Type
Crossword
Description

The main function of intercostal muscles is to maintain __________ of intercostal spaces rigidity
The ____________ part depresses ribs during forced expiration Interosseous
Which muscle is innervated by the phrenic nerve? Diaphragm
This muscle elevates the 1st and 2nd ribs during deep inspiration Scalene
Which muscles assist in deep inspiration? Accessory
Distal attachment of external intercostal:_______ _____ border of lower ribs external superior
An origin of diaphragm: _______ ________ Superior Lumbar
Number of accessory muscles Eight
The movement in which when the external intercostals contract, lift the ribs and the horizontal diameter increases (quiet inspiration) Bucket handle
During expiration, the ______ moves backwards/posteriorly Sternum
True/False: diaphragm relaxes during inspiration and pushes ribs upwards False
Name of angle created by costal arch Infrasternal
The lower rib of costotransverse joint _____ during inspiration glides

Gas Exchange Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

dome shaped muscle that that separating thorax from abdomen diaphragm
body cavity that connects nasal and oral cavities pharynx
chemical formula of carbon atom bonded to two oxygen atoms co2
chemical formula for oxygen o2
muscle groups situated between ribs that create and move chest intercostal
muscles in front of the abdomen that assists in regular breathing abdominal
exchange of air between the lungs and atmosphere ventilation
the act or process of releasing air from the lungs through the nose or mouth expiration
the drawing in of breath; inhalation inspiration
any minute branches into which a bronchus divides bronchiole
Cell responsible for production and secretion of surfactant Pneumocyte
Large membraneous tube reinforced by rings of cartilage Trachea
Network of microscopic blood vessels that connect arterioles with venules Capillary bed

Respiratory System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Site of gas exchange Alveoli
Tiny hair-like cells that sweep out foreign material in lungs. Cilia
Genetic disorder in which lungs are clogged with abnormally thick mucus. Cystic fibrosis
Thin sheet of muscle that play an important role in breathing. Diaphragm
A thin, moist, and slippery membrane that covers the outer surface of the lungs and lines the inner surface of the rib cage Pleura
Another word for inhalation. Inspiration
The volume of air that is inspired or expired in a single breath during regular breathing. Tidal Volume
The amount of pressure a gas exerts Partial pressure
A device that measures lung capabilities Respirometer
A process in which particles move from an area of higher concentration to an area of low concentration. Diffusion
Special receptors that detect changes of pH in blood. Chemoreceptors
Lung disease in which bronchioles swell and produce mucus. Bronchitis
Branches of windpipe that lead into the lungs Bronchi
Scientific name for the voice box Larynx
Condition in which the body cells do not have enough oxygen Hypoxia
Another term for exhalation Expiration
Infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. Pneumonia
This is where air first enters the body. Nasal cavity
Leads to the alveoli Bronchioles
Waste product of the respiratory system Carbondioxide

Bones Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

helps prevent shoulder dislocation; also known as the Collarbone Clavicle
triangular shaped; also known as the Shoulder Blade Scapula
forehead, brows, and superior orbit Frontal
floor & back wall of skull Occipital
only bone not articulated with another bone Hyoid
strongest bone of the face Mandible
connect with temporal bones to form cheekbones Zygomatic
7 vertebrae in neck region Cervical Vertebrae
12 vertebrae in thoracic region Thoracic Vertebrae
5 vertebrae in lower back Lumbar Vertebrae
C1 vertebrae; allows anterior/posterior movement Atlas
C2 vertebrae; allows lateral movement Axis
fusion of 5 vertebrae; inferior to L5 vertebrae Sacrum
fusion of 3-5 small vertebrae; also known as the Tailbone Coccyx
also known as the Breastbone Sternum
7 pairs of ribs that articulate with sternum True Ribs
5 pairs of ribs that articulate indirectly with sternum False Ribs

Breathing and gas exchange Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

gas exchange
inspiration
expiration
exhale
inhale
muscles
intercostal
trachea
diaphragm
alveoli
bronchioles
bronchi
lung

Respiratory System Review Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Movement of air from high to low pressure Diffusion
Smallest structure in respiratory system Alveoli
Zone where air is humidified Conducting
Zone where air moves the slowest Respiratory
Outer membrane attached to chest wall Parietal
Decreases friction Pleural Fluid
Decreases surface tension Surfactant
Movement of air due to pressure differences Bulk Flow
Process of Expiration Relaxation
Primary muscle of ventilation Diaphragm
Elevate rib cage during inspiration Scalenes
Reduce thoracic size durign exercise Abdominals
Assessment of lung function Spirometry
Air left in lungs following expiration Residual
Larger one: Minute Ve or Alveolar Ve Minute Ve
Pressure due to individual gas Partial
Gas with highest partial pressure in atmospheric air Nitrogen
Gas exchange between alveoli Pores of Kohn

