Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

When is a common time prescribed to take an antacid? Bedtime
Patients with what conditions or diseases should avoid antacids high in sodium? Cardiac
Category of drugs used to help neutralize gastric acid and reduce symptoms of indigestion and heartburn. Antacid
Destruction of what lining causes the gastric distress? Mucosal
Tums or Rolaids CalciumCarbonate
Antacids are usually available as ____________ drugs. Combination
Aluminum-containing antacids cause what adverse reaction? Osteoporosis
What is one use of antacids? GERD
Antacids are only used for _____________ treatment. Shortterm
Milk of Magnesia Magnesiumhydroxide
________ any liquid antacid before taking. Shake
Brands with magnesium usually cause what side effect? Diarrhea
Antacids _____________ hydrochloric acid and increase gastric PH to reduce GI irritation. Neutralize

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ANTACIDS Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Trade name for Antacid prototype drug ________. Mylanta
Therapeutic use for Antacids. hyperacidity
________ pH is increased by adding base salts. gastric
Onset of drug is _____. rapid
_______ amount of drug absorbed. small
__________ can occur after patients take Antacids with aluminum. constipation
__________ can occur after patients take Antacids with magnesium. diarrhea
Magnesium _______ can occur if patients with renal failure take Antacids. toxicity
If drug is a liquid, make sure to _______. shake
Chew thoroughly and take with ________, if in tablet form. water
Trade name of Calcium Carbonate. TUMS
Antacids do not coat the lining of the ________. stomach
Dont give on an ________ stomach. empty
Trade name of Aluminum Hydroxide. Amphogel

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Disorders and Diseases of the Digestive System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The surgical removal of the gallbladder cholecystectomy
A condition characterized by difficulty in defecating constipation
A chronic, inflammatory bowel disease that usually affects the small intestine or colon crohns disease
The occurrence of frequent, watery bowel movements diarrhea
Solid crystals that form from substances in the bile of the gallbladder gallstones
An inflammation of the stomach or intestine that produces some combination of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain gastroenteritis
The movement of chyme from the stomach into the lower esophagus gastroesophageal reflux
An abbreviation for the chronic inflammation of the esophagus caused by the upward flow of gastric juice (caused by gastroesophageal reflux) GERD
A disease characterized by inflammation of and damage to the liver hepatitis
A condition in which the wall of the small and/or large intestine becomes chronically inflamed inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammation of the pancreas pancreatitis
A disease that affects the supporting structure of the teeth and the gums periodontal disease
A break in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or lower esophagus ulcer
An inflammatory bowel disease that usually affects the colon and the mucosal layer of the intestinal wall ulcerative colitis

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IBS/IBD/GERD/PUD Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Go to antacid, active ingredient in TUMS Calciumcarbonate
Mucus secreting cells in intestinal lining Gobletcells
Prokinetic agent, increases LES pressure Metoclopramide
Not recommended for acid reflux, dosed QID, forms viscous adhesive on ulcer crater Sucralfate
ADR of anti-histamine’s, dizziness, spinning room Vertigo
Side effect of GERD, ADR of Imodium Xerostomia
Omeprazole and sodium bicarb Zegerid
Brand only, PPI Dexilant
Blood in stool Hematochezia
Initial treatment for ulcerative colitis Mesalamine
Weakening of bone, extra intestinal manifestation Osteoporosis
250/500 mg capsules that are effective in entire GI tract Pentasa
________ tenderness, indicates severe to fulminant UC Rebound
lifestyle modification for nocturnal symptoms of GERD Wedge
Medication that is an irritant to mucosa in GERD Aspirin
use of loperamide may cause this condition toxicmegacolon
Food that decreases LES pressure peppermint
___ weeks of PPI is the choice for symptomatic relief and healing of erosive esophagitis Eight
PPI’s are dosed 30-60 mins before which meal? Breakfast
Food may relieve the pain when dealing with a ____ ulcer Duodenal
When there are drug interactions with antacid use, separate antacid by ____ hours Two
A dangerous complication of GI ulcers Perforation
Barrier to effective treatment of H. pylori infection Resistance
Drug used for prevention of NSAID ulcers, but contraindicated in pregnancy Misoprostol
An independent risk factor for stress-related mucosal bleeding Coagulopathy
used for IBS-D and hits Mu receptors Viberzi
emergency use in IBS-C and CIC Zelnorm
IBS-C in women, OI-Constipation Amitiza
classic symptom of PUD Epigastricpain
Protective factor for PUD Prostaglandins
Generic name for Sandostatin (inhibits gastric acid and releases gastrin) Octreotide
excessive fat in the stools due to malabsorption Steatorrhea
Malignant gastrinomas occur in 30-50% of patients with this syndrome Zollingerellisons
Generic name of Tagamet that has many drug interactions Cimetidine
Gives greatest symptom relief for GERD + highest healing rates PPI
antidiarrheal that is over the counter Loperamide
generic of Uceris, used to help treat ulcerative colitis Budesonide

