Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

submicroscopic, infectious agents viruses
protein shell that protects the genome capsid
three dimensional polygon shaped capsid icosahedral
many viruses have spikes, or _______, that may protrude from the viral capsid or enelope peplomers
occurs when two different viral strains coinfect a single host cell reassortment
The RNA genome mutates frequently causing minor changes (two words) antigeneticdrift
viruses can be grouped by the presence or absence of an _________ envelope
a collection of species that a virus can infect (two words) hostrange
infectious proteins that contain no genetic material prions
organisms that live in extreme pH, temperature, and/or salt extremophiles
organisms that do not use oxygen to grow anaerobes
______ media singles out bacteria with specific properties selective
a substance or agent that destroys microorganisms germicide
a viable plate count is considered a ______ method of couting direct
term for pathway that breaks things down catabolic
protein catalysts that help chemical reactions occur under cellular conditions enzymes
first step of catabolism in any cell glycolysis
movement of ions accross a semipermiable membrane down the electrochemical gradient chemiosmosis
this follows glycolysis in prokaryotes fermentation
where are essential amino acids produced? cells
where are non-essential amino acids produced environment
a series of redox reactions and decarboxylation reactions krebs
type of inhibition when a substance binds somewhere esle on an enzyme, not the active site, disabling it non-competitive
most effective way to attain ATP aerobic
the process of building glucose glucogenesis
studies the pattern of disease incidence to design measures to limit transmission epidemiology
pathogen that does not require a weakened host truepathogen
disease sspread from animals to humans zoonotic
rapid, widespread disease in a particular region during a short time frame epidemic
rapid onset and progression of a disease means it is acute
habitat where an infectious agent normally lives and multiplies reservoir
if you got a pathogen from the environment, animals, or other humans the source is exogenous
person to person contact, animal bites, and scratches are all which type of contact direct
degree of pathogenicity, severity of the damage of a disease virulence
phase of infection where the earliest symptoms arise prodromal
another word for HAI's nosocomial
drug resistent pathogens superbug
incidence of a specific disease within a population morbidity
only disease to be completly eradicated smallpox
subsidiary of the US department of health and human services CDC
the who, what, and where of a particular disease epidemiologicaltriangle
well known disease that is spread through vertical transmission HIV
refers to the tissues or cell specificity due to viral surface factors tropism
the order level is the highest ______ for viruses taxon
During _____ phage commandeers host cell factors to transcribe and translate viral genes replication

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Infection Control Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms asepsis
the use of a chemical agent or solution to destroy pathogens chemical disinfection
the presence of an infectious agent on a body surface or clothing, bedding and surgical instruments contaminated
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms sterile
a specified area such as within a tray that is considered to be free of microorganisms sterile field
a medical device that uses temperature and steam to sterilize surgical instruments autoclave
guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing risk of transmission standard precautions
personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks PPE
the process of destroying all microorganisms and their pathogenic products sterilization
the process of destroying all bacteria disinfection
a substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms antiseptics
a route in which a pathogen can enter a susceptible host portal of entry
the conveyance of a disease from one person to another person or object transmission
a pathogen that causes a disease such as virus, parasite or bacterium causative agent
an area for a pathogen to live and develop reservoir
acquired or occurring in a hospital nosocomial
requires oxygen to live aerobic
can live and develop without oxygen anaerobic
human immunodeficiency virus HIV
acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS
hepatitis b virus HBV
organisms invisible to the naked eye microorganisms
a bacterium, virus or other microorganism that can cause disease pathogens
a microorganism that cannot cause disease nonpathogens
a disease that can transmitted communicable disease
a route where a pathogen can leave its host portal of exit
infection risk susceptible host

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Bacteria and Virus Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a non living strand of genetic material within a protein coat virus
prokaryotic organisms that belong to domain bacteria bacteria
the outer layer of all viruses capsid
in a prokaryotic cell that contains a large, circular chromosome nucleoid
when the viral DNA inserts, or integrates into a chromosome in a host cell lysogenic cycle
a layer of polysaccharides around the cell wall capsule
submicroscopic, hairlike structures that are made of protein pilus
RNA virus, such as HV, iwth a reverse transcriptas in its core retrovirus
protein that can cause infection or disease prion
the division of a cell into two genetically identical cells binary fission
two prokaryotes attatch to each other and exchange genetic information conjugation
dormant bacterial endospore

