Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A non deplorizing agent with rapid onset succinylcholine
Reversal agent for narcotics naloxone
Reversal agent for benzodiazepines Flumazenil
A widely used benzodiazepine Midazolam
provides a dissociaative anesthesia ketamine
A reversal agent use ofr nondepolarizing muscle relaxants that is not dependent upon the inhibition of acetylcholin Sugammadex
Serotonin 5-HT3 antagonist ondansetron
Anesthestic agent known for a smooth induction and rapid recovery propofol
Inhalational anesthetic know for cardiovascular stability sevoflurane
Reversal agent used for nondeplorazing muscle relaxants. neostigmine
Local anesthetic most commonly used prior to IV insertion Lidocaine

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General & Local Anesthetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Is similar to a light state of general anesthesia characterized by decreased consciousness from which the patient is not easily aroused. Deep Sedation
Is added to minimize the discomfort associated with injection of local anesthesia and the surgical manipulations. Ketamine
The easiest anesthetic end point to measure. Immobility
Its common use is to facilitate induction of general anesthesia by bolus injection of 1-2.5 mg/kg IV. Propofol
Propofol is a potent respiratory depressant and generally produces _____ after an induction dose. Apnea
___________ is a water-soluble of prodrug Propofol, rapidly metabolized by alkaline phosphates, and producing propofol, phosphate, and formaldehyde. Fospropofol
____________ has a shorter elimination half-life than thiopental due to its larger plasma clearance. Methohexital
It produces dose-dependent CNS depression ranging from sedation to general anesthesia when administered as bolus injection. Barbiturates
Benzodiazepines are unique among the group of intravenous anesthesia in that their action can readily be terminated by administration of their selective antagonist, __________. Flumazenil
_________ is an intravenous anesthetic with hypnotic but not analgesic effects and is often chosen for its minimal hemodynamic effects. Etomidate
The characteristic state observed after an induction dose of ________ is known as "dissociative anesthesia". Ketamine
Ketamine's MOA is _______. Complex
The clearance for dexmedetomidine is ____. High
The elimination half-life for dexmedetomidine is ____. short
_______ are analgesic agents and are distinct from general anesthetics and hypnotics. opioids
_______________ is principally used for the short-term sedation of intubated and ventilated patients in ICU setting. Dexmedetomidine
___________ affect neurons at various cellular locations, but the primary focus has been on the synapse. Anesthetics
_______ anesthetics is a volatile as well as gaseous, are taken up through gas exchange in the alveoli of the lung. Inhaled
The anesthetic state is achieved when the partial pressure of the anesthetic in the brain reaches a threshold concentration determined by its _______. potency
An acute toxicity which occurs when the metabolism of enflurane and sevoflurane may generate compounds that are potentially nephrotoxic. Nephrotoxicity
_________ is effective for premedication, sedation during regional anesthesia, and brief therapeutic procedures. Midazolam
Etomidate, like most other IV anesthetics, is highly protein bound (70%0, primarily to _______. Albumin
Ketamine is considered to be a cerebral vasodilator that _________ cerebral blood flow. increases
_______ fibers have a high firing rate and relatively long action potential duration. Sensory
_____ fibers fire at a slower rate and have a shorter action potential duration. Motor
_________ is a spinal anesthetic formulation cantaining procaine. Durocaine
The most feared complications associated with local anesthetic administration result from the profound effects these agents can have on cardiac conduction and function. Cardiotoxicity
Current clinical use of _______ is largely restricted to topical anesthesia for ear, nose, and throat procedures, where its intense vasoconstriction can serve to reduce bleeding. Cocaine
It is often avoided for techniques that demand high volumes of concentrated anesthetic. bupivacaine
Had an excellent record as an intermediate duration anesthetic, and remains the reference standard against which most anesthetics are compared. Lidocaine

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Anesthetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