Anatomy Muscle Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

raises eyebrows, wrinkles forehead frontalis
closes eyes, enables squinting orbicularis occult
modifies the size of the nostril nasalis
loses lips, produces kissing motion orbicularis oris
the smiling motion zygomaticus
pulls corners of mouth down, opens mouth wide platysma
closes the jaw masseter
assists master with closing jaw temporalis
flexion of head, rotation of head toward opposite side of contraction sternocleidomastoid
adduction and flexion of arm pectoralis major
flexion and lateral flexion of trunk rectus abdominus
flexion, lateral flexion, and rotation to opposite side of trunk external oblique
flexion, lateral flexion and rotation to same side of trunk internal oblique
extension and hyperextension of head trapezius
extension, lateral flexion, and rotation to opposite side of vertebral column erector spinae
enlarges thoracic cavity for inhalation diaphragm
decreases thoracic cavity during forced expiration internal intercostals
helps enlarge thoracic cavity for inhalation external intercostals
extension and lateral rotation of leg gluteus maximus
abduction and medial rotation of leg gluteus medius
flexion of leg at hip iliopsoas
adduction and medial rotation of leg adductor muscles
extension of leg at knee quadriceps
flexion of leg at knee hamstring
plantar flexion of foot soleus

Bones and Muscles Word Scramble

Type
Word Scramble
Description

skeletal system
skeletal divisions
axial skeleton
appendicular skeleton
hyoid
spine
shoulders
hips
cranium
facial bones
occipital
parietal
temporal
sphenoid
ethmoid
frontal
maxilla
mandible
sinuses
u shaped
ear bones
mallus
incus
stapes
spinal column
cervical (neck)
thoracic (chest)
lumbar (lower back)
sacral (near the hips)
atlas
axis
ribs
coccyx
curvature of spine
bones of the chest
sternum
true ribs
false ribs
floating ribs
pectoral girdle
pelvic girdle
appendages
arm bones
humerus
radius
ulna
metacarpals
phalanges
fingers
femur
tibia
fibula
patella
ankle
tarsal
salus
calcaneus
metatarsals
long
short
flat
irregular
epiphysis
diaphysis
periosteum
marrow
compact bone
spongy bone
porous
red marrow
medullary cavity
yellow marrow
hydroxyapetite
calcium
phosphorus
collagen fibres
osteoclasts
osteoblasts
wolff's law
stress
ossification
growth plate
fracture
transverse fracture
greenstick fracture
spiral fracture
comminuted fracture
simple
compound
repair a break
tissues

Respiratory system Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Upper respiratory tract Throat and nose
Lower respiratory tract, main organs of the respiratory system Lungs
Within the lungs are air passages Bronchial tree
At the ends of the bronchial tree are millions of tiny air sacs Alveoli
Air is carried into alveoli Inspiration
Carbon dioxide is carried up the airways and out of the body Expiration
Group of muscles used for exhaling Intercostal muscles
Most common illness that affects the respiratory system Common cold
An infection of the lungs that causes difficulty breathing Pneumonia
Swelling or inflammation of the bronchi Bronchitis
A fairly common condition that can make breathing difficult Asthma
Air sacs in the lungs that become enlarged and lose their elasticity Emphysema
When the cancer cells grow out of control and destroy the air sacs in the lungs Lung cancer
The cavity that connects the nose and mouth to the esophagus Pharynx
A tube that moves air to and from the lungs Trachea

Body Cavities Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Contains the brain cranial cavity
Contains the spinal cord vertebral cavity
Contains the heart pericardial cavity
muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities diaphragm
enclosed by the ribs, sternum, and vertebral column thoracic cavity
Contains the lungs pleural cavity
central area within the thoracic cavity mediastinum
contains both the abdominal and pelvic cavities abdominopelvic cavity
the area between the diaphragm and the brim of the pelvis abdominal cavity
contains the reproductive organs and urinary bladder. pelvic cavity

Respiratory System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Animals need this to create energy Oxygen
Layer of muscles that sits beneath the lungs Diaphragm
Passages that branch from the trachea and direct air into the lungs Bronchi
This contains vocal chords larynx
Tubule that forms the respiratory system of most insects Trachea
Tiny sacs of lung tissue that move gases between air and blood Alveoli
A membrane has to be ______ in order for oxygen to pass through it wet
The _______ gland, covers the trachea Thyroid
The ribs are attached to this flat bone Sternum
The exchange surfaces of fish gills are arranged as rows of _________. Lamellae
The opening to the tracheal system in insects is the _______. Spiracle
The _______ muscles contract during inhalation to bring air into the lungs Intercostal
_______ receptors are located in the brain-stem to monitor the partial pressure of oxygen Chemo