Type
Crossword
Description

period of initial learning in classical conditioning in which human or animal begins to connect a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus will begin to elicit the conditioned response. acquisition
form of learning that involves connecting certain stimuli or events that occur together in the environment. associative
____________________ conditioning a type of learning in which the stimulus or experience occurs before the behavior and then gets paired or associated with the behavior. classical
a mental picture of the layout of the environment is a _____________ map. cognitive
___________ response is a response caused by the conditioned stimulus conditioned
The conditioned __________ elicits a response due to its being paired with an unconditioned stimulus stimulus
a type. of reinforcement that rewards behavior everytime it occurs continuous
the decrease in the conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the conditioned stimulus. extinction
when we learn not to respond to a stimulus that is presented repeatedly without change habituation
unlearned knowledge, involving complex patterns of behavior; thought to be more prevalent in lower animals than in humans instinct
a type of learning that may not be evident until there is a reason to demonstrate it. latent
change in behavior or knowledge that is the result of experience learning
person who performs a behavior that serves as an example model
taking away a pleasant stimulus to decrease or stop a behavior is an example of negative _________________. punishment
taking away an undesirable stimulus to increase a behavior is ____________ reinforcement negative
type of stimulus that does not initially elicit a response neutral
type of learning that occurs by watching others observational
____________ conditioning is a form of learning in which the stimulus/experience happens after the behavior is demonstrated operant
rewarding behavior only some of the time is _____________ reinforcement partial
adding a desirable stimulus to increase a behavior is positive ________________. reinforcement
_________________ punishment is adding an undesirable stimulus to stop or decrease a behavior positive
Food, water, shelter and sex are examples of _______________ reinforcers primary
implementation ofo a consequence in order to decrease a behavior punishment
implementation of a consequence in order to increase a behavior reinforcement
unlearned, automatic response by an organism to a stimulus in the environment reflex
A ___________________ reinforcer has no inherent value unto itself and only has reinforcing qualities when linked with something else (poker chips, money, gold stars) secondary
rewarding successive approximations toward a target behavior. shaping
stimulus ______________ is the ability to respond differently to similar stimuli discrimination
stimulus __________________ demonstrates the conditioned response to stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus. generalization
Type of punishment where the observer sees the model punihed, making the pbserver less likely to imitate the model's behavior vicarious

Psychology Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that results from experiences Learning
A basic form of learning evident when an organism does not respond as strongly or as often to an event following multiple exposures to it. Habituation
An event or occurance that generally leads to a response Stimulus
a stimulus that does not cause a relevant automatic or reflexive response. Neutral Stimulus
A stimulus that automatically triggers an involuntary response without any learning needed. Uncondition Stimulus
Learning process in which two stimuli become associated with each other; when an originally neutral stimulus is condition to elicit an involuntary response. Classical Conditioning
A reflexive, involuntary response to an unconditioned stimulus. Unconditioned Response
A previously neutral stimulus that an organism learns to associate with an unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned Stimulus
A learned response to a conditioned stimulus Conditioned Response
The initial learning phase in both classical and operant conditioning Acquisiton
The tendency for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit the conditioned response. Stimulus Generalization
The ability to differentiate between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli sufficiently different from it. Stimulus Discrimination
In classical conditioning the process by which the CR decreases after repeated exposure to the CS in the absence of the US; in operant conditioning the disappearance of the learned behavior through the removal of it’s reinforce. Extinction
The reappearance of a conditioned response following its extinction Spontaneous Recovery
With repeated pairings of a conditions stimulus and a neutral stimulus, the second neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus as well. Higher Order Conditioning
A form of classical conditioning that occurs when an organism learns to associate the taste of a particular goof or drink with illness. Conditioned Taste Aversion
The degree to which a trait or behavior helps an organism survive. Adaptive Value
The tendency for animals to be predisposed or incline to from associations Biological Preparedness
An emotional reaction acquired through classical conditioning; process by which an emotional reaction becomes associated with a previously neutral stimulus. Conditioned Emotional Response
Thorndike’s principle stating that behaviors are more likely to be repeated when followed by pleasurable outcomes, and those followed by something unpleasant are less likely to be repeated. Law of Effect
Consequences, such as events or objects, that increase the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring. Reinforcers
Process by which an organism learns to associate a voluntary behavior with its consequences. Reinforcement
the scientific study of observable behavior Behaviorism
the use of reinforces to guide behavior to the acquisition of a desired, complex behavior Shaping
A method of shaping that uses reinforces to condition a series of small steps that gradually approach the target behavior. Successive Approximations
The tendency for animals to revert to instinctual behaviors after a behavior pattern has been learned. Instinctive Drift
The process by which reinforces are added or presented following a targeted behavior, increasing the likelihood of it occurring again. Positive Reinforcement
The removal of an unpleasant stimulus following a target behavior, which increases the likelihood of it occurring again. Negative Reinforcement
A reinforce that satisfies a biological need, such as food, water, physical contact; innate reinforce. Primary Reinforcer
Reinforces that do not satisfy biological needs but often gain their power through their association with primary reinforces. Secondary Reinforcer
A schedule of reinforcement in which every target behavior is reinforced Continuous Reinforcement
A schedule of reinforcement in which target behaviors are reinforced intermittently, not continuously. Partial Reinforcement
The tendency for behaviors acquired through intermittent reinforcement to be more resistant to extinction than those acquired through continuous reinforcement. Partial Reinforcement Effect
A schedule in which the subject must exhibit a predetermined number of desired behaviors before a reinforcer is given. Fixed-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the reinforcer comes after a pre-established interval of times goes by: the behavior is only reinforced after the given interval is over. Fixed-Interval Schedule