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Bacteria & Viruses Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Belongs to domain bacteria Bacteria
Cicular chromosome in an area of the cell Nucleoid
Causes bacteria Capsule
Submicrophic, hairlike structure that are made of proteins Pilius
Division of a cell Binary fission
Formation or existence of a link or connection between things Conjugation
Resist harsh conditions Endospore
Nonliving strand of genetic material within a protein coat Virus
Outer protein coat of a virus Capsid
Results in the destruction of the infected cell and it's membrane Lytic cycle
Viral DNA Inserts, or integrates, into a chromosome in a host cell Lysogenic cycle
Has RNA instead of DNA for their genetic material Retrovirus
Protein infectious particles Prion
Lacks a nucleus Prokaryote
Viruses that infect bacteria Bacteriophage
Photosynthetic but still get organic compounds for carbon Photoautotroph
Makes organic carbon molecules using energy from chemical reactions Chemoautotroph
Can live in extreme conditions Archaea
An organism deriving it's nutritional requirements from complex organic substances Heterotroph
Permanent change in the DNA nitrogen base code Mutations

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Milady 2016 Chapter 5 Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

One-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful and some are harmless Bacteria
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking. Direct Transmission
Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts. Fungi
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object, such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface. Indirect Transmission
Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. Infection
Nonscientific synonym for disease-producing organisms. Germs
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size. Microorganism
Harmful microorganisms that enter the body and can cause disease. Pathogens
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host) while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses). Toxins
A submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. Virus
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. Allergy
A disease that is spread from one person to another person. Contagious Disease
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin. Contamination
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection. Inflammation

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Diseases and Disorders Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Illnesses cause by many factors Disease
any agent that casues a disease pathogen
Prokaryotic organisms that cause infections Bacteria
Medicines that can be used as treatment for bacterial diseases Antibiotics
Nonliving things that attack cells and make them reproduce their illness Virus
Viruses inject their _____ for cells to reproduce and infect others DNA
Injections that can help prevent viral infections Vaccinations
Poisonous substances created by plants (poison ivy), animals (rattlesnakes), or improperly prepared or stored food Toxins
_________________ disorders are passed down from our parent's genes Genetic
Soaps and cleaners that prevent the spread of germs Disinfectants
Diseases that can be passed (caught) from person to person Communicable
Diseases that can't be caught (passed from person to person) Noncommunicable
Diseases that are easily passed from person to person Contagious
Protection from getting a disease Immunity
Proteins in our bodies that recognize pathogens and protect us from them antigens

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Microorganisms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Microorganisms that cause infectious disease Pathogens
Pathogen that lives in blood Blood-borne
Bacteria that requires oxygen for survival Aerobic
Bacteria that live without oxygen Anaerobic
Small microbes that pass through most filters Virus
Microbes that grow on other organisms Fungus
Animal pathogen, parasites Protozoa
The way microorganisms enter the body Portals
Number of portals of entry for microorganisms Five
Spread of disease by contact with pathogen Contagion
Confined to one area of the body Localized
Spread through the body Systemic
Usual amount of specific disease in a community Endemic
Excess of normal occurrences of a specific disease Outbreak
Increase in normal number of cases of specific disease in a defined geographic area Epidemic
Epidemic spread over several countries Pandemic
Recently appearing infectious diseases in a population Emerging infection
Ingested or injected substances that have ability to inhibit growth or destroy pathogens Antibiotics
Chemical agents that treat disease Chemotherapy
Biologic or chemical agents that create immunity Immunizations
Absence or control of microorganisms Asepsis
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA
Bacteriostatic agents used on skin Antiseptics
Bacteriostatic agents used on inanimate objects Disinfectants
Process of destroying all living organisms Sterilization
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA
Organism that lives at the expense of another Parasite
Encapsulated bacteria in an inative state Spores

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Chapter 18 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

