Type
Crossword
Description

A micro-organism with no nucleus bacterium
The smallest type of pathogen Virus
Surrounds the DNA of a virus Proteincoat
A microorganism with a nucleus and a cell wall Fungus
A single celled fungus used to make bread and beer yeast
A harmful microorganism Pathogen
Small rings of DNA in a bacterium Plasmids
A disease caused by a virus, much more serious in adults Chickenpox
A disease caused by a virus which was massively reduced by a successful vaccination programme Measles
Pioneer of vaccinations; vaccinated a boy against smallpox EdwardJenner
Lymphocytes which live on in the blood after an infection MemoryCells
Type of white blood cell which produces antibodies Lymphocyte
Type of white blood cell which engulfs and digests pathogens Phagocyte
Marker on the outside of a cell which has a particular shape and is recognised by a lymphocyte Antigen
What you become when you have had a disease once and cannot catch it again Immune
A type of drug used to kill bacteria Antibiotics
Scientist who first discovered antibiotics by accidentally dropping some breadcrumbs on some bacteria he was growing AlexanderFleming
An insect or other animal which transmits a pathogen to another animal, often by biting Vector
The insect which transmits the malaria parasite to humans Mosquito
A disease caused by a bacterium spread through the water Cholera
A living organism too small to see with the naked eye Microorganism
An implement you would use to look at microorganisms Microscope
A common disease caused by the rhinovirus Cold
Changes in DNA which viruses such as the flu virus undergo, meaning a new vaccine is needed every year Mutations
A disease caused by a virus, contracted by bitten by infected animals such as dogs and bats. One symptom is a fear of water Rabies

Microbiology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The study of microorganisms microbiology
An organism that cause disease pathogen
A food made with the help of bacteria yoghurt
microorganisms used in the brewing and baking industry yeast
A harmless dose of a disease causing microbe vaccination
A protein produced by white blood cells in response to an antigen Antibody
Resistant to a disease immune
a human disease caused by a fungus Athletes foot
A fungal disease which caused the Great Irish Famine Blight
An organism that lives in or on another living thing Parasite
A chemical which kills bacteria and fungi but not viruses Antibiotic
Organisms which feed on the dead remains of living things decomposers
The use of living things to make a product Biotechnology
A term used to describe things which can only be seen by a microscope Microscopic
Composed of only one cell Unicellular
Microorganisms are found here Everywhere
Free from microorganisms Sterile
A condition needed for the growth of microbes Water
A substance which contains food needed for the growth of microbes Nutrient Agar
How bacteria reproduce Binary Fission

Diseases and Disorders Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Illnesses cause by many factors Disease
any agent that casues a disease pathogen
Prokaryotic organisms that cause infections Bacteria
Medicines that can be used as treatment for bacterial diseases Antibiotics
Nonliving things that attack cells and make them reproduce their illness Virus
Viruses inject their _____ for cells to reproduce and infect others DNA
Injections that can help prevent viral infections Vaccinations
Poisonous substances created by plants (poison ivy), animals (rattlesnakes), or improperly prepared or stored food Toxins
_________________ disorders are passed down from our parent's genes Genetic
Soaps and cleaners that prevent the spread of germs Disinfectants
Diseases that can be passed (caught) from person to person Communicable
Diseases that can't be caught (passed from person to person) Noncommunicable
Diseases that are easily passed from person to person Contagious
Protection from getting a disease Immunity
Proteins in our bodies that recognize pathogens and protect us from them antigens

Microbiology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What works best in combating a virus? white blood cells
The type of microorganism used to make yogurt bacteria
Chemicals that are produced by bacteria and fungi, and treat infections caused by bacteria antibiotics
The microorganisms which reproduces inside living cells and eventually kills the cell virus
Athletes foot is an example of a fungus
Bacteria reproduce this way Asexually
An organism which lives on another living organism Parasite
They are known as small organisms Microorganism
An organism which feeds on dead plants and animals Decomposer
Name a fungi which is edible Mushroom

Infection Control Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms asepsis
the use of a chemical agent or solution to destroy pathogens chemical disinfection
the presence of an infectious agent on a body surface or clothing, bedding and surgical instruments contaminated
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms sterile
a specified area such as within a tray that is considered to be free of microorganisms sterile field
a medical device that uses temperature and steam to sterilize surgical instruments autoclave
guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing risk of transmission standard precautions
personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks PPE
the process of destroying all microorganisms and their pathogenic products sterilization
the process of destroying all bacteria disinfection
a substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms antiseptics
a route in which a pathogen can enter a susceptible host portal of entry
the conveyance of a disease from one person to another person or object transmission
a pathogen that causes a disease such as virus, parasite or bacterium causative agent
an area for a pathogen to live and develop reservoir
acquired or occurring in a hospital nosocomial
requires oxygen to live aerobic
can live and develop without oxygen anaerobic
human immunodeficiency virus HIV
acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS
hepatitis b virus HBV
organisms invisible to the naked eye microorganisms
a bacterium, virus or other microorganism that can cause disease pathogens
a microorganism that cannot cause disease nonpathogens
a disease that can transmitted communicable disease
a route where a pathogen can leave its host portal of exit
infection risk susceptible host