Psychology chapter 6 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A change in behavior which results from experience Learning
A decrease in behavioral response after lengthy or repeated exposure to a stimulus Habituation
An increase in behavioral response after lengthy or repeated exposure to a stimulus Sensitization
A type of learned response in which a neutral object comes to elicit a response when It is associated with a stimulus that already produces a response Classical Conditioning
A stimulus that elicits a response that is innate and does not require any prior learning Unconditioned Stimulus
A response that does not have to be learned, such as a reflex Unconditioned Response
A stimulus that elicits a response only after learning has taken place Conditioned Stimulus
A Response to a conditioned stimulus; a response that has been learned Conditioned Response
The gradual formation of an association between conditioned and unconditioned stimuli Acquisition
A process in which the conditioned response is weakened when the conditioned stimulus is repeated without the unconditioned stimulus Extinction
A learning process in which the consequences of an action determine the likelihood that the action will be performed in the future Operant Conditioning
The addition of a stimulus to increase the probability that a behavior will be repeated Positive Reinforcement
The removal of a stimulus to increase the probability that a behavior will be repeated Negative Reinforcement
Reinforcing the occurrence of a particular behavior after a predetermined amount of time since the last reward Fixed Interval Schedule
Reinforcing the occurrence of a particular behavior after an unpredictable and varying amount of time since the last reward Variable Interval Schedule

Learning Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A scientist associated with operant conditioning. he designed an operant chamber to test his theory. SKINNER
A type of motivation that is performed in order to get a reward or avoid punishment. extrinsic
A type of conditioning where organism associate their actions with consequences operant
A type of conditioning in which one links 2 or more stimuli and anticipate events classical
Frontal lobe neurons that fire when observing another person performing certain actions mirror
People who believe that they control their own destiny internal
A type of motivation to perform a behavior for its own sake. Intrinsic
People who believe that chance or outside forces determined their fate external
The process of observing and imitating a specific behavior modeling
A scientist who studied the digestive system, but famous for his work in classical conditioning Pavlov
The reinforcement that present a stimulus in order to STRENGTHEN a response Positive
a reinforcement that REDUCES a negative stimuli to strengthen a behavior negative
ability to distinguish between different stimuli discrimination
tendency, once conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar response generalization
diminished response when an unconditioned stimulus no longer follows a conditioned stimulus extinction

AP Psychology Unit 6! Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Decreasing response to stimulus with repeated exposure to it habituation
Conditioning/Learning-link 2 or more stimuli and learn to anticipate classical
Tendency, after response conditioned, for similar stimuli to elicit similar responses generalization
Learned ability to distinguish between conditioned stimulus and other irrelevant stimuli discrimination
Got dogs to salivate to sound of bell Pavlov
Did "Little Albert" and later-marketing and ads Watson
Conditioning-control behavior with reinforcers and punishers operant
Thorndike-behaviors followed by favorable become more likely, and vice versa. lawofeffect
Reinforcers guide behavior toward closer to desired shaping
Innately reinforces, satisfies bio. need primaryreinforcer
Studies on taste aversion Garcia
Process of observing and imitating a specific behavior modeling

Classical Conditioning Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

one stimulus signals the arrival of another stimulus Classical Conditioning
sight,sound,smell,taste or body stimulus
God Father of Classical Conditioning Pavlov
Food in your mouth=Salivate Reflexive Response
Stimulus response pair Reflex
Stimulus that automatically elicits an unconditioned response Unconditioned Stimulus
a response that's automatically elicited by the unconditioned stimulus Unconditioned response
learning isn't needed for stimulus unconditioned
a stimulus that elicits a new response conditioned stimulus
Response elicited by the conditioned stimulus conditioned response
Conditioned stimulus precedes the unconditioned stimulus and remains present, both occur together Delayed Conditioning
Conditioned stimulus precedes the unconditional, but is removed, so they don't occur together Trace conditioning
Acquiring a new response to the conditioned stimulus acquisition
Diminishing of the conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus no longer follows the conditioned stimulus Extinction
Partial Recovery in strength of the conditioned response following a break during extinction training Spontaneous Recovery
The more similar the stimulus is to the conditioned stimulus. the stronger it is Stimulus Generalization
Highly similar stimuli Stimulus discrimination

