group of parts that work together as a whole
system
ability to do work
energy
thin layer of gases that make up the outermost layer of Earth
atmosphere
densest part of Earth that includes the crust, mantle and cores
geosphere
part of Earth that contains water in oceans rivers, etc.
hydrosphere
part of Earth that contains all life
biosphere
forces that build up Earth's surface
constuctive forces
forces that tear down Earth's surface
destructive force
vibrations produced by Earthquakes
seismic waves
force pushing on a surface
pressure
layer of rock that forms Earth's surface
crust
dark and fine-grained rock
basalt
normally light colored rock that is coarse-grained
granite
layer of hot and solid material in between the crust and cores
mantle
uppermost layer of the mantle
lithosphere
softish layer of the mantle below the lithosphere
athenosphere
layer of molten metal surrounding the inner core
outer core
dense ball of solid metal
inner core
transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
radiation
transfer of thermal energy by the movement of a fluid
convection