Type
Crossword
Description

A substance injected to stimulate the production of antibodies. Vaccine
Another word for vaccination Immunization
Secondary, typically undesirable effects of a drug or medical treatment Side effects
A disease that can be passed from one person to another Communicable
Infectious agent that can multiply in living cells Virus
The organs and processes of the body that provide resistance to infection and toxins Immune system
An injection of a drug or vaccine Shot
The science of protecting and improving the health of people and their communities Public health
The action of stopping something from happening or arising Prevention
The official launch or introduction of a new product or service Rollout
An epidemic occurring worldwide, crossing international boundaries and usually affecting a large number of people Pandemic

Vaccination Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A substance injected to stimulate the production of antibodies. Vaccine
Surname of the father of Immunology. Jenner
Another word for vaccination. Inoculation
The skin is an example of this 'line' of defence. first
A type of white blood cell, second line of defence phagocyte
These are produced in the third line of defence. antibodies
A disease causing microorganism. Pathogen
These produce an immune response upon re-infection by the same microbe. memorycells
The name of the cow that gave the milkmaid cowpox. Blossom
Infectious disease caused by a virus that can cause paralysis. Polio
MMR is a vaccine against rubella, mumps, and what? Measles
Bacterial infection of the nervous system, enters through cuts and scratches. Tetanus
Secondary, typically undesirable effects of a drug or medical treatment. sideeffects
A disease that can be passed from one person to another. Communicable
Prokaryotic cell type that can cause disease. Bacteria
Infectious agent that can multiply in living cells. Virus

Microorganisms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Microorganisms that cause infectious disease Pathogens
Pathogen that lives in blood Blood-borne
Bacteria that requires oxygen for survival Aerobic
Bacteria that live without oxygen Anaerobic
Small microbes that pass through most filters Virus
Microbes that grow on other organisms Fungus
Animal pathogen, parasites Protozoa
The way microorganisms enter the body Portals
Number of portals of entry for microorganisms Five
Spread of disease by contact with pathogen Contagion
Confined to one area of the body Localized
Spread through the body Systemic
Usual amount of specific disease in a community Endemic
Excess of normal occurrences of a specific disease Outbreak
Increase in normal number of cases of specific disease in a defined geographic area Epidemic
Epidemic spread over several countries Pandemic
Recently appearing infectious diseases in a population Emerging infection
Ingested or injected substances that have ability to inhibit growth or destroy pathogens Antibiotics
Chemical agents that treat disease Chemotherapy
Biologic or chemical agents that create immunity Immunizations
Absence or control of microorganisms Asepsis
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA
Bacteriostatic agents used on skin Antiseptics
Bacteriostatic agents used on inanimate objects Disinfectants
Process of destroying all living organisms Sterilization
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA
Organism that lives at the expense of another Parasite
Encapsulated bacteria in an inative state Spores

Epidemiology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the study and analysis of diseases in the population epidemiology
a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease epidemic
diseases regularly found in specific places or people endemic
when several viral diseases break out all of the world pandemic
nearness in space, time, and relationship proximity
a mosquito borne infectious disease that affects humans and animals Malaria
a disease that is constantly present at a high rate and affects everyone equally Hyperendemic
our nation's health protection agency Center for disease control
this organization works with the U.N. and leads in global health responses World Health Organization
the action or process of spreading something transmission
an organism that transmits a disease from one animal/plant to another vector
the ability to resist a particular infection or toxin immunity
treatment to produce an immunity to a disease vaccination

HIV/AIDS crossword puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A substance, also called an antigen, capable of provoking an immune response IMMUNOGEN
Molecules in the blood or secretory fluids that tag, destroy or neutralize bacteria, viruses or other harmful toxins ANTIBODIES
A substance that, when introduced into the body, is capable of inducing the production of a specific antibody ANTIGEN
Cellular suicide, also known as programmed cell death APOPTOSIS
Usually used in AIDS literature to describe a person who has a positive reaction to one of several tests for HIV antibodies, but who shows no clinical symptoms of the disease. ASYMPTOMATIC
Any infectious disease capable of being transmitted by casual contact from one person to another CONTAGIOUS
A protein found in muscles and blood, and excreted by the kidneys in the urine.The level provides a measure of kidney function. CREATININE
The period when an organism (i.e., a virus or a bacterium) is in the body and not producing any ill effects Latency
All white blood cells LEUKOCYTES
Any perceptible, subjective change in the body or its functions that indicates disease or phases of disease, as reported by the patient. SYMPTOMS
Development of detectable antibodies to HIV in the blood as a result of infection with HIV Seroconversion
Any substance or process that destroys a virus or suppresses its ability to reproduce Antiviral
A prolonged, lingering or recurring state of disease Chronic
How well a drug works Efficacy
The presence of virus in the bloodstream VIREMIA

