Type
Crossword
Description

The best type of recovery for the aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis systems ACTIVE
These accumulate in the muscle during prolonged anaerobic exercise Hydrogen Ions
The type of fats that are broken down to be transported in the blood Free fatty acids
How quickly ATP is resynthesised RATE
Fastest provider of energy without oxygen ATP PC SYSTEM
Fats stored in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle TRIGLYCERIDES
Breaks down glycogen and produces metabolic by-products Anaerobic glycolysis system
Has the highest yield but slowest rate Aerobic system
The term for when the energy systems work together but at different rates interplay
Where fluid loss exceeds fluid replenishment Dehydration
The point where lactate production exceeds lactate removal Lactate inflection point
Maximum amount of oxygen that can be taken up, transported and used by the body for energy production VO2 max
The name for where oxygen demand meets oxygen supply Steady state
Fuel source when fats are depleted Protein
Name of the model that explains the balance of carbohydrates and fats during sustained exercise Crossover concept
Protein is used mainly for _________ and repair growth
When athletes consume high GI foods too close to the time of their event this may occur REBOUND HYPOGLYCAEMIA
Food fuels break down into _________ fuels chemical
The proper name for ATP Adenosine Triphosphate
The metabolic by-product that occurs as a result of the breaking of phosphate bonds inorganic phosphates
When the brain detects fatigue and sends weaker signals to the muscles this is called... neuromuscular interruptions
Metabolic by - product of the aerobic system HEAT
An increase in this means pH levels are dropping and indicate that the body is no longer working aerobically lactate
The primary cause of fatigue for the ATP-PC system fuel depletion
Exercise-induced reduction in the power-generating capacity of a muscle and an inability to continue the activity fatigue

ENERGY SYSTEMS Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Which energy system do we use first ATP-PC
Making energy with Oxygen Aerobic
Making energy without Oxygen Anaerobic
Food source which gives us the most energy when oxidised Fats
The A in ATP stands for Adenosine
The T in ATP stands for Tri
The P in ATP stands for Phosphate
What is the proper name for the Latcic Acid system Anerobic Glycolysis
How many ATP do we get from the reaction in the ATP-PC system ONE
Which energy system gives us the most ATP Aerobic
Which major food source does not give us significant amounts of ATP Protein
What is the unwanted by-product of Anaerobic Glycolysis Lactic Acid
How many seconds does the ATP-PC system last for (maximum) TEN
How long (in minutes) can the aerobic system work for without supplementation? ninety
Which food source do we breakdown in the second energy system Carbohydrates

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

osmosis
ADP
protein
carbohydrate
bilayer
sunlight
muscle contraction
yeast
pyruvate
water
products
reactants
chlorophyll
granum
stroma
glycolysis
light energy
lactic acid
fermentation
aerobic
anaerobic
cristae
thylakoid
glucose
carbon dioxide
heterotroph
autotroph
ATP
chloroplast
mitochondria
oxygen
cellular respiration
photosynthesis

Cell Respiration Crossword Review

Type
Crossword
Description

The word that means "requires oxygen" aerobic
How many ATP are produced during the Electron Transport Chain stage? 34
What is the energy currency used by all cells to do work? ATP
What does ATP supply you (your cells) with? energy
Where does glycolysis take place in the cell? cytoplasm
What is another name for the Krebs Cycle? citric acid cycle
What term means "oxygen not required"? anaerobic
When ATP loses a phosphate, it becomes this molecule? ADP
In glycolysis, glucose is split to for 2 molecules of _______ ? pyruvate
Cell respiration produces a total of ________ ATP molecules from one glucose molecule. 38
The Krebs Cycle takes place in the soupy liquid of the mitochondria called the _____? matrix
The organelle involved in cell respiration is called the _____. mitochondria
The folds of the inner membrane of the mitochondria are known as ______. cristae
How many Calories per gram do we get from carbohydrates? (spell it out) four
The term that refers to the amount of energy needed to raise one gram of water by one degree Celsius is ? calorie
The ETC occurs in the ______ ______ of the mitochondria inner membrane
The process by which food is broken down to release energy in the presence of oxygen is known as ____ ______. cell respiration
Glycolysis produces this many molecules of ATP? (spell it out) two
This macromolecule type yields 9 Calories for every gram consumed. fat
The Krebs Cycle produces this many ATP (spell it out) two
C6H12O6 is the chemical formula for _______? glucose
Glucose is a type of ____________ (macromolecule family) carbohydrate
Glycolysis is anaerobic, which means _____________ is not needed. oxygen
Calorie with a capital C is equal to a ______calorie (prefix for 1000) kilo
Besides carbohydrates, ________________ also gives up 4 Calories per gram consumed. proteins

