A chemical substance in food that helps maintain the body
Nutrient
The body's chief source of energy (there are three main types)
Carbohydrates
Chemical compounds that are found in every body cell
Proteins
Inorganic substances that make up the other 4%
Minerals
What vitamin promotes normal growth (especially of bones and teeth)
Vitamin A
What dissolves in fats
Fat-Soluble
What dissolves in water
Water-Soluble
What vitamin is known as the blood-clotting vitamin
Vitamin K
What promotes normal functioning of the thyroid gland
Iodine
What must the body have to function and if they don't drink it, they can only live a few days without it
Water
A form of complex carbohydrate from plants that humans cannot digest
Fiber
A condition resulting from a vitamin A deficiency, which is characterized by a reduced ability to see in dim light
Night-blindness
Complex carbohydrates stored in plants
Starch
A disease resulting from a vitamin C deficiency, which is characterized by bleeding gums, loss of teeth, and internal bleeding
Scurvy
The form of sugar carried in the bloodstream for energy use throughout the body
Glucose
A mineral needed in the diet in amounts of 100 or more milligrams each day
Macromineral
A disease resulting from a Vitamin D deficiency, which is characterized by crooked legs and miss happen breast bones in children
Rickets
High blood pressure
Hypertension
A common, naturally occurring carbohydrate found in many plants and plant parts
Sucrose
created in a industrial process that adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid
Trans fat
A substance required in relatively large amounts by living organisms, in particular
Macronutrient
The process of losing or removing water or moisture; a condition caused by the excessive loss of water from the body, which causes a rise in blood sodium levels
Dehydration
Oranges, pineapples, tomatoes, brocolli, spinach, watermelon, grapefruit ,lime, onion, mango, blackberries, etc. are examples of this vitamin
Vitamin C
The generalized name for sweet, short-chain, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food; they are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; there are various types of this
Sugar
A chemical element with symbol Fe; it is a medal in the first transition series; it is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth's outer and inner core
Iron