Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the rapid, downward slope of material that separates from the bedrock landslide
a mudflow that occurs after a volcanic eruption lahar
the side of a dune that is in direct contact with the wind windward
Creep that occurs in frigid areas that sometimes melts solifluction
a pile of deposited sand dunes
when rock breaks off and fall downward rockfall
made up a small amount of sand that is located in a flat area with continuous winds and is crescent barchandune
sinking of the ground deflation
rocks shaped by abrasions ventifacts
a dune that is in ridge form that is perpendicular to wind direction transversedune
form in moderate to humid areas with the top of the dune pointing in the same direction as the wind. parabolicdune
thick, windblown silt deposits loess
the side of a dune that is not in contact with the wind leeward
when sediment and other particles stay airborne suspension
downslope movement of soil and weathered rock that happens due to gravity. massmovement
a landslide that is on a curved surface slump
a landslide of snow avalanche
when loose minerals and soils slowly and steadily move downhill. creep
slow movement of Earth due to the addition of water flow
a dune that creates ridges parallel to the wind longitudinaldune

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Weathering Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the breaking down of rock by mechanical action of an other rock ABRASION
when strong acids fall to Earth they are called ACIDPRECIPITATION
the process by which rock is broken down by physical changes PHYSICALWEATHERING
the breakdown of rock by physical and chemical changes WEATHERING
the process when the outer layers of rock slowly peel away EXFOLIATION
the breaking down and wearing away of rock material by the mechanical action of other rock ABRASION
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions CHEMICALWEATHERING
the process by which other chemical combine with oxygen OXIDATION
a common feature in cave systems STALACTITES
a common feature in cave systems STALAGMITES
the process by which by which sediment is moved to one place to another EROSION
the process by which eroded material is dropped DEPOSITION
layers of deposited sediment can form a flat area called a FLOODPLAIN
streams often deposits their loads in a fan-shaped pattern DELTA
a fan-shaped deposit that forms on dry land ALLUVIALFAN
the water located within the rocks below Earth's surface GROUNDWATER
is a place where land and a body of water meet SHORELINE
an area of shorelinethat is made up ofmaterial deposited by waves and currents BEACH
an underwater or exposed ridge of sand, gravel, or shell material SANDBAR
a long narrow island usally made of sand BARRIERISLAND
mounds of wind-deposited sands are called DUNES
deposites of this windblown, finegrained sediment LOESS
a large mass of moving ice GLAICER
the general term for all materials carried and deposited by a glaicer GLACIERDRIFT
slow movement of material downslope CREEP
happens when loose rocks fall down a steep slope ROCKFALL
the sudden movement of a large amount of material downslope LANDSLIDE
a rapid movement of a large mass of mud is called MUDFLOW

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Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The dropping of weathered rock by wind or moving water. deposition
Very small pieces of rock, sand, and silt carried by water. Sediment
A hill's _______ affects how gravity will act on it. slope
The process of moving weathered rock from one place to another. erosion
This causes rocks and sediment to slide down mountains and cliffs. gravity
Huge sheets of ice. glaciers
The ______ from flowing water can carry sediment down a river. energy
When huge chunks of rock and soil slide down a slope all at once. landslide
The process of rock breaking apart. weathering
This carries sediment down a river or along a beach. water
Carries soil and other sediment wind
Hills formed from the dropped-off sediment from glaciers. moraines

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Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the process by which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another Erosion
process by which eroded material is dropped deposition
materials carried by a stream load
flat area formed by layers of deposited sediment floodplain
fan shaped pattern where streams deposit their loads delta
a fan shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
water located within the rocks below Earth's surface groundwater
an area of shoreline that is made up of material deposited by waves and currents beach
mounds of wind deposited sand dunes
thick deposits of windblown, fine-grained sediment loess
term for all materials carried and deposited by a glacier Glacial drift
large mass of moving ice that forms by the compacting of snow by natural forces glacier
sudden and rapid movement of a large amount of material downslope landslide

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chapter 7 & 8 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the process in which materials on or near earth's surface break down and change weathering
the freeze-thaw cycles of water in the cracks of rocks frost wedging
the process by which outer rock layers are stripped away exfoliation
the chemical reaction of oxygen with other substances oxidation
the removal of weathered rock and soil from its original location erosion
after the materials are transported they are dropped in another location deposition
develops when running water cuts small channels into the side of a slope rill erosion
then a channel becomes deep and wide as a result of further erosion gully erosion
the loose covering of weathered rack particles and decay of organic matter soil
the down slope movement of soil and weathered rock resulting in the force of gravity mass movement
the slow steady down hill flow of loose weathered earth minerals creep
swiftly moving mixtures of mud and water mud flow
a rapid down slope movement of earth minerals that occurs when a relatively thin block of soil or rock land slides
when the mass of material in a landslide moves along a curved surface slump
landslides that occur in mountainous areas with thick accumulation of snow avalanche
over time sand is blown and will start to create a dune
the lowering of the land surface that results from the wind's removal of surface particles deflation