During this stage, the patient often appears to be delirious and excited but definitely is amnesic. Excitement
This drug is an extremely popular intravenous anesthetic whose onset of action is similar to that of IV barbiturates. Propofol
____________ are analgesic agents and are distinct from general anesthetics and hypnotics. Opioids
During this stage, the patient initially experiences analgesia without amnesia. Later in stage I, both analgesia and amnesia are produced. Analgesia
This drug produces dissociative anesthesia, which is characterized by catatonia, amnesia, and analgesia, with or without actual loss of consciousness Ketamine
A short-acting barbiturate commonly used for induction of anesthesia Thiopental
A benzodiazepine antagonist that is sometimes used to accelerate recovery from excessive sedative actions of intravenous benzodiazepines. Flumazenil
It is a carboxylated imidazole that can be used for induction of anesthesia in patients with limited cardiovascular reserve. Etomidate
__________ is a water-soluble prodrug of propofol, chemically described as 2,6-diisopropylphenoxymethyl phosphate disodium salt, that was licensed by the FDA as a sedating agent for use in adult patients during monitored anesthesia care. Fospropofol
Is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder of skeletal muscle that occurs in susceptible individuals undergoing general anesthesia with inhaled agents and muscle relaxants Hyperthermia
Is the standard of comparison for inhaled anesthetics. Halothane
Source of cocaine Erythroxylon coca
The easiest anesthetic end point to measure which is mediated primarily by neural inhibition within the spinal cord. Immobility
It was introduced into clinical use by Koller in 1884 as an ophthalmic anesthetic. Cocaine
Is another newer local anesthetic that has clinical effects similar to those of bupivacaine but may be associated with a lower potential for cardiovascular toxicity. Ropivacaine
__________________ is the active S -enantiomer of medetomidine, a highly selective α 2 adrenergic agonist imidazole derivative that is used in veterinary medicine. Dexmedetomidine
______________ are most commonly used for preoperative medication, intravenous sedation, and suppression of seizure activity Benzodiazepines
_______________ sedation refers to drug-induced alleviation of anxiety and pain in combination with an altered level of consciousness associated with the use of smaller doses of sedative medications. Conscious
Lidocaine and prilocaine can combine to form a eutectic mixture, which is marketed as ___________ EMLA
This drug has the highest clearance of the amino-amide anesthetics, imparting reduced risk of systemic toxicity. Prilocaine
______________ is unique among the amino-amide anesthetics in having a thiophene, rather than a benzene ring, as well as an additional ester group that is subject to metabolism by plasma esterases. Articaine
_____________ sedation is similar to a light state of general (intravenous) anesthesia involving decreased consciousness from which the patient is not easily aroused. Deep
________________ produce dose-dependent CNS depression ranging from sedation to general anesthesia when administered as bolus injections. Barbiturates
__________________ anesthetics are widely used to facilitate rapid induction of anesthesia and have replaced inhalation as the preferred method of anesthesia induction in most settings except for pediatric anesthesia. Intravenous
_______________ depression is a deep stage of anesthesia which represents severe depression of the CNS, including the vasomotor center in the medulla and respiratory center in the brainstem. Medullary
_______ occurs even at modest doses of anesthetic, and has been documented in as many as one third of patients receiving lidocaine, with increased risk associated with certain patient positions during surgery (eg, lithotomy), and with ambulatory anesthesia. TNS
Introduced along with bupivacaine but has limited application due to its poor block characteristics. Etidocaine
This involves placing a catheter in the subarachnoid space to permit repetitive dosing to facilitate adequate anesthesia and maintenance of block for extended periods. CSA
The primary active metabolite of ketamine Norketamine
_____________ had a more favorable duration of action than procaine, and less systemic toxicity than tetracaine. Lidocaine

