Type
Crossword
Description

Different ancestors, but similar features develop because evolving in similar environments Convergent Evolution
Similar ancestors result in similar evolutionary paths Parallel Evolution
The descent is traced through women Matrilineal Descent
The descent is traced through men Patrilineal Descent
mating outside one’s group Exogamy
mating inside one’s group Endogamy
Exists outside of government control Informal Economy
Get something for as little as possible Negative Reciprocity
Value is not calculated, time of repayment is not specified Generalized Reciprocity
Value, giving & receiving, and time are specific Balanced Reciprocity

THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION AND NATURAL SELECTION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

change in the heritable traits of biological populations over successive generations Evolution
any characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring Natural Selection
a trait with acurrent functional role in the life of an orangism that is maintained and evolved by natural selection Adaptation
the genetic contribution of an individual to the next generation's gene pool relative to the average for the population Fitness
any preserved evidence of life from a past geological age, such as the impressions and remains of organisms Fossil
structures derived from a common ancestor or same evolutionary or developmental origin Homologous Structure
similar form or function, but that were not present in the last common ancestor of those groups Analogous Structure
a structure in an organism that has lost all or most of its original function in the course of evolution Vestigal Structure
the process whereby organisms not closely related, independently evolve similar traits Convergent Evolution
the accumulation of differences between groups which can lead to the formation of new species Divergent Evolution
the diversification of a group of organisms into forms filling different ecological niches Adaptive Radiation
the intentional breeding of plants and animals Artifical Selection
the influence of closely associated species on each other in their evolution Coevolution

Middle Ages Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A system in which lords gave protection to people in return for their service feudalism
A person who receives protection and land from a lord in return for loyalty vassal
An armed, mounted soldier knight
A member of the lowest feudal class serf
Group of people who have been ordained for religious service clegy
An association of trades people guild
A military expedition undertaken by European Christians crusade
A journey to a sacred place pilgrimage
The sacred book of Islam quran
A Muslim house of worship mosque
A Mongol ruler khan
A pack of animals journeying together to transport goods caravan
Tracing descent through the females of the family matrilineal
Tracing descent through the males of the family patrilineal
The relationship among family members kinship

evolution Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

is a trait with a current functional role in the life of an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection. adaptation
is the relative frequency of an allele (variant of a gene) at a particular locus in a population, expressed as a fraction or percentage allele frequency
evolutionary mechanism that helps members of the same species identify each other as proper mates. behavioral isolation
different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth evolution
the ability to survive to reproductive age, find a mate, and produce offspring. fitness
the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species gene pool
The separation of two populations of the same species or breeding group by a physical barrier, such as a mountain or body of water. geographic isolation
characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring natural selection
A group of organisms of one species that interbreed and live in the same place at the same time population
splitting of a single evolutionary lineage into two or more genetically independent lineages speciation
any difference between cells variation
genetic isolation achieved due to temporal differences in breeding. temporal isolation

Evolution Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth evolution
the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environment tend to survive and produce more offspring natural selection
the intentional reproduction of individuals in a population that have desirable traits artificial selection
is a trait with a current functional role in the life of an organism that is maintained and evolved by means of natural selection adaptation
to the total number of fossils that have been discovered, as well as to the information derived from them fossil record
means the ability to survive to reproductive age, find a mate, and produce offspring fitness
the diversification of a group of organisms into forms filling different ecological niches adaptive radiation
the process whereby organisms not closely related , independently evolve similar traits as a result of having to adapt to similar environments or ecological niches convergent evolution
variation in the relative frequency of different genotypes in a small population, owing to the chance disappearance of particular genes as individuals die or do not reproduce genetic drift
collection of evolutionary mechanisms, behaviors and physiological processes critical for speciation reproductive isolation
a population of animals, plants, or other organisms that are separated from exchanging genetic material with other organisms of the same species geological isolation
the action or art of imitating someone or something mimicry
adaptation that allows animals to blend in with certain aspects of their environment camouflage
having the same function but have evolved separately, thus do not share common ancestor. analogous structure
structures or attributes that have lost some or all of their ancestral function in a given species, but have been retained during the process of evolution vegistial structures
underlining anatomical commonalities demonstrating descent from a common ancestor homologous structures
A British naturalist of the nineteenth century. He and others developed the theory of evolution Charles Darwin
believed that living things evolved in a continuously upward direction, from dead matter, through simple to more complex forms, toward human "perfection." jean baptiste lamarck
was a Scottish geologist, physician, chemical manufacturer, naturalist, and experimental agriculturalist. James hutton

EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved in petrified form or as a mold or cast in rock. Fossils
make (something) suitable for a new use or purpose; modify. Adapt
a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding. Species
the process of developing or being developed. Development
the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources, land use, and industries. Geography
having the same or a similar relation; corresponding, as in relative position or structure. HomologousStructure
in genealogy, any person to whom two or more persons claim descent; also, the most recent ancestral form or species from which two different species evolved. CommonAncestor
structures are similar or resembling in certain respects, in function or in appearance but not in evolutionary origin or developmental origin. AnalogousStructure
relying on or derived from observation or experiment. Empirical
an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form. Organism
deoxyribonucleic acid, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is the carrier of genetic information. DNA
a distinctive attribute or aspect of something. Features
any of the pieces of hard, whitish tissue making up the skeleton in humans and other vertebrates. Bones
a period of ten years. Decades
the arrangement of and relations between the parts or elements of something complex. Structure
an anatomical feature that no longer seems to have a purpose in the current form of an organism of the given species. VestigialStructure
the branch of biology and medicine concerned with the study of embryos and their development. Embryology
The investigation and comparison of the structures of different organisms. ComparativeAnatomy
an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. CharlesDarwin
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth. Evolution

