Type
Word Search
Description

workability
soil depth
soil probe
soil texture
particles
color
soil sample
mineral fragments
iron
silt
sand
clay
weathering
leaching
mineral horizon
surface horizon
eluvium
organisms
humus
organic matter
bedrock
parent material
subsoil
topsoil

SOIL CROSSWORD

Type
Crossword
Description

Largest particle dries quicl;y and texture is rough and gritty. Sand
Relative proportions of sand, silt, and clay texture
What the soil is composed of air, water, nutrients, and orgainic matter Composition
the proccess by which the surface of the earth is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, ext. Erosion
How much water the soil will allow through permeability
Depends on how many pores and the size of the pores porosity
influenced by the amount of proteins present in the soil Color
used to identify different types of soil Soil Properties
the break down of rock and minerals by rain, acid, salt, wind, and temperature into sediments weathering
Medium sized particles, texture is smooth and powdery when dry and slippery when wet. silt
smallest particle; smooth and hard as stone when dry and sticky when wet clay
Mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Best type of soil for growing plants. Loam
soil layers; more mature soil has more horizons soil horizon
Mixture of rock, minerals, and organiz matter soil
living particles in soil organic
non living particles in soil inorganic
Mostly made of decaying leaves, twigs, and animal remains/waste Humus
loose soil that is rich in organic material needed by plants topsoil
rich in minerals that are wased down in minerals that are wased downfrom topsoil by rain subsoil
slightly broken up rock. plants roots cannot go through this layer. Mostly inorganic. weathered rock
also knowthe parent material. unweathered solid rock bneath all layers. bedrock
the extraction of valuable minerals or geological materials from the earth. mining
a natrual material with a high concentation of metals and valuable materials that can be extracted for a profit. Ore
when a mine is no longer being used, the land should be restored to its former state or better. Reclamation
minerals or substances that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain. Natrual resource
a natural resource that can be replaced quickly enough so that we will not run out renewable resource
hydrocarbons created from the remains of formerly living organisms used for energy. fossil fuel
a natrual resource that we need to use carefully because it cannot be replaced quickly and we will run out. nonrenewable resource

Geology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

molten rock magma
cool, top layer of Earth crust
17 huge slabs of rock tectonic plates
tool to measure motion of ground seismometer
a naturally occurring solid that has a specific chemical make-up Mineral
2 or more minerals together. Rock
formed from cooled magma or lava. Igneous
forms under the surface, cools slowly and forms big crystals. Intrusive
forms above the surface, forms small crystals. Extrusive
made of sand, rocks, minerals, and organic matter. Sedimentary
the compaction and cementation of sediments. lithification
organisms (plants + animals) preserved in sedimentary rock. fossils
formed when heat and pressure "RECYLCE" rock. Metamorphic
this law states that older rocks are at the bottom of the sequence, youngest at the top. Law of Superposition
movement of Earths crust. Plate Tectonics
heat, ash, and lava released from vent forms "cones" volcanoes
shaking caused when tectonic plates suddenly move and release pressure and stress. Earthquakes
acid rain eats away rock. Forms caves and sinkholes. chemical weathering
water and wind breaking down rocks. physical weathering
weathered rock and organic matter. Soil
organic material Humus
nutrient rich Topsoil
sand, silt, clay Subsoil
Least Permeable Bed Rock
air spaces Porosity
ability to transport H2O Permeability
gritty, H2O flows easily Sand
powder Silt
sticky and clumpy (NO H2O flow) Clay
best for plants, mix of all. Loam
wind deposited silt Loess
decomposing organic matter Humus

Soil Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rocks or change them into different minerals Chemical Weathering
average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation, and vegetation Climate
planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contour farming
each layer in a soil profile horizon A (top layer of soil), horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer) Horizon
dark-colored, decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in topsoil. Humus
mechanical weathering process that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands, causing the rock to break apart. Ice wedging
removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
twigs, leaves, and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms Litter
physical processes that break rock apart without changing its chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging, animals, and plant roots Mechanical weathering
method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year’s crop is planted within the stalks without plowing No-till farming
chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time Oxidation
mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop. Soil
vertical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon Soil profile
farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes Terracing
mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces Weathering