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Code Blue, RSI, and Crash Cart Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Considered central access. Preferred over endotracheal route when IV not available. intraosseous
Best route of administration. CENTRAL LINE
Drawer #1 medications FIRSTLINE
IV fluid location in crash cart DRAWER3
No longer a first line medication. VASOPRESSIN
Can cause flatline on EKG ADENOSINE
Anti-arrhythmic that can be given by IVP only when there is no pulse. AMIODARONE
First line for symptomatic bradycardia. ATROPINE
Second line for symptomatic bradycardia. DOPAMINE
Stabilizes myocardial cell membrane. (ie: Torsades) MAGNESIUM
Medications stored in the second drawer of the crash cart. SECOND LINE
Indicated for severe hyperkalemia or Ca channel blocker overdose. CALCIUM GLUCONATE
Alternative anti-arrhythmic for ventricular arrhythmia's. Is also an anesthetic. LIDOCAINE
Levophed for hypotension is a potent ______________. VASOCONSTRICTOR
Med with mult. indications inc. hyperkalemia, metab. acidosis, and overdose of acidic medications SODIUM BICARBONATE
Used for narcotic overdose. NALOXONE
For reversal of benzodiazepines; can induce Sz's FLUMAZENIL
Given as 1mg IVP every 3-5min. EPINEPHRINE
Helps with pediatric dosing. BROSELOW
NMB used first line for ET tube placement. SUCCINYLCHOLINE
Non-depolarizing NMB ROCURONIUM
Can be used for RSI sedation or seizures MIDAZOLAM
Used with dextrose for hyperkalemia REGULAR INSULIN
Two medications for RSI that are not located in the Crash Cart or the "Orange Box". FENTANYL AND KETAMINE
Anesthetic in RSI box that cannot be used in children <10yo ETOMIDATE

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Anesthesia Drugs Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A state of inconsolability Dysphoria
The ability to produce a desired result Efficacy
Neuroactive steroid induction agent Alfaxalone
Most potent vasodilating drug Isoflurane
Diprivan Propofol
Potent peripheral vasoconstrictior Dexmedetomidine
The most potent opioid used Fentanyl
Poppy flower that is used as a narcotic Opium
MU antagonist Naloxone
The degree/intensity of the desired effect Potent
NMDA antagonist Ketamine
Pure MU agonist with a NMDA antagonist quality Methadone
Partial MU antagonist Buprenex
Used for visceral pain Lidocaine
The antagonist for benzos Flumazenil
The opioid to which all other opioids are compared Morphine
8-10x more potent then morphine Hydromorphone
Th act of increasing FIO2 Preoxygenation

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DRUGS AND DEFINITIONS Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

BETA BLOCKER AND TREATS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE LABETALOL
ACTS ON THE BLOOD VESSELS AND DECREASES ALLERGIC RESPONSES DIPHENHYDRAMINE
USED TO TREAT DECREASED BLOOD PRESSURE TO OPEN AIRWAYS EPHEDRINE
USED TO TREAT SEVERE PAIN MORPHINE
USED FOR TREATMENT OF BRONCHOSPASMS IN ASTHMATICS OR EMPHYSEMA PATIENTS ALBUTEROL
USED IN ACUTE ASTHMA ATTACKS, ANAPHYLAXIS AND CARDIAC ARREST EPINEPHRINE
USED TO REVERSE THE SEDATIVE EFFECTS OF DIAZAPAM AND VERSED ROMAZICON
DECREASES INFLAMMATION SOLUCORTEF
USED WITH DIABETICS OR PATIENTS WHO ARE IN NEED OF CALORIES FAST DEXTROSE
CAUSES LACK OF SENSATION OR FEELING PRIOR TO SURGERY BREVITAL
USED TO REVERSE THE EFFECTS OF FENTANYL, DEMEROL AND MORPHINE NALOXONE
USED TO TREAT BRADYCARDIA ATROPINE
IS A VASODILATOR AND USED TO TREAT ANGINA NITROSTAT
ANALGESIC AND SUPPLEMENTS ANESTHESIA FENTANYL
USED FOR INDUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF ANESTHESIA PROPOFOL
DEPRESSES CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AND PRODUCES THE INDUCTION OF SLEEP PENTOTHAL
CAUSES SEDATION, AMNESIA AND MUSCLE RELAXATION FOR ELDERLY PATIENTS DIAZAPAM
CAUSES RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION AND PROVIDES SEDATION VERSED
USED IN MODERATE TO SEVERE PAIN DEMEROL
SUPPRESSES SPINAL CHORD ACTIVITY AND BLOCKS IMPULSES OF PAIN FOR CHILDREN KETAMINE
TREATS A-FIB, ARRHYTHMIA, VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, AND FIBRILLATION AMIODARONE
TREATS IRREGULAR HEART BEAT, TACHYCARDIA, ARRHYTHMIA, AND PSVT ADENOSINE
USED TO REDUCE THE RISK OF HEART ATTACK FOR PATIENTS WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE ASPIRIN
TREATMENT USE FOR CARDIAC ARREST AND IN THE PRIMARY DRUG IN THE PULSE LESS ARREST ALGORITHM PITRESSIN
AID IN ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION AND ENDOSCOPY SUCCINYCHOLINE
REVERSES DROWSINESS, SEDATION AND OTHER AFFECTS CAUSED BY BENZODIAZAPINES FLUMAZENIL
CORTICOSTERIOD THAT PREVENTS THE RELEASE OF SUBSTANCES IN THE BODY THAT CAUSE INFLAMMATION DEXAMETHASONE
ANTIHISTOMINE THAT CAN TREAT ALLERGIES, MOTION SICKNESS, NAUSEA AND VOMITING PROMETHAZINE
CAN PREVENT NAUSEA AND VOMITING ONDANSETRON
BETA BLOCKER AND CAN TREAT HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE, ANGINA AND HEART FALIURE METOPROLOL

