A relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience.
A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to bring about a response after it is paired with a stimulus that naturally bring about that response.
A stimulus that, before conditioning,does not naturally bring about the response of interest
A stimulus that naturally brings about a particular response without having been learned
A response that is natural and needs no training
A once-neutral stimulus that has been paired with an unconditioned stimulus to bring about a response formerly caused only by the unconditioned stimulus
A response that,after conditioning, follows a previously neutral stimulus
A basic phenomenon of learning that occurs when a previously conditioned response decreases in frequency and eventually disappears
The reemergence of an extinguished conditioned response after a period of rest and with no further conditioning.
A process in which,after a stimulus has been conditioned to produce a particular response,stimuli that are similar to the original stimulus produce the same response.
The process that occurs if two stimuli are sufficiently distinct from one another that one evokes a conditioned response but the other does not; the ability to differentiate between stimuli.
Learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakened,depending on the response's favorable or unfavorable consequences.
The process by which a stimulus increases the probability that a preceding behavior will be repeated.
Any stimulus that increases the probability that a preceding behavior will occur again.
A stimulus added to the environment that brings about an increase in a preceding response.
An unpleasant stimulus whose removal leads to an increase in the probability that a preceding response will be repeated in the future.
A stimulus that decreases the probability that a previous behavior will occur again.
Different patterns of frequency and timing of reinforcement following desired behavior.
Crossword puzzles have been published in newspapers and other publications since 1873. They consist of a grid of squares where the player aims to write words both horizontally and vertically.
Next to the crossword will be a series of questions or clues, which relate to the various rows or lines of boxes in the crossword. The player reads the question or clue, and tries to find a word that answers the question in the same amount of letters as there are boxes in the related crossword row or line.
Some of the words will share letters, so will need to match up with each other. The words can vary in length and complexity, as can the clues.
The fantastic thing about crosswords is, they are completely flexible for whatever age or reading level you need. You can use many words to create a complex crossword for adults, or just a couple of words for younger children.
Crosswords can use any word you like, big or small, so there are literally countless combinations that you can create for templates. It is easy to customise the template to the age or learning level of your students.
For the easiest crossword templates, WordMint is the way to go!
For a quick and easy pre-made template, simply search through WordMint’s existing 500,000+ templates. With so many to choose from, you’re bound to find the right one for you!
Once you’ve picked a theme, choose clues that match your students current difficulty level. For younger children, this may be as simple as a question of “What color is the sky?” with an answer of “blue”.
Crosswords are a great exercise for students' problem solving and cognitive abilities. Not only do they need to solve a clue and think of the correct answer, but they also have to consider all of the other words in the crossword to make sure the words fit together.
If this is your first time using a crossword with your students, you could create a crossword FAQ template for them to give them the basic instructions.
All of our templates can be exported into Microsoft Word to easily print, or you can save your work as a PDF to print for the entire class. Your puzzles get saved into your account for easy access and printing in the future, so you don’t need to worry about saving them at work or at home!
Crosswords are a fantastic resource for students learning a foreign language as they test their reading, comprehension and writing all at the same time. When learning a new language, this type of test using multiple different skills is great to solidify students' learning.
We have full support for crossword templates in languages such as Spanish, French and Japanese with diacritics including over 100,000 images, so you can create an entire crossword in your target language including all of the titles, and clues.