cellular respiration crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A compound that functions as a coenzyme in many biological acetylation reactions and is formed as an intermediate in the oxidation of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Acetyl CoA
a simple sugar that is an important energy source in living organisms and is a component of many carbohydrates Glucose
An organic compound that is composed of adenosine and two phosphate groups ADP
first stage of cellular respiration, it occurs in cytoplasm of the cell, splitting of a sugar Glycolysis
composed of adenosine, ribose, and three phosphate ATP
pH is a measure of the hydorgen ion concentration of a solution. Solutions with a high concentration of hydrogen ions have a low pH and solutions with a low concentrations of H+ ions have a high pH. H+ ions
A series of metabolic processes that take place within a cell in which biochemical energy is harvested from organic substance and stored as energy carriers for use in energy-requiring activities of the cell. Cellular respiration
consisting of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen. H2O
essential to metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and some amino acids. Coenzyme A
A series of enzymatic reactions in aerobic organisms involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl units and producing high-energy phosphate compounds such as ATP, which serve as the main source of cellular energy. Krebs cycle
process of particles, which are sometimes called solutes, moving through a solution or gas from an area of higher number of particles to an area of lower number of particles. Concentration gradient
power house of the cell Mitochondria
contents outside of the nucleus and enclosed within the cell membrane of a cell. It is clear in color and has a gel-like appearance. Cytoplasm
two nucleotides joined through their phosphate groups, with one nucleotide containing an adenine base and the other containing nicotinamide NAD+
a crystalline organic acid, C 4 H 4 O 5 , that is an important intermediate in the Krebs cycle Oxaloacetate
electron accepter that is utilized in cellular respiration. FADH2
a colorless, odorless, gaseous element constituting about one-fifth of the volume of the atmosphere and present in a combined state in nature Oxygen
is an important enzyme that provides energy for the cell to use through the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate  ATP Synthase
end product of glycolysis, which is converted into acetyl coA that enters the Krebs cycle when there is sufficient oxygen available Pyruvate

Aerobic/Anaerobic Exercise Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Give a Sporting Example of Aerobic Exercise Marathon
Give a Sporting Example of Anaerobic Exercise Shot Putt
Which Type Consists of Low Intensity for Long Periods of Time ? Aerobic
Do you need Oxygen for Anaerobic Exercise ? No
What are the By-Products of Aerobic Exercise ? Water/Carbon Dioxide
What Intensity is Anaerobic Exercise ? High
What are the By-Products of Anaerobic Exercise ? Heat/Lactic Acid
What are the Fuels used for Aerobic Exercise ? Glycogen/Fat
What is the Fuel used in Anaerobic Exercise ? Glycogen
How long does Anaerobic Exercise usually take ? <3 Minutes

Cellular Respiration Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Cytoplasm
Inner membrane
Matrix
Energy
ATP
Electron Carrier
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Calorie
Glucose
Oxygen
Electron transport chain
Krebs cycle
Glycolysis
Alcoholic fermentation
Lactic acid fermentation
Cellular respiration
Mitochondria

Principles of Exercise Training Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the maximal force that a muscle or muscle group can generate? Muscular Strength
What is the rate of performing work? Muscular Power
What is the capacity to perform repeated muscle contractions over time? Muscular Endurance
What is the rate of energy release by oxygen-dependent metabolic processes? Aerobic Power
What is the rate of energy release by oxygen-independent metabolic processes? Anaerobic Power
What is a way to measure anaerobic power? Wingate Cycle Test
What is a way to measure aerobic power? VO2 Max test
Consists of repeated bouts of high-to-moderate intensity exercise interspersed with periods of rest or reduced-intensity exercise Interval Training
What aerobic activity consists of ATP-PCr (non-oxidative; substrate level phosphorylation) pathway? Sprints
What aerobic activity consists of glycolytic (non-oxidative; substrate level phosphorylation) pathway? Long sprint
What aerobic activity consists of oxidative system (oxidative phosphorylation) Long distance run
Is bench press aerobic or anaerobic? Aerobic
What do training goals create? Specificity

