What infection or disease that originates inside the body? Endogenous
Organisms and pathogens are present Contaminated
Absence of disease producing microorganisms or pathogens Asepsis
Destroys all microorganisms both pathogenic and non-pathogenic Sterilization
Round bacteria Spherical
Smallest microorganisms, only visible using an microscope Virus
Process that destroys or kills pathogen organisms. Disinfection
Any organism that causes infection or disease. Pathogens
Simple plants like yeast or mold Fungi
Parasitic microorganisms carried by fleas, lice, ticks, and mites. Rickettsia
Corkscrew bacteria Spirochete
Any organism that requires oxygen to live and reproduce Aerobic
Related or originating from outside an organism Exogenous
An organisms that live and reproduces is absence of oxygen. Anaerobic
Rod bacteria Bacillus

Infection Control Vocabulary Crossword


the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms asepsis
the use of a chemical agent or solution to destroy pathogens chemical disinfection
the presence of an infectious agent on a body surface or clothing, bedding and surgical instruments contaminated
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms sterile
a specified area such as within a tray that is considered to be free of microorganisms sterile field
a medical device that uses temperature and steam to sterilize surgical instruments autoclave
guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing risk of transmission standard precautions
personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks PPE
the process of destroying all microorganisms and their pathogenic products sterilization
the process of destroying all bacteria disinfection
a substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms antiseptics
a route in which a pathogen can enter a susceptible host portal of entry
the conveyance of a disease from one person to another person or object transmission
a pathogen that causes a disease such as virus, parasite or bacterium causative agent
an area for a pathogen to live and develop reservoir
acquired or occurring in a hospital nosocomial
requires oxygen to live aerobic
can live and develop without oxygen anaerobic
human immunodeficiency virus HIV
acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS
hepatitis b virus HBV
organisms invisible to the naked eye microorganisms
a bacterium, virus or other microorganism that can cause disease pathogens
a microorganism that cannot cause disease nonpathogens
a disease that can transmitted communicable disease
a route where a pathogen can leave its host portal of exit
infection risk susceptible host

Microorganisms Crossword


Microorganisms that cause infectious disease Pathogens
Pathogen that lives in blood Blood-borne
Bacteria that requires oxygen for survival Aerobic
Bacteria that live without oxygen Anaerobic
Small microbes that pass through most filters Virus
Microbes that grow on other organisms Fungus
Animal pathogen, parasites Protozoa
The way microorganisms enter the body Portals
Number of portals of entry for microorganisms Five
Spread of disease by contact with pathogen Contagion
Confined to one area of the body Localized
Spread through the body Systemic
Usual amount of specific disease in a community Endemic
Excess of normal occurrences of a specific disease Outbreak
Increase in normal number of cases of specific disease in a defined geographic area Epidemic
Epidemic spread over several countries Pandemic
Recently appearing infectious diseases in a population Emerging infection
Ingested or injected substances that have ability to inhibit growth or destroy pathogens Antibiotics
Chemical agents that treat disease Chemotherapy
Biologic or chemical agents that create immunity Immunizations
Absence or control of microorganisms Asepsis
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA
Bacteriostatic agents used on skin Antiseptics
Bacteriostatic agents used on inanimate objects Disinfectants
Process of destroying all living organisms Sterilization
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA
Organism that lives at the expense of another Parasite
Encapsulated bacteria in an inative state Spores

The principles of infection control Crossword


a microscopic living organism, which may be single celled or multicellular. Microorganism
the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease, a term which came into use in the 1880s. Pathogens
Organisms that live and reproduce in the absence of oxygen anaerobic
Process that destroys all microorganisms including spores and viruses sterilization
Plantlike organisms that live on dead organic matter fungi
Absence of pathogens asepsis
Infections acquired in health care facility noocomial
Organisms that require oxygen to live Aerobic
Disease originates outside the body Exogenous
One-celled plantlike organisms that multiply rapidly Bacteria
Factors that must be present for disease to occur chain of infection
Process that destroys or kills pathogens disinfection
Smallest microorganisms viruses
Process that inhibits or prevents the growth of pathogenic organisms Antisepsis
One-celled animal organisms found in decayed materials and contaminated water protozoa
Rod shaped bacilli
comma shaped vibrois (Spirilla)
round or spherical arranged in a chain cocci (streptococci)
intact unbroken skin portal of entry

Infection Control Crossword


too small to be seen by the naked eye microoriganisms
micro-organisms that cause infection pathogen
small single cell organisms bacteria
resistant form of bacteria, remain viable for years endospores
only grow inside animals richettsiae
organisms that contains genetic material viruses
decompose plants and animals to fill the soil with nutrients. fungus
smallest and least understood of all microbes. prions
complex single cell organisms. protozoa
most micro-organisms do not cause infections normalflora
any place where pathogens can thrive or pose a threat, must have moisture, nutrients, and suitable temperature. reservoir
route through which blood, body fluids, excretions, or secretions leave the body. portal of exit
most dircet way to break the cycle is prevention. transmission
host is touched by infected person transmitting pathogens directly. direct contact
object has been in contact with pathogen. fomite
infected arthropod as a host. vector
any medium that transports pathogens. vehicle
occurs with dust that contains spores or by droplet. airborne
when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings droplet
route pathogens gain entry into a host. portal of entry
a pathogen lives inside. susceptible host
a natural resistance. immune system
born with a certian amount of immunity acquired
occurs following an injection of prepared anitbodies passive
2 million hospitalized patients acquire annually nosocomial
reducing the probability of speading infection asepsis
best way to avoid spreading infection handwashing

