Type
Crossword
Description

What is the process of carrying a material down a river, causing rocks to break apart Abrasion
Rocks being dissolved Corrosion
The process of a river slowing down and dropping the material it's carrying Deposition
Flat land close to river bank usually in lower course, fertile areas Flood Plain
Shows a cross section of a rivers' valley and channel at a certain point Cross Profile
When water travels through bedrock Groundwater Flow
When the sun heats water it changes into water vapor and rises Evaporation
Someone that studies the movement of water Hydrologists
The force of water wearing away the river bank from underneath Hydraulicaction
The point at which a river starts to flow Source
The end of the river where it flows into a lake or sea Mouth
A place where the river course is interrupted by a large step Waterfall

River Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An area of land drained by a river and its tributaries Drainage basin
The breakdown and decay of rock by natural processes Weathering
A process of weathering that happens when rainwater enters cracks and then freezes exerting pressure on the rock causing it to break into smaller pieces Mechanical
A process of weathering when all rain is slightly acidic. The acid reacts with weak minerals causing them to dislove and the rock to decay Chemical
A process of weathering where the roots of pplants can grow into cracks and split the rock apart Biological
The movement of rocks and soil downslope due to gravity. Mass Movement
A type of mass movment where individual particles of soil move slowly down a slope Soil Creep
A type of mass movement where soil moves rapidly downslope in one go for example a landslide Sliding
A type of mass movement where masses of soil or rock, flow like liquid downhill Flows
The action of water wearing away rocks and soils on the valley bottom sides Erosion
A type of erosion sheer force of water hitting the river bed and banks wearing them away Hydraulic Action
A type of erosion where material carried in the river rubbing against the bed and banks of the channel Abrasion
A type of erosion where the water is slightly acidic so it can dissolve some rocks and minerals in contact with the river Solution
A type of erosion where sediment particles carried into the river collide with each other causing the edges to be knocked off Attrition
Erosion that takes place on the river bed Vertical Erosion
This type of erosion makes rivers wider Lateral Erosion
A river picks up and carries material as it flows downstream Transportation
Rolling stones along the river bed Traction
Sand sized particles bounce along the bed in a leap frog movement Saltation
Silt and clay sized particles are carried within the water flow Suspension
Some minerals dissolve in the water Solution
When a river no longer has enough energy to carry its load Deposition
This appears at the end of the lower course of a river Mouth
This happens in the middle course of a river and is a bend in a river Meander
This is where the river came from in the upper course of a river Source
Where is the River Dee located? Wales
Where does the lower course of the River Dee cross into? Cheshire
How high above sea level is the source of River Dee found, in metres? 460
Where is the source of River Dee? Snowdonia
This is a result of erosion when more resistant rock overlaps less resistant rock Waterfalls
When rivers are small they tend to flow around these interlocking Spurs
As watefalls form these form with it Gorges

Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

Weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process that breaks down rock and other material at Earth surface weathering
The process by which ice wind water and soil move weather rock Erosion
Rock is physically broken down into smaller pieces mechanical weathering
Breaks down rock with chemical changes chemical weathering
The geological principle that the same geologic processes that operate it today in the past to change Uniformitarianism
Grinding away of rocks by other rock particles carried in water with ice or wind Abrasion
Sports rock when water seeped into cracked and freezes and expands Ice wedging
Chemical change in which substance combines with oxygen as when iron oxides forming rest Oxidation
Characteristics of material that is full of tiny connected air spaces I can see through Permeable
Loose weathered material and earth surface in which plants can grow Soil
Dark colored organic material in soil Humus
Organisms that breakdown the remains of organisms and I just them Decomposers

Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The dropping of weathered rock by wind or moving water. deposition
Very small pieces of rock, sand, and silt carried by water. Sediment
A hill's _______ affects how gravity will act on it. slope
The process of moving weathered rock from one place to another. erosion
This causes rocks and sediment to slide down mountains and cliffs. gravity
Huge sheets of ice. glaciers
The ______ from flowing water can carry sediment down a river. energy
When huge chunks of rock and soil slide down a slope all at once. landslide
The process of rock breaking apart. weathering
This carries sediment down a river or along a beach. water
Carries soil and other sediment wind
Hills formed from the dropped-off sediment from glaciers. moraines