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Malignant Hyperthermia 2016 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The most sensitive indicator of a suspected case of MH is an unanticipated increase of _____________. endtidalCO2
Severe, sustained contracture of the jaw muscles after adminstration of succinylcholine. MMR
___________________ is often the first sign of an acute MH episode and may be mistaken for light anesthesia. Tachycardia
Often a late sign of MH Temperatureelevation
If your patient develops a ___________, consider MH in the differential diagnosis of any unexpected temperature rise. Fever
___________ is the drug of choice for treatment of MH. Give 2.5 mg/kg. Dantrium
Do not use ________ _________ blockers when treating arrhythmias. They can cause hyperkalemia and cardiac arrest when used in conjuction with dantrolene. Calciumchannel
MH is a serious genetic and potentially lethal syndrome caused by a __________________ state. hypermetabolic
MH may be precipitated by the adminstration of volatile inhalation anesthetic agents and depolarizing muscle relaxants, such as ________________________. succinylcholine
Watch for ___________________ by monitoring in an ICU for at least 24 hours. This occurs in about 25% of MH cases. recrudescence
To ensure patient safety, an MH ______ should be readily available for use by departments where anesthesia is adminstered and it should contain essential drugs, equipment, and supplies. Cart
As soon as you recognize signs and symptoms of MH crisis, call for assistance. At least _________ nurses, an anesthesia care provider, and a surgeon should be present to treat a patient with MH. Four
After surgeon and anesthesia provider is notified of the situation, anesthesia should immediately _____________ use of all triggering agents. discontinue
______________ the patient with 100% oxygen to remove volatile anesthetics and lower end-tidal CO2. hyperventilate
If patient's core temperature is greater than 39 degrees Celsius (102.2 F) proceed with __________ measures. This may include lavaging open body cavities, applying ice to body surface (neck, axilla, groin), apply cooling blanket and/or rapidly infuse cold normal saline for up to 30 minutes. cooling
If your patient weighed 275 lbs, how many vials of Dantrium would you open? sixteen

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Malignant Hyperthermia Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Do not use ________ _________ blockers when treating arrhythmias. They can cause hyperkalemia and cardiac arrest when used in conjuction with dantrolene. Calcium Channel
If your patient weighed 275 lbs, how many vials of Dantrium would you open? Sixteen
______________ the patient with 100% oxygen to remove volatile anesthetics and lower end-tidal CO2. Hyperventilate
MH is a serious genetic and potentially lethal syndrome caused by a __________________ state. Hypermetabolic
If your patient develops a ___________, consider MH in the differential diagnosis of any unexpected temperature rise. Fever
Often a late sign of MH Temperature Elevation
The most sensitive indicator of a suspected case of MH is an unanticipated increase of _____________. End Tidal CO2
MH may be precipitated by the adminstration of volatile inhalation anesthetic agents and depolarizing muscle relaxants, such as ________________________. Succinylcholine
__________ __________ Rigidity is the severe, sustained contracture of the jaw muscles after adminstration of succinylcholine. Masseter Muscle
___________ is the drug of choice for treatment of MH. Give 2.5 mg/kg. Dantrolene
After surgeon and anesthesia provider is notified of the situation, anesthesia should immediately _____________ use of all triggering agents. Discontinue
To ensure patient safety, an MH ______ should be readily available for use by departments where anesthesia is adminstered and it should contain essential drugs, equipment, and supplies. Cart
As soon as you recognize signs and symptoms of MH crisis, call for assistance. At least _________ nurses, an anesthesia care provider, and a surgeon should be present to treat a patient with MH. Four