Soil, Argriculture Unit Vocabulary 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Three sided figure that represents increasing or decreasing percentages of sand, silt and clay particles Soil Triangle
a layer generally parallel to the soil crust, whose physical characteristics differ from the layers above and beneath soil horizon
the uppermost layer of soil containing humus, topsoil, and organic debris A Horizon
the layer of loose leaves and organic debris at the surface of soil O Horizon
the layer of a soil profile immediately below the A horizon, containing deposits of leached material B Horizon
the layer in a soil profile below the B horizon and immediately above the bedrock, consisting chiefly of weathered, partially decomposed rock. C Horizon
the layer of unconsolidated rocky material covering bedrock Rigolith
defined as the wearing away of topsoil Soil Erosion
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air Weathering
a way of growing crops or pasture from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage No-till
make or form (sloping land) into a number of level flat areas resembling a series of steps Terracing
plowing along the contours of the land in order to minimize soil erosion Contour plowing
a thing, such as a row of trees or a fence, wall, or screen, that provides shelter or protection from the wind windbreak
the action of clearing a wide area of trees deforestation
occurs when the ground gets more water than it can absorb and it washes away. This is bad because it can contaminate water sources with undesirable algae and weeds. Fertilizer runoff
the process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of drought, deforestation, or inappropriate agriculture. Desertification
process by which water-soluble salts accumulate in the soil Soil Salinization
to become saturated with water Waterlogging

Soil Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

tilth
weathering
tillage system
subsoil
soil structure
soil profile
soil particles
soil compaction
humus
gully erosion
pore spaces
saturated
c layer
b layer
a layer
windbreak
parent material
no till program
cover crop
loamy soil
organic matter
rill erosion
reduced tillage
erosion
soil texture
clay
silt
sand
topsoil

soil conservation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The area of the Great Plains where wind erosion caused soil loss during the 1930's. Dust bowl
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil. bed rock
The layer of soil that differs in color and texture from layers above or below it soil horizon
Plowing fields along the curves of a slope to prevent soil loss. contour plowing
A thick mass of grass roots and soil. sod
The planting of diffrent crops in a field each year to maintain the soils fertility crop rotation
A chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen, as when iron oxides, forming rust. oxidation
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which plants can grow. soil
Characteristics of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through. permeable
Soil conservation method in which the dead stalks from previos year's crop are left in the ground to hold the soil in place. conservation plowing
The managment of soil to prevent it's destruction. soil conservation
The grinding away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind. abrasion
The loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surface of the soil. litter
Soil organism that breaks down the remains of organisms and digets them. decomposer
The chemical and physical process that can break down at Earth's surface weathering
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then freezes and expands. ice wedging
Anything in the environment that humans use. natural resource
Dark colored organic material in soil. humus
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pieces. mechanical weathering
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes. chemical weathering
Rich, fertile soil that is made up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt. loam
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock or soil. erosion
Mixture of humans, clay, and other minerals that forms the crumbly, top most layer of soil. top soil
The geologic principle that the same geologic process that operate today, operated in the past to change Earth's surface. uniformitarianism
A measure of how well soil supports plant growth. fertility
The layer of soil beneath the top soil that contains mostly clay and other minerals. subsoil