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Acids and Bases Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A basic solution. Alkaline solution
Potential of Hydrogen pH
An Acid that is completely ionized in aqueous solution Strong Acid
An Acid that is only slightly ionized in aqueous solution Weak Acid
A solution of known concentration used in carrying out a titration Standard Solution
Process used to determine the concentration of the solution Tritration
A base that reacts with water to form the hydroxide ion and the conjugate acid of the base Weak Base
A base that completely dissociates into metal ions and hydroxide ions in aqueous solution Strong Base
Neutral Seven
Any substance that can accept a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond Lewis Acid
Any substance that can donate a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond Lewis Base
The positive ion formed when a water molecule gains a hydrogen ion. Hydronium Ion
The particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion. Conjugate Acid
A compound that has a pH of less then 7. Acid
A compound that has a pH more than 7. Base
Able to be dissolved in a solute. Soluable
A chemical reaction between an acid and a base that produces water and a salt. Neutralization
A substance that changes colors to indicate a change in the pH. Indicator
Negative log of the concentration of hydroxide ion. pOH
The point in the titration at which the indicator changes colors. End Point
What is the pH of Lakes normally 7
Used to cure heartburn. Antacid
Any process that results in the formation of an ion. Ionization
A molecule or ion that is a proton donor Bronsted Lowery Acid
An ionic compound composed of a cation and the anion from an acid. Salt

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intro to pharmacology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

route by which the drug is absorbed into the circulation via oral or gastric mucose or the small intestine Enteral
The study of poisons and unwanted responses to drugs and other chemicals Toxicology
(2 words) The time it takes for one half of the original amount of a drug to be removed from the body Half-Life
What the drug does to the body Pharmacodynamics
Decreasing response to repeated drug doses Tolerance
(3 words) metabolism of a drug and its passage from the liver into the circulation First-Pass Metabolism
(2 words) Ratio of a drug's toxic level to the level that provides therapeutic benefits Therapeutic Index
Permanent changes in genetic composition Mutation
Study of drugs' movement into, within, and out of the body Pharmacokinetics
Extent of drug absorption, or how much of the drug will reach the circulation Bioavailability
Main organ for excretion Kidney
Place where metabolism frequently occurs Liver
Area surrounding the eyeball Periocular

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Gastrointestinal Disorders Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A ____ test is used in diagnosing Enterobius vermicularis TAPE
______ rehydration is attempted first for mild and moderate dehydration ORAL
A medication indicated for C. difficile and G. lamblia METRONIDAZOLE
A foodborne pathogen that can lead to hemolytic uremic syndrome Ecoli
_________ disease is a structrual anomaly of the GI tract that is caused by lack of ganglionic cells in segments of the colon Hirschsprung
complication of diarrhea dehydration
inflammation of the bowel enterocolitis
rotavirus trasmission route fecaloral
most common cause of diarrhea in children younger than 5 years old rotavirus
eggs from Enterobius vermicularis (pinworm) can survive for 2 to 3 ______ on surfaces weeks
tissue damage resulting from gastroesophageal reflux GERD

