encomienda
Spanish priest who encouraged slavery Las Casas
Spanish-born colonists peninsulares
American-born colonists creoles
Native/European colonists mestizos
European animals unfamiliar to Natives horses
French settlement New France
First English settlement Jamestown
Sent people to populate New France Louis XIV
Thirteen ________ Colonies
Treaty of ______; ended French and Indian War Paris

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Exploration And Colonization Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

way of thought with prime importance on humans not divine matters Humanism
a imagined place thats perfect Utopia
male head of a family or tribe Patriarch
setting up a colony away from origin/home country Colonization
the difference of the values of exports and inports for a country; a favorable balance is when there is more value in the exports than the imports. Balence of Trade
the action of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it Exploration
a treaty signed in 1494 by Spain and Portugal, which split the Western lands down a line of demarcation from north to south, giving Spain the all territory west of the line, and Portugal all land east of the line Treaty of Tordesillas
Helped to usher in the intense period of European naval exploration that dominated the world during the 15th-17th centuries Prince Henry the Navigator
His exploration led to the discovery of the Americas by European and resulted in future European colonization in the Americas Christopher Columbus
Marks the beginning of European colonization in the Americas and sets the stage for European dominance of the Native populations Columbian Exchange
A system of slavery used by the Spanish conquistadors on their American plantations Encomienda System
A buisness formed by a group of investors who pooled their money to invest together Joint- Stock Company
Had their passage to America paid by someone else and in return they signed a contract agreeing to pay off their debt by working for this person. Indentured Servant
Came to America to establish their own colony to escape religious persicution in England Puritans
The first law in America for freedom of worship for all Christians Act for Religious Toleration
Were motivated by the 3 G's (God, Gold, Glory); Conquered many great Native American Civilizations and brought much much of the Americas under Spanish control in the 15th century Conquistadors
Defeted the Aztecs who were ruled by Montezuma, and conquered Mexico; Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes
Recieved Hernando Cortes and his men as gods and allowed them to conquer his kingdom; Aztec Emperor Montezuma
A child of mix race born from a Spainard and an American Indian Mestizo
First permanent English settlement in America Jamestown

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Haitian and Latin Revolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Led the Haitian Revolution Toussaint L'Ouveture
Freed Argentina from Spanish rule in 1810 and was an Argentine general Jose de San Martin
A creole general and led the independence movements throughout South America beginning in Venezuela in 1811 Simon Bolivar
A French colony, known as Santo Domingo and had a large slave population Haiti
Colonial leaders from Spain Peninsulares
Lowest class of society Slaves
Mixed Africans and Europeans Mulattos
Mixed Native American and Europeans Mestizos
People of Portuguese or Spanish descent born in the colonies Creoles
de Martin and Bolivar join forces and defeat the Spanish army in _______ in 1821. Peru
Enlightenment ideas, French Revolution, and American Revolution are all _______ of the Haitian Revolution Causes
Lasted for _____ years from 1791-1804 13
L'Ouveture dies in prison in the year of _____ 1803
The only successful slave _______ in history Revolt
France _____ stop the rebellion Cannot

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Spanish Conquest of the Americas Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Small Land grant given to one family Private Grant
To change the natives culture/religion Assimilation
Widespread transfer of animals, food, (etc..) Columbian Exchange
Enslave Natives for Labor Encomienda System
Leader, soldier, conquerer Conquistador
Piece of land given to settlers by spanish government Land grant
Spanish natives and Africans mixed Mestizo
A catholic community created to christianize and hispanicize natives Mission
Land grant given to a small group Community Grant
Land given to the pueblos Pueblo grant
They controled the lives of natives and punished those who disobeyed Mission priests
The American Hemisphere is also called New World
The Afro-Eurasian is also called.. Old world
Used as New World animal; used to carry things Alpaca
Used to attract spanish settlers Land grant system
Conquered most central America New Spain

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Age of Exploration Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

This word search contains the following answers:

Amerigo Vespucci
Astrolabe
Aztec Empire
Bartolomeu Dias
Caravel
Colony
Columbian Exchange
Columbus
Compass
Conquistador
Coronado
DaGama
Francisco Pizarro
Gold, Glory, God
Henry Hudson
Henry the Navigator
Hernando Cortes
Incan Empire
Jamestown
Line of Demarcation
Magellan
Middle Passage
Pilgrims
Slave Trade
Small Pox
Spanish Armada
Treaty of Tordesillas
Triangular Trade
Vasco Nunez de Balboa

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