Type
Crossword
Description

What causes waves wind
How do waves shape the coast Friction
what is another word for erosion abrade
movement of material along the coast is called transportation
when the sea loses energy, it drops the material it's been carrying this is known as deposition
Beach drift is otherwise known as Longshore drift
What is an area of sand and small stones near the sea called Beach
An inlet of the sea where the land curves inwards bay
When the sea attacks a section of coast with alternating bands of rock type Headland
What occurs when waves force their way into cracks in the cliff face Cave
what Is the name given to a cave that has eroded all the way through Arch
Once the top of an arch collapses what is left behind Stack
what is the narrow flat area often found at the base of a sea cliff Wave-cut platform
Beach landform off coasts spit
What is formed when silt and mud build up in a sheltered area salt marsh
How do we use land along the coast Tourism
What is another word for a storm surge Flood
Why is some of the UK coastline eroding quickly Climate change
What kinds of structures do we build to protect the land from the sea Groynes

Coastal landforms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The movement of water from a broken wave as it runs down the beach returning to the ocean backwash
A large powerful storm wave that has a strong backwash destructive wave
The movement of water in a wave as it breaks onto a beach. swash
A gentle backwash that leads to material being deposited on land Constructive wave
The main direction from which the wind blows. Prevailing wind
land jutting out into the sea Peninsula
The process of looking after a coast Coastal management
A large pile of sand at the beach Dune
When a cave erodes through to the other side of the headland Arch
When sand is moved along a beach because of the prevailing wind Longshore drift
A fence like structure built from the beach out into the water to stop longshore drift groyne
What is left when an arch collapses Stack
What is left when a stack collapses Stump
A wall of rocks to prevent coastal erosion Sea wall
A section of the water that can quickly drag a swimmer out to sea rip
A small section of land that juts out into the sea headland
This can help bind sand together and prevent erosion vegetation
visitors to coastal areas are called this tourists

Coasts word search

Type
Word Search
Description

long shore drift
deposition
transportation
erosion
destructive wave
constructive wave
swash
backwash
managed retreat
beach norishment
rip rap
prevaling wind
hydrolic action
salt marsh
headland
groyne
sea wall
spit
coastline

Coasts Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The wearing away of cliffs by sediment flung by breaking waves. Abrasion
The force of the water in a river or sea, causing erosion. HydraulicAction
Rocks being carried by the river smash together and break into smaller, smoother and rounder particles. attrition
A type of erosion and transportation when soluble particles are dissolved into the river. Solution
Area of ocean or lake surface over which the wind blows in an essentially constant direction, thus generating waves. Fetch
The type of wave that has a stronger backwash than swash. Destructive
The type of wave that has a stronger swash than backwash. Constructive
The geological process in which sediments, soil and rocks are added to a landform or land mass. Deposition
The continual swash and backwash that transports material sideways along the coast. Longshoredrift
A type of coastline with alternating bands of hard and soft rock. Discordant
The type of coastline that has the same type of rock along it's length. Concordant
Occurs when waves force their way into cracks in the cliff face, and hydraulic action erodes the rock. Cave
If a cave is formed in a headland, it may eventually break through to the other side to form this. Arch
The tall column of rock left when an arch collapses. Stack
Left after a stack collapses. Stump
A low energy area, made up of eroded material that has been transported from elsewhere and deposited by the sea. Beach
An extended stretch of beach material that projects out to sea and is joined to the mainland at one end. Spit
A spit that connects an island to the mainland. Tombolo
Management of the coast that attempts to control natural processes such as erosion and longshore drift. Hardengineering
The breakdown of rock through the action of plants and animals. Biologicalweathering
The decomposition (or rotting) of rock caused by a chemical change within that rock. Chemicalweathering
The disintegration of rock into smaller pieces without any chemical change in the rock. physicalweathering
A type of weathering where water freezes inside the rock, then expands, causing pieces to break off. freeze-thaw

Coastal processes/protection Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A narrow piece of land that projects from a coastline into the sea Headland
Huge rocks that are placed at the base of cliffs Riprap
A cave becomes a..... Arch
The first stage of the coastal features process Crack
these are used to stabilise cliff bases and absorb the energy of waves Gabions
The process of the wearing away and breaking up of rock Erosion
A natural coastal protection Sanddune
This coastal protection can be wooden or made from rocks, they reduce longshore drift Groynes
Sloping protection absorb waves energy but allow water to run through Revetments
Most expensive coastal protection to build Seawall
When the crack becomes bigger you get a .... Cave
When the arch roof ........a stack is created collapses
The movement of material along a coast by waves longshore shift