Infection Control & Pathogens Word Search

Word Search

Susceptible Host
Portal of Exit
Portal of Entry
Mode of Transmission
Chain of Infection
Infection Control
Standard Precautions
Chemical Bath

Introduction to Microbiology Crossword


Living orgnisms invisible to the naked eye Micrrorganisms
Study of viruses Virology
Study of fungi Mycology
Requires oxygen to grow Aerobes
Grows in an oxygen free environment Anaerobes
Bacteria that grows with or without oxygen Facultative
Microorganisms capable of producing disease Pathogens
Harmless microorgnisms with their normal environment NonPathogenic
Shape of Coccus Round
Rod shape bacteria Bacillus
Formed under conditions of nutritional depletion, capable of surviving adverse conditions Spore
Smaller than bacteria and are completely reliant on the host cell for survival Viruses
Reside on the surface of the skin and are easily removed by washing Transient
Live in the cracks and crevices of the skin Resident
Apparently healthy person who harbors and can transmit a pathogenic organism Carrier
Soiled by a microorganism Contaminated
Particle of moisture which carries microorganisms Droplet
Special percautions taken to prevent transmission of microorganisms from specific body substance Isolation
Severe toxic febrile state resulting from infection with Pyogenic microorganism Sepsis
Free of microorganisms and spores Sterile
E Coli is an example of what type of flora Normal
An aerobic gram-positive bacilli Listeria
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa is an example of an aerobic gram-____ bacilli Negative
Clostridium _____ is an example of an anaerobic gram-positive bacteria Perfringens
This is transmitted through percutaneous or permucous in blood, serum, and other body fluids HepatitisB
Coexists with Hepatitis B HepatitisD
This can normally be found in the oral cavity, digestive tract and vagina CandidaAlbicans
These are hospital acquired infections that occur in about 35% of all surgical patients Nosocomial
Most postoperative infections result from seeding by this type of microorganism Endogenous

Infection Control Worksheet

Matching Worksheet

very safe and fast acting disinfectants Quats
what is MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets
One-celled microorganisms that has both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful some are harmless Bacterial
Chemical products approved by EPA design to destroy most bacteria (excluding spores), fungi, and viruses on surfaces disinfectants
Spherical bacteria that grows in pairs and causes diseases such as pneumonia Diplococci
The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells Binary Fission
The ability to produce an effect Efficacy
The invasion of body tissues by disease- causing pathogens Infection
Are the methods use to eliminate or reduce transmission of infectious organisms Infection Control
self-movement Motility
A fluid created by infection Pus
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body Pathogenic
Harmless microorganisms that may preform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause harm Nonpathogenic
Chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level Sanitizing
Capable of destroying viruses Virucidal
a ringworm fungus of the foot Tinea Pedis
The process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores Sterilization
Pus-forming bacteria that grows in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses,pustules,and boils. Staphylococci
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that causes diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease Spirilla
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and poisoning Streptococci
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size Microorganism
made or constructed of a material that has pores or an openings. Porous items are absorbent Porous
Caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection Infectious
Capable of destroying bacteria Bactericidal
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residue such as dust, hair and skin Contamination
The removal of blood and all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surfaces, and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust,hair and skin Decontamination

Milady 2016 Chapter 5 Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword


One-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful and some are harmless Bacteria
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking. Direct Transmission
Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts. Fungi
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object, such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface. Indirect Transmission
Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. Infection
Nonscientific synonym for disease-producing organisms. Germs
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size. Microorganism
Harmful microorganisms that enter the body and can cause disease. Pathogens
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host) while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses). Toxins
A submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. Virus
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. Allergy
A disease that is spread from one person to another person. Contagious Disease
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin. Contamination
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection. Inflammation

Diseases and Disorders Crossword


Illnesses cause by many factors Disease
any agent that casues a disease pathogen
Prokaryotic organisms that cause infections Bacteria
Medicines that can be used as treatment for bacterial diseases Antibiotics
Nonliving things that attack cells and make them reproduce their illness Virus
Viruses inject their _____ for cells to reproduce and infect others DNA
Injections that can help prevent viral infections Vaccinations
Poisonous substances created by plants (poison ivy), animals (rattlesnakes), or improperly prepared or stored food Toxins
_________________ disorders are passed down from our parent's genes Genetic
Soaps and cleaners that prevent the spread of germs Disinfectants
Diseases that can be passed (caught) from person to person Communicable
Diseases that can't be caught (passed from person to person) Noncommunicable
Diseases that are easily passed from person to person Contagious
Protection from getting a disease Immunity
Proteins in our bodies that recognize pathogens and protect us from them antigens

Chapter 5: Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword


What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration? OSHA
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products? Safety Data Sheet
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States. EPA
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Bacteria
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic? pathogenic
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions. nonpathogenic
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body. Pathogenic
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning. streptococci
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria. bacilli
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________. binary fission
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling. inflammation
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus. local infection
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen. MRSA
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus. HIV
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism? virus
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS). influenza
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body. Biofilms
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact. needles
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts? fungi
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism? parasites
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin. scabies
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection. Immunity
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed. acquired immunity
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed? sterilization
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces? disinfection
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label. efficacy
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution. immersed
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area. critical
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______. quats
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde. phenolic
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces. hypochlorite