Type
Crossword
Description

What does DNA stand for? deoxyribonucleic acid
The nucleotide base "A" stands for? adenine
The nucleotide base "G" stands for? guanine
The nucleotide base "C" stands for? cytosine
The nucleotide base "T" stands for? thymine
Each cell in the body has a nucleus, which holds what? chromosomes
Just how many times a sequences _______ at each marker varies depending on the person. repeats
The DNA molecule consists of two strands that twist around one another to form a shape known as a? double helix
What is the abbreviation for short tandem repeat? STR
What do forensic scientists do to the DNA after they extract it? copy it

DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Adenine
Amino acid
Anticodon
Chromosome
Codon
Complementary
Cytoplasm
Cytosine
Deoxyribose
DNA
Double stranded
Guanine
Helicase
Helix
Message
mRNA
Mutation
Nitrogen base
Nucleotide
Nucleus
Peptide bond
Phosphate
Polymerase
Protein
Replication
Ribose
Ribosomal
Ribsome
RNA
rRNA
Single stranded
Start
Stop
Sugar
Thymine
Transcription
Transfer
Translation
tRNA
Uracil

DNA Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

CENTROMERE
SISTER CHROMATIDS
HYDROGEN BOND
DOUBLE HELIX
THYMINE
PHOSPHATE GROUP
NUCLEUS
CHROMOSOME
NUCLEIC ACID
CYTOSINE
ADENINE
DEOXYRIBOSE SUGAR
CHROMATIN
BASE PAIR RULE
NUCLEOTIDE
GUANINE
NITROGENOUS BASE
DNA

DNA Quiz Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who discovered the structure of DNA? Rosalind Franklin
What is the structure of DNA? Double Helix
Deoxyribose, phosphate, and a nitrogenous base makeup a _____. Nucleotide
The nitrogenous base "A" stands for? Adenine
The nitrogenous base "C" stands for? Cytosine
Cytosine pairs with_______. Guanine
Adenine pairs with _____. Thymine
Rosalind Franklin used _____ to take pictures of DNA. X-ray
The backbone of DNA is made of sugar and _____. Phosphate
The two strands of nucleotides are _____ to each other. Antiparallel
_____ have only one ring of carbon (small). pyrimidines
_____ have two rings of carbon (big). Purines
One difference between RNA and DNA is that _____ replaces thymine in RNA. Uracil

Protein Synthesis Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

double membrane that acts as the storehouse for most cell's DNA Nucleus
molecule that allows for transmission of genetic information and protein synthesis RNA
monomer that forms DNA Nucleotide
in which two strands wind around one another, to that of a twisted ladder Double Helix
process by which DNA is copied Replication
enzyme that makes bonds between nucleotides DNA polymerase
either of the two sides that make up a double helix of DNA complementary side
matches Thymine and Uracil Adenine
matches with Cytosine Guanine
matches with Guanine Cytosine
matches with Adenine Thymine
matches with Adenine Uracil
nitrogenous base, has two circular ring structures, A, G match with a pyrimidine Purine
organelle that links amino acids together to form proteins Ribosome
nitrogenous base, has one circular ring structure, C, T match with purine Pyrimidine
process of copying a nucleotide sequence of DNA Transcription
process by which mRNA is decoded and a protein is produced Translation
enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of a complementary strand RNA polymerase
carries genetic information from the nucleus to the cytoplasm Messenger RNA
RNA that is in the ribosome and guides the translation of mRNA into a protein Ribosomal RNA
form of RNA that brings amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis Transfer RNA
sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid Codon
sequence of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that binds to a complementary mRNA codon during translation Anticodon
molecule that makes up proteins, composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and sometimes sulfur Amino Acid
Polymer composed of amino acids linked by peptide bonds; folds into a particular structure depending on bonds between amino acids Protein

DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Type macromolecule know a nucleic acid. dna
a nucleid acid present in all living cell. rna
it is paired with guanine in double-stranded DNA. cytosine
a compoun that ocurrs in guano and fish scales. guanine
in DNA its place taken by thymine. uracil
a pyrimidine derivative, it is paired with adenine in double-stranded DNA thymine
a purine derivatinve, it is paired with thymine in double-stranded DNA. adenine
the shape of DNA. double helix
a sugar derived from ribose by replacing a hydroxyl group with hydrogen. deoxyribose
where does the mRNA travel to ribose
a compound consisting of a nucleosides linked to a phosphate group. nucleotide
process by which the genetic code puts together proteins in the cell. protein synthesis
messenger RNA, is a subtype of RNA. mrna
activated by enzyme that attaches a specific amino acid to the end trna
the first step of the central dogmainvolves the synthesis of mRNA from DNA in process transcription
once the mRNA is synthesized and processed, it moves to the ribosome. translation
a sphere- shaped structure within the cytoplasm of the cell that is composed of RNA and protein and is the site of protein synthesis. ribosome
the building blocks of all biological proteins. amino acid
set of three bases codon
opposite codon antidon
built from a large number of amino acids. polypeptide

DNA Fingerprinting Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The human genome consists of approximately this many base pairs 3billion
Number of chromosomes in each human sex cell (sperm or egg) twentythree
Number of chromosomes in each human body cell fortysix
Saliva, blood, semen, skin, hair roots, body tissue cells, and even urine biologicalevidence
The United States' Electronic database of DNA profiles CODIS
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
The type of sugar found in DNA deoxyribose
avoided to protect collected DNA evidence from DNA damag direct sunlight
genetic material in our cells DNA
spiral staircase shape of DNA double helix
A technique used by scientists to distinguish between individuals of the same species using only samples of their DNA DNA fingerprinting
Another name for DNA fingerprinting DNA profiling
process that separates RFLPs according to their length to create a DNA Fingerprint electrophoresis
Regions of encoded DNA which contain directions for the body to build molecules exons
A small segment of DNA that controls the traits of the organism, and therefore can vary between individuals gene
Term for the total amount of DNA in a cell genome
The base cytosine binds only with what other nitrogenous base? guanine
Term for evidence capable of identifying a specific person individual
Process of comparing family members' DNA for proof of familial relationships; each inheritance matching
Regions of un-encoded DNA that do not code for the production of molecules; often referred to as 'junk DNA' introns
Scientist (last name) who invented the process of DNA fingerprinting Jeffreys
DNA fragments of known lengths; used for comparison purposes during gel electrophoresis marker or standard
Most lab techniques used for DNA fingerprinting were not intended for forensic science purposes, they instead were designed to be used in what other field? medicine
Term for DNA found in the 'Powerhouse' of the cell; is in the form of a circular loop and is inherited only from the mother mitochondrial DNA
Term for DNA found in the chromosomes of the nucleus; it is inherited from both the mother and father, and is virtually identical in all cells of an individual's body nuclear DNA
technique that makes thousands of copies of segments of DNA that investigators want to analyze; abbreviated as PCR Polymerase Chain Reaction
The non-coded DNA segments that contain unique patterns of repeated base sequences that that are unique to individuals polymorphisms
Short segments of complimentary DNA that base-pair with the template DNA upstream of the region of interest and serve as recruitment sites for the polymerase during PCR primers
"Molecular scissors" that cut DNA at specific locations restriction enzymes
Small DNA fragments of different lengths; abbreviated as RFLPs restriction fragment
Repeating DNA sequences that are 2 to5 bases in length; Short Tandem Repeats
The sides of the helix- referred to as the backbone of DNA- sugar phosphate
base adenine binds only with thymine
Repeating DNA sequences 9 to 80 bases vntr

Molecular Biology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

carbon compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; used as short term energy storage Carbohydrates
broad class of carbon compounds that are insoluble in water; includes fatty acids, triglycerides, steroids, and waxes lipids
carbon compounds composed of one or more chains of amino acids proteins
subunits of proteins; composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (and sometimes sulphur) amino acids
chains of subunits called nucleotides; RNA and DNA nucleic acids
subunits of nucleic acids; composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus nucleotides
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in an organism metabolism
the part of metabolism in which chemical reactions build up larger molecules from smaller ones anabolism
the part of metabolism in which larger molecules are broken down into smaller ones catabolism
double stranded double helix, ATCG bases, nucleic acid DNA
to copy DNA DNA replication
single stranded, AUCG bases, nucleic acid RNA
messenger RNA, copies the DNA code and moves it to the ribosome mRNA
The process of making proteins Protein Synthesis
Happens in the nucleus, making mRNA from DNA Transcription
happens at the ribosome mRNA- Amino acids- proteins Translation
amino acids are held together by peptide bonds. A strand of amino acids are polypeptides or protiens Polypeptides
determined by watson and crick; structure of DNA double helix
sub unit of nucleic acid (monomer) made of 5 carbon sugar, phosphate, nitrogenous base nucleotide
purine that pairs with thymine adenine
pyrimidine (single ring) that pairs with adenine thymine
double ring; purine; that pairs with cytosine guanine
single ring base, pyrimidine, that pairs with guanine cytosine
DNA strands run in opposite directions antiparallel
unzips DNA helix helicase
lays down RNA primer for replication RNA primase
made continuously leading strand
TATA box, regions that encourage transcription promoters
non coding regions that are excised introns
triplet of mRNA that codes for amino acids for protein synthesis codon

