Type
Matching Worksheet
Description

a scientist who studies artifacts to learn about the past ________________________ archaeologist
the time before people left written records ________________________ prehistory
people in your family starting with your parents, who were born before you ________________________ ancestors
native Americzan tribe who lived throughout New Jersey and in parts of Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New York ________________________ Lenape
"where the Lenape dwell" ________________________ Lenapehoking
a long, covered building in a Native American village that housed several families together ________________________ longhouse
longest river in New Jersey ________________________ Raritan River
archaeological site containing prehistoric artifacts near Trenton ________________________ Abbott Farm
one of New Jersey's first archaeologists; he found stone tools on his farm in 1867 ________________________ Charles C. Abbott
a period of time when glaciers covered much of Earth's surface ________________________ Ice Age
the history, beliefs, and way of life that a group of people shares ________________________ heritage
smaller houses that had a round shape ________________________ wigwams
a wise man or woman who would settle any arguments that came up ________________________ sakima
the way people worship the god or gods they believe in ________________________ religion
The Lenape word for the many different forces that they believed controlled the world ________________________ manetu
a land bridge believed to have connected Asia with North America for about 2,000 years during the Ice Age ________________________ Beringia
body of water that separates North America from Asia ________________________ Bering Strait
a person who found food by both hunting animals and gathering plants, fruits, and nuts ________________________ hunter-gatherer
a way of preserving a culture by passing information along through word of mouth and stories ________________________ oral tradition
an object left behind by people who lived long ago ________________________ artifact

The English Colonies Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the first permanent english settlement in North America JAMESTOWN
took control of the colony and built a fort in 1608 JOHNSMITH
introduced a new type of tobacco that sold well in New England JOHNROLFE
paid their journey to America INDENTURED SERVANTS
establishes the colony of pennslvania WILLIAM PENN
puritan leader who served as a governor of Massachsetts JOHN WINTHROP
publicly discussed religious ideas that some leaders thought were radical ANNE HUTCHINSON
protestants who wanted to reform the Church of England PURITANS
a member of a Puritan's Separatist sect that left England in the early 1600's to settle in the Americas PILGRIMS
a person who moves to another country after leaving his or her homeland IMMIGRANTS
a document written by the Pilgrims establishing themselves as a political society and setting guidelines for self-government MAYFLOWER COMPACT
Squanto taught the Pilgrims native farming methods and helped them establish relations with the Wampanoag TISQUANTUM
made up one of the largest religious groups in New Jersey QUAKERS
crops that are always needed STAPLE CROPS
he was forced to surrender New Netherland to the English PETER STUYVESANT
people talked about and decided on issues of local interest, such as paying for schools TOWN MEETING
a system in which goods and slaves were traded among the Americas, Britain, and Africa TRIANGULAR TRADE
a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730's and 1740's GREAT AWAKENING
a philosopher that thought people had natural rights such as equality and liberty. JOHN LOCKE
a movement that took place during the 1700's to spread the idea that reason and logic could improve society ENLIGHTENMENT
he surrender in 1766 PONTIAC
American Indian princess, she saved the life of John Smith when he was captured POCAHONTAS
an attacked led by Nathaniel Bacon against American Indians and the colonial government in Virginia BACON'S REBELLION
laws passed in the colonies to control slaves SLAVE CODES
grown only enough for yourself SUBSISTENCE FARMING

The Age of Exploration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Spanish conqueror of Mexico Hernan Cortes
took the lead in European exploration Portugal
went around the cape and cut across the Indian ocean to the coast of India Vasco de Gama
a thriving spice trade port melaka
believed he could reach Asia by sailing west instead of east around Africa Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus explored these coastlines cuba
persuaded the king of Spain to finance his voyage to Asia through the western hemisphere Ferdinand Magellan
explored the New England coastline of the Americas for England John Cabot
his letters described the land he saw led to the use of the name America Amerigo Vespucci
individuals with firearms, organizational skills, and determination that led to success conquistadors
Aztec monarch montezuma
landed on the pacific coast of south America with 180 men Francisco Pizarro
the right of landowners to use native Americans as laborers encomienda
the exchange of plants and animals between Europe and Asia columbian exchange
a settlement of people living in a new territory, linked to a parent country colony
a set of principles that dominated society mercantilism
the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports balance of trade
payments subsides
large agricultural estates plantations
connected Europe, Asia, and Africa triangular trade
the middle portion of the triangular trade route middle passage
"so great is the corruption that our country is being completely depopulated" king afonso
pulled into the slave trade benin
in the 1500's Portugal came to dominate this land Brazil
Spanish and Portuguese officials who had been born in Europe peninsulares
descendants of Europeans born in Latin America creoles
offspring of Europeans and Native Americans mestizos
offspring of Africans and Europeans mulattoes

First Americans Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Where did the first Americans come from? Asia
a period of 100 years Century
the beliefs, customs, art, music, food of a particular group of people Culture
method scientists use to measure the ages of objects which were alive at some time in the past. Dating
a chemical element occurring naturally on the earth in minerals, plants and animals. Carbon
Corn Maize
to move from one place to live or work in a different place Migration
someone who travels around from place to place in search of food without having one settled place where they live. Nomad
a time in the distant past when a large part of the world was covered with ice Ice Age
the physical remains of past human activities including tools and houses Artifact
the study of things that people made, used, and left behind Archaeology
land bridge first Americans used Beringia

Stone Age Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Scientist who learns about past human life by studying fossils and artifacts Archaeologist
Weapon, tool, or other item made by humas Artifact
A person who studies and writes about the human past Historian
The earlist part of a time period Paleolithic
People who travel from place to place Nomad
Long periods of extreme cold Iceage
The newest part of a time period Neolithic
The taming of plants and animals Domesticate
The science or practice of farming Agriculture
A particular line of work Specialization