THE THEORY OF NATURAL SELECTION & EVOLUTION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

change in the heritable traits of biological populations over successive generations evolution
structures derived from a common ancestor or same evolutionary or developmental origin homologous structure
any characteristic of an individual that allows it to survive to produce more offspring natural selection
the genetic contribution of an individual to the next generation's gene pool relative to the average for the population fitness
any preserved evidence of life from a past geological age, such as the impressions and remains of organisms fossil
the diversification of a group of organisms into forms filling different ecological adaptative radiation
the process whereby organisms not closely related, independently evolve similar traits convergent evolution
a trait with acurrent functional role in the life of an orangism that is maintained and evolved by natural selection adaptation
the accumulation of differences between groups which can lead to the formation of new species divergent evolution
the intentional breeding of plants and animals artifical selection
the influence of closely associated species on each other in their evolution coevolution
similar form or function, but that were not present in the last common ancestor of those groups analogous structure

Chapter 11-The Evolution of Populations Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

collection of alleles found in all of the individuals of a population. gene pool
proportion of one allele, compared with all the alleles for that trait, in the gene pool. allele frequency
distribution in a population in which allele frequency is highest near the mean range value and decreases progressively toward each extreme end. normal distribution
observable change in the allele frequencies of a population over a few generations. microevolution
pathway of natural selection in which one uncommon phenotype is selected over a more common phenotype. directional selection
pathway of natural selection in which intermediate phenotypes are selected over phenotypes at both extremes. stabilizing selection
physical movement of alleles from one population to another. gene flow
change in allele frequencies due to chance alone, occurring most commonly in small populations. genetic drift
genetic drift that results from an event that drastically reduces the size of a population. bottleneck effect
genetic drift that occurs after a small number of individuals colonize a new area. founder effect
selection in which certain traits enhance mating success; traits are, therefore, passed on to offspring. sexual selection
condition in which a population's allele frequencies for a given trait do not change from generation to generation. Hardy-Weinberg
isolation between populations due to differences in courtship or mating behavior. behavioral isolation
isolation between populations due to physical barriers. geographic isolation
isolation between populations due to barriers related to time, such as differences in mating periods or differences in the time of day that individuals are most active. temporal isolation
evolution towards similar characteristics in unrelated species, resulting from adaptations to similar environmental conditions. convergent evolution
evolution of one or more closely related species into different species; resulting from adaptations to different environmental conditions. divergent evolution
process in which two or more species evolve in response to changes in each other. coevolution
elimination of a species from Earth. extinction

Evolution Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

The sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms Evolution
A process in which individuals that have certain inherited traits tend to survive and reproduce at higher rates than other individuals because of those traits. Natural Selection
Breeding organisms with specific traits in order to produce offspring with identical traits. artificial selection
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce adaptation
Ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment fitness
Process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve similarities when adapting to similar environments convergent evolution
A change in the allele frequency of a population as a result of chance events rather than natural selection. genetic drift
Ability of an animal to look like another more harmful animal mimicry
A structural adaptation that enables an organism to blend in with its environment camouflage
Structures that do not have a common evolutionary origin but are similar in function analogous structures

Evolution, Chapter 10 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process of biological change by which descendants look different than their ancestors EVOLUTION
a group of organisms that can reproduce and have fertile offspring SPECIES
a naturalist who studied species on the Galapagos Island and thought all living things descended from a common ancestor DARWIN
A naturalist who thought that changes in physical characteristics were driven by changes in the environmnent over time LAMARCK
traces of organisms that existed in the past FOSSILS
a theory that states geologic processes that shape the Earth are uniform over time UNIFORMITARIANISM
the theory that natural disasters like floods have happened often during Earth's history CATASTROPHISM
the principle that changes in landforms happen slowly over a long period of time GRADUALISM
the differences in traits among individuals within a group VARIATION
a feature that allows an organism to better survive in its environment ADAPTATION
all the individuals of a species that live in a certain area POPULATION
a measure of the ability to survive and produce more offspring FITNESS
___________ selection is when nature is the selective agent of which organisms will survive and reproduce NATURAL
the ability for a trait to be passed from one generation to the next HERITABILITY
the principle taht having many offspring increases teh chance that some will survive OVERPRODUCTION
the study of the distribution of organisms around the world BIOGEOGRAPHY
_____________structures are features taht are similar in structure but appear in different organsims and have different functions HOMOLOGOUS
__________structures perform similar function but are NOT similar in origin ANALOGOUS
_________structures are remnants that hada function in an earlier ancestor but are underdeveloped or unused in a later organism VESTIGIAL
________ evidence relies on similarities in DNA sequences MOLECULAR
_________ evidence relies on similar features in embryos EMBRYOLOGICAL
the study of fossils or extinct organisms PALEONTOLOGY

Speciation Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Current functional role of an organism that is evolved by means of natural selection. Adaptation
Relative frequency at a particular locus in population, expressed as a fraction or percentage. Allele Frequency
Two members of the same species that identify each other as proper mates. Behavioral Isolation
The study of the distribution of species and ecosystems in geographic space. Biogeography
Change over time. Evolution
The ability to survive to reproduce. Fitness
Set of all genetic info in any population. Gene Pool
A population of animals, plants or other organisms that are separated from exchanging genetic material. Geographic Isolation
Differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype. Natural Selection
All organisms of the same group or species that live in a species geographical area. Population
An isolation that prevents the members of two different species that cross or mate from producing offspring. Reproductive
Evolutionary process in which reproductivly isolated populations evolve to become distinct spcies Speciation
Largest group of organisms in which two individuals are capable of reproducing fertile offspring. Species
An isolation that prevents species from mating because they breed at different times. Temporal
A change in condition, amount, or level. Variation