Type
Crossword
Description

the rapid, downward slope of material that separates from the bedrock landslide
a mudflow that occurs after a volcanic eruption lahar
the side of a dune that is in direct contact with the wind windward
Creep that occurs in frigid areas that sometimes melts solifluction
a pile of deposited sand dunes
when rock breaks off and fall downward rockfall
made up a small amount of sand that is located in a flat area with continuous winds and is crescent barchandune
sinking of the ground deflation
rocks shaped by abrasions ventifacts
a dune that is in ridge form that is perpendicular to wind direction transversedune
form in moderate to humid areas with the top of the dune pointing in the same direction as the wind. parabolicdune
thick, windblown silt deposits loess
the side of a dune that is not in contact with the wind leeward
when sediment and other particles stay airborne suspension
downslope movement of soil and weathered rock that happens due to gravity. massmovement
a landslide that is on a curved surface slump
a landslide of snow avalanche
when loose minerals and soils slowly and steadily move downhill. creep
slow movement of Earth due to the addition of water flow
a dune that creates ridges parallel to the wind longitudinaldune

Mass movement Wordsearch

Type
Word Search
Description

Leeward
Windward
Loess
Longitudinal dune
Parabolic dune
Transverse dune
Barchan dune
Dunes
Ventifacts
Deflation
Suspension
Rockfalls
Avalanche
Slump
Landslide
Solifluction
Lahar
Flow
Creep
Mass movement

Wind Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Closely packed small rocks. Stonepavement
A mound of wind-deposited sand that moves as a result of the action of wind. Dune
The movement of sand or sediments by short jumps and bounces that are caused by wind or water. Saltation
Any rock that is pitted, grooved, or polished by wind abrasion. Ventifact
A crescent-shaped dune whose open side faces into the wind. The long crescent ends stay behind, held in place by vegetation. ParabolicDune
In desert or coastal areas that have a large amount of sand, a series of ridges of sand may from in long, wavelike patterns. These ridges are called. TransverseDunes
Sand that is blown over the crest of the dune tumbles down the opposite side, which is called. Slipface
As the wind strips off the topsoil, a shallow depression forms. DeflationHollow
A type of dune that is similar to a transverse dune, called. LongitudeDune
A form of wind erosion in which fine, dry soil particles are blown away. Deflation
Thick deposits of yellowish, fine-grained sediment. Loess

Weathering Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the breaking down of rock by mechanical action of an other rock ABRASION
when strong acids fall to Earth they are called ACIDPRECIPITATION
the process by which rock is broken down by physical changes PHYSICALWEATHERING
the breakdown of rock by physical and chemical changes WEATHERING
the process when the outer layers of rock slowly peel away EXFOLIATION
the breaking down and wearing away of rock material by the mechanical action of other rock ABRASION
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions CHEMICALWEATHERING
the process by which other chemical combine with oxygen OXIDATION
a common feature in cave systems STALACTITES
a common feature in cave systems STALAGMITES
the process by which by which sediment is moved to one place to another EROSION
the process by which eroded material is dropped DEPOSITION
layers of deposited sediment can form a flat area called a FLOODPLAIN
streams often deposits their loads in a fan-shaped pattern DELTA
a fan-shaped deposit that forms on dry land ALLUVIALFAN
the water located within the rocks below Earth's surface GROUNDWATER
is a place where land and a body of water meet SHORELINE
an area of shorelinethat is made up ofmaterial deposited by waves and currents BEACH
an underwater or exposed ridge of sand, gravel, or shell material SANDBAR
a long narrow island usally made of sand BARRIERISLAND
mounds of wind-deposited sands are called DUNES
deposites of this windblown, finegrained sediment LOESS
a large mass of moving ice GLAICER
the general term for all materials carried and deposited by a glaicer GLACIERDRIFT
slow movement of material downslope CREEP
happens when loose rocks fall down a steep slope ROCKFALL
the sudden movement of a large amount of material downslope LANDSLIDE
a rapid movement of a large mass of mud is called MUDFLOW

Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The dropping of weathered rock by wind or moving water. deposition
Very small pieces of rock, sand, and silt carried by water. Sediment
A hill's _______ affects how gravity will act on it. slope
The process of moving weathered rock from one place to another. erosion
This causes rocks and sediment to slide down mountains and cliffs. gravity
Huge sheets of ice. glaciers
The ______ from flowing water can carry sediment down a river. energy
When huge chunks of rock and soil slide down a slope all at once. landslide
The process of rock breaking apart. weathering
This carries sediment down a river or along a beach. water
Carries soil and other sediment wind
Hills formed from the dropped-off sediment from glaciers. moraines

Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process by which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another Erosion
process by which eroded material is dropped deposition
materials carried by a stream load
flat area formed by layers of deposited sediment floodplain
fan shaped pattern where streams deposit their loads delta
a fan shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
water located within the rocks below Earth's surface groundwater
an area of shoreline that is made up of material deposited by waves and currents beach
mounds of wind deposited sand dunes
thick deposits of windblown, fine-grained sediment loess
term for all materials carried and deposited by a glacier Glacial drift
large mass of moving ice that forms by the compacting of snow by natural forces glacier
sudden and rapid movement of a large amount of material downslope landslide

chapter 7 & 8 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process in which materials on or near earth's surface break down and change weathering
the freeze-thaw cycles of water in the cracks of rocks frost wedging
the process by which outer rock layers are stripped away exfoliation
the chemical reaction of oxygen with other substances oxidation
the removal of weathered rock and soil from its original location erosion
after the materials are transported they are dropped in another location deposition
develops when running water cuts small channels into the side of a slope rill erosion
then a channel becomes deep and wide as a result of further erosion gully erosion
the loose covering of weathered rack particles and decay of organic matter soil
the down slope movement of soil and weathered rock resulting in the force of gravity mass movement
the slow steady down hill flow of loose weathered earth minerals creep
swiftly moving mixtures of mud and water mud flow
a rapid down slope movement of earth minerals that occurs when a relatively thin block of soil or rock land slides
when the mass of material in a landslide moves along a curved surface slump
landslides that occur in mountainous areas with thick accumulation of snow avalanche
over time sand is blown and will start to create a dune
the lowering of the land surface that results from the wind's removal of surface particles deflation

Landforms & Oceans Unit Test Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

described by the mass movement of land due to gravity. Landslides
described as mountains with openings from which lava bursts. Volcanic eruptions
destructive processes that produce vibrations of the Earth along a fault line and can cause landslides or tsunamis. Earthquakes
can be destructive or constructive and occur when large amounts of water cover land that is usually dry. Floods
a destructive process that describes the breaking down of rock. Weathering
a destructive process that describes the movement of sediments and soil by wind, water, or gravity. Erosion
a constructive process that describes the dropping off and building up of moved sediments and soil in a new location. Deposition
found off the shoreline where the edges of the continents are under water Continental shelf
the steep slope where the shelf drops down to the ocean floor. Continental slope
a mountain range made of volcanic mountains that divides the ocean floor into two halves. Mid-ocean ridge
the highest point of the mid-ocean ridge where the volcanic activity adds mountains to either side of the mid-ocean ridge. Rift zone
similar to deep canyons;they are the deepest part of the ocean basin. Ocean trenches
the bowl-like area on either side of the mid-ocean ridge where trenches, abyssal plains, and seamounts are all found. Ocean basin
wide, flat lands found on the ocean basin. Abyssal plains
underwater volcanic mountains that are not found on the mid-ocean ridge. Seamounts
the area where the ocean meets the land. Shoreline
sandy shoreline Beach
the repeated movement of water that can wear away land or deposit sand along the shore. Waves
the highest point in the wave Crest
the lowest point in the wave, and the breaker, which is the curl of the wave. Trough
flowing streams of water in a specific direction on a curved path (the equator to the poles and then back from the poles to the equator). Currents
produced as a result of industries, agriculture, the burning of fossil fuels, and other human activities. Foreign substances
anything that can harm our natural environment (e.g., when foreign substances mix and dissolve in water, air, and soil). Pollution
the materials people can take and use from the Earth (e.g., air, minerals, coal, trees, and oil). Natural resources
water-filled gaps between the mainland and barrier island where the amount of water changes due to the tides. Inlets
the place where a freshwater river meets a saltwater ocean Estuary
islands with sandy beaches that serve as a protector to the mainland Barrier islands
the regular rise and fall of ocean waters due to the moon’s gravity Tides
can move sand from one location to another on the beach. Longshore currents

SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

River Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An area of land drained by a river and its tributaries Drainage basin
The breakdown and decay of rock by natural processes Weathering
A process of weathering that happens when rainwater enters cracks and then freezes exerting pressure on the rock causing it to break into smaller pieces Mechanical
A process of weathering when all rain is slightly acidic. The acid reacts with weak minerals causing them to dislove and the rock to decay Chemical
A process of weathering where the roots of pplants can grow into cracks and split the rock apart Biological
The movement of rocks and soil downslope due to gravity. Mass Movement
A type of mass movment where individual particles of soil move slowly down a slope Soil Creep
A type of mass movement where soil moves rapidly downslope in one go for example a landslide Sliding
A type of mass movement where masses of soil or rock, flow like liquid downhill Flows
The action of water wearing away rocks and soils on the valley bottom sides Erosion
A type of erosion sheer force of water hitting the river bed and banks wearing them away Hydraulic Action
A type of erosion where material carried in the river rubbing against the bed and banks of the channel Abrasion
A type of erosion where the water is slightly acidic so it can dissolve some rocks and minerals in contact with the river Solution
A type of erosion where sediment particles carried into the river collide with each other causing the edges to be knocked off Attrition
Erosion that takes place on the river bed Vertical Erosion
This type of erosion makes rivers wider Lateral Erosion
A river picks up and carries material as it flows downstream Transportation
Rolling stones along the river bed Traction
Sand sized particles bounce along the bed in a leap frog movement Saltation
Silt and clay sized particles are carried within the water flow Suspension
Some minerals dissolve in the water Solution
When a river no longer has enough energy to carry its load Deposition
This appears at the end of the lower course of a river Mouth
This happens in the middle course of a river and is a bend in a river Meander
This is where the river came from in the upper course of a river Source
Where is the River Dee located? Wales
Where does the lower course of the River Dee cross into? Cheshire
How high above sea level is the source of River Dee found, in metres? 460
Where is the source of River Dee? Snowdonia
This is a result of erosion when more resistant rock overlaps less resistant rock Waterfalls
When rivers are small they tend to flow around these interlocking Spurs
As watefalls form these form with it Gorges