Weathering Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The breaking down and weathering of a rock from mechanical weathering Abrasion
Rocks break by chemical weathering Chemical weathering
Metallic element combines with oxygen and causes chemical change Oxidation
chemical Reaction between water and another substance to form two new substances Hydrolysis
conversions of a compound into a carbonate Carbonation
Percipitation that contains a high concentrarion of acid Acid Percipitation
Weaker rocks weather away at a faster rate than harder rocks Differential Weathering
Mixture of minerals, water, gases, and remains of dead organisms Soil
Layers of soil Soil Profile
Horizontal layer of soil Horizon
Dark, organic material formed in soil from the decayed remains of plants and animals Humus
Process were Earth's surface are loosened, dissolved or worn away Erosion
Water removes topsoil Sheet Erosion
Movement of a large mass of sediment or a section of land down a slope Mass movement
Slow, downslope flow of soil Sulification
Slow downhill movement of weathered rock material Creep

Water Resources: Environmental Science Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Water found on Earth's land surface. Surface Water
Continuous movement of water between Earth and its atmosphere Water Cycle
A flowing network of water formed by rivers and streams River System
Area of land that is drained by a river Watershed
Water found beneath the earth's surface groundwater
Underground formation that contains groundwater Aquifer
ability of rock or soil to allow water to flow through it permeability
Area of Earth's surface from which water percolates down into an aquifer recharge zone
A hole that is dug or drilled to reach groundwater well
percentage of the total volume of a rock that has spaces (pores) porosity
The level undergound where rocks and soil are saturated with water water table

Weathering Erosion Surface Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The breakup of rock due to exposure to process that occur at or near Earth's surface is called Weathering
Erosion is the removal and transport of materials by natural agents such as _______ and running water Wind
The breakdown of rock that takes place when a rock is broken into smaller peices of the same material without changing its composition MechanicalWeathering
The breakdown or _________ of a rock that takes place when minerals are changed into different substances is called Chemical Weathering Decomposition
A mechanical wheathering process in which water freezes in the cracks of a rock and ________ apart is called frost wedging Wedges
The wearing away of rock material by grinding action is called Abrasion
The peeling of surface layers from _______ bedrock is called exfoliation Exposed
______ is the chemical reaction of water with other substances Hydrolysis
Rainwater that contains unusually high amounts of acids that can be traced back to pollutants, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen compounds, and carbon dioxide is called AcidRain
Oxidation is the chemical reaction of ________ with other substances Oxygen
Mass movement is the _________ transportation of large masses of earth materials by gravity Downslope
________ is the slow, often imperceptible, movement of soil down a slope Creep
The downslope movement of water that contains large amounts of suspended clay and silt is called Mudflow
________ is the higher land that separates one drainage basin from another Divide
All the land that ______ into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a watershed is called drainage basin Drains
________ is sand, pebbles, and boulders that are moved along the bed of a stream and that are too heavy to be carried in suspension BedLoad
The volume of water that passes a certain point in a stream or river in a given amount of time is called Discharge
A river and all of its tributaries RiverSystem
_______ is a state in whk materials carried by a river are stirred up and kept from sinking by the turbulence of stream flow Suspention
The slope or incline of an area of land or of a stream is called Gradient
A measure of the total amount of sediment a stream can carry is called Capacity
A crescent-shaped body of water formed when sediments deposited by a river cut off a meander from the river is called OxbowLake
Broad, looping bends in a river are called Meanders
A wide, level area that borders a river and is covered by its water during a flood is called Floodplain
A measure that describes the maximum size of the particles a stream can carry is called Competence
A fan-shaped deposite that forms when a river flows into a quiet or large body of water, such as a lake, and ocean, or an island sea is called Delta
A stream that runs into another stream or river is called a Tributary
All the land that drains into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a drainage basin is called a Watershed

