Type
Crossword
Description

What structure is blood withdrawn from for an arterial blood gas? radial artery
What do arterial blood gases help assess? respiratory and metabolic systems
What is the acid/base measurement on arterial blood gas? pH
What measurement has a normal range of 80-100mmHg? PaO2
What measurement has a normal range of 35-45mmHg on arterial blood gas? PaCO2
What measurement has a normal range of 22-26mEqL on arterial blood gas? HCO3
CO2 is a measure of the function of what system in the body? Respiratory
Bicarbonate is a measure of what function? metabolic
A high than normal PaCO2 value indicates what condition? Respiratory acidosis
A condition with a lower than normal PaCO2 value indicates? Respiratory alkalosis
A lower than normal value of bicarbonate indicates what condition? metabolic acidosis
A higher than normal value of bicarbonate indicates what condition? metabolic alkalosis

Fluid, Electrolytes, & Acid-Bases Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Substance whose molecules dissociate into ions when plavced into water Electrolyte
Positively charged ion cation
Negatively charged ion Anion
ECF volume deficit Hypovolemia
Fluid volume excess Hypervolemia
Measure of H+ ion concentration PH
Acid-Base mnemonic ROME
High pH, low PaCO2 (<32) Respiratory Alkalosis
Low pH, high PaCO2 (>48) Respiratory Acidosis
High pH, High HCO3 (>26) Metabolic Alkalosis
Low pH, low HCO3 (<22) Metabolic Acidosis
This type of solution enlarges the cell Hypotonic
This type of solution shrinks the cell Hypertonic
This type of solution has equal osmotic pressure in and out of the cell Isotonic

Fitness Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The M in BMI stands for? Mass
Drink this daily Water
The Range of motion of joints and mobility of muscles Flexibility
Normal Range is less than 120/80 Blood Pressure
____ Syndrome is a cluster of conditions that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes Metabolic
Physical activity to sustain or improve health and fitness Exercise
Acronym for goals that are Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Timely SMART
The I in the F.I.T.T principle stands for? Intensity
Cobra and downward dog are ____ poses Yoga
Walk for a long distance, usually in the woods Hiking
Exercise that increases heart rate and the use of oxygen Aerobic
____ Training using less reps and higher weights Strength

Vital signs and measurements Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

without fever Afebrile
pertaining to apex of heart apical
cessation or absence of normal spontaneous breathing apnea
deviation from the normal pattern or rhythm of heartbeat arrhythmia
a form of arteriosclerosis marked by calcium deposits in the arterial linings atherosclerosis
known initial measurement/future measurements compared baseline
slow; regular heartbeat bradycardia
abnormally slow respiratory rate bradypnea
regular pattern of irregular breathing rate cheyne-stokes
lowest amount of pressure exerted during cardiac cycle diastole
labored breathing dyspnea
normal breathing eupnea
fever febrile
fold of mucous membrane frenulum
increased respiratory rate and depth hyperpnea
blood pressure consinstently greater than 140/90mm HG hypertension
ventilation rate is greater than metabolic rate hyperventilation
abnormally low blood pressure hypotension
decrease in respiratory rate with shallow depth of respiration hypoventilation
increase in size,number, or extent increment
space within an artery lumen
device for measuring liquid or gaseous pressure manometer
curvature appearing in liquid upper surface meniscus

Respiratory System Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

the cavity behind the nose and above the roof of the mouth that filters air and moves mucus and inhaled contaminants outward and away from the lungs. Nasal Cavity
voice box-passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords. Larynx
one of the tubules forming the respiratory system. Trachea
The passages that branch from the trachea and direct air into the lungs. Bronchi
the paired organs in the thoracic cavity where gas exchange takes place between air in the alveoli and blood in the pulmonary capillaries. Lungs
progressively smaller tubular branches of the airways. Bronchioles
tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air and blood. Alveoli
short structures projecting from a cell and containing bundles of microtubules that move a cell through its surroundings or move fluid over the cell's surface. Cilia
protective secretion of the mucus membranes. Mucus
passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally. Breathing
the metabolic processes certain organisms obtaining energy from organic molecules. Respiration
the exchange of gases between the air in the alveoli and the blood in the pulmonary capillaries. external respiration
the uppermost cartilage of the larynx; covers the larynx during swallowing epiglottis
inhalation; the intake of air into the lungs inspiration
any of the fine branching blood vessels that form a network between the arterioles and venules. Capillaires

