Type
Crossword
Description

The process of a liquid turning to a gas Evaporation
The conversion of a gas to a liquid Condensation
The process of water on the ground surface entering soil Infiltration
A colourless, transparent, odourless liquid Water
Flow over and away from a surface Runoff
Rain, hail, sleet or snow that falls to the ground Precipitation
The process of water movement through a plant Transpiration
The transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas state. Sublimation
An artificial channel for conveying water Aqueduct
An overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal limits Flood
A body of permeable rock which can contain or transmit groundwater. Aquifer
A hot spring in which water intermittently boils Geyser
A body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth Ocean
A substance diffused or suspended in the air Vapour

Biogeochemical Cycles Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Our atmosphere contains 78% free _________________________. Nitrogen
Animals need nitrogen to produce ______________________. Proteins
What molecule is produced when nitrogen is fixed? Ammonia
Animals get nitrogen into their systems by eating _______________. Plants
Large organic molecule containing nitrogen that contains your genetic information. DNA
Prokaryote responsible for "fixing" nitrogen. Bacteria
_________________________ occurs when fertilizer runoff causes excess algae and water weeds. Eutrophication
Process where water "evaporates" from plants. Transpiration
What "powers" the water cycle? Sun
Rain, snow, sleet, or hail. Precipitation
The downward entry of water into the soil or rock surface. Infiltration
Process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas. Evaporation
Oats, peas, beans, corn Legumes
Helps plants to grow. Fertilizer
Bacteria that break down organic matter. Decomposers
Process by which water vapor turns into liquid water. Condensation

UNIT 4 VOCABULARY Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Water stored below Earth’s surface GROUNDWATER
are currents that affect the upper most portions of the surface SURFACE CURRENT
A process where the gas is turned into a liquid. CONDESATION
amount of space in between soil particles POROSITY
water seeps down into the ground through the soil INFILTRATION
the process where a liquid is converted into a gas EVAPORATION
water evaporating from a plant TRANSPIRATION
body of saturated rock through which water can easily move AQUIFER
matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid SEDIMENT
ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. WATERSHED
a hole drilled into the zone of saturation WELL
EX: rain, snow, or hail. PRECIPITATION
runs along the surface of the earth runoff
a barrier that impounds water or underground streams dam
gradual caving in or sinking of an area of land. subsidence
process of settling or being deposited as a sediment: sedimentation
a scale for showing the quality of an environment by indicating the types of organisms present in it biotic index
a land area that is saturated with water wetlands
a partly enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it estuary

Hydrosphere Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Drinkable potable
When a gas changes into a liquid condensation
Saltiness of water salinity
Water that flows from the land into rivers and lakes runoff
Water is called this due to its ability to dissolve many things universalsolvent
All of the water on Earth hydrosphere
The "skin" or "film" on top of water surfacetension
Property where something sticks to other things adhesion
A factory dumping waste into a river would be this type of pollution pointsource
Evaporation from plants transpiration
Cloudiness of water turbidity
Rain, sleet, snow, and hail precipitation
The place where salt water and fresh water mix estuary
When a liquid changes to a gas evaporation
Water within the earth groundwater
How easily water can travel through rock permeability
The portion of land drained by a river riverbasin
Oxygen in water dissolvedoxygen
97% of Earth's water is this type saltwater
Most of Earth's freshwater is found here glaciers
The process of water seeping into the ground infiltration
3% of Earth's water is this type freshwater
Property where something sticks to itself cohesion
Pockets of water that feed wells and springs aquifer
The size of the spaces between rock porosity