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Landforms & Oceans Unit Test Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

described by the mass movement of land due to gravity. Landslides
described as mountains with openings from which lava bursts. Volcanic eruptions
destructive processes that produce vibrations of the Earth along a fault line and can cause landslides or tsunamis. Earthquakes
can be destructive or constructive and occur when large amounts of water cover land that is usually dry. Floods
a destructive process that describes the breaking down of rock. Weathering
a destructive process that describes the movement of sediments and soil by wind, water, or gravity. Erosion
a constructive process that describes the dropping off and building up of moved sediments and soil in a new location. Deposition
found off the shoreline where the edges of the continents are under water Continental shelf
the steep slope where the shelf drops down to the ocean floor. Continental slope
a mountain range made of volcanic mountains that divides the ocean floor into two halves. Mid-ocean ridge
the highest point of the mid-ocean ridge where the volcanic activity adds mountains to either side of the mid-ocean ridge. Rift zone
similar to deep canyons;they are the deepest part of the ocean basin. Ocean trenches
the bowl-like area on either side of the mid-ocean ridge where trenches, abyssal plains, and seamounts are all found. Ocean basin
wide, flat lands found on the ocean basin. Abyssal plains
underwater volcanic mountains that are not found on the mid-ocean ridge. Seamounts
the area where the ocean meets the land. Shoreline
sandy shoreline Beach
the repeated movement of water that can wear away land or deposit sand along the shore. Waves
the highest point in the wave Crest
the lowest point in the wave, and the breaker, which is the curl of the wave. Trough
flowing streams of water in a specific direction on a curved path (the equator to the poles and then back from the poles to the equator). Currents
produced as a result of industries, agriculture, the burning of fossil fuels, and other human activities. Foreign substances
anything that can harm our natural environment (e.g., when foreign substances mix and dissolve in water, air, and soil). Pollution
the materials people can take and use from the Earth (e.g., air, minerals, coal, trees, and oil). Natural resources
water-filled gaps between the mainland and barrier island where the amount of water changes due to the tides. Inlets
the place where a freshwater river meets a saltwater ocean Estuary
islands with sandy beaches that serve as a protector to the mainland Barrier islands
the regular rise and fall of ocean waters due to the moon’s gravity Tides
can move sand from one location to another on the beach. Longshore currents

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SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

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EARTH SCIENCE CROSSWORD PUZZLE

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. EROSION
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air: WEATHERING
Waves of energy that travel through the Earth's layers, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that gives out low-frequency acoustic energy SEISMIC WAVES
an instrument that measures and records details of earthquakes, such as force and duration. SEISMOGRAPH
the point on the Earth's surface that is directly above the hypocentre or focus, the point where an earthquake or underground explosion originates. EPICENTER
the great size or extent of something MAGNITUDE
a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface. volcano
is one of several very large landmasses on Earth continent
a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. magma
the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet horizon
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence. mineral
the upper layer of earth in which plants grow, a black or dark brown material typically consisting of a mixture of organic remains, clay, and rock particles soil
a sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action. earthquake

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Rock Cycle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

An Igneous rock turns into Sediments
become less hot cooling
The rock cycle _______ in a circle Rotates
Metamorphic ______. Rock
When a Volcano _______ Igneous rocks come out. Erupts
An igneous rock turns into sediments which turns into a sedimentary rock which then turns in to a metamorphic rock. Cycle
breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, biota and waters Weathering
To make the sedimentary rock you have to combine _____ and pressure. Heat
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. Igneous
Be created by an upward movement of the earth's surface. Uplifting
After it turns into a metamorphic rock it has to _____ then it turn into an igneous rock. Melt
the binding together of particles or other things by cement. Cemention
formed by the deposition of material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water. Sedimentary
the action or process of forcing a body of igneous rock between or through existing formations, without reaching the surface. Intrusion
transformation of existing rock types. Metamorphic
process of formation of solid crystals precipitating from a solution, melt or more rarely deposited directly from a gas. Crystallization
metamorphic rocks are subjected to heat and pressure from ______. Burial
mixture of molten or semi-molten rock, volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets. Magma
When you are trying to make an sedimentary rock you have to apply a lot of pressure. Pressure
action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind) that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location. Erosion

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Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

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Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

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