Fluid & Electrolytes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

____% of body is water sixty
0.45%NS is this type of fluid Hypotonic
An example of third spacing Ascites
Works with sodium to maintain osmotic pressure Chloride
Creates peaked T-wave on EKG Hyperkalemia
D51/2NS is this type of fluid hypertonic
LR is this type of fluid Isotonic
Na+, Ca++, Mg++ cations
Cl-, PO4- Anions
Low pH Acidosis
High pH Alkalosis
May occur with hyponatremia in the older adult Confusion
Can occur with tube feedings w/o adequate water supplements Hypernatremia
______ lower the Na+ level to decrease risk of cerebral edema Gradually
Creates flattened T-wave on EKG hypokalemia
____ can treat hyperkalemia (2 words) Calcium Gluconate
___ has a direct relationship with Vitamin D Calcium
Hypocalcemia can cause _____'s sign Trousseau
Torsades de Pointes can be treated with IV _____ Magnesium
3% NaCl is used to treat ____ Hyponatremia
Can be caused by trauma, tumors, strokes and cancer SIADH
pH 7.30, PCO2 49, HCO3 24= _____ acidosis Respiratory
pH 7.49, PCO2 36, HCO3 28= ______ alkalosis Metabolic
Ensure patient's _____ is normal before replacing K+ creatinine
Calcium and Phosphorus have an ___ relationship Inverse

Vital Signs Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the number of times a pt's heart beats in a min pulse
a heart rate of faster than 100 beats /min tachycardia
a cycle of one inspiration and one exhalation respiration
the top number in the blood pressure reading which indicates the pressure during cardiac contraction systolic
the indication that the heart is beating in an even or uneven pattern rhythm
the measurement of oxygen in arterial blood using infrared tech. pulse oximetry
patient with a fever is called febrile
patient without a fever is called afebrile
blood pressure cuff is also called a syphgmomonometer
inside the area of the elbow is called the antecubital space
blood pressure below normal for a patient hypotension
heartbeat of less than 60 beats/min bradycardia
a 24 hr human clock that sincs with the light of day & dark of night circadian rhythm
pulse rate that requires using a stethoscope apical pulse
the energy a pt uses to breathe effort
bluish discoloration of the skin, showing a lack of oxygen cyanosis
blood pressure above the normal range for a patient is called tachycardia

Patient Assessment Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Oxygen deficiency hypoxia
Diatomic gas measuring 21% at room air. Oxygen
Abnormal presence of air in the plueral cavity. Pneumothorax
Monitoring of the concentration or partial pressure of carbon dioxide Capnography
An increased acidity in the blood and other body tissue Acidosis
High-pitched breath sound resulting from turbulent air flow in the larynx Stridor
Caused by hyperventilation Alkalosis
Iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells Hemoglobin
Inflammatory condition of the lung Pneumonia
aka "sibilant rhonchi" Wheeze
Deformity of the finger or toe nails associated with a number of heart and lung disease. Clubbing
Shortness of breath Dyspnea
Clicking, rattling, or crackling noises that may be made by one or both lungs Rales
Coarse rattling respiratory sounds, usually caused by secretions Rhonchi
A sudden and often repetitively occurring reflex which helps to clear the large breathing passages Cough
The smallest of a body's blood vessels that make up the microcirculation. Capillaries
An audible sound present in some patients with pleurisy Rub
Inflammation of the bronchi in the lungs Bronchitis
Long term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs. Asthma
Aids in the protection of the lungs by trapping foreign particles that enter it Mucus
Coughing up blood or blood-stained mucus Hemoptysis
The appearance of a blue or purple coloration of the skin Cyanosis

Oxygenation/Perfusion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Pneumonia seen in older adults Aspiration
Arteries that get first dibs on blood Coronary
Procedure to restore perfusion Revascularization
pH less than 7.35 Acidosis
Anti-platelet prescribed after stent placement Plavix
Risk factor for Stroke and PVD Diabetes
Pain med of choice given during a myocarial infarction Morphine
Result of reduced cardiac output Oliguria
pH greater than 7.45 Alkalosis
Type of stroke treated with TPA Thrombolic
Their action is reduced in COPD Cilia
Leads to confusion Hypoxemia
Blood that pools venousstasis
Results from acute blood loss or vitamin deficiency Anemia
Complication of immobility deepveinthrombosis
Seen when there is reduced perfusion Cyanosis
Anti-coagulant used to prevent emboli Heparin

