Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

horizontal passages that pass through rocks Tunnels
hole that goes deep down into the ground shaft
causing damage to air, water,soil with dirt and / or chemicals pollution
things that people throw away and do not use waste material
lengths of wood or metal that stop the tunnel roofs from falling down roof supports
a lifting machine that transports miners and rocks in a mine shaft lift
a powerful effect or damage impact
risk danger
mines that remove large areas of soil and rock from the surface open pit mining
hole that goes deep down into the ground shaft

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Pollution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

one of the leading causes towards he increase amount of non-point solution agriculture
example of point source solution pipes
the source of pollution can be directly seen point
leading cause of run-off pesticides
movement of water through soil and rock percolation
can not directly see where the pollution is coming from nonpoint
agricultural practices placing pesticides and it running off into groundwater runoff
example of non-point source pollution from waterways stormwater
reaction of sunlight, nitrogen oxides, and VOCs; point source appears gray photochemical smog
nonpoint pollutant refering to the outflow of acidic water from mines acid mine drainage
2012 oil spill in the gulf of mexico on BP operated ship deep water horizon
hazardous chemicals that had been buried in a canal, leaked into people's property and school yards love canal
extremely damaging substance to human blood carbon monoxide
wet/dry deposits of secondary pollutants onto earth surfaces acid deposition
brown haze composed of sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid, and suspended particles industrial smog
pollution of water through air pollution atmospheric depostion
river in India polluted by trash and untreated sewage Ganges
mercury dumped in a body of water in Japan, leading to mental impairment, birth defects and death in humans minamata bay
nations agree to cut CFC productionin half to recover ozone montreal protocol
the process by which something becomes impure, defiled, dirty, or otherwise unclean pollution

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SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

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Weathering Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The breaking down and weathering of a rock from mechanical weathering Abrasion
Rocks break by chemical weathering Chemical weathering
Metallic element combines with oxygen and causes chemical change Oxidation
chemical Reaction between water and another substance to form two new substances Hydrolysis
conversions of a compound into a carbonate Carbonation
Percipitation that contains a high concentrarion of acid Acid Percipitation
Weaker rocks weather away at a faster rate than harder rocks Differential Weathering
Mixture of minerals, water, gases, and remains of dead organisms Soil
Layers of soil Soil Profile
Horizontal layer of soil Horizon
Dark, organic material formed in soil from the decayed remains of plants and animals Humus
Process were Earth's surface are loosened, dissolved or worn away Erosion
Water removes topsoil Sheet Erosion
Movement of a large mass of sediment or a section of land down a slope Mass movement
Slow, downslope flow of soil Sulification
Slow downhill movement of weathered rock material Creep

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Weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The process that breaks down rock and other material at Earth surface weathering
The process by which ice wind water and soil move weather rock Erosion
Rock is physically broken down into smaller pieces mechanical weathering
Breaks down rock with chemical changes chemical weathering
The geological principle that the same geologic processes that operate it today in the past to change Uniformitarianism
Grinding away of rocks by other rock particles carried in water with ice or wind Abrasion
Sports rock when water seeped into cracked and freezes and expands Ice wedging
Chemical change in which substance combines with oxygen as when iron oxides forming rest Oxidation
Characteristics of material that is full of tiny connected air spaces I can see through Permeable
Loose weathered material and earth surface in which plants can grow Soil
Dark colored organic material in soil Humus
Organisms that breakdown the remains of organisms and I just them Decomposers

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Water Resources: Environmental Science Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Water found on Earth's land surface. Surface Water
Continuous movement of water between Earth and its atmosphere Water Cycle
A flowing network of water formed by rivers and streams River System
Area of land that is drained by a river Watershed
Water found beneath the earth's surface groundwater
Underground formation that contains groundwater Aquifer
ability of rock or soil to allow water to flow through it permeability
Area of Earth's surface from which water percolates down into an aquifer recharge zone
A hole that is dug or drilled to reach groundwater well
percentage of the total volume of a rock that has spaces (pores) porosity
The level undergound where rocks and soil are saturated with water water table