Water Cycle and Terms Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Porosity
Contaminant
Watershed
Reservoirs
Surface Water
Storm Water Drains
Nonpoint Source Pollution
Point Source Pollution
Water Table
Impermeable
Permeable
Aquifer
Ground Water
Transpiration
Infiltration
Condensation
Evaporation
Precipitation

freshwater vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the area of land that is drained by a river system watershed
the path that a stream follows channel
any form of water that falls to Earth's surface from the clouds; includes rain, snow, sleet, and hail precipitation
the materials carried by a stream load
the raising of aquatic plants and animals for human use or consumption aquifer
the change of state from a liquid to a gas evaporation
the ability of a rock or sediment to let fluids pass through its open spaces, or pores permeability
the volume of water that flows within a given time discharge
a stream that flows into a lake or into a larger stream tributary
the percentage of the total volume of a rock or sediment that consists of open spaces porosity
the water that is beneath the Earth's surface groundwater
a well whose water comes from an artesian aquifer artesian well
the branch of science concerned with the properties of the earth's water, especially its movement in relation to land. hydrology
an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding foodplain
a place where water or oil wells up from an underground source, or the basin or flow formed in such a way. spring
a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply. reservoir
an area of land that does not let water pass through easily impermeable
the bed or channel in which a river flows. riverbed
water that collects on the surface of the ground. surface water
the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance solubility

Hydrology Unit Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet. HYDROSPHERE
water present beneath Earth's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations Ground water
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. Watershed
study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water on Earth and other planets HYDROLOGY
of or found in fresh water; not of the sea FRESHWATER
all the waters on the earth's surface, such as lakes and seas HYDROSPHERE
an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials AQUIFER
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a partly enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it estuary
oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, UPWELLING
The integration and application of environmental values into the military mission in order to sustain readiness, improve quality of life STEWARDSHIP
biological conversion of one or more carbon molecules CHEMOSYNTHESIS
a single identifiable source of air, Water pollution, thermal, noise or light pollution POINT SOURCE POLLUTION
introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change POLLUTION
saltiness or dissolved salt content of a body of water SALINITY
water pollution affects a water body from sources such as polluted runoff from agricultural areas draining into a river, or wind-borne debris blowing out to sea. NONPOINTPOLLUTION
the cloudiness or haziness of a fluid caused by large numbers of individual particles that are generally invisible to the naked eye TURBIDITY
a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae ALGAL BLOOM
a numeric scale used to specify the acidity or basicity(alkalinity) of an aqueous solution pH
of, found in, or produced by the sea MARINE
may be anywhere on Earth that is covered by seawater OCEAN BASIN
a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere POLLUTANT
species that can be used to monitor the health of an environment or ecosystem. BIO-INDICATOR
change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase CONDENSATION
rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls to the ground. PRECIPITATION
the draining away of water (or substances carried in it) from the surface of an area of land, a building or structure, etc. RUNOFF
a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase EVAPORATION
process of water movement through a lant and its evaporation from aerial parts TRANSPIRATION

The Hydrosphere Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Another name given to Earth by astronomers and astrophysicists The Blue Planet
Type of water body ocean
Type of water body lakes
Type of water body pond
Type of water body river
Type of water body creek
Type of water body stream
The mass of water on a planet hydrosphere
Earth's largest source of water oceans
One of Earth's largest sources of freshwater glaciers
The other largest source of freshwater icebergs
Earth's largest source of liquid freshwater groundwater
The interaction between sources of water (2 words) hydrologic cycle
The conversion of liquid water to gaseous water evaporation
Emission of water vapor from plants Transpiration
The process by which water vapor turns into liquid water Condensation
Water falling from the atomosphere as rain, snow, sleet, or hail precipitation
Water that runs along the surface of the land (2 words) Surface runoff
Evaporation and condensation of a mixture to separate out the mixture's individual components distillation
The average time a given molecule of water will stay in a given water source (2 words) residence time
The measure of the quantity of dissolved salt in water salinity
Ocean water that freezes is known as (2 words) sea ice
An iceberg starts as a glacier
A dense, icy pack of snow firn
The water in soil that is not saturated (2 words) soil moisture
The imaginary line between the water-saturated soil and the soil not saturated with water (2 words) water table
The process by which water passes from above the water table to below it percolation
Lake in North America with a high salinity (3 words) Great Salt Lake
The lake in Isreal with a high salinity (2 words) Dead Sea
The cooling of a gas that happens when the gas expands (2 words) adiabatic cooling
Small particles that water vapor condenses on to form clouds (3 words) cloud condensation nuclei
cloud that has formed on the ground fog
mixture of dirt and fog smog
brownish haze from large amounts of industrial and automobile pollution (2 words) photochemical smog

