A biome that can be in both temperate and tropical climates and is covered in deep rooted grasses that are well adapted to drought
Very cold and dry biome located in the Northern hemisphere that has very little vegitation
Found around the equator and has a wet and warm climate year round allowing for the growth of a dense canopy of tall trees
Occurs in both temperate and tropical reigions with hot days and cold nights. Rainfall is minimal in this biome and the plants and animals are adapted to reduce water loss
The non-living components of the environment such as soil, sunlight and air
How hot or cold a climate is and a major factor that influences the characteristics and distribution of biomes
Characteristics that help an organism to better survive and reproduce
a grassland biome with scattered individual trees, large herbivores, and three distinct seasons based primarily on rainfall, maintained by occasional fires and drought
Lakes, ponds, and rivers
This aquatic biome is home to diverse animals and crustaceans that have adapted to life in the water Ex; sharks, tropical fish, sea turtles
Some of these plants are poison oak, scrub oak, Yucca Wiple and other shrubs, trees and cacti.
the coral tissue and actually is what gives corals their beautiful colors
The driest and hottest place on earth
Some areas are so deep that they can contain entire mountains and even volcanoes
mix of organisms that coexist in a defined space, but on a much smaller scale
The amount of biomes.
A large area with similar biotic and abiotic factors.
A grassland that has a lot of rainfall during some seasons and very little rainfall in others.
Characterized by very low winter temperatures and short, cool summers.
A non-living thing.
Biomes that are found on land.
A grassland with warm summers and cold winters.
A region that has little or no plant life, long periods without rain, and extreme temperatures: usually found in hot climates.
A living thing.
Gets its name from conifers, the main type of tree that grows there.
Comes from a Latin word that means "to fall off."
Has warm temperatures and high rainfall that allows a lot of plants to grow.
The natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organisms.
The temperature and precipitation of a particular area.
The frozen layer of soil beneath the surface
A large biome covered in grass
Organisms that live at the bottom of the ocean
Little or no rain
A minor biome that has bodies of water such as swamps or marshes
A biome often considered treeless or Arctic
A biome that's found on land is considered ___________
A place where there's a group of plants animals with similar temperatures
A very hot and dry biome
Trees that produce their seeds in cones
A wetland formed when rivers connect with oceans
A type of tundra located at the North and South poles
A type of tundra located near the tops of mountains
A biome with 4 seasons is called a ______________ forest
A type of forest with heavy rainfall
A type of biome often identified as a swampy coniferous forest
The area in a marine biome where it's shallow enough for light to pass through
A type of grassland with lots of shrubs
A climate with mild temperatures is defined as being _____________
A minor biome that has freshwater and saltwater is defined as being _______
climate determines what types of plants grow here
this type of factor in the environment is nonliving
features that allow organisms to survive
a biome which has low average temperatures and small amounts of precipitation
this biome has more precipitation than a tundra but has similar temperatures
a type off tree who's thin leaves survive all year long
a biome in which the weather is very dry and receives very little rain
a biome with a variety of grasses and a few trees
this type of grassland has hot summers, cold winters and moderate precipitation
this biome has trees that lose their leaves in the winter
this type of tree's leaves thrives in this forest all year around
this forest has a long cool season and a dry summer
this rain forest biome is warm all throughout the year, and receves a lot of rain
a piece of land that is soaked with water for most of the year
where a river meets a ocean
an ecosystem that includes a water environment
water that has very little salt in it.
a large body of salty water
material that is deposited by water, wind, and glaciers.
fee floating photosynthetic autotrophs that live in fresh water or marine ecosystems
narrow band where ocean meets land
ability for any organisms to survive based on biotic and antibiotic factors
stable, mature community that results when there is little change in the compositions of the species
condition of the atmosphere at a specific time
ranges from 0 degrees at the equator and 90 degrees at the poles
average weather in an area
biome below poles and goes across northern Europe and North America
biome with mixed shrub communities and less annual rainfall than temperate rainforests
biome were annual rate of evaporation is greater than the annual precipitation
biome with fertile soils that is able to support thick covers of grass
establishment of a community in an area of exposed rock that has no topsoil
group interacting populations that occupy the same area
natural tendency for the species belonging to the mature community to return
biome south of tundra that has dense evergreen forest
biome that contains animals such as lions and rhinos
as elevation increases temperature and annual rainfall changes
biome with the average precipitation of 200-1000 cm a year
where freshwater and saltwater meet
the ability of an organism to survive when subjected to abiotic factors or biotic factors
any abiotic or biotic factor that restricts the numbers, reproduction, or distribution of organisms
the change in an ecosystem that happens when one community replaces another as a result of changing abiotic and biotic factors
the establishment of a community in an area of exposed rock that doesn't have any topsoil
the stable, mature community that results when there is little change in the composition of species
free-floating, photosynthetic autotrophs that live in fresh water or marine ecosystems
the condition of the atmosphere at a specific place and time latitude: the distance of any point on Earth's surface north or south of the equator
the average weather conditions in an area
a treeless biome with a layer of permafrost
also called taiga or northern coniferous forest
composed mostly of broad-leaved, deciduous trees woodlands: found in areas with less annual rainfall than in the temperate forests
the biome that is characterized by fertile soil that is able to support a thick cover of grasses
any area in which the annual rate of evaporation exceeds the rate of annual rainfall
the distance of any point on Earth's surface north or south of the equator
found in areas with less annual rainfall than in the temperate forests
characterized by grasses and scattered trees
areas that are saturated with water and support aquatic plants
warm temperatures and large amounts of rainfall throughout the year
material that is deposited by water, wind, or glaciers
an ecosystem that is formed where freshwater merges with saltwater
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and air or atmosphere; Near to the earth's surface
permanently frozen layer of soil beneath the surface of the ground, in the tundra
primarily microscopic organisms that occupy the upper water layers in both freshwater and marine ecosystems. The basis for most food chains in the open oceans
a small, particular part of a habitat in which particular organisms live; for example, beneath the bark of a tree within a forest habitat
The ability to keep in existence or maintain. A sustainable ecosystem is one that can be maintained. Maintain Equilibrium
the process in which natural habitat is rendered functionally unable to support the species present. In this process, the organisms, which previously used the site, are displaced or destroyed, reducing biodiversity. due to human activity or a catastrophic event
(ecology) the gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the progressive replacement of one community by another until a stable climax is established
A biome in eastern North America, Asia, Australia, and Western Europe characterized by moist, temperate climates Context: A deciduous forest includes trees such as elm, maple, and oak that have leaves that change color in autumn and fall off every winter
A biome characterized by a hot, wet climate found near the equator Context: Some tropical forests are rain forests, where it rains much of the time; others have a wet and a dry season.