Unit 6, Module 26 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Processing or acquiring new and relatively enduring information or behaviors Learning
Oranisms decreasing responses to stimulus with repeated exposure Habituates
____ learning, learning that certain events occur together Associative
Event or situation that evokes response Stimulus
____ learning, acquisition of mental info, by observing events, watching others or through language Cognitive
Stimulus that initially doesn't initiate a response Neutral
Linking neutral stimulus and unconditional stimulus to trigger neutral stimulis to initiate conditioned response Acquisition
Diminishing of conditioned response when isn't reinforced Extinction
Generalize stimulus to have response to similar stimuli Generalization
Learned ability to distinguish between conditioned and stimulus that don't signal unconditioned response Discrimination

Unit 6 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process of acquiring new and relatively enduring info or behaviors Learning
An organisms decreasing response to a stimulus with repeated exposure to it Habituation
Learning that certain events occur together Associative thinking
Any event or situation that evokes a response Stimulus
Whether y observing events, by watching others, or through language Cognitive learning
A type of leading in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events Classical conditioning
Studies behavior without reference to mental process Behaviorism
A stimulus that elicits no response before conditioning Neural stimulus
An unlearned, naturally occurring to an unconditioned stimulus Unconditioned stimulus
A stimulus that unconditionally - naturally and automatically triggers a response Unconditioned stimulus
A learned response to a previously neutral Conditioned response
Comes to trigger a conditioned response Conditioned response
When one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus begins triggering the conditioned response Acquisition
In which the conditioned stimulus in one conditioning experience is paired with a new neutral stimulus Higher order conditioning
Occurs in classical conditioning when an unconditioned stimulus Extinction
The reappearance after a pause of an extinguished conditioned response Spontaneous recovery
Once a response has been conditioned , for stimuli similar to the conditioned response Generalization
The learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus Discrimination
Behavior is strengthened If followed by a reinforced or diminished if followed by a punisher Operant conditioning
That behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely , and that behaviors followed by unfavorable consequences become less likely Law of effect
Containing a bad or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforced , attached devices record the animals rate of bad pressing or key pecking Operant chamber
Any event that strengthens the behavior it follows Reinforcement
In which reinforces guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior Shaping
That elicits a response after association with reinforcement Discriminative stimulus

Animal Behavior Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An action or series of actions performed by an animal in response to a stimulus behavior
trial and error learning occurs under highly controlled conditions operantconditioning
selection in which a mate is chosen based on a certain trait or set of traits sexualselection
ensures the survival of young parentalcare
scientist who carried out a classical conditioning experiment training a dog to associate a ringing bell with food pavlov
a pattern behavior that occurs when an action always occurs the same way without being taught fixedaction
when scientist study behavior, they investigate two kinds of questions, how and ______ why
genetically programmed behavior innate
learning that can ONLY occur during a specific period early in life and cannot be changed once it occurs imprinting
there are 2 major influences on animal behavior, reproductive success and ________ survival
a female "evaluating" the male before she decides whether to mate is a behavior referred to as ________ matechoice
person noticing males often have extreme characteristics that they display during courtship darwin
reproduction often has a greater metabolic cost and greater investment from the _________ female
Can be a sound, posture, movement, color, scent, or facial expression signal
man who observed imprinting when he raised a group of newly hatched goslings lorenz
Type of behavior protecting a resource for exclusive use territorial
vocal communication is likely most developed in primates
learning by association conditioning
scientists who study how animals behave and the adaptive significance of behavior ethologist
American psychologist that demonstrated operant conditioning skinner
behavior performed by an animal to locate, obtain, and consume food foraging
ability to analyze a problem and think of a possible solution reasoning
development of behaviors through experience is called learning
trial and error learning that occurs under highly controlled conditions operantconditioning

Learning Theories Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Thinking,problem solving and creativity summaries this theory cognitive
The learner is the key focus of this theory constructivism
Stimuli and responses are paired together for a number of trials describes which theory Classical
A conditioned stimulus ultimatley will ellicit a conditioned ___ Response
In classical conditioning, discontinuing the pairing of stimuli and response will lead to extinction
When a stimulus-response is reinforced best describes which theory Operant
If a consequence is positive, the behavior will ... increase
If a consequence is negative, a ........ will decrease behavior
The main contributor to Connectionism is... Thorndike
Strengthening connections through practice is call the Law of ... exercise
Learning through observing others is the basis of what learning theory Social
This learning theory focuses on how we group our information gestalt

Chapter 6 LEARNING Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

____ conditioning describes learning that occurs as a result of reinforcement. Operant
Edward ___ created the laws of effect. Thorndike
Another term for conditioned is? Learned
A ___ reinforcer is a stimulus added to the enviroment that brings about an increase in a preceding response. Positive
___ decreases the frequency of the behavior happening again. Punishment
Pavlov is the name of the scientist responsible for discovering the learning phenomenon known as __ conditioning. classical
__ is a stimulus that before conditioning does not naturally bring about the response of interest. Neutral
__ is a stimulus that naturally brings about a particular response without having been learned. Unconditioned
__ is a once-neutral stimulus that has been paired with an unconditoned stimulus to bring about a response formerly cuased only by the unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned
__ reinforcement schedule is a schedule in which behavior is reinforced every time the behavior occurs. Continuous