Type
Crossword
Description

What fraction of the Earth is water? third
What is the difference between fresh and salt water other than salt? density
What percent of the earth’s water do you think is salty? ninetyseven
How did the oceans get salty? erosion
How does salty water become fresh? evaporation
How many oceans are on the earth? five
Which is denser, fresh/salty water? salty
Which is the biggest ocean? pacific
Which is the warmest ocean? indian
Most famous oceanographer? cousteau
Which is the smallest? arctic
Which is the coldest? Arctic
Which ocean is the newest in discovery? southern
Which ocean contains the deepest trench? pacific
Which ocean has an “s” shaped basin? atlantic
Name the lowest of the 4 Ocean zones. abyss
Which is the deepest trench in the ocean? marianna
Who named the first ocean? magellan

Earth's Oceans Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

deep narrow valleys of the ocean floor trench
large, flat basin area of the ocean floor abysassal plain
underwater mountain ranges with sea-floor spreading mid-ocean ridge
underwater volcano or mountain sea mount
steep drop from the continental shelf to the continental rise is called continental slope
The gently sloping area from the shoreline to the continental slope is called continental shelf
is a sound signal bounced off the ocean floor to measure depth sonar
what percent is the earth covered with water 75
what percent of the earth is covered by land 25
what percent of the earth's water has salt in it 71
what percent of water is fresh water 4
This describes how much salt is in the water salinity
rainfall and river runoff create more or less salinity in water less
ice formation and evaporation make more or less salinity in water more
what is water pressure? force
what is the amount of matter in an object density
is a sound signal used by sea and land creatures echolocation
tides, currents, and waves are types of motion
how are surface currents formed wind
salinity, temperature, and constant movement create what? deep-water currents
a powerful warm, swift moving atlantic ocean surface current that flows along the coast of the eastern US and up over Europe gulf stream
what continent is warmer because of the gulf stream europe
what force creates tides gravity

Ocean Zones Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

producing own light bioluminescence
free swimming animals that move throughout the water column nekton
tiny algae and animals that float in the water and are carried by waves plankton
organisms that inhabit the ocean floor Benthos
deepest, dark part of the ocean openocean
coastal inlets or bays where fresh water from rivers mixes with the salty water estuaries
most common plant in the marsh cordgrass
hot water rises out of cracks in the ocean floor Hydrothermal vents
these forests grow in cold neritic waters kelp
ring shaped reef surrounding a shallow lagoon atoll
these forests protect the coastline during storms mangrove
considered the top zone intertidal
smooth nearly flat region of the ocean floor abyssal plain
consists of may peaks mid ocean ridge

Oceans Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the flat region on the ocean floor called? AbyssalPlain
What is a deep valley on the ocean floor called? Trench
What are the active swimmers in a body of water called? Nekton
What are the tiny organisms called that drift in the ocean? Plankton
What is a community of organisms that live on or near a ''Benthic Zone?'' Benthos
What is an underwater mountain called? Seamount
What is a large stream of moving water through the oceans called? Current
What is energy that moves through a body of water? Wave
What is the daily rise and fall of ocean water called? Tide
What is the salt content of water called? Salinity
What is the slope that connects the continental shelf and the abyssal plain called? ContinentalSlope
What is the part of the ocean that starts at the coastline and ends at the sloping part of the ocean floor? ContinentalShelf

Hydrosphere Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Drinkable potable
When a gas changes into a liquid condensation
Saltiness of water salinity
Water that flows from the land into rivers and lakes runoff
Water is called this due to its ability to dissolve many things universalsolvent
All of the water on Earth hydrosphere
The "skin" or "film" on top of water surfacetension
Property where something sticks to other things adhesion
A factory dumping waste into a river would be this type of pollution pointsource
Evaporation from plants transpiration
Cloudiness of water turbidity
Rain, sleet, snow, and hail precipitation
The place where salt water and fresh water mix estuary
When a liquid changes to a gas evaporation
Water within the earth groundwater
How easily water can travel through rock permeability
The portion of land drained by a river riverbasin
Oxygen in water dissolvedoxygen
97% of Earth's water is this type saltwater
Most of Earth's freshwater is found here glaciers
The process of water seeping into the ground infiltration
3% of Earth's water is this type freshwater
Property where something sticks to itself cohesion
Pockets of water that feed wells and springs aquifer
The size of the spaces between rock porosity