protein shell that surronds a virus capsid
any living organism or particle that can cause an infectious disease pathogen
a process by which humans use living things to break down pollutants bioremediation
An infectious particle made up of only a strand of DNA or RNA surrounded by a protein coat virus
Infectious particles that cause disease in plants viroids
A substance that stimulates the body's own immune response against invasion by microbes vaccine
A virus that contains RNA and use the enzyme called reverse transcriptase to make a DNA copy retrovirus
A poison released by an organism toxin
The phage DNA inserted into the host cells DNA lysogenticinfection
An infectious particle made up of proteins that can cause other proteins to fold incorrectly prion
Prokaryote that cannot survive in the presence of oxygen obligateanaerobe
Chemical that kills or slows the growth of bacteria antibiotics
A process by which a prokaryote transfers part of its chromosome to another prokaryote conjugation
Circular piece of genetic material found in bacteria that can replicate separately from the DNA of the main chromosomes plasmid
Any living organism or particle that can cause an infectious disease pathogen
Whiplike structure outside of a cell that is used for movement flagellum
Prokaryotic cell with a thick, protective wall surrounding its DNA endospore
Organism that can live with or without oxygen facultativeaerobe
A process by which humans use living things to break down pollutants bioremediaton
An infection pathway in which the host cell bursts, releasing the new viral offspring into the hosts system, where each then infects another cell lyticinfection
Viruses that infect bacteria bacteriophages

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viruses Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

An infectionious particle made only out of a strand of DNA or RNA is known as what? virus
What produces disease? pathogen
What is an infectious particle that causes diseases in plants? viroid
What is an infectious particle made out of only proteins that can cause other proteins to fold incorrectly? prion
What is the protein shell around viruses called? capsid
What are viruses that infect bacteria? bacteriophages
What is the phage DNA inserted into the host cell’s DNA? prophage
What is the phage that combines its DNA with the host cells DNA? lysogenic infection
What is an infection pathway in which the host cell bursts? lytic infection
What is the most familiar cold? common cold
What is a rapid outbreak of an infection? epidemic
What substance stimulates the bodys immune response? vaccine
What is a virus that contains RNA and uses an enzyme to make a copy of DNA? retrovirus
What is a small piece of genetic material that can replicate seperatley from the main chromosome? plasmid
What is a long rope like structure outside of a cell that is used for movement? flagellum
What is it called when prokaryotes exchange parts of their chromosomes? conjugation
What is a specialized cell with a protected wall? endospore
What is the process that uses microbes to break down pollutants? bioremediation
What is a poison released by organisms? toxin
What is a chemical that kills or slows down the growth of bacteria? antibiotics

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Bacteria and Viruses Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

ubiquitous one-celled organisms, spherical, spiral, or rod-shaped and appearing singly or in chains, comprising the Schizomycota, a phylum of the kingdom Monera (in some classification systems the plant class Schizomycetes), various species of which are involved in fermentation, putrefaction, infectious diseases, or nitrogen fixation. Bacteria
Long lashlike appendage serving as an organ locomotion in Protozoa. Flagellum
DNA and RNA Genetic Material
Obligate __________ Aerobes
Short, filamentous projections on a bacterial cell, used not for motllity, but for adhering to other bacterial cell or to animal cells. Pili
The Flu is a..? Virus
any cellular organism that has no nuclear membrane, no organelles in the cytoplasm except ribosomes, and has its genetic material in the form of single continuous strands forming coils or loops, characteristic of all organisms in the kingdom Monera, as the bacteria and blue-green algae. Prokaryotes
An agent causing disease or illness to the host cell. Pathogen
a segment of DNA independent of the chromosomes and capable of replication, occurring in bacteria and yeast: used in recombinant DNA procedures to transfer genetic material from one cell to another. Plasmid
the coiled or polyhedral structure, composed of proteins, that encloses the nucleic acid of a virus. Capsid

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Infection Control Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

too small to be seen by the naked eye microoriganisms
micro-organisms that cause infection pathogen
small single cell organisms bacteria
resistant form of bacteria, remain viable for years endospores
only grow inside animals richettsiae
organisms that contains genetic material viruses
decompose plants and animals to fill the soil with nutrients. fungus
smallest and least understood of all microbes. prions
complex single cell organisms. protozoa
most micro-organisms do not cause infections normalflora
any place where pathogens can thrive or pose a threat, must have moisture, nutrients, and suitable temperature. reservoir
route through which blood, body fluids, excretions, or secretions leave the body. portal of exit
most dircet way to break the cycle is prevention. transmission
host is touched by infected person transmitting pathogens directly. direct contact
object has been in contact with pathogen. fomite
infected arthropod as a host. vector
any medium that transports pathogens. vehicle
occurs with dust that contains spores or by droplet. airborne
when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings droplet
route pathogens gain entry into a host. portal of entry
a pathogen lives inside. susceptible host
a natural resistance. immune system
born with a certian amount of immunity acquired
occurs following an injection of prepared anitbodies passive
2 million hospitalized patients acquire annually nosocomial
reducing the probability of speading infection asepsis
best way to avoid spreading infection handwashing

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