Cardiovascular System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the fluid portion of the blood plasma
red blood cells erythrocytes
the oxygen-transporting pigment of erythrocytes hemoglobin
white blood cell leukocytes
a white blood cell with secretory granules in its cytoplasm (ex. eosinophil/basophil) granulocytes
the most abundant of the white blood cells neutrophils
granular white blood cells whose granules readily take up a stain called eosin eosinophils
white blood cells whose granules stain deep blue with basic dye; have a relatively pale nucleus and granular-appearing cytoplasm basophils
white blood cells with a one-lobed nucleus. no granules in cytoplasm agranuloctyes
agranular white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that mature in the lymphoid tissue lymphocytes
large single-nucleus white blood cell; agranular leukocyte monocytes
one of the irregular cell fragments of blood; involved in clotting platelets
formation of blood cells hematopoiesis
stem cells that give rise to all the formed elements of the blood hemocytoblast
the stopping of a flow of blood hemostasis
the stout wall separating the lower chambers of the heart from one another interventricular septum
begins at the base of the right ventricle, branches into two pulmonary arteries which deliver deoxygenated blood to the corresponding lung pulmonary trunk
bicuspid and tricuspid atrioventricular valves
cord-like tendons that connect the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the mitral valve in the heart (heart strings) chordae tendineae
lub dub, lub dub heart sounds
a condition in which the heart produces or is apt to produce a recurring sound indicative of disease or damage murmur
abnormally high blood pressure hypertension
a disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls atherosclerosis
the membranous sac enveloping the heart pericardium
a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chambers atria
discharging chambers of the heart ventricles
system of blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange pulmonary circulation
major systemic artery; arises from the left ventricle of the heart aorta
systems of blood vessels that carries nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood to all the body organs systemic circulation
valves that prevent blood return to the ventricles after contraction semilunar valves
the contraction phase of heart activity systole
a period (between contractions) of relaxation of the heart during which it fills with blood diastole
a volume of blood ejected by a ventricle during systole stroke volume
sequence of events encompassing one complete contraction and relaxation of the atria and ventricles of the heart cardiac cycle

ANSWER KEY Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The maximum or minimum point of a quadratic function. vertex
The line of symmetry that runs through the vertex; can be found algebraically: x=-b/(2a) axis of symmetry
All the input values of a function. domain
All the output values of a function. range
x = -b ± √(b² - 4ac)/2a quadratic formula
one of the possible outcomes of a probability experiment event
a possible result of an experiment outcome
a diagram that shows how two or more sets in a universal set are related Ven diagram
a collection or list of items SET
events such that the outcome of one event does not affect the probability of the outcome of another event independent events
'sides and angles' that are images of each other will be equal if the two triangles are congruent. CORRESPONDING PARTS
Any number that can be written as a simple fraction, with a whole number numerator and denominator, such as terminating decimals, repeating decimals and integers. rational number
A square with a whole number root. perfect square
An angle of exactly 90 degrees. right angle
A triangle that contains a right angle. right triangle
Any number that cannot be written as a simple fraction, such as non-repeating, non-terminating decimals, square roots of non-perfect squares, pi. irrational number
The result of multiplying a number by itself square
Greek philosopher, 570-495 BC. There is no evidence that Pythagoras himself worked on or proved the Pythagorean Theorem, which was used previously by Babylonians and Indians. Pythagoras
A mathematical symbol that indicates the extraction of the root of the square inside. radical sign
the statement that the values of two mathematical expressions are equal equation
a numerical or constant quantity placed before and multiplying the variable in an algebraic expression Coefficient
solving a problem solutions
value that,when multiplied by itself,gives the number roots
relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second ratio
two ratios or fractions are equal proportion
relationship between two numbers indicating how many times the first number contains the second ratio
a single number or variable, or numbers and variables multiplied together terms
an unbroken part of a circle arc
an angle whose vertex is at the center of a circle central angle