Chapter 21 Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Are caused by organisms or viruses that enter and multiply within the human body Infectious Diseases
An organism that is so small it can only be seen through a microscope Microorganism
A microorganism or virus that causes disease Pathogen
Simple, single-celled microorganisms Bacteria
A poison given off by some bacteria that can injure cells Toxin
The smallest type of pathogen Virus
Organisms such as yeasts, molds, and mushrooms that grow best in warm, dark, moist areas Fungi
A large and complex single-celled organism Protozoan
The protective lining that covers any opening into the body Mucous Membrane
The body's general response to all kinds of injuries Inflammation
A type of white blood cell that engulfs and destroys pathogens Phagocyte
The body's most sophisticated defense against pathogens Immune System
A type of white blood cell that carries out functions of the immune system Lymphocyte
The body's ability to destroy a pathogen that it has previously encountered before the pathogen is able to cause disease Immunity
A type of lymphocyte that helps the immune system destroy pathogens T Cell
A lymphocyte that produces antibodies B Cell
A protein that attaches to the surface of pathogens Antibody
A network of vessels that collect fluid from body tissues Lymphatic System
An injection that causes the body to become immune to a disease Immunization
A substance containing small amounts of dead or modified pathogens Vaccine
A drug that inhibits or kills bacteria Antibiotic
An unusually high occurrence of a disease Epidemic
An infectious disease that has become more common within the last 20 years Emerging Disease

HIV/AIDS Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A medicine/ drug or treatment effective against viruses is antiviral
Action or process of spreading something to another person is transmitted
An fatal disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV AIDS
The _________ ___________ protects your body from diseases and infections immune system
The causative agent of an infectious disease virus
A fluid or fluid secretions of the body (ex: blood, semen, saliva) body fluids
Fluid that circulates throughout the body and carries oxygen blood
Keep something from happening prevention
Virus that attacks the immune system HIV
Medical treatment replaces an particular absent enzyme in patient enzyme replacement therapy

Communicable Diseases Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

pandemic
epidemic
inflammatory response
vaccine
antibody
lymphocyte
immunity
antigens
phagocytes
immune system
hepatitis
tuberculosis
strep throat
pneumonia
influenza
common cold
airborne
contaminated
contact
pathogens
vector
toxins
bacteria
virus
infection
communicable disease

Infectious Disease Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a medicine that can destroy bacteria antibiotic
microscopic living organisms bacteria
ability to spread from one individual or organism to another, directly or indirectly contagious
temporarily inactive dormant
a sudden increase in the total number of cases of a specific infectious disease epidemic
th brance of medicine that deals with diseases and human health epidemiology
cleanliness practices that help individuals to maintain their health and prevent disease hygiene
the reproduction and growth of a disease-causing organism infection
to change in form or nature mutate
situations then multiple outbreaks of the same infectious disease are occurring in different parts of the worlds pandemic
a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that is capable of causing disease pathogen
a genetic variant of a specific microorganism strain
a strain of bacteria that has become resistant to antibiotics superbug
an antibacterial and antifungal agent that can be found in a variety of products like soap, detergent and toothpaste triclosan
the process of becoming more like a city urbanization
a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans zoonosis

Immune System Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A substance the body cannot recognize, usually on living Antigen
A quick and general immune response you're born with IIR
A highly specific attack on a antigen or pathogen by the creation of antibodies AIR
A type of WBC that fights infection by swallowing pathogens Phagocyte
The movement of B cells to produce antibodies Mobilization
A sexually transmitted disease HIV
Swelling and redness at the site of infection Inflammation
Chemical released by the body in response to an injury or allergen Histamine
Specific particles created by the immune system to destroy specific disease causing invaders Antibodies
The action or process of recognizing foreign bodies Recognition
Any substance that causes an allergic reaction Allergen
A special version of auntie Jen that provides immunity against disease Vaccine
A disease that can be spread by contact with infected people animals water or food Infectious disease
Physical contact touching and infected individual including sexual contact direct contact
A severe allergic reaction that can result in swelling breathing difficulty and sometimes does Anaphylactic shock
The action or process of anti-bodies destroying pathogens Disposal
Third and order or level Tertiary
Blood cells that fight infection and prevent the growth of cancer White blood cells
Specialized white blood cells that fights diseases by talking antigens directly Killer tcells
Specialized White blood cells that fight diseases by activating the B-cells Helper t cells