Plate Tectonics Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

What describes large scale movements of the Earth's lithosphere? Plate Tectonics
The lithosphere is divided into... Tectonic Plates
Two plates collide they make... Convergent Boundaries
When two plates move away from each other this is called... Divergent Boundaries
A boundary at which two plates move past each other horizontally is called a... Transform Boundary
What is the outermost rigid layer of Earth? Lithosphere
What is a layer of weak or soft mantle that is made of rock? Asthenosphere
What is the strong lower part of the Earth's mantle? Mesosphere
What explains the age and magnetic patterns of sea floor rocks? Sea-Floor Spreading
What is the outermost layer of Earth? Core
What is the movement of matter that results from differences in density? Convection
What is located between the core and the crust? Mantle
What extends from below the mantle to the center of Earth? Core
What element makes up most of Earth's core? Iron
What is the liquid layer of Earth's core? Outer core
What is dense and is in the center of Earth and extends from the bottom of the outer core to the center of Earth? Inner core
What are the huge trenches on Earth's seafloor? Ocean Trenches
What pushes the rest of a plate away from the mid-ocean ridge? Ridge Push
What is the portion of motion of a tectonic plate that can be accounted for b the portion of motion of a tectonic plate that can be accounted for by its subduction? Slab Pull
What is the slow creeping motion of Earth's solid silicate mantle caused by convection currents carrying heat from the interior of the Earth to the surface? Mantle Convection

SCIENCE BINGO

Type
Bingo Cards
Description

phytoplankton
salinity
The Gulf Stream
Moon
continental shelf
Pacific Ocean
oceanographer
Mariana Trench
70%
trenches
wind and water density
very deep
relatively shallow
sonar
mid-ocean ridges
gases, salt, solids
waves, currents, tides
salinity, temperature
wind
pressure
salt water habitats
current
from the sun
temperature

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Major domains of the Earth Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The solid portion of the Earth on which we live Lithosphere
The Narrow Zone Biosphere
Large landmasses are known as Continents
Huge water bodies are called as Oceanbasins
Largest continent Asia
The combined masses of Europe and Asia is called as Eurasia
It flows through Afirca Nile
Both the Americas are joined by Isthmus of Panama
World s longest mountain range Andes
It is called an island continent Australia
The Earth is called the Blue planet
The deepest part of the Earth lies in the Pacific ocean Mariana trench

Plate Tectonic Puzzle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

First layer of earth crust
Second layer of earth mantel
Third layer of earth core
How many layers are in the core Two
What is the first layer of the core Outer core
What is the second layer of the core Inner core
What is the name of super continent? Pangea
What is the thinnest part of the crust? oceanic crust
What is the thickest part of the crust? continental crust
What is it called when the continent drifted? continental drift
The boundary between tectonic plates that are colliding Convergent boundary
The solid plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere Asthenosphere
Primary force that causes the seafloor to spread and continents to drift thermal convection
Source of heat in the mantle radioactivity
Deepest part of the oceans trenches
Places where new sea floor is being created mid ocean ridges
Places where the sea floor is forced under continental plates subduction zones
The process by which earths crust breaks apart, can occur within continental crust or organic crust rifting
The supercontinent that formed 300 million years ago and began to break up 200 million years ago Pangaea
Best science teacher at KERR Mr Daniel

Intro to Physical Geography Part 1 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Biospere, Hydrospere, Lithosphere & Atmosphere fourspheresofearth
Latitude and Longitude find what? Absolute Location
Gases that surround and protect earth from the suns rays Atmosphere
Communities of animals, plants, etc. Biomes
Shows directions on a map compass rose
Due to the land's lower specific heat capacity continentality
Warm air rises, cold air sinks atmospheric circulati
Elevation on a map contour maps
Causes warmest tempuratures direct sunlight
Causes coldest tempuratures dispersed sunlight
East of the Prime Meridian Eastern Hemisphere
Above sea level Elevation
Equal amount of sunlight and darkness during a 24 hour period Equinox
Latitude, elevetion, ocean currents, etc. affecting climate
One or more common features that make it different from surrounding areas formal region
Made up of sifferent places that are linked together and function as a single unit functional region
The shortest place from one place to another Great circle route
Where the Prime Meridian is located greenwich england
97% of earth's water is salt water hydrosphere
Line that runs north to south Internationaldatelin
Natural feature of the landscape Landforms
Lists and explains the symbols and colors on a map key
"Parallels" lines of latitude

Hydrology Unit Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet. HYDROSPHERE
water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations Ground water
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. Watershed
study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets HYDROLOGY
of or found in fresh water; not of the sea FRESHWATER
all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas HYDROSPHERE
an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials AQUIFER
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a partly enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it estuary
oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, UPWELLING
The integration and application of environmental values into the military mission in order to sustain readiness, improve quality of life STEWARDSHIP
biological conversion of one or more carbon molecules CHEMOSYNTHESIS
a single identifiable source of air, Water pollution, thermal, noise or light pollution POINT SOURCE POLLUTION
introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change POLLUTION
saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water SALINITY
water pollution affects a water body from sources such as polluted runoff from agricultural areas draining into a river, or wind-borne debris blowing out to sea. NONPOINTPOLLUTION
the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye TURBIDITY
a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae ALGAL BLOOM
a numeric scale used to specify the acidity or basicity(alkalinity) of an aqueous solution pH
of, found in, or produced by the sea MARINE
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere POLLUTANT
species that can be used to monitor the health of an environment or ecosystem. BIO-INDICATOR
change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase CONDENSATION
rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground. PRECIPITATION
the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure, etc. RUNOFF
a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase EVAPORATION
process of water movement through a lant and its evaporation from aerial parts TRANSPIRATION