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Unit THREE Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Backwards flow of gastric contents into the esophagus GERD
This test monitors pH for 24 hours, is placed in endoscopy and excreted naturally. Bravo capsule
These meds neutralize stomach acid and provide symptom relief in GERD pts Antacids
This class of drugs block the final pathway of acid production and decrease acidity PPIs
This procedure is done laporoscopic or open, wraps top of stomach around esophagus in pts with GERD Nissen Fundoplication
A non surgical procedure using magnents that allow food to pass the LES by separating and then closing again, preventing backflow LINX
Condition where lower part of esophagus and portion of the stomach move into thoracic cavity Hiatal Hernia
Inflammation of the stomach mucosa Gastritis
Number one cause of peptic ulcer disease H Pylori
when an organ rupture or leaks into the peritoneal cavity this life threatening condition may occur Peritonitis
This type of ulcers occur in patients in the ICU, burn pts, trauma pts and septic patients. Stress Ulcer
blood in your vomit Hematemesis
Blood in stools Melena
This drug treats H pylori by disrupting the cell wall killing bacteria Bismuth
One reason for obesity is that the person may have a resistance to this hormone that typically increases energy expenditure and produces satiety Leptin
A "Fat appron" resulting from heavy fat not having anywhere to go, may go over thighs Apple Pannus
This diet program has been sucessful for decades, using a points system and support group to promote healthy eating Weight Watchers
This therapy for weight loss helps patients control external cues that stimulate overeating and changes goals to be more realistic Behavior therapy
This weight loss drug blocks 30% of fat from being absorbed in the GI tract and is available in a lower dose over the counter Orlistat
This weight loss drug supresses appetite by triggering a serotonin release Belviq
This drug is a non-amphetamine appetite suppression that signals CNS to suppress appetite Phentermine
This weight loss procedure is reversible, it involves a band wrapped around upper part of stomach to decrease amount of food that can be taken in Lap Band
Irreversible procedure that turns the stomach into an egg sized pouch formed by the top of the stomach, duodenum and remaining stomach are attached to jujunum RouxenY
Acute or chronic inflammation of gallbladder Cholecystitis
The presence of one or more gallstones Cholelithiasis
This type of hernia if pressed on will go back into the abdomen Reducible
This type of herniation reduces blood supply to part of bowel. May cause bowels to become obstructed Strangulated
Type of hernia associated with young boys due to testes descending into scrotum prior to birth Inguinal
This type of hernia produces greatest risk of strangulation, and also requires immediate surgery Femoral
First sign of peritonitis Rigidity

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Acids & Bases Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

few ions in water weak base
point at which equal amounts of H3O+ and OH- have been added endpoint
sodium hydroxide base
when hydrogen chloride is dissolved in water, a hydronium ion and a chloride ion are produced dissociation of acids
magnesium hydroxide base
determined by dramatic changes in pH endpoint
pH of 7.0 - 7.8 blood
form hydronium ions in water acid
absorbic acid acid
ranges from 0 - 14, with 7.0 being neutral pH scale
base that does not contain -OH ammonia
solutions containing ions that react with additional acids or bases buffers
OH- changes into a positive and negative ion dissociation of acids
100% ions in water strong acid
hydrochloric acid acid
substance that undergoes distinct observable change when the conditions of its solution change indicator
form hydroxide ions in water base
small compounds that enable small amounts of acids and bases to be absorbed without repercussions buffers
measure of the concentration of H3O+ ions in a solution pH
the nucleus of a hydrogen atom separated from its accompanying electron hydrogen ion