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General & Local Anesthesia Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

It is the easiest anesthetic end point to measure. Immobility
Prolonged exposure to nitrous oxide decreases methionine synthase activity. Hematotoxicity
Used during maintenance of anesthesia and is a common choice for sedation in the setting of monitored anesthesia care. Propofol
Water-soluble prodrug of propofol. Fospropofol
Is an intravenous anesthetic with hypnotic but not analgesic effects. Etomidate
Highly selective Alpha2- adrenergic agonist. Dexmedetomidine
Suprane Desflurane
Brevital Methohexital
Ultane Sevoflurane
Ketalar Ketamine
Has the highest clearance of the amino-amide anesthetics. Prilocaine
A popular choice for epidural infusion for control of labor and postoperative pain. Ropivacaine
A popular choice for major peripheral blocks. Mepivacaine
Has limited application due to its poor block characteristic. Etidocaine
Use as an epidural agent in obstetrical anesthesia. Chloroprocaine
Characterized by decreased consciousness from which the patient is not easily aroused. Deep Sedation
Is an important determinant of the speed induction. Solubility
Medium rate of onset and recovery. Isoflurane
The ablation of memory arises from several location in the CNS. Amnesia
Stage 1 in Guedel's signs Analgesia
Stage 2 in Guedel's Signs Excitement
Stage 3 in Guedel's Signs Surgical Anesthesia
Stage 4 in Guedel's Signs Medullary Depression
Dissociative anesthesia Ketamine
Its pronounced lipophilicity has relegated its application to topical anesthesia. Benzocaine
Chirocaine Levobupivacaine
Naropin Ropivacaine
Eutectic Mixture of Local Anesthetics EMLA
Articaine Septocaine
Lidocaine Xylocaine
Prilocaine Citanest
Carbocaine Mepivacaine
Predex Dexmedetomidine
Halothane Fluothane

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DRUG NAMES. You can find the answers in your drug list assignments. Worksheet

Type
Matching Worksheet
Description

This matching worksheet contains the following questions and answers:

This drug is an Antiviral ( generic name ) Acyclovir
This drug is a Sympathomimetic. Used in treatment of cardiogenic shock Dobutamine
Xylocain is the brand name for Lidocaine
This drug is a Benzodiazepine. Midazolam
This drug is an anti-psychotic Olanzepine
This drug is an H2 antagonist Ranitadine
Generic name for Zantec Ranitadine
This drug is used to prevent nausea and vomiting. It's brand name is Zofran Ondansetrone
This drug is an Antifibrinolytic agent. Tranexamic Acid
What is the generic name for Cyklokapron Tranexamic Acid
This drug is primarily used a decongestant Phenylephrine
Opioid antagonist Naloxone
This drug is an Anticoagulant Heparin
Hydrocortisone belong to what class corticosteroids
NSAID Ketorolac
This is an anticoagulant Enoxaparin
What is the brand name for Fondaparinux Arixtra
This drug can help control condtions such as peptic ulcers. It also reduces secretions. Glycopyrolate
Glycopyrolate belongs to what class Anticholinergics
This drug is an anesthetic by injection/IV only Bupivicaine

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Analgesics& Anesthetics Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Pain relief is best obtained by administering analgesics around the? clock
Which body functions are affected last after administering an anesthetic drug cardiac functions
Long acting nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking drug DOXACURIUM
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is a NONOPIOID
assessing a patient for adverse effects related to morphine sulfate, which effect would the nurse expect to find? NAUSEA
Classification of merperidine and morphine OPIOIDANALGESICS
adverse effect caused by succinylcholine (Anectine)? DYSRHYTHMIAS
Propofol (Diprivan) is a GENERALANESTHETIC
Codeine is administered to a pt with what respiratory disorder. PNEUMONIA
is a neuromuscular blocking agent, is preferred for emergency intubation SUCCINYLCHOLINE

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