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Hydrology Unit Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet. HYDROSPHERE
water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations Ground water
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. Watershed
study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets HYDROLOGY
of or found in fresh water; not of the sea FRESHWATER
all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas HYDROSPHERE
an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials AQUIFER
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a partly enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it estuary
oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, UPWELLING
The integration and application of environmental values into the military mission in order to sustain readiness, improve quality of life STEWARDSHIP
biological conversion of one or more carbon molecules CHEMOSYNTHESIS
a single identifiable source of air, Water pollution, thermal, noise or light pollution POINT SOURCE POLLUTION
introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change POLLUTION
saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water SALINITY
water pollution affects a water body from sources such as polluted runoff from agricultural areas draining into a river, or wind-borne debris blowing out to sea. NONPOINTPOLLUTION
the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye TURBIDITY
a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae ALGAL BLOOM
a numeric scale used to specify the acidity or basicity(alkalinity) of an aqueous solution pH
of, found in, or produced by the sea MARINE
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere POLLUTANT
species that can be used to monitor the health of an environment or ecosystem. BIO-INDICATOR
change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase CONDENSATION
rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground. PRECIPITATION
the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure, etc. RUNOFF
a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase EVAPORATION
process of water movement through a lant and its evaporation from aerial parts TRANSPIRATION

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Rock Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

All rocks form under the_______. crust
Rocks that are formed by lava or magma are called_______. Igneous
Sedimentary rocks have lots of_________. Layers
All rocks have two or more________. minerals
Igneous rocks that are formed underground are made from________. magma
What type of sedimentary rock forms under water? limestone
What rock is made from sand layers are pushed together? sandstone
What helps make metamorphic rock other than soil? heat
What igneous rock is great for climbing? granite
What rock is made when rocks squeeze together by heat and other rocks? Metamorphic
Igneous rocks that cool on the outside of the earth are called________. extrusive
Igneous rocks that cool inside the earth are called_________. intrusive
What Igneous rock has lots of holes in it? pumice
What sedimentary rock is held together by different types of rock? conglomerate
What igneous rock has no crystals, is smooth, and is smooth? Obsidian
Metamorphic rocks that are made of thin layers of minerals are called_______. slate
What metamorphic rock is made of minerals pressed together? gneiss
Extrusive rocks are made by what substance? lava
Rocks made from lava or magma are________ rocks. Igneous
Rocks are turned into sand by ocean_______. waves

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Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

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Weathing, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Natural process by which atmospheric and environmental agents disintigrate rocks. Weathering
When rocks break into smaller pieces by physical means. Mechanical
These changes help disintigrate and decompose rocks. Think ice. Temperature
When water seeps into cracks, then freezes, we call it this. (2 words, no spaces) Icewedging
Grinding and wearing away of rock surface through action of rock/sand particles Abrasion
Parts of plants that crack rock. roots
Animals, such as wolves, are doing this to make their homes in the ground. See pg. 375. Burrowing
When rocks break down by chemical reactions, we say it is ___ weathering. chemical
Process when metal combines with oxygen. Forms rust. Oxidation
The lion on page 379 was damaged by... (2 words, no spaces) Acidprecipitation
Process where materials of Earth's surface are loosened, dissolved, or worn away. See pg. 387. Erosion
On pg. 389, I see urban ____ that contributes to erosion. development
On pg. 390, there are three pictures of soil ____ methods pictured. conservation
Physical feature of Earth's surface (pg. 393). Landform
Ancient ____ carved plateaus into mesas on pg. 394. rivers
The rugged ____ ____ mountains are still very jagged! (pg. 393) PatagonianAndes
These mountains in the US are very smooth and eroded (pg. 393). Appalachian
Don't get caught in one of these while driving a truck! (pg. 391) landslide

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Natural Resources Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Another word for farming agriculture
Pockets or holes deep underground that are filled with water that has seeped into the soil aquifers
Acres of trees planted and managed by people who cut and replant as needed to provide a renewable resource cultivated forests
Plants and animals that we raise for food, pleasure, and the products they produce are Domesticated
Plants and animals that live naturally in their habitats Wild
Trees that lose their leaves seasonally deciduous
a large inland body of water. lake
Things that are found in nature that can be used by people to satisfy life's needs Natural resources
a large man-made lake where water is collected and stored reservoir
long, ribbon-like waterways that usually flow toward an ocean, lake, bay, or other river. River
neither plant nor animals, and they are the substances that make up rocks mineral
a rock that contains something useful, like iron, copper, and zinc ore
can be replaced in short periods of time renewable resource
either cannot be replaced, or they take a very long time to replace nonrenewable resource
an area of land where all the water above and below ground flows to the same place watershed

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