Protein Synthesis Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

1st word Adenine
2nd word Amino Acid
3rd word Anticodon
4th word Codon
5th word Cytoplasm
6th word Cytosine
7th Dna
8th Dna ligase
9th Dna polymerase
10 Double-Stranded
11 Exon
12 Guanine
13 Helicase
14 Hydrogen Bond
15 Intron
16 Mutation
17 mRNA
18 Nitrogen bases
19 Nucleotide
20 Nucleus
21 Peptide Bond
22 Polypeptide
23 Replication
24 Ribosome
25 Rna Polymerase
26 rRna
27 Semiconservative
28 Single-Stranded
29 Thymine
30 Topoisomerase

Unit 5: DNA and RNA Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

uracil
translation
transcription
trait
thymine
sugar
RNA
ribosome
radiation
proteinsynthesis
protein
polypeptide
phosphate
peptide bonds
nucleus
nucleotides
nucleic acid
nitrogen base
mutation
mutagen
hydrogen bonds
guanine
gene
double helix
DNAexpression
DNA
cytosine
complementary
codon
carcinogen
cancer
anticodon
amino acids
adenine
activated gene

DNA Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to a phosphate group. Nucleotides form the basic structural unit of nucleic acids such as DNA. Nucleotide
A pair of parallel helices intertwined aboucomt a mon axis,especially that in the structure of the DNA molecule. Double Helix
Constrains imposed by the molecular structure of DNA and RNA on the formation of hydrogen bonds among the four purine and pyrimidine bases such that adenine pairs with thymine or uracil, and guanine pairs with cytosine. Base-pairing rules
Genetics. The process by which double-stranded DNA makes copies of itself, each strand, as it separates, synthesizing a complementary strand. Replication
Any of a class of enzymes involved in the synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid from its deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate precursors. DNA Polymerase
Molecular biology describes the two-step process, transcription and translation,by which the information in genes flows into proteins. Central Dogma
Any of a class of single-stranded molecules transcribed from DNA in the cell nucleus or in the mitochondrion or chloroplast RNA
The first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA. Transcription
An enzyme that synthesizes the formation of RNA from a DNA template during transcription. RNA Polymerase
The form of RNA in which genetic information transcribed from DNA as a sequence of bases is transferred to a ribosome. Messenger RNA
A type of RNA, distinguished by its length and abundance, functioning in protein synthesis as a component of ribosomes. Ribosomal RNA
A small RNA molecule, consisting of a strand of nucleotides folded into a clover-leaf shape, that picks up an unattached amino acid within the cell cytoplasm and conveys it to the ribosome for protein synthesis. Transfer RNA
The process follows transcription in which the DNA sequence is copied (or transcribed) into an mRNA. Translation
A triplet of adjacent nucleotides in the messenger RNA chain that codes for a specific amino acid in the synthesis of a protein molecule. Codon
A codon that stops the synthesis of a protein molecule. Stop Codon
A codon that starts the synthesis of protein molecule. Start Codon
A sequence of three nucleotides in a region of transfer RNA that recognizes a complementary coding triplet of nucleotides in messenger RNA during translation by the ribosomes in protein biosynthesis. Anticodon
Occurs when a DNA gene is damaged or changed in such a way as to alter the genetic message carried by that gene. Mutation
A type of mutation that causes a single nucleotide base substitution, insertion, or deletion of the genetic material, DNA or RNA. Point Mutation
A number of nucleotides in a DNA sequence that is not divisible by three. Frameshift Mutation