Water resources Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

If you don't get your drinking water from a river or reservoir, you probably get it from here Groundwater
A specific body of underground water Aquifer
Where most of South Jersey gets it's drinking water Kirkwood Cohansey Aquifer
A body of underground water close to the surface Unconfined aquifer
An impermeable layer underground that water cannot easily pass through Confining Bed
A body of water underneath of an impermeable layer Confined Aquifer
The highest point of the groundwater, closest to the surface Water Table
The total area underground that is filled with water Zone Of Saturation
Water can flow through a material (adj.). Example: a grassy field permeable
Water cannot flow through a material (adj.). Example: a parking lot impermeable
An area of land that drains to a particular body of water on the surface watershed
When rain water seeps underground into an aquifer recharge
Rain water that flows over the surface, often into a stormdrain, to a local stream and ultimately to the ocean Stormwater Runoff
Something people build to capture runoff from an impermeable surface, using natural processes Green Infrastructure
A container for holding water that falls on your roof and flows through the gutter. Often used for gardening Rain Barrel
A planted area, dug out to be lower than the surrounding area, where stormwater can pool and slowly infiltrate into the ground. Often uses native plants Rain Garden
Using native plants that are accustomed to your area's climate, and therefore don't need much extra watering. Also called xeriscaping, from the Greek "xeri" meaning dry naturescaping
A planted area, using grasses, shrubs, and/or trees, that slows down and soaks up stormwater before it reaches a stream or river Riparian Buffer
A special type of pavement that water can flow through. Also called permeable pavement Porous Concrete
Certification that a product meets a certain level of water efficiency. This is to water what EnergyStar is to electricity WaterSense

Groundwater Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The process by which precipitation that has fallen on land trickles into the ground and becomes groundwater. Inflatration
The ability of a material to let water pass through. Permeability
When groundwater flows through permeable sediment and rocks that are called ________________. Aquifer
Impermeable layers along an Aquifer that are called _________________. Aquiclude
Natural discharges of groundwater. Spring
Explosive hot springs. Geyser
A natural undergroung opening with a connection to earth's surface. Cave
A depression in the ground caused by the colapse of a cave or by the direct dissolution of lime stone by acidic water. Sinkhole
A form of dripstone that hangs from a cave's celing like icicles. Stalactite
A mound or tapering column rising from the floor of a cave, formed of calcium salts deposited by dripping water and often uniting with a stalactite. Stalagmite
The difference between the original water-table level and the water table in the pumped well. Drawdown
When water from precipitation replenishes the water content of a aquifer in the process of ______________. Recharge

States of Matter Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The state of matter in which materials have a definite shape and a definite volume Solid
The state of matter in which a material has a definite volume but not a definite shape Liquid
The state of matter in which ba material has neither a definite shape or a definite volume Gas
The energy an object has due to it's motion Kinetic Energy
A result of force distibuted over an area Pressure
A temperature of zero Kelvins Absolute zero
The direct proportion of the volume of a gas to it's temperature if it is constant CHarles law
The inverse relationship between volume and gas Boyles law
A reversable physical change that occurs when a substanve changes states of matter Phase change
A description of change in which a system absorbs energy from it's surroundings Endothermic
The energy a substance must absorb into change from solid to liquid Vaporization
A description of change in which a system releases energy to it's surroundings Exothermic
The phase change in which a substance changes from liquid to gas Vaporization
The energy a substance must absorb in order to change from solid to liquid Heat of Vaporization
The process that changes a substance from liquid to gas based on temperature Evaporation
The pressure caused by the collisions of particles in a vapor with the walls of a container Vapor pressure
The phase change in which a substance changes from a gas or vapor to a liquid Condensation
The phase change in which a substance changes from a solid to a gas or vapor without changing to a liquid first Sublimation
The phase change in which a gas or vapor changes directly into a solid without first changing into a liquid Deposition