Soil Vocabulary Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Occurs when chemical reactions dissolve the minerals in rock or change them into different minerals Chemical Weathering
Average weather pattern in an area over a long period of time; can be classified by temperature, humidity, precipitation and vegetation Climate
Planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contour Farming
Each layer in the soil profile hoizon A (top layer of soil) horizon B (middle layer) and horizon C (bottom layer) Horizon
Dark colored decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in top soil Humus
Mechanical weathering processes that occurs when water freezes in the cracks of rocks and expands causing the rock to break apart Ice Wedging
Removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
Twigs, leaves and other organic matter that help prevent erosion and hold water and may eventually be changed into humus by decomposing organisms Litter
Physical processes that break rock apart without changing its' chemical makeup; can be caused by ice wedging animals and plant groups Mechanical Weathering
Method for reducing soil erosion; plant stalks are left in the field after harvesting and the next year's crop is planted within the stalks without plowing No till farming
Chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time Oxidation
Mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop Soil
Verical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon Soil Profile
Farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes Terracing
Mechanical or chemical surface processes that break rock into smaller and smaller pieces Weathering

SOIL CONSERVATION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The chemical and physical processes that break down rock at earth's surface Weathering
The process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered rock or soil Erosion
The geologic principle that the same geologic process that operated in the past to change Earth's surface Uniformitarianism
The type of weathering in which rock is physically broken into smaller pieces Mechanical weathering
The loose, weathered material on Earth's surface in which plants can grow soil
The solid layer of rock beneath the soil Bedrock
Dark-colored organic material in soil Humus
A measure of how well soil supports plant growth Fertility
Anything in the environment tha humans use Natural Resource
Rich, fertile soil that ismade up of about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt Loam
The layer of soil that differs in color and texture from the layers above or below it Soil Horizon
Soil organism that breaks down the remains of organisms and digests them decomposer
A thick mass o grass roots and soil sod
The management of soil to prevent its destruction Soil Conservation
Plowing fields along the curves of a slope to prevent soil loss Contour Plowing
The loose layer of dead plant leaves and stems on the surfaceof the soil litter
The grindimg away of rock by other rock particles carried in water, ice, or wind Abrasion
Process that splits rock when water seeps into cracks, then freezes and expands Ice Wedging
The process that breaks down rock through chemical changes Chemical Weathering
A chemical change in which a substance combines with oxygen, as when iron oxidizes, forming rust Oxidation
Characteristic of a material that is full of tiny, connected air spaces that water can seep through Permeable
Mixture of humans, clay, and other minerals that forms the crumbly, topmost layer of soil Topsoil
The area of the Great Plains where wind erosion caused soil loss during during the 1930's Dust Bowl
Soil conservation method in which the dead stalks from the previous year's crop are left in the ground to hold the soil in place Conservation Plowing
The planting of different crops in a field each year to maintain the soil's fertility Crop Rotation
The layer of soil beneath the topsoil that contains mostly clay and other minerals Subsoil

Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

. planting along the natural contours of the land to reduce soil erosion Contourfarming
chemical weathering process that occurs when some minerals are exposed to oxygen and water over time oxidation
farming method used to reduce erosion on steep slopes terracing
The layers in a soil profile are also called_________ horizon
The processes that break rock apart weathering
vertical section of soil layers, each of which is a horizon soil profile
removal of minerals that have been dissolved in water Leaching
dark-colored, decayed organic matter that supplies nutrients to plants and is found mainly in topsoil humus
mixture of weathered rock and mineral fragments, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air that can take thousands of years to develop. soil
organic matter that is decomposed to supply nutrients to soil compost
the mix of sand, silt and clay is known as soil texture

soil formation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the solid layer of rock beneath the soil bedrock
the loose weathered material on earth's surface in which plants can grow soil
dark-colored organic material in soil humus
a measure of how well soil supports plant growth fertility
a range of values used to indicate how acidic or basic a substance is pH scale
rich, fertile soil that is made up about equal parts of clay, sand, and silt loam
crumby, topmost layer of soil made up clay and other minerals and humus topsoil
the layer of soil below topsoil that has less plant and animal matter than topsoil and contains mostly clay and other minerals subsoil
a layer of soil that differs in color and texture from the layers above or below it soil horizon
an organism that break the remains of dead organisms into smaller pieces and digest them with chemicals decomposers