Type
Crossword
Description

Microorganisms that cause infectious disease Pathogens
Pathogen that lives in blood Blood-borne
Bacteria that requires oxygen for survival Aerobic
Bacteria that live without oxygen Anaerobic
Small microbes that pass through most filters Virus
Microbes that grow on other organisms Fungus
Animal pathogen, parasites Protozoa
The way microorganisms enter the body Portals
Number of portals of entry for microorganisms Five
Spread of disease by contact with pathogen Contagion
Confined to one area of the body Localized
Spread through the body Systemic
Usual amount of specific disease in a community Endemic
Excess of normal occurrences of a specific disease Outbreak
Increase in normal number of cases of specific disease in a defined geographic area Epidemic
Epidemic spread over several countries Pandemic
Recently appearing infectious diseases in a population Emerging infection
Ingested or injected substances that have ability to inhibit growth or destroy pathogens Antibiotics
Chemical agents that treat disease Chemotherapy
Biologic or chemical agents that create immunity Immunizations
Absence or control of microorganisms Asepsis
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA
Bacteriostatic agents used on skin Antiseptics
Bacteriostatic agents used on inanimate objects Disinfectants
Process of destroying all living organisms Sterilization
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA
Organism that lives at the expense of another Parasite
Encapsulated bacteria in an inative state Spores

Infection Control Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms asepsis
the use of a chemical agent or solution to destroy pathogens chemical disinfection
the presence of an infectious agent on a body surface or clothing, bedding and surgical instruments contaminated
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms sterile
a specified area such as within a tray that is considered to be free of microorganisms sterile field
a medical device that uses temperature and steam to sterilize surgical instruments autoclave
guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing risk of transmission standard precautions
personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks PPE
the process of destroying all microorganisms and their pathogenic products sterilization
the process of destroying all bacteria disinfection
a substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms antiseptics
a route in which a pathogen can enter a susceptible host portal of entry
the conveyance of a disease from one person to another person or object transmission
a pathogen that causes a disease such as virus, parasite or bacterium causative agent
an area for a pathogen to live and develop reservoir
acquired or occurring in a hospital nosocomial
requires oxygen to live aerobic
can live and develop without oxygen anaerobic
human immunodeficiency virus HIV
acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS
hepatitis b virus HBV
organisms invisible to the naked eye microorganisms
a bacterium, virus or other microorganism that can cause disease pathogens
a microorganism that cannot cause disease nonpathogens
a disease that can transmitted communicable disease
a route where a pathogen can leave its host portal of exit
infection risk susceptible host

Infectious Disease Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a medicine that can destroy bacteria antibiotic
microscopic living organisms bacteria
ability to spread from one individual or organism to another, directly or indirectly contagious
temporarily inactive dormant
a sudden increase in the total number of cases of a specific infectious disease epidemic
th brance of medicine that deals with diseases and human health epidemiology
cleanliness practices that help individuals to maintain their health and prevent disease hygiene
the reproduction and growth of a disease-causing organism infection
to change in form or nature mutate
situations then multiple outbreaks of the same infectious disease are occurring in different parts of the worlds pandemic
a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that is capable of causing disease pathogen
a genetic variant of a specific microorganism strain
a strain of bacteria that has become resistant to antibiotics superbug
an antibacterial and antifungal agent that can be found in a variety of products like soap, detergent and toothpaste triclosan
the process of becoming more like a city urbanization
a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans zoonosis

Microbiology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The study of microorganisms microbiology
An organism that cause disease pathogen
A food made with the help of bacteria yoghurt
microorganisms used in the brewing and baking industry yeast
A harmless dose of a disease causing microbe vaccination
A protein produced by white blood cells in response to an antigen Antibody
Resistant to a disease immune
a human disease caused by a fungus Athletes foot
A fungal disease which caused the Great Irish Famine Blight
An organism that lives in or on another living thing Parasite
A chemical which kills bacteria and fungi but not viruses Antibiotic
Organisms which feed on the dead remains of living things decomposers
The use of living things to make a product Biotechnology
A term used to describe things which can only be seen by a microscope Microscopic
Composed of only one cell Unicellular
Microorganisms are found here Everywhere
Free from microorganisms Sterile
A condition needed for the growth of microbes Water
A substance which contains food needed for the growth of microbes Nutrient Agar
How bacteria reproduce Binary Fission