A biome in a temperate climate, including the American Midwest, the pampas in Central South America, and the steppes in central Eurasia Context: Antelope, bison, and wolves are among the animals that live in grasslands.
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plant and animal communities
A far-northern biome characterized by long,cold winters,permafrost,and few trees
The study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth
A tree area that produces seeds in cones
Radiant Energy emitted by the sun
A Forest where leaves turn colors and fall off
The clearing of forest lands
A large open area of country covered with grass,especially one used for grazing
A practice of farming,including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food,wool,and other products
Dense forest rich in biodiversity,found typically in tropical areas with consistency heavy rainfall
A tropical grassland biome with scattered clumps of trees
A hot,dry biome inhabited by organisms adapted to survive high day time temperatures and long periods without rain
Describes an ecosystem based on salty water
A body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere
The permanently frozen ground below the soil surface in the artic tundra
An area of land where the water level is near or above the surface of the ground for most of the year
A small stream or river that flows into a larger one
A formal argument to prove points
large habitat that is both the coldest and the driest of all biomes
dry climates that receive less than 50 centimeters of rain each year
Has plants that retain water to survive the dryness.
Some moss and low lying plants survive. Summers last about 6 to 10 weeks, permafrost.
Animals that live within the thick cover of the uppermost branches of rain forest trees use loud vocalizaciones to defend their territory and attract mates. Tropical Grassland
Warm Temperatures and abundant rainfall occur all year.
Temperatures are warm throughout the year, with definite dry and rainy seasons .
Vegetation includes tall grasses with scattered trees and shrubs.
Temperatures are hot in the summer and cold in the winter precipitation is spaced evenly over the year.
Broadleaf forest dominates this biome, and deciduous trees loose their leaves in the winter.
This biome has long, cold winters and short, warm, humid summers.
Mammals have heavy fur coats to withstand the cold winters.
grassland with scattered trees, warm, meat eaters. in africa, australia, south Ameria
Otherwise known as Chaparral
An area of land where shrubs and small trees grow. The weather is usually dry and hot.
a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
Has cool temperatures, 5-16 ft. of rain. Consist of Pine, Redwood, and Sitka Spruce
Receives the most rain out of all the biomes.
Grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions with few trees.
Hot summers, cold winters. 10 to 35 inches of rain.
Shrubland or heatland plant community found primarily in the U.S. state of California.
Constitute a large domain of prokaryotic micro-organism.
Any Eukaryotic organism that includes micro-organisms such as yeast & molds
action or process of adapting or being adapted
Constitute a domain & kingdom of single-celled micro-organisms
Place where an organism usually lives.
Large region characterized by a specific type of climate & certain types of plants & animal communities.
Process in which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed & diversified from earlier life forms.
Process of breaking down food to yield energy.
Sequence in which energy is transferred from 1 organism to the next.
Shows many feeding relationships that are possible in an ecosystem.
One of the steps in a food chain or food pyramid.
refers to the weather conditions, such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, and winds, in an area over a long period of time
the distance north or south of the equator and is measured in degrees
the height of an object above sea level
this layer consists if the tallest trees, which reach heights of 60 to 70m Emergent
considered the primary layer of the rain forest
a plant that uses another plant for support, but not for nourishment
Very little light reaches this layer
a forest that is characterized by trees that shed their leaves in the fall Temperate Deciduous
the northern coniferous forest that stretches in a broad band across the Northern Hemisphere just below the Arctic Circle
areas that have widely scattered vegetation and receive very little rain
biome that is in northern arctic regions
in arctic regions, the permanently frozen layer of soil or subsoil
Succession that begins in an area that previously did not support life. Primary
Plant uses sunlight to make sugar for food.
Bacteria that convert atmosphere nitrogen into ammonia.
An organism that makes it's own food.
Organism that belongs to the kingdom protistia.
Get their food by breaking down dead organisms.
Organisms that get their energy from other organisms.
Animal that doesn't have a backbone.
Animals that have a backbone.
A community of organisms and their abotic environment.
The tidal mouth of a large river, where the tide meets the stream.
The small and microscopic organisms drifting or floating in the sea or freshwater.