Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the process of obtaining phosphorus from minerals. phosphate mining
the movement of phosphorus from the environment to organisms then back to the environment. Phosphorus cycle
the process of breaking down rocks and minerals which releases phosphorus. erosion
__________ absorb phosphates in soil through their roots. plants
when organisms die, their phosphorus is entered back into the soil through a process called: decomposition
people often apply this to phosphorus rich nutrient to stimulate and maximize plant growth Fertilizer
A dense visible, visible patch of algae that occurs near the surface of water. Algal Bloom
process during the phosphorus cycle where phosphorus comes back to earth as a liquid. Precipitation
Phosphorus is combined with with other molecules to form this in organisms. cells
the process of the phosphorus cycle where phosphorus from the land flows to local waterways. runoff

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Biogeochemical Cycles Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Our atmosphere contains 78% free _________________________. Nitrogen
Animals need nitrogen to produce ______________________. Proteins
What molecule is produced when nitrogen is fixed? Ammonia
Animals get nitrogen into their systems by eating _______________. Plants
Large organic molecule containing nitrogen that contains your genetic information. DNA
Prokaryote responsible for "fixing" nitrogen. Bacteria
_________________________ occurs when fertilizer runoff causes excess algae and water weeds. Eutrophication
Process where water "evaporates" from plants. Transpiration
What "powers" the water cycle? Sun
Rain, snow, sleet, or hail. Precipitation
The downward entry of water into the soil or rock surface. Infiltration
Process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas. Evaporation
Oats, peas, beans, corn Legumes
Helps plants to grow. Fertilizer
Bacteria that break down organic matter. Decomposers
Process by which water vapor turns into liquid water. Condensation

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Photosynthesis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugar and starches photosynthesis
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer autotroph
the steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process light reactions
a green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria chlorophyll
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating other organisms or their byproducts and that cannot synthesize organic compounds from inorganic materials heterotroph
specialized ground tissue that makes up the bulk of most leaves; performs most of a plant's photosynthesis mesophyll
the second of two major stages in photosynthesis (following the light reactions), involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. Calvin Cycle
a colored chemical compound that absorbs light, producing color pigment
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy into chemical energy. thylakoid
granum (grana) a stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast granum
The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membrane; involved in the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water. stroma
large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP ATP synthase
The second of two major stages in photosynthesis, involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. These reactions are also called the Calvin Cycle dark reactions
is the set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products. Cellular respiration
a compound composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups that supplies energy for many biochemical cellular processes by undergoing enzymatic hydrolysis. ATP

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The Water Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

When water vapor turns back into a liquid. Condensation
When water falls from the atmosphere back to land. Precipitation
When water turns into water vapor. Evaporation
The water cycle helps regulate ___________________________. Temperature
Covers 70% of the Earth. Water
Water is a basic _______________________ of nature. Element
When plants release water on to their leaves that then evaporates into vapor. Transpiration
Depending on _______________________ precipitation could be rain, snow, sleet, or even hail. Temperature
When water does not get absorbed into the soil. run-off
A large collection of tiny droplets of water or ice crystals. Cloud
The journey of water from the Earth's surface to the atmosphere, and back again. WaterCycle

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The Nitrogen Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What is 78% of the air made of? Nitrogen
What do plants use nitrogen to make? Protein
One way for animals to get nitrogen compounds in their systems is? Consumption
How do plants get the nitrogen they need? Soil
What do farmers add to the soil to add more nitorgen into the soil? Fertilizer
Step to make nitrogen useful to plants Fixation
the process of ammonium getting changed into nitrates by bacteria Nitrification
How plants get nitrogen Assimilation
the process of decomposers turning the nitrogen back into ammonium ammonificaction
the process of extra nitrogen getting released into the air Denitrification