Infection Control Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

too small to be seen by the naked eye microoriganisms
micro-organisms that cause infection pathogen
small single cell organisms bacteria
resistant form of bacteria, remain viable for years endospores
only grow inside animals richettsiae
organisms that contains genetic material viruses
decompose plants and animals to fill the soil with nutrients. fungus
smallest and least understood of all microbes. prions
complex single cell organisms. protozoa
most micro-organisms do not cause infections normalflora
any place where pathogens can thrive or pose a threat, must have moisture, nutrients, and suitable temperature. reservoir
route through which blood, body fluids, excretions, or secretions leave the body. portal of exit
most dircet way to break the cycle is prevention. transmission
host is touched by infected person transmitting pathogens directly. direct contact
object has been in contact with pathogen. fomite
infected arthropod as a host. vector
any medium that transports pathogens. vehicle
occurs with dust that contains spores or by droplet. airborne
when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings droplet
route pathogens gain entry into a host. portal of entry
a pathogen lives inside. susceptible host
a natural resistance. immune system
born with a certian amount of immunity acquired
occurs following an injection of prepared anitbodies passive
2 million hospitalized patients acquire annually nosocomial
reducing the probability of speading infection asepsis
best way to avoid spreading infection handwashing

Microbes and Disease Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Small agents, some of which cause disease Microbes
Nonling, extremely small, invade a host cell Viruses
Unicellular, prokaryotic (no nucleus), some cause disease Bacteria
An agent that causes disease Pathogen
Spreads disease from host to host Vector
Outbreak of disease over continents; always contagious Pandemic
Outbreak of disease in a certain area; not always contagious Epidemic
Techniques to sterilize, disinfect, sanitize, etc. Aseptic
An interaction where one organism harms a host Parasitism
Used to treat bacterial infections Antibiotics
Used to treat the symptoms of a viral infection Antiviral
Capable of being spread; contagious Infectious
Used to prevent viral and some bacterial infections Vaccines
This system fights disease using white blood cells Immune system
This would be used to treat athlete's foot Antifungal

Epidemiology & Public Health/Microbial Mechanisms of Pathogenicity Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Infectious agents are spread throughout the body by the blood stream or lymph system systemic
example is disease causing bacteria parasitism
how the disease develops and progresses pathogenesis
infected person can transmit an infectious agent to another person communicable
present for a while then disappear transient
can occur from bacteria already found in the body as well as from outside of the body infection
person who retains pathogens and transmits infection with or without showing symptoms carrier
causative agent remains inactive for a long time, but can become active and produce symptoms latent
live stably and do not cause infection normal
easily transmitted contagious
determines the etiology of a disease epidemiologist
can be carried for years without developing into a full blown illness subclinical
a disease that is acquired in a short amount of time by a number of people in a given area epidemic
how pathogens stick together adhesions
healthcare-associated infections nosocomial
number of people that have a disease at a specified point in time prevalence

Milady 2016 Chapter 5 Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

One-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful and some are harmless Bacteria
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking. Direct Transmission
Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts. Fungi
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object, such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface. Indirect Transmission
Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. Infection
Nonscientific synonym for disease-producing organisms. Germs
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size. Microorganism
Harmful microorganisms that enter the body and can cause disease. Pathogens
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host) while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses). Toxins
A submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. Virus
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. Allergy
A disease that is spread from one person to another person. Contagious Disease
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin. Contamination
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection. Inflammation

