The first step in the sterilization process
Suffix meaning surgical restoration
Inanimate objects that can transmit bacteria are called
Enzyme that breaks down protein
An automated washers' key source of disinfection
The use of heat to kill all microorganisms, except spores is called ___________ disinfection.
The weakest part of a steam sterilizer is the
Permissible exposure levels for low-temperature sterilization methods are established by the (Acronym)
When patient equipemtn enters a healthcare facility, it must be checked by a ____________ technician before it is cleared for patient use.
All patient care equipemtne that was dispensed for use must be condisdered __________ and handled as such, regardless of appearance.
The most important factor necessary for teamwork.
Something that makes a place or substance no longer suitable for use
The process that completely destroys all microbial life including spores
Chemical germicides for use on skin; registered and regulated by the FDA
Chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms (except bacterial spores) on environmental surfaces
Chemical that destroys fungus
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria,fungi,and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces
Information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings
What level disinfectants are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids
Created as a part of the U.S Department of Labor to regulate and enforce saftey and health standards to protect employees in the workplace
Chemical that destroys viruses
To provide proper conditions for growth and development
Easily affected or changed by heat
An item that comes in contact with intact skin but not mucous membranes
A hard, hick-walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains ony the essential parts of the protoplasmof the bacterial cell
An item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or the vascular system
An apparatus for the sterilization of materials, using steam under pressure
An agen that cleanses by emulsifying dirt and oil
An item that comes in contact with nonintact skin or intact mucous membranes
The articles that are being sterilized
An agen used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but not their spores (usually applied to inanimate objects)
A sheet that provides information rearding a chemical and its hazards, and measures to take to avoid injury and illness when handling the chemical
A process to remove organic matter from an article and to lower the number of microorganisms to a safe level as determined by public health requirements
The process of destroying all forms of microbial life, including bacterial spores
Any chemical thatis classified as a health or physical hazard
A type of disinfection process that destroys all microorganisms with the exception of bacterial spores
A type of disinfection process that inactivates tubercle bacilli (the causative agents of tuberculosis), all vegetative bacteria, most viruses, and most fungi, but it does not kill bacterial spores
A type of disinfection process tht kills most bacteria, some viruses, and some fungi, but it cannot be relied on to kill resistant microorganisms, such as tubercle bacilli, and it cannot kill bacterial spores.
Microorganisms that cause infectious disease
Pathogen that lives in blood
Bacteria that requires oxygen for survival
Bacteria that live without oxygen
Small microbes that pass through most filters
Microbes that grow on other organisms
Animal pathogen, parasites
The way microorganisms enter the body
Number of portals of entry for microorganisms
Spread of disease by contact with pathogen
Confined to one area of the body
Spread through the body
Usual amount of specific disease in a community
Excess of normal occurrences of a specific disease
Increase in normal number of cases of specific disease in a defined geographic area
Epidemic spread over several countries
Recently appearing infectious diseases in a population
Ingested or injected substances that have ability to inhibit growth or destroy pathogens
Chemical agents that treat disease
Biologic or chemical agents that create immunity
Absence or control of microorganisms
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Bacteriostatic agents used on skin
Bacteriostatic agents used on inanimate objects
Process of destroying all living organisms
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
Organism that lives at the expense of another
Encapsulated bacteria in an inative state
A hospital given disease or infection
Soiled, unclean, not suitable for use
Free from all organisms, including spores and viruses
Deactivation to the bodies response to infection
Nursing a patient separately, usually in a single room, to reduce cross infection to, or from, the patient
The presence of micro-organisms at a particular site without presence of symptoms or clinical manifestations of illness or infection
The cheapest, easiest, and most effective way to stop the spread of germs and diseases
Personal Protective Equipment
An organism that causes illness
An object that carries germs
The most common portal of exit
Mode of Transmission
Chain of Infection
Portal of Entry
Portal of Exit
What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration?
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products?
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States.
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics.
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic?
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions.
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________.
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling.
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen.
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus.
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism?
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS).
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body.
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact.
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts?
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism?
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection.
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed?
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces?
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label.
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution.
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area.
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______.
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde.
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces.
This method kills all germs and spores
This method kills some bacteria but not spores
Term for cleansing nail prior to polish applicaton
Name for the part of the nail that is filed, shaped and bevelled
This tool is used to remove dry/dead skin from the feet
A cuticle knife should be used on a wet nailplate to avoid this
Disposable item used to ease back the cuticles
Part of the nail where cells develop
Term used to describe a treatment for the feet
Term used to describe a treatment of the hands/nails
Used during a manicure to add heat
Treatment Time for a Luxury Manicure/Pedicure
Avoid this movement when filing the nails to avoid splitting
Specialist Treatment involving the use of melted wax
Use this product to reduce ridges on the nail plate
Use this tool with buffing paste to smooth out nail plate ridges
Use this type of polish remover on natural nails
Term used for removing wisps from free edge of nail
This product must be totally removed to avoid soreness of the cuticle
Nail Condition - Soreness, Puss, Redness around cuticle walls
Nail Condition - Small white flecks on nail plate
Fungal Nail Infection of the Feet
Viral infection - usually found on fingers
This condition occurs when the nail on the foot presses into the skin
Term used to describe the spreading of bacteria
Use this equipment to sterilise metal tools
Use this solution to store metal tools during use to control bacteria
Use this tool to shorten long nails before filing
This term describes an effect that happens during or after a manicure/pedicure
Requires manufacturers to provide and MSDS
What is an MSDS?
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces
Effective for cleaning blood and body fluids
An item made from a material that has no pores or openings, and cannot absorb liquids
Breaks down films and removes the residue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks
Single-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics
Assuming all blood and body fluids are potential sources of infection
The ability to produce and effect
A form of formaldehyde, has a high pH, and damages the skin and eyes
A process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans
List the FOUR ideal living conditions for bacteria (alphabetical order)
Division of cells
Binary fission creates
Harmless organisms that may perform useful functions
A type of fungi that is not harmful to people in the salon
Resembles a string of beads, causes strep throat and blood poisoning
Spiral-shaped, causes syphilis
Most common type of bacteria
Parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism
Grows in pairs and causes pneumonia
Must be 12 mil thick
Dirty to Clean
Pressure of Decontamination
Spaulding Classification that is defined as Introduced into the sterile body or blood stream
Any medical equipment to be reused from one patient to another
Clean to Dirty
Pressure of Preparation Area
Occurs regularly to ensure everyone knows what to do in case of a fire
Spaulding Classification that is defined as coming into contact with mucous membranes or non-intact skin
Spaulding Classification that is defined as coming into contact with non-intact skin
Acronym for Personal Protective Equipment
Acronym for Safety Data Sheet
RME is considered sterile unless an event occurs deeming it compromised
Wrapping techique frequently used for smaller trays
Wrapping techique frequently used for larger trays
Type of sterilizer used for items that are not heat sensitive
Type of sterilizer that aerates
Professional in charge who dispenses medicine
Hypersensitive response of the immune system
Mixture that must be shaken before use
Doctor’s instructions for dispensing medication
Drugs should be kept in their original _______
A similar medicine that replaces a brand name drug
Room where drugs are prepared and dispensed
Class of drugs like ibuprofen or aspirin
Amount of medication taken
Action of combining multiple drugs for personalized treatment
Where the patient name and instructions are printed
Situation when a substance affects a drug’s activity
Type of drug used to treat blood clots
Brand Name Zithromax
Medication administered pr