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How Ecosystems Work Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

organism that get their energy by eating other organisms Consumer
consumers that get their food by breaking down dead organisms Decomposer
the process of breaking down food to yield energy Cellular Respiration
a sequence in which energy is transferred from one organism to the next as each organism eats another organism Food Chain
shows many feeding relationships that are possible in an ecosystem Food Web
each step through which energy is transferred in a food chain Trophic Level
a process by which carbon is cycled between the atmosphere, land, water, and organisms Carbon Cycle
a process in which nitrogen is cycled between the atmosphere, bacteria, and other organisms Nitrogen Cycle
the movement of phosphorus from the environment to organisms and then back to the environment Phosphorus Cycle
bacteria that convert atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria
a gradual process of change and replacement of some or all of the species in a community Ecological Succession
the type of succession that occurs on a surface where no ecosystem existed before, such as on rocks or sand dunes Primary Succession
the more common type of succession; occurs on a surface where an ecosystem has previously existed Secondary Succession
the first organism to colonize any newly available area and begin the process of ecological succession Pioneer Species
a final and stable community Climax Community

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Cycles of Nature, Relationships, Populations Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the processes by which carbon compounds are interconverted in the environment, involving the use of carbon dioxide y photosynthesis and its return to the atmosphere through respiration, the decay of dead organisms, and the burning of fossil fuels. carbon cycle
the cycle of processes by which water circulates between the earth's oceans, atmosphere, and land water cycle
the series of processes by which nitrogen and its compounds are interconverted in the environment and in living organisms, including nitrogen fixation and decomposition nitrogen cycle
the process of a substance in a liquid state changing to a gaseous state due to an increase in temperature and/or pressure evaporation
the process where plants absorb water through the roots and then give off water vapor through pores in their leaves transpiration
water released from clouds in the form of rain, freezing rain, sleet, snow, or hail precipitation
a process in living organisms involving the production of energy, typically with the intake of oxygen and the release of carbon dioxide respiration
The separation of a substance into simpler substances or basic elements decomposition
the chemical processes by which atmospheric nitrogen is assimilated into organic compounds, such as Ammonia or Nitrate, especially by certain microorganisms as part of the nitrogen cycle. nitrogen fixation
the loss or removal of nitrogen or nitrogen compounds commonly by bacteria (as in soil) that usually results in the escape of nitrogen into the air. denitrification
excessive richness of nutrients in a lake or other body of water, frequently due to runoff from the land, which causes a dense growth of plant life and death of animal life from lack of oxygen eutrophication
an interaction between organisms or species in which both the species are harmed. Limited supply of at least one resource (such as food, water, and territory) used by both can be a factor. competition
A relationship between two organisms of unlike species in which one of them acts as predator that captures and feeds on the other organism that serves as the prey predation
the way two organisms of different species exist in a relationship in which each individual benefits from the activity of the other mutualism
a non-mutual symbiotic relationship between species, where one species, the parasite, benefits at the expense of the other, the host parasitism
a relationship between two organisms where one receives a benefit and the other is not affected by it commensalism
the maximum, equilibrium number of organisms of a particular species that can be supported in a given environment carrying capacity
Type of limiting factors of a population such as weather, storms, droughts, etc. density independent
Type of limiting factor of a population that depends on the density and are biotic in nature density dependent
a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume density
The arrangement or configuration of a population in a given area Dispersion
When the resources are unlimited in the habitat, the population of an organism may grow in this fashion. Exponential
population growth that occurs when the growth rate decreases as the population reaches carrying capacity logistic

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SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

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Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Able to make energy from Light Energy (Plants) Autotrophs
Able to make energy from Chemicals (Bacteria) Chemotrophs
Obtains energy from food; Cannot make energy (Animals & Humans) Heterotrophs
The Organelle found in plants and algae cells where Photosynthesis takes place Chloroplast
Stacks of Thylakoids Grana
Flattened discs where Light-Dependent Reactions occur Thylakoid
The Solution/Space inside the Thylakoid where Light-Independent Reactions occur Stroma
Cannot occur without Oxygen; requires Oxygen Aerobic Respiration
Ca occur with or without Oxygen present; Does NOT require Oxygen Anaerobic Respiration
A green pigment found in most plant cells; gives plants there green color, reacts with sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to form Carbohydrates; located in Chloroplast Chlorophyll
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to produce Carbohydrates and Oxygen Photosynthesis
The process by which cells obtain energy from Carbohydrates; Atmospheric Oxygen combines with Glucose to form Water and Carbon Dioxide Cellular Respiration
The 1st step of Photosynthesis; Light Energy is captured and stored as NADPH and Oxygen gas is released; requires light Light-Dependent Reactions
The 2nd step of Photosynthesis; Calvin Cycle forms Organic compounds using the stored energy(Glucose) Light-Independent Reactions
The anaerobic breakdown of glucose to Pyruvic Acid, which makes a small amount of energy available to cells in the form of ATP; 1st Step of Cellular Respiration Glycolysis
A series of biochemical reactions that convert Pyruvic Acid into Carbon Dioxide and Water; it is the major pathway of oxidation for many organisms and it releases energy; 2nd Step of Cellular Respiration Krebs Cycle
Known as ETC, it converts the most energy into ATP for cells; domino effect; Final Step in Cellular Respiration Electron Transport Chain