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GI medications Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is the pharmacological action of dexamethasone? Unknown
Should be used in combination with a glucocorticoid or a serotonin antagonist to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting Aprepitant
This drug can be adminstered PO, IM, or IV and is primarily used for nausea and vomiting related to surgery or other treatments. Ondansetron
Which patient would you not want to give Aprepitant: pt with seizures, diabetic, or liver failure Liver Failure
Which med can cause prolonged QT interval and can lead to serious dysrhythmia? Ondansetron
Is Aprepitant safe for children? NOPE
MOA: Lowers surface tension of the stool to allow penetration of water Docusate Sodium
What is the therapeutic use of Docusate Sodium? Constipation
For this drug, we use low dose for painful elimination of stool, and large doses for colon surgery or diagnostic testing Magnesium Hydroxide
True or False: Administration of Magnesium Hydroxide can lead deficient levels of magnesium FALSE
OSMOTIC diuretics can cause_____________. Dehydration
In addition to stool softeners/laxatives, the nurse should encourage the patient to eat a diet high in ____________. FIBER
How would you know the laxative was effective? The patient had a _____________________. Bowel Movement
This is the MOA for what drug class: Activates opioid receptors to decrease intestinal motility and to increase the absorption of fluid and sodium in the intestine Antidiarrheal
Antidiarrheal medications are pregnancy category C. Would they contraindicated? YES
For Administration of Antidiarrheals: nurses should educate patient to drink something with electrolytes and no ___________. Caffeine
The MOA of ____________ is activating the vomiting center to expel gastric contents and causes increase of upper Gi motility, increasing peristalsis. Prokinetic agents
Which drug is a prokinetic agent? Metoclopramide, Ondansetron, Docusate Metoclopramide
True or False: Metoclopramide is contraindicated in GI bleed, seizures, and those at risk EPS(such as elderly and young children) True
This drug is approved only for female clients who suffer from IBS/D that has lasted more than 6 months Alosetron
What would you not want to give with Alosetron because it will decrease the levels and therapeutic effects? Phenobarbital
What is the drug of choice for women who struggle daily with IBS/C? Lubiprostone
As a nurse, what should instruct your patient to do when taking the medication, Lubiprostone to decrease nausea? take with food
5-Amino Salicylates MOA is it decreases ________________ by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis? inflammation
Which of these is not a use for 5-aminosalicyates? nausea, IBS, Crohn's disease, ulcerative cholitis nausea
Which of these is not a contraindication for 5-Aminosalicylates? pregnancy, sensitivity to sulfanomides, thiazide diuretics, beta blockers, and salicylates, beta blockers
With a patient taking a probiotic and an antibiotic; how long should the nurse instruct her patient to take these apart? two hours
Which drug class helps restore the normal flora in the gut? probiotics
What drug class is needed to eliminate H. pylori bacteria? Antibiotics
Histamine 2 recpetor antagonized that works by blocking H2 receptors to reduce gastric acid and hydrogen ions in the stomach Ranitidine
This Histamine receptor antagonist drug can be given PO or IV: IV is given in acute situations; Cimetidine, Verapamil, and Labetalol Cimetidine
True or False: Ranitidine can be taken with or without food? true
A proton pump inhibitor that works by blocking basal and stimulated acid production and inhibits the enzyme that produces gastric acid Omeprazole
Would digoxin levels increase or decrease with omeprazole? increase
True or FAlse:Inform client they can have pneumonia, osteoporosis, rebound acid hypersecretion, and hypomagnesemia when taking Omeprazole True
This is used for a patient suffering from acute duodenal ulcers? Mucosal Protectant
This is the prototype for mucosal protectants Sucralfate
You would not give mucosal protectants in what patients: liver failure, diabetics, pregnancy, and kidney failure kidney failure
Do not crush or chew tablets of sucralfate, you should ___________- in water. dissolve
MOA: neutralized gastric acid by producing neutral salts and inactivated pepsin Antacids
Therapeutic use of Misoprostal in relation to GI: is prevention of gastric ____________ in patients taking long term NSAIDS ulcers

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Narcotics/Opiates Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Drugs derived from the opium plant Opiates
Side affect that usually results in vomiting Nausea
Obtainable only by perscription Narcotics
When you take too much of a drug Overdose
Tired and always tired Drowsiness
Affects opioids oxycodone
When you can't stop taking something Addiction
When your brain is used to drug and depends on it Tolerance
Strong narcotic only used in emergencies Morphine
Sometimes used as a cough suppressant heroin
Inability to poop; difficulty emptying bowels Constipation
Incurable disease able to be supressed HIV
Result of overdosing/addiction to drug Death
Lack of understanding; uncertainty Confusion
Reduces withdrawal symptoms in people addicted to heroin or other narcotic drugs Methadone

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