Water resources Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

If you don't get your drinking water from a river or reservoir, you probably get it from here Groundwater
A specific body of underground water Aquifer
Where most of South Jersey gets it's drinking water Kirkwood Cohansey Aquifer
A body of underground water close to the surface Unconfined aquifer
An impermeable layer underground that water cannot easily pass through Confining Bed
A body of water underneath of an impermeable layer Confined Aquifer
The highest point of the groundwater, closest to the surface Water Table
The total area underground that is filled with water Zone Of Saturation
Water can flow through a material (adj.). Example: a grassy field permeable
Water cannot flow through a material (adj.). Example: a parking lot impermeable
An area of land that drains to a particular body of water on the surface watershed
When rain water seeps underground into an aquifer recharge
Rain water that flows over the surface, often into a stormdrain, to a local stream and ultimately to the ocean Stormwater Runoff
Something people build to capture runoff from an impermeable surface, using natural processes Green Infrastructure
A container for holding water that falls on your roof and flows through the gutter. Often used for gardening Rain Barrel
A planted area, dug out to be lower than the surrounding area, where stormwater can pool and slowly infiltrate into the ground. Often uses native plants Rain Garden
Using native plants that are accustomed to your area's climate, and therefore don't need much extra watering. Also called xeriscaping, from the Greek "xeri" meaning dry naturescaping
A planted area, using grasses, shrubs, and/or trees, that slows down and soaks up stormwater before it reaches a stream or river Riparian Buffer
A special type of pavement that water can flow through. Also called permeable pavement Porous Concrete
Certification that a product meets a certain level of water efficiency. This is to water what EnergyStar is to electricity WaterSense

Geograhpy crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

rocks carried along the river down the bed abriasion
The sheer force of the water by itself can erode material from the bed and banks of the river channel. Hydraulic Action
As the river descends from the highland, it begins to meander between spurs which interlock down the valley. interlocking spurs
erosion by a river on the outside of a meander channel. It eventually leads to the widening of the valley and the formation of the flood plain. Lateral erosion
river embankments built by deposition as the river floods levees
the material transported by a river as bedload, suspended load or dissolved load (in solution) load
the section of the river near the sea, where deposition is the most important process and the valley becomes wider and flatter lower course
a bend in a river. The outside of the meander has the fastest flow and deepest water. meander
the section of the river between the mountains and the lowland, where transport of eroded material is important and the river begins to cut sideways due to the reducing gradient. middle course
where a river ends, at a lake or the sea mouth
a meander which has been cut off from the main river channel and abandoned. Ox-bow Lake
the deep pool below a waterfall. Plunge Pool
found where the river meets a band of resistant rock and usually precede a waterfall Rapids
material bounced along the bed of the river saltation
some rocks such as limestone are subject to chemical attack and slowly dissolve in the water solution
deep v-shaped valley is usually found in the upper course of the river where the water has considerable erosive power v-shaped valley
the point at which rivers meet confluence
the land that is drained by a river and its tributaries drainage basin
a steep-sided, narrow rocky valley marking the retreat of a waterfall gorge
the mountain stage of a river with steep gradients and much erosion upper course
the highland separating one river basin from another watershed

Weathering & Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the breakdown of rocks into smaller particles weathering
small particles of rock that break off another rock sediments
the type of weathering in which the composition stays the same physical
the type of weathering in which the composition of the rock changes chemical
what water does when it freezes expands
the release of pressure that causes a rock to break exfoliation
when sediments collide and break abrasion
the name of the rock that caves form in limestone
the most important cause of chemical weathering water
when oxygen combines with iron in a rock and forms iron oxide(rust) oxidation
examples of organisms that release acids to chemically weather rocks lichens
decayed plant an animal material found in soil humus
when the bedrock matches the soil residual
when the bedrock does NOT match the soil transported
the process by which weathered sediments are transported erosion
another name for gravity erosion massmovement
the force behind most types of erosion gravity
a smaller stream running into a larger one tributary
an area of land that drains to a specific stream/water body watershed
a v-shaped valley is formed by this river
when sediments are dissolved in water solution
when small minerals are carried within water suspension
a u-shaped lake that forms when a meander is cut off from the rest of a stream/river oxbow
wind blows loose sediment against rocks sandblasting
a U-shaped valley is made by this glacier
a rock deposited by a glacier that does not match the surrounding rock in the area erratic
the shape of rocks eroded by water round
the shape of rocks eroded by gravity angular
you find these on rocks carried by glaciers scratches