Type
Crossword
Description

An area of land where the surface water and groundwater drain into a particular body of water separated from each other by drainage divides. Watershed
Water from precipitation that drains into a gully that flows into a stream, which in turn flows into a river, lake, reservoir, estuary, wetland, or the ocean. Surface Water
Water that collects in cracks and pores in underground soil and rock layers. Ground Water
Small rivers, creeks and streams that eventually lead to larger rivers. Tributary
Large natural stream of water flowing into a larger body of water like a lake, another stream or ocean. River
the part of a river that meets a sea Estuary
A mix of freshwater and saltwater in estuaries where a river enters the ocean Brackish water
A coastal wetland that contains trees with twisted roots that grow in brackish water Mangrove forest
a place where brackish water from estuary meets sea side forest Salt marsh
wetland that has many large bushes and trees swamp
a low-lying wetland with lots of grasses marsh
a wet, spongy ground with a lot of decaying plants bog

6.7 Watershed Key terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The land area that supplies water to a river system. Watershed
A ridge of land that separates two watersheds Divide
A stream that flows into a larger stream Tributary
Is the saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water Salinity
A river and alot of tributaries River System
The purity of water; how much of other substances are in the water besies the water itself Water Quality
The process of water, ice, wind, or gravity moving sediments Erosion
Pieces of rock or soil that are frequently carried away by moving water in rivers and streams. Sediment
The process of sediment settling ("dropping") in a new location Deposition
The cloudiness or clarity of the water, it determains water quality Turbidity
A broad, flat valley that a river flows through. Flood plain
An area of land that is covered with a shallow layer of waterduring at least part of the year. Wetland
A body of water where fresh water and salt water mix together Estuary
Organisms without backbones, which are visable to the eye without the aid of a microscope (crayfish, snail, worm) Macroinvertebrate
Nonliving factors of a ecosystem Abiotic
The living factors in an ecosystem Biotic
A wetland that looks like a flooded forest with trees and shrubs, most common in the south Swamp
A wetland with tall grass-like plants and no trees. Marsh
A marsh that has brackish or salt water near a coastline. Salt Marsh
Water from precipitation that flows over the ground surface instead of soaking into the ground Runoff
Water that is partly salt and partly fresh, characteritics of estuaries Brackish
This measures how much acidity is in the water. 1-14 PH Potential Hydrogen
A wetland that has mostly mosses, without grasses or trees, most common in the north Bog
Both the living community and the nonliving factors that affect it Ecosystem

SOL 6.7 b, c, d Watershed Vocabulary Quiz Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The area of land that water flows over on its way to a body of water watershed
Is the watershed boundary divide
Is water that lies below ground level ground water
is surface water finding its way over land from a higher altitude to a lower altitude, all due to gravity River
A flow of water confined within a bed and stream banks stream
Small streams and rivers that eventually flow into a larger body of water Tributary
A partially enclosed body of water where fresh water from streams and rivers mixes with salt water from the ocean Estuary
Largest estuary in the United States Chesapeake Bay
The study of the shape of the land Topography
A map that shows the shape of the land using contour lines Topographic map
Lines that connect points that are of the same elevation contour lines
How high or low the ground is in relation to sea level elevation
Are areas between dry land and bodies of water wetland
A kind of wetland, full of trees swamp
A kind of wetland, full of grasses marsh
A kind of wetland, covered with sphagnum moss bog
Water that runs across the surface of the ground after a storm Run off

Rivers, Lakes, and Oceans Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream. ESTUARY
A small stream that flows into a larger stream. TRIBUTARIES
Material being transported by a river is deposited. DEPOSITION
Being eroded by water, wind, or other natural agents. EROSION
Matter that settles to a bottom of a liquid. SEDIMENT
A body of air or water moving in a definite direction. CURRENT
Class of naturally occurring solid in organic substances. MINERAL CONTENT
Winding curve of bend in a river. MEANDER
An area of land that collects rivers, basins, or seas. WATERSHED
A large lake used as a source of water supply. RESERVIOR
A crescent-shaped lake formed in the abounded channel. OXBOW
A place where a river enters a lake. MOUTH
A land form that forms from deposition carried by a river. DELTA
Land along side river or lake. BANKS
An area of low lying ground. FLOODPLAIN

Hydrology Unit Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet. HYDROSPHERE
water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations Ground water
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. Watershed
study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets HYDROLOGY
of or found in fresh water; not of the sea FRESHWATER
all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas HYDROSPHERE
an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials AQUIFER
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a partly enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it estuary
oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, UPWELLING
The integration and application of environmental values into the military mission in order to sustain readiness, improve quality of life STEWARDSHIP
biological conversion of one or more carbon molecules CHEMOSYNTHESIS
a single identifiable source of air, Water pollution, thermal, noise or light pollution POINT SOURCE POLLUTION
introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change POLLUTION
saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water SALINITY
water pollution affects a water body from sources such as polluted runoff from agricultural areas draining into a river, or wind-borne debris blowing out to sea. NONPOINTPOLLUTION
the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye TURBIDITY
a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae ALGAL BLOOM
a numeric scale used to specify the acidity or basicity(alkalinity) of an aqueous solution pH
of, found in, or produced by the sea MARINE
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere POLLUTANT
species that can be used to monitor the health of an environment or ecosystem. BIO-INDICATOR
change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase CONDENSATION
rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground. PRECIPITATION
the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure, etc. RUNOFF
a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase EVAPORATION
process of water movement through a lant and its evaporation from aerial parts TRANSPIRATION

Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Having a positively charged end and a negatively charged end Polarity
water sticking to water Cohesion
Water sticking to another surface Adhesion
The skin of the water created by cohesion. Surface tension
The ratio of mass to volume in a substance. Density
The amount of energy to raise temperature. Specific heat
The saltiness of a body of water. Salinity
Water that flows over the land without sinking. Runoff
Underwater vent found near volcanoes. Hydrothermal vent
Weather pattern that develops over the ocean. El-Nino
Zone of the ocean. Photic zone
Water located below Earth's surface. Groundwater
A rock layer that collects and stores groundwater. Aquifer
A surface able to penetrated by water. Permeable
A surface that water cannot penetrate. Impermeable
An area of land that drains into drains, etc, to a river. Watershed
The land that water flows across or under. River basin
Freshwater stream. Tributary
Where freshwater and saltwater mix and meet. Estuary
Large material or artificial lake. Reservoir
Movement of cold water. Upwelling
A process, weathered rock is picked up and moved. Erosion
Where eroded materials such as rock and other materials are deposited by water, wind, ice. Sedimentation
Organisms that live in top layer of ocean. Phytoplankton
Enrichment of an ecosystem. Eutrophication
When organisms go far down. Chemosynthesis
Technique that uses sound. Sonar
Amount of present in the water. Dissolved oxygen

Watershed Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A body of water that is mostly surrounded by land Bay
A species of plants or animals that is at serious risk of extinction Endangeredspecies
The amount of salt in the water Salinity
When it rains and water doesn't have a place to go it creates its own path Runoff
A area of land that drains into a common body of water Watershed
When land gradually gets destroyed by natural forces (water,wind,ice) Erosion
A salt or compound that has phosphorus in it and is usually in products like fertilizers Phosphates
A drain where all the water goes when it rains Stromdrain
To keep something in its original state Preservation
A surface that does not collect water Impervioussurface
Species that aren't from here Invasivespecies
Species that are from here Nativespecies
A environment that has all the things a particular plant or animal needs to survive Niche
A natural environment that has the ability to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere Carbonsink
The water is slightly salty (mixture of river water and seawater) Brackish
A area that keeps 2 things separated Bufferzone
A river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake Tributary

fresh water Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

aquifer
artesian water
bogs
forced
fresh water
gases
geyser
glaciers
groundwater
heated gases
icebergs
lakes
marshes
natural spring
ocean
ponds
pressure
river system
runoff
saturated zone
steam
stream
swamps
underground water
unsaturated zone
water
water table
watershed
well
wetlands

Landforms and Bodies of Water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline bay
A deep, narrow alley with steep walls. canyon
Body of water completely surrounded by land; usually freshwater. lake
Point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean. cape
Area of level land, usually low elevation and often covered with grasses plain
Body of land completely surrounded by water. island
Flat, low land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth. delta
Large natural stream that flows through land. river
Low land between hill or mountains. valley
Land along a sea or an ocean. coast
Small stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river. tributary
_____ of a river--Place where a river empties into a larger body of water. mouth
Part of a body of water that extends into a shoreline; larger and deeper than a bay. gulf
Narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas. isthmus
Body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water. peninsula
Area of flat or rolling land at high elevation, about 300 to 3,000 feet high plateau
Land with steep sides that rise sharply from the surrounding land. mountains

Aquatic Ecosystems Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What measures the amount of salts dissolved in water? salinity
Which aquatic layer has enough sunlight for photosynthesis? photic zone
Which aquatic layer is below the the photic zone? aphotic zone
Which aquatic layer is located at the very bottom of a body of water? benthic zone
What is the shallow, near-shore part of the photic zone called? littoral zone
What part of the photic zone is home to a rich amount of invertebrates? limnetic zone
What are the areas of land that are flooded with water for part of the year called? wetlands
What are the areas that are located near a river and are periodically flooded called? flood plain
What forms when freshwater from land drainage meets water from an ocean or inland sea? estuary
What is the vertical flow of cold, nutrient rich water towards the surface of a body of water? upwelling
What transports warm water rich in dissolved gases from the surface of the ocean to the depths of the ocean? downwelling
What are aquatic ecosystems with a salinity of 0.5 to 30 ppt called? brackish
What is an isolated, U-shaped body of water called? oxbow lake

River Landscapes and Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Bends usually in the middle course of a river. meanders
Where a river starts, usually a lake or spring source
Water wears away rocks and soil on the river banks and bed. erosion
Flat land next to a river which is sometimes flooded. Flood plain
FIne sediments which are deposited by a river. alluvium
A type of erosion where rocks in a river hit each other, slowly becoming smaller. attrition
The point where two rivers meet. confluence
the mouth of a river which broadens into the sea and is affected by tides. estuary
A steep, narrow valley with rocky sides. gorge
A hollow under a waterfall created by erosion and filled with water. Plunge pool
The boundary separating two drainage basins. watershed
The speed at which a river flows. velocity
A stream or small river that joins a larger one. tributary
The process where some minerals dissolve in a river. solution
The gentle slope on the inside of a meander bend. slipoffslope