GEOGRAPHY REVISION Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A steep cliff jutting out into the sea headland
A man-made barrier that juts out from a beach into the water, made to prevent erosion of the beach from the power of destructive waves and longshore drift Groyne
A shallow stretch of water which is partly or completely separated from the sea by a narrow strip of land Lagoon
The circular movement of water beneath the surface, creating waves orbit
The process which moves sediment in a zigzag pattern along a beach by wash and backwash of waves approaching the shore at an angle longshore drift
A natural feature, usually formed from rock, that forms a bridge-like arc as a result of erosion arch
The backwards movement of sea water down a beach after a wave has broken Backwash
A wall that is built out into the sea to help prevent erosion breakwater
A strong wave that wears away coasts and removes material destructive wave
A hollow space along the coast produced by the action of the waves cave
A gentle wave that deposits material and builds up beaches constructive wave
The wearing away of the Earth’s surface by wind, water or ice erosion
A deposit of sand linking an island to the mainland (or to another island), formed by longshore drift tombolo
A wall built close to or along a shoreline to prevent erosion or damage by destructive waves seawall
The movement of water up the face of a beach after a wave has broken swash
A curved build-up of eroded material that forms at the mouth of a river spit
A part of a cliff that has separated from the mainland as a result of the erosive effect of waves stack
A hill or mound of sand formed by wind deposition on the landward side of a beach sand dune
A broad inlet of the sea where the land curves inwards bay
The building of physical structures to defend against the erosive power of waves hard engineering
To clear the bed of (a harbour, river, or other area of water) by scooping out mud, weeds and sand dredge
A cage of wire filled with rocks Gabion

Coastal Landforms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Bay Bay
Beach Beach
Headland Headland
Stump Stump
Cave Cave
Cove Cove
Stack Stack
Arch Arch
Coastline Coastline
Concordant Concordant
Discordant Discordant
Waves Waves
Cliff Cliff
Wavecutplatform wavecutplatform

The Sea Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Arch shaped tunnel that stretches through the headland Sea arch
A pillar of rock cut from the headland Stump
Process in which rocks such as chalk are dissolved Solution
Curved area where waves have eroded the coast Bay
When waves crash against cliff and air gets trapped and compressed. Shatters rocks Compressed air
an area of hard rock jutting out Headland
When a wave breaks and rushes up the beach Swash
______ are formed by wind moving on the surface of water Waves
C________ waves are formed when material Is deposited Constructive
D_________ w____ are formed when material is erroded Destructive waves
Stones are carried by water constantly hitting off each other Attrition
Vertical or steep slope on the coast Sea cliffs
Passage that links the surface of the cliff and the roof of the sea cave Blowholes

geography: coasts Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

what waves have a strong swash and a weaker backwash so sediment is deposited on the beach constructive
how do waves get their energy wind
what is the process when rocks and pebbles are carried by the waves and thrown against cliffs eroding them in the process abrasion
example of cliff in dorset seacombe
what feature of coastal erosion usually forms in areas where there are alternative bands of soft and hard rock headlands and bays
how is a coastline eroded when the acid in the sea water dissolves rock solution
example of cave, arch,stack and stump in dorset old harry
what is formed through the build up of wave deposited material between low and high marks on coastline beaches
what carries sediment along the coastline longshore drift
a spit and what join the mainland onto an offshore island tombolo

Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the process by which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another Erosion
process by which eroded material is dropped deposition
materials carried by a stream load
flat area formed by layers of deposited sediment floodplain
fan shaped pattern where streams deposit their loads delta
a fan shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
water located within the rocks below Earth's surface groundwater
an area of shoreline that is made up of material deposited by waves and currents beach
mounds of wind deposited sand dunes
thick deposits of windblown, fine-grained sediment loess
term for all materials carried and deposited by a glacier Glacial drift
large mass of moving ice that forms by the compacting of snow by natural forces glacier
sudden and rapid movement of a large amount of material downslope landslide

LONGSHORE DRIFT Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Movement of material along the coast Transportation
when a wave breaks, water is washed up the beach swash
when a wave breaks, water runs down the beach Backwash
single direction wind prevailing wind
way in which the wind is going wind direction
beach covered in stones shingles
what prevents longshore drift groynes
pile of large boulders rock armour
flow of water that occurs when excess storm water flows over the earth surface runoff
pebbles and large sediment are rolled along the sea bed traction