Infection Control Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

too small to be seen by the naked eye microoriganisms
micro-organisms that cause infection pathogen
small single cell organisms bacteria
resistant form of bacteria, remain viable for years endospores
only grow inside animals richettsiae
organisms that contains genetic material viruses
decompose plants and animals to fill the soil with nutrients. fungus
smallest and least understood of all microbes. prions
complex single cell organisms. protozoa
most micro-organisms do not cause infections normalflora
any place where pathogens can thrive or pose a threat, must have moisture, nutrients, and suitable temperature. reservoir
route through which blood, body fluids, excretions, or secretions leave the body. portal of exit
most dircet way to break the cycle is prevention. transmission
host is touched by infected person transmitting pathogens directly. direct contact
object has been in contact with pathogen. fomite
infected arthropod as a host. vector
any medium that transports pathogens. vehicle
occurs with dust that contains spores or by droplet. airborne
when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings droplet
route pathogens gain entry into a host. portal of entry
a pathogen lives inside. susceptible host
a natural resistance. immune system
born with a certian amount of immunity acquired
occurs following an injection of prepared anitbodies passive
2 million hospitalized patients acquire annually nosocomial
reducing the probability of speading infection asepsis
best way to avoid spreading infection handwashing

The Immune System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The body's first line of defense against pathogens. Skin
A cell that identifies pathogens and distinguishes different pathogens from each other. TCell
The molecules that the immune system recongnizes as either part of the body or coming from outside the body. Antigens
Lymphocytes that produce proteins that help destroy pathogens. BCell
The proteins produced by B Cells. Antibodies
The body's ability to destroy pathogens before they can cause disease. Immunity
The process by which harmless antigens are purposefully introduced to a person's body to produce active immunity. Vaccination
A chemical that kills bacteria or slows their growth without harming cells. Antibiotic
A disorder in which the immune system is overly sensitive to a foreign substance. Allergy
A disorder in which respiratory passages narrow significantly. Asthma
An imbalance or misuse of insulin in the body. Diabetes

Microorganisms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Microorganisms that cause infectious disease Pathogens
Pathogen that lives in blood Blood-borne
Bacteria that requires oxygen for survival Aerobic
Bacteria that live without oxygen Anaerobic
Small microbes that pass through most filters Virus
Microbes that grow on other organisms Fungus
Animal pathogen, parasites Protozoa
The way microorganisms enter the body Portals
Number of portals of entry for microorganisms Five
Spread of disease by contact with pathogen Contagion
Confined to one area of the body Localized
Spread through the body Systemic
Usual amount of specific disease in a community Endemic
Excess of normal occurrences of a specific disease Outbreak
Increase in normal number of cases of specific disease in a defined geographic area Epidemic
Epidemic spread over several countries Pandemic
Recently appearing infectious diseases in a population Emerging infection
Ingested or injected substances that have ability to inhibit growth or destroy pathogens Antibiotics
Chemical agents that treat disease Chemotherapy
Biologic or chemical agents that create immunity Immunizations
Absence or control of microorganisms Asepsis
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA
Bacteriostatic agents used on skin Antiseptics
Bacteriostatic agents used on inanimate objects Disinfectants
Process of destroying all living organisms Sterilization
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA
Organism that lives at the expense of another Parasite
Encapsulated bacteria in an inative state Spores

Milady 2016 Chapter 5 Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

One-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful and some are harmless Bacteria
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking. Direct Transmission
Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts. Fungi
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object, such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface. Indirect Transmission
Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. Infection
Nonscientific synonym for disease-producing organisms. Germs
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size. Microorganism
Harmful microorganisms that enter the body and can cause disease. Pathogens
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host) while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses). Toxins
A submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. Virus
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. Allergy
A disease that is spread from one person to another person. Contagious Disease
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin. Contamination
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection. Inflammation

Infection and response Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A substance that's like the drug being tested but doesn't do anything. Placebo
Very small living cells which causes salmonella and gonerrhoea. Bacteria
Diseases that cannot spread between organisms. Noncommunicable
Drugs you take which kill bacteria. Antibiotics
The uncontrolled growth and division of cells results in the formation of this: Tumour
The state of physical and mental well-being. Health
A disease caused by a protist whereby a mosquito picks uo the disease from an infected animal and passes it on. Malaria
Microorganisms that enter the body and cause communicable diseases. pathogen
Injecting small amounts of dead or inactive pathogen which carry antigens. Vaccination
Diseases that spread from person to person or animal to person. Communicable
Made by white blood cells- bind to antigens and pathogens Antibodies
A disease caused by a virus and is spread through the exchange of bodily fluids. HIV

Microbes Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Microorganism
Semmelweis
Louis Pasteur
Alexander Fleming
Ciliated cell
Pathogen
Infection
Lymphocyte
Rubella
Measles
Mumps
Fungus
Disease
Vaccination
Immunity
Antibiotic
Antigen
Antibody
Phagocyte
Virus
Bacteria