Microbiology Unit 3 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A large group of naturally occurring and synthetic antibiotic produced by Penicillium mold and active against the cell wall of bacteria. Most important natural forms used to treat gram-positve cocci, some gram-negative bacteria. Penicillin
A group of broad-spectrum antibiotics isolated from the fungus Cephalosporium. Cephalosporin
Antibiotic that targets the bacterial cell wall; used often in antibiotic resistant infections. Narrow spectrum of action; used to treat staphylococcal infections in cases of penicillin and methicillin resistance or in patients with an allergy to penicillin. Vancomycin
Inhibits the enzymatic step immediately preceding the step inhibited by sulfonamides; trimethoprim often given in conjunction with sulfamethoxazole because of this synergistic effect; used to treat Pneumocystis jiroveci in AIDS patients. Trimethoprim
Use of a drug to prevent imminent infection of a person at risk. Prophylaxis
The smallest concentration of drug needed to visibly control microbial growth. Minimum inhibitory concentration
A chemical substance from one microorganism that can inhibit or kill another microbe even in minute amounts. Antibiotic
Denotes drugs that have an effect on a wide variety of microorganisms. Broad spectrum
Preparations of live microbes used as a preventive or therapeutic measure to displace or compete with potential pathogens. Probiotic
In infection, the relative capacity of a pathogen to invade and harm host cells. Virulence
Infection will proceed only if a minimum number is present. Infectious dose
A specific chemical product of microbes, plants, and some animals that is poisonous to other organisms. Toxin
An infection that compounds a preexisting one. Secondary infection
The subjective evidence of infection and disease as perceived by the patient. Symptom
Systemic infection associated with microorganisms multiplying in circulating blood. Septicemia
The total number of cases of a disease in a certain area and time period. Prevalence
In epidemiology, the number of new cases of a disease occurring during a period. Incidence
An infectious disease indigenous to animals that humans can acquire through direct or indirect contact with infected animals. Zoonosis
An infection not present upon admission to a hospital but incurred while being treated there. Noscomial
An acquired resistance to an infectious agent due to prior contact with that agent. Immunity
White blood cells. The primary infection-fighting blood cells. Leukocyte
A mature granulocyte present in peripheral circulation, exhibiting a multilobular nucleus and numerous cytoplasmic grannules that retain a neutral stain. Active phagocytic cell in bacterial infection. Neutrophil
A large protein molecule evoked in response to an antigen that interacts specifically with that antigen. Antibody
A chemical substance produced by white blood cells and tissue cells that regulates development, inflammation, and immunity. Cytokine
A natural, nonspecific response to tissue injury that protects the host from further damage. It stimulates immune reactivity and blocks the spread of an infectious agent. Inflammation
The accumulation of excess fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities. Also called swelling. Edema
Natural human chemical that inhibits viral replication; used therapeutically to combat viral infections and cancer. Interferon
In immunology, serum protein components that act in a definite sequence when set in motion either by an antigen-antibody complex or by factors of the alternative (properdin) pathway. Complement
In immunology, an augmented response or memory related to a prior stimulation of the immune system by antigen. It boosts the levels of immune substances. Anamnestic response
Any cell, particle, or chemical that induces a specific immune response by B cells or T cells and can stimulate resistance to an infection or a toxin. Antigen
To reduce the virulence of a pathogenic bacterium or virus by passing it through a nonnative host or by long-term subculture. Attenuated
The precise molecular group of an antigen that defines its specificity and triggers the immune response. Epitope
The status of collective acquired immunity in a population that reduces the likelihood that nonimmune individuals will contract and spread infection. One aim of vaccination is to induce herd immunity. Herd immunity
The long-lived progeny of a sensitized lymphocyte that remains in circulation and is genetically programmed to react rapidly with its antigen. Memory cells
The process of stimulating phagocytosis by affixing molecules to the surfaces of foreign cells or particles. Opsonization
A toxin that has been rendered nontoxic but is still capable of eliciting the formation of protective antitoxin antibodies; used in vaccines. Toxoid
Exposes a person to a specially prepared microbial stimulus, in a form that doe-s not cause the disease. Vaccination