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cellular respiration crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

A compound that functions as a coenzyme in many biological acetylation reactions and is formed as an intermediate in the oxidation of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Acetyl CoA
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates Glucose
An organic compound that is composed of adenosine and two phosphate groups ADP
first stage of cellular respiration, it occurs in cytoplasm of the cell, splitting of a sugar Glycolysis
composed of adenosine, ribose, and three phosphate ATP
pH is a measure of the hydorgen ion concentration of a solution. Solutions with a high concentration of hydrogen ions have a low pH and solutions with a low concentrations of H+ ions have a high pH. H+ ions
A series of metabolic processes that take place within a cell in which biochemical energy is harvested from organic substance and stored as energy carriers for use in energy-requiring activities of the cell. Cellular respiration
consisting of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen. H2O
essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids. Coenzyme A
A series of enzymatic reactions in aerobic organisms involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl units and producing high-energy phosphate compounds such as ATP, which serve as the main source of cellular energy. Krebs cycle
process of particles, which are sometimes called solutes, moving through a solution or gas from an area of higher number of particles to an area of lower number of particles. Concentration gradient
power house of the cell Mitochondria
contents outside of the nucleus and enclosed within the cell membrane of a cell. It is clear in color and has a gel-like appearance. Cytoplasm
two nucleotides joined through their phosphate groups, with one nucleotide containing an adenine base and the other containing nicotinamide NAD+
a crystalline organic acid, C 4 H 4 O 5 , that is an important intermediate in the Krebs cycle Oxaloacetate
electron accepter that is utilized in cellular respiration. FADH2
a colorless, odorless, gaseous element constituting about one-fifth of the volume of the atmosphere and present in a combined state in nature Oxygen
is an important enzyme that provides energy for the cell to use through the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate  ATP Synthase
end product of glycolysis, which is converted into acetyl coA that enters the Krebs cycle when there is sufficient oxygen available Pyruvate

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Ecology vocabulary crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What are animals called that eat meat? Carnivores
Animals that eat plants are? Herbivores
If animals eat both plants and meat they are called Omnivores
If the number of organisms that an environment can support due to limited resources it is Carrying capacity
If an organism cant carry out photosynthesis then they will have to eat on other organisms they are called ? Heterotrophs
A section of biospheres that has different types of organism intereacting with each other and with their environment is called Ecosystem
If a animal feeds on a herbivore and they are carnivores their known as Secondary consumers
The living things that lives in an area and interacts with each and also depend with each others are called Biotic Factors
The non-living things that living things need in order to survive are called Abiotic factors
A diagram that shows the transfer of food energy from one organism to the next organism is called Food chain
A web that is made of more than two food chain inter connect is Food web
A herbivore that feeds on plants are called Primary consumers
Are plants and algae they produce their own food thought process of photosynthesis are Autotrophs
A plant that uses photosynthesis to store energy is called Producers
The struggle between members of the same species or different species for limited reasources is called Competition
If the number of specfic organism in an area is known as Population density
A symbiotic relationship in which both organism benefit is called as Mutualism
A close long term of relationships between two organism of different species is called Symbiosis
A type of symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits while the other is neither helped or harmed is called Commensalism
A role of an organism in an ecosystemis called a Niche

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