Early Humans Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

newstoneage
gatherers
hunters
fire
farming
neolithic
paleolithic
oldstoneage
technology
specialization
nomads
historians
fossils
domesticate
artifacts
archaeologists
anthropologists

The 13 Colonies Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Founded in North America in 1682 by William Penn in Philadelphia it is the 12th colony. Pennsylvania
Founded in 1607 by John Smith in Jamestown it is the first colony during that time it was the starving time. Virginia
This is the second colony founded in 1626 by Peter Minuit on Manhattan Island. New York
John Winthrop and other colonists founded this colony in 1630 this is the third colny. Massachusetts
Founded in 1633 by Lord Baltimore a major city in this colony is Baltimore it is the 4th colony. Maryland
Land of the Brave this colony was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams and others at Providence. Rhode Island
This colony was founded by Thomas Hooker in 1636 at Hartford a city in this colony is New Haven. Connecticut
Founded in 1638 by John Mayson and established by John Wheelwright it is the seventh colony. New Hampshire
Peter Minuit founded this colony along with Sweden company in 1638. Reason for founding is trade and profits. Delaware
This colony was founded in 1653 by Virginia colonists a major city in this colony is Raleigh. North Carolina
English colonists founded this colony in 1663 this colony was one of the warmest colonies in North America. South Carolina
Named after the British Island of Jersey situated in the English Channel founded in 1664. New Jersey
This is the last colony and it was founded in 1732 by James Oglethorpe a major city in this colony is Savannah. Georgia

PreHistory Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

human written past History
writes about human past historian
and object made by an human being in the past artifacts
study of humanity anthorpologist
the study of human activity by looking at artifacts archaeologist
remains of a prehistoric organism fossil
dishes made of baked clay pottery
Things use by prehistoric humans mostly to gather food Tools
era where prehistoric humans used stone tools Paleolithis age/era
Before christ/before common age b.c/b.c.e
People living together in an arranged community Society
prehistoric humans hunted food and gather plants,seeds,fruits,and nuts Hunters-gathers
moved where food was at that time nomad
Form of relationship where there are only 2 people together. monogamous
An open relationship polygamous
Where people made fire and tools like the ones when use today Neolithic Age/era
taming animals such as dogs and kittens ect. Domestication
When prehistoric people seetled down and starting making houses, giving up the nomad life agriculture
used to creat structures and monuments megaliths
to be good at on subject or skill specialization

The Articles of Confederation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the right to vote suffrage
a set of basic principles and laws that states the powers and duties of the government constitution
official approval ratification
set up a system for surveying and dividing western lands The Ordinance of 1785
was organized to create a national government Second Continental Congress
this document made the King subject to law Magna Carta
a philosophical movement that emphasized the use of reason to examine old ideas Enlightenment
the oldest state constitution still in effect Massachusetts constitution
this state allowed women to vote when it first joined the United States New Jersey
the only way to achieve liberty was through the separatio of governmental powers Montesquieu
a social contract existed between rulers and the people they ruled Locke
Under________only free white men that owned property could vote British rule
The new national constitution Articles of Confederation
created a system for bringing in new states to the Union Northwest Ordinance of 1787
_________________ was banned in the Northwest Territory slavery
Under the Articles of Confederation there was no___________________ president
he believed in religious freedom Thomas Jefferson

Early Civilizations of the Americas Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The ____________ built Machu Picchu high up in the towering mountains. Incas
The Incas lived in the ___________, a mountain chain tht awinds along the western coast of South America Andes
_____, the Incas' capital city Cuzco
Incan government relied on a ____________to keep track of everyones responsibilities and tax payments. census
In the Incan culture, information such as births, deaths, and harvests were quipu
By building ________ in the steep slopes of the Andes, the Incas increased their terraces
The _______ believed that their god of war gave them a sign showing them Aztecs
The new Aztec capital, called ______________ was named after one of their Tenochtitlán
In the Yucatan Peninsula, the ________ established a great civilization. Mayas
Mayan farmers used a technique called _________________. slash-and-burn agriculture
Mayan farmers grew many crops, but ________ was their most important crop. maize
The Mayas created a system of writing using signs and symbols called hieroglyphics
The Mound Builders were Native American groups who lived in eastern North America and built earthen mounds by hand. Mound Builders
The ________ were one of the first Native American peoples of the Southwest. Anasazi
A __________ is a stone and adobe dwelling, often with many stories. pueblo
A round room called a ____ was used for special religious ceremonies. kiva
For centuries, the _____________ region was home to diverse groups of Native Americans Great Plains

Prehistory Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The study of the past. History
An expert in history. Historian
A person who specializes in anthropology. Anthropologist
A specialist in archaeology. Archaeologist
An object created and used by humans. Artifact
A part or imprint of something that was once alive. Fossil
Ceramic ware, especially earthenware and stoneware. Pottery
An object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task. Tool
The first part of the stone age; when people first used stone tools. Paleolithic Age/Era
Before Christ/Before the common era BC/BCE
A community of people who share a common culture. Society
People who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive. Hunter-Gatherers
One without a home who moves around or travels freely. Nomad
Involving marriage to one person at a time. Monogamous
Typically having more than one mate. Polygamous
The new Stone Age; When people learned to make fire and tools such as saws and drills. Neolithic Age/Era
The process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans. Domestication
Was the increase in agricultural production in Britain due to the increase in labor and land productivity. Agricultural Revolution
A huge stone monument. Megaliths
The act of specializing, or pursuing a particular line of study or work. Specialization