What destroys ALL living organisms on a surface
What significantly reduces pathogens on a surface?
What is the lowest level of decontamination?
What is the process of cleaning tools and surfaces?
This should never be used on an open cut as it destroys the cells that begin the healing process in a wound?
Harmful organisms that can cause disease or infections
These included safety information about products products compiled by the manufacturer
Guidelines published by the CDC that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids carry infections for bloodborne pathogens
One of the fur things that must be n a disinfectant label for approved use in all states
This agency registers all types of disinfectants sold, and used in the United States
Chemical agents that can destroy most, but not necessarily all, harmful, organisms, on environmental surfaces
the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms
the use of a chemical agent or solution to destroy pathogens
the presence of an infectious agent on a body surface or clothing, bedding and surgical instruments
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms
a specified area such as within a tray that is considered to be free of microorganisms
a medical device that uses temperature and steam to sterilize surgical instruments
guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing risk of transmission
personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks
the process of destroying all microorganisms and their pathogenic products
the process of destroying all bacteria
a substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms
a route in which a pathogen can enter a susceptible host
the conveyance of a disease from one person to another person or object
a pathogen that causes a disease such as virus, parasite or bacterium
an area for a pathogen to live and develop
acquired or occurring in a hospital
requires oxygen to live
can live and develop without oxygen
human immunodeficiency virus
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
hepatitis b virus
organisms invisible to the naked eye
a bacterium, virus or other microorganism that can cause disease
a microorganism that cannot cause disease
a disease that can transmitted
a route where a pathogen can leave its host
Efforts taken to prevent the spread of disease and kill certain or all microbes
The science that deals with the study of microorganisms called bacteria
The study of small organisms
Helpful or harmless
Another name for bacteria
Grows in chains or beads
Grows in pairs
Harmful, disease- producing
Live on living matter and give nothing in return
Poisonous substances harmful to the body
Round of spherical shaped
Spiral, curved or cork screw
Appears as a skin condition such as pimples. rash or boils
Whip like motion
Hair like projection
Only pathogenic bacteria that doesn't show much motility
A condition which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection
Affects the whole body through the bloodstream
Affects only a small area
Attacks and destroys immune system
The ability of the body to destroy bacteria that have gained entrance
Received at birth
Received after you overcome a disease or receive inoculations
Lowest level of decontamination
Controls microorganisms on nonliving surfaces
Most effective level of disinfection
Similar to quats but may soften or discolor rubber and plastic
Contact that involves touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, or talking
Contact though an intermediate contaminated object
sodium hypochlorite is an effective __________ for all uses in the salon
most effective type of decontamination against microbes
disinfectant label must have an _____ registration number
material safety data sheet
removing pathogens and other substances from tools or surfaces
substances that kill microbes on contaminated tools and nonporous surfaces
most quats disinfect in ________ minutes
quaternary ammonium compounds
bacteria or germs
one of the two classifications of bacteria
Something that makes a place or substance no longer suitable for use
The process that completely destroys all microbial life including spores
Chemical germicides for use on skin; registered and regulated by the FDA
Chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms (except bacterial spores) on environmental surfaces
Chemical that destroys fungus
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria,fungi,and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces
Information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings
What level disinfectants are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids
Created as a part of the U.S Department of Labor to regulate and enforce saftey and health standards to protect employees in the workplace
Chemical that destroys viruses
mode of transmission
Microorganisms that cause infectious disease
Pathogen that lives in blood
Bacteria that requires oxygen for survival
Bacteria that live without oxygen
Small microbes that pass through most filters
Microbes that grow on other organisms
Animal pathogen, parasites
The way microorganisms enter the body
Number of portals of entry for microorganisms
Spread of disease by contact with pathogen
Confined to one area of the body
Spread through the body
Usual amount of specific disease in a community
Excess of normal occurrences of a specific disease
Increase in normal number of cases of specific disease in a defined geographic area
Epidemic spread over several countries
Recently appearing infectious diseases in a population
Ingested or injected substances that have ability to inhibit growth or destroy pathogens
Chemical agents that treat disease
Biologic or chemical agents that create immunity
Absence or control of microorganisms
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Bacteriostatic agents used on skin
Bacteriostatic agents used on inanimate objects
Process of destroying all living organisms
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
Organism that lives at the expense of another
Encapsulated bacteria in an inative state
What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration?
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products?
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States.
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics.
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic?
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions.
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body.
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________.
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling.
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus.
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen.
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus.
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism?
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS).
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body.
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact.
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts?
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism?
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection.
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed?
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces?
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label.
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution.
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area.
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______.
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde.
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces.
One- celled microorganisms that contain plant and animal characteristics.
Removal of dirt and debris.
Removal of blood and all other potential infectious materials on an items surface.
Process of elimination of most microbial organisms.
Register all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States.
Government agency that was established in 1906.
Set guidelines for the manufacturing, sale, and use of equipment and chemical ingredients.
The ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection.
Create label standards to be used around the globe and includes pictograms to indicate possible safety concerns
Created the hazard communication standard.
Organisms that grow feed and shelter on or in another organism.
Chemical process for reducing the number of disease causing germs.
Regulate licensing enforcement and conduct.
Process that destroys all microbial life.
Submicroscopic particles that infect and resides in the cell.
Requires manufacturers to provide and MSDS
What is an MSDS?
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces
Effective for cleaning blood and body fluids
An item made from a material that has no pores or openings, and cannot absorb liquids
Breaks down films and removes the residue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks
Single-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics
Assuming all blood and body fluids are potential sources of infection
The ability to produce and effect
A form of formaldehyde, has a high pH, and damages the skin and eyes
A process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans
List the FOUR ideal living conditions for bacteria (alphabetical order)
Division of cells
Binary fission creates
Harmless organisms that may perform useful functions
A type of fungi that is not harmful to people in the salon
Resembles a string of beads, causes strep throat and blood poisoning
Spiral-shaped, causes syphilis
Most common type of bacteria
Parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism
Grows in pairs and causes pneumonia
very safe and fast acting disinfectants
what is MSDS
One-celled microorganisms that has both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful some are harmless
Chemical products approved by EPA design to destroy most bacteria (excluding spores), fungi, and viruses on surfaces
Spherical bacteria that grows in pairs and causes diseases such as pneumonia
The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells
The ability to produce an effect
The invasion of body tissues by disease- causing pathogens
Are the methods use to eliminate or reduce transmission of infectious organisms
A fluid created by infection
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body
Harmless microorganisms that may preform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause harm
Chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level
Capable of destroying viruses
a ringworm fungus of the foot
The process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores
Pus-forming bacteria that grows in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses,pustules,and boils.
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that causes diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and poisoning
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size
made or constructed of a material that has pores or an openings. Porous items are absorbent
Caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection
Capable of destroying bacteria
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residue such as dust, hair and skin
The removal of blood and all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surfaces, and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust,hair and skin