Chapter 21 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Are caused by organisms or viruses that enter and multiply within the human body Infectious Diseases
An organism that is so small it can only be seen through a microscope Microorganism
A microorganism or virus that causes disease Pathogen
Simple, single-celled microorganisms Bacteria
A poison given off by some bacteria that can injure cells Toxin
The smallest type of pathogen Virus
Organisms such as yeasts, molds, and mushrooms that grow best in warm, dark, moist areas Fungi
A large and complex single-celled organism Protozoan
The protective lining that covers any opening into the body Mucous Membrane
The body's general response to all kinds of injuries Inflammation
A type of white blood cell that engulfs and destroys pathogens Phagocyte
The body's most sophisticated defense against pathogens Immune System
A type of white blood cell that carries out functions of the immune system Lymphocyte
The body's ability to destroy a pathogen that it has previously encountered before the pathogen is able to cause disease Immunity
A type of lymphocyte that helps the immune system destroy pathogens T Cell
A lymphocyte that produces antibodies B Cell
A protein that attaches to the surface of pathogens Antibody
A network of vessels that collect fluid from body tissues Lymphatic System
An injection that causes the body to become immune to a disease Immunization
A substance containing small amounts of dead or modified pathogens Vaccine
A drug that inhibits or kills bacteria Antibiotic
An unusually high occurrence of a disease Epidemic
An infectious disease that has become more common within the last 20 years Emerging Disease

HIV/AIDS Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A medicine/ drug or treatment effective against viruses is antiviral
Action or process of spreading something to another person is transmitted
An fatal disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV AIDS
The _________ ___________ protects your body from diseases and infections immune system
The causative agent of an infectious disease virus
A fluid or fluid secretions of the body (ex: blood, semen, saliva) body fluids
Fluid that circulates throughout the body and carries oxygen blood
Keep something from happening prevention
Virus that attacks the immune system HIV
Medical treatment replaces an particular absent enzyme in patient enzyme replacement therapy

Milady Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. allergy
Chemical germicide formulated for use on skin; registered & regulated by the FDA Antiseptics
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations) or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen/cat dander/ragweed. Acquired immunity
Showing no symptoms/signs of infection. Asymptomatic
Short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria. Bacilli
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant & animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless. Bacteria
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions & are safe to come in contact w/ since they do not cause disease/harm NONPATHOGENIC
An item that is made/constructed of a material that has no pores/openings & cannot absorb liquids NONPOROUS
Illness resulting from conditions associated w/ employment, such as prolonged & repeated overexposure to certain products/ingredients OCCUPATIONALDISEASE
Bacteria capable of producing a protective coating that allows them to w/stand very harsh environments, & shed the coating when conditions become more favorable. BACTERIALSPORE
Capable of destroying bacteria BACTERICIDAL
The division of bacteria cells into 2 new cells called daughter cells BINARYFISSION
Colonies of bacteria that adhere together & adhere to environmental surfaces BIOFILMS
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood/body fluids, such as hepatitis & HIV BLOODBORNEPATHOGENS
chelating detergents; they break down stubborn films & remove the residue of pedicure products (scrubs/salts/masks) CHELATINGSOAPS
athlete's foot; medical term for fungal infections of the feet; red, itchy rash of the skin on the bottom of the feet &/or in between the toes, usually found between the 4th & 5th toe. TINEAPEDIS
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses) TOXINS
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis TUBERCULOCIDALDISINFECTANTS
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing/sneezing TUBERCULOSIS
Capable of destroying viruses VIRUCIDAL
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects & resides in cells of biological organisms VIRUS
SP; precautions such as wearing personal protective equipment to prevent skin & mucous membranes where contact w/ a client's blood, body fluids, secretions (except sweat), excretions, non-intact skin, & mucous membranes is likely. Workers must assume that all blood & body fluids are potential sources of infection, regardless of the perceived risk. STANDARDPRECAUTIONS
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils. STAPHYLOCOCCI
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap & water/detergent & water to remove all visible dirt, debris, & many disease-causing germs. Removes invisible debris that interfere w/ disinfection. Cosmetologists are required to do before disinfecting CLEAN
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The 3 types are staphylococci, streptococci, & diplococci COCCI
communicable disease; disease that is spread from 1 person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, &natural nail/toe & foot infections CONTAGIOUSDISEASE
The presence/reasonably anticipated presence, of blood/other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface/visible debris or residues (dust/hair/skin) CONTAMINATION
The removal of blood & all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface, and the removal of visible debris/residue (dust, hair, & skin) DECONTAMINATION
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms &/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis DIAGNOSIS
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs & cause diseases such as pneumonia DIPLOCOCCI
Transmission of blood/body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, & talking DIRECTTRANSMISSION
An abnormal condition of all/part of the body/its systems/organs, which makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function DISEASE