Aerobics & Body Conditioning Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Exercise that uses oxygen and strengthens the cardiovascular system Aerobic
The capacity of the heart and lungs to sustain aerobic exercise endurance
without oxygen, such as high-intensity interval training (HIIT) anaerobic
the level of exercise intensity at which lactic acid builds up in the muscle tissue faster than it can be cleared away. anaerobic threshold
a measur of the amount of times the heart beats in a minute beats per minute
a component of fitness that measures the amount of fat to lean muscle body composition
A clinical measure of body fat based on height and weight in males and females BMI
relating to the heart and lungs cardiorespiratory
relating to the circulatory system of the heart, lungs, and vessels cardiovascular
type of training that involves body conditioning within a series of prescribed exercises circuit training
a muscle action in which the muscle lengthens eccentric
muscle action in which the muscle shortens or contracts concentric
a muscle action by which tension is created without lengthening or shortening the muscle isometric
the capacity of a muscle to withstand repeated contractions endurance
A Swedish word that means a training method in which pace is variable and the last runner in line sprints to the front of the line. Fartlek
The acronym for Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type FITT
Major source of enegy stored as glucose in the body glycogen
a measure of the amount of time the heart beats during an activity heart rate
A type of exercise that raises heart rate quickly and is difficult to sustain for longer than a few seconds high impact
a training method by which an athlete will vary speed and intensity of an exercise to affect heart rate Interval training
220-your age is how to calculate this: maximum heart rate
An unsafe training method that ignores rest and varaibility and results in illness and injury overtraining
the number of times a particular exercise is performed in a set reps
a method of training by which resistance (in the form of weights, bands, tubes, or body weight) is used to build muscle resistance training
a measure of maximum ventilatory capacity that can be positively affected by aerobic training VO2Max
a component of fitness that measure the suppleness/elasticity of muscle flexibility

Respiration Revision Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the first stage in aerobic respiration? (10) Glycolysis
What is the first stage of Glycolysis? (15) Phosphorylation
What is formed after hexose phosphate is phosphorylated by ATP? (18) Hexose Biophosphate
Where does glycolysis occur? (9) Cytoplasm
What is the second stage of glycolysis? (9) Oxidation
What is the overall net gain of ATP in glycolysis? (3) Two
What does glycolysis make from glucose? (8) Pyruvate
What is the second stage of aerobic respiration? (15) The Link Reaction
What is the third stage of aerobic respiration? (13) The Krebs Cycle
What is the final stage of aerobic respiration? (24) Oxidative Phosphorylation
Where do the last three stages of aerobic respiration take place? (12) Mitochondria
How is Pyruvate transported into the matrix of the mitochondria? (19) Actively Transported
Where do the 2 carbon dioxides go after the link reactions? (15) Released as Waste
Acetyl CoA combines, from the link reaction, combines with what to form citrate? (12) Oxaloacetate
What happens to hyrdogen when dehydrogenation occurs? (7) Removed
How many reduced NAD are produced in one Krebs cycle? Three
What occurs in the Krebs cycle repeatedly? (28) Oxidation-reduction reactions
What moves down the electochemical gradient, via ATP synthase? (7) Protons
What is not used in anaerobic repsiration? (6) Oxygen
Where does Lactate fermentation occur? (7) Mammals

Energy, Photosynthesis, and Cellular Respiration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An electron carrier molecule. NADP
A series of anaerobic chemical reactions in the cytoplasm that breaks down glucose into pyruvic acid. Glycolysis
Chemical reactions that require the process of oxygen. Aerobic
The molecule that is formed from the breaking off of a phosphate group for ATP. ADP
Series of reactions during the light independent phase of photosynthesis. Calvin Cycle
Chemical reactions that do not require the presence of oxygen. Anaerobic
Molecule in cells that stores energy. ATP
Reaction that takes place in the the thylakoid membranes of a chloroplast during light-dependent reactions Photolysis
Process by which autotrophs trap energy from sunlight. Photosynthesis
A molecule that absorbs specific wavelengths of sunlight. Pigment
Chemical process where mitochondria breaks down food molecules to make ATP. CellularRespiration
Anaerobic process in which cells convert pyruvic acid into carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol. alcoholfermentation
Absorbs light to provide energy for photosynthesis. Chlorophyll