Bioremediation Crossword

Heavy metals like nickel can be removed from water with the help of
A strain of ... containing plasmids has been been developed, which can degrade octane, xylene, metaxylene and camphor
A process that uses microorganisms to convert harmful industrial wastes to less toxic or non toxic compounds is known as
Biological treatment of water pollution is done with the help of
The transformation of a non-growth compound when an organism is growing on another substrate and deriving its carbon and energy from the second substrate
A process for treating contaminated soils using microorganisms in heat generating process so that the contaminants are degraded at an accelerated rate
The injection of air under pressure below the water table to increase the ground water concentration and enhance the rate of biological degradation of contaminants by naturally occurring bacteria
Removal of pollutants from water by plant roots in a hydroponic system
An example of hyperaccumulators
The thermal decomposition of organic material at high temperature in the absence of oxygen
The procedure in which mycelia are used as a filter to remove toxic materials and microorganisms from the water in the soil
Trees that are used in phytoremediation
Biodeteroioration is degradation of substrates of human origin such as paper and textiles by
Use of microbes in mineral processing systems
Mechanism of metal-microbe interaction during bioremediation applications
An example of soil Bioremediation strategy that operates ex-situ
A technique when plants evapotranspirate selenium, mercury and volatile hydrocarbons
the name of the process that produces hydrogen and methanol from biomass with reduced carbon dioxide emissions
Aerobic bacteria that utilize methane for carbon and energy
Biodegradation of refractory pollutants and waste

Pollution and the Environment Crossword

Pollution and the Environment Crossword

contamination of the earth
excessive amount of noise or an unpleasant sound that causes ...
rain that contains a high concentration of pollutants
an increase in the earth's average atmospheric temperature that causes changes in climate that may result from the greenhouse effect.
caused by oil spills and factory waste
smoke and other pollutants combined with fog
harmful to humans and the environment
one that can be used again and again
can only be used once
destroyed by CFCs
another word for poisonous
pollutants can affect the
Americans produce more _______________ than any other nation

Biotechnology Crossword

Biotechnology Crossword

Name of process for applying biological organisms/enzymes to the synthesis/breakdown/transformation of materials for humans
Use of biological systems to remove soil and water pollution
Most commonly used organisms in biotechnology
Type of fungi used in biotechnology
The name for microscopic organisms
Microorganism involved with baking
Microorganism involved with brewing beer
Microorganism involved with cheese-making
Microorganism involved with yogurt-making
Microorganisms have a _________ life cycle
_________ ___________ allows microorganisms to be manipulated
Growth rate of microorganisms
_________ requirements for microorganisms are simple & cheap

Environmental Issues Crossword

Environmental Issues  Crossword

Loss of trees and is no longer used for forests.
A reduction of a layer in the stratosphere.
Killing an animal out of season or without a license.
When a car burns fuel, CO2 is released.
Melting of the ice in the North and South.
using too much of something.
Also know as an Illness or sickness.
A change in global climate patterns.
The result of human practices like greenhouse gases.
Extracting oil from underground.
Contamination of the environment.
Extremely toxic waster.
Increasing population to unsustainable levels.
Contributes to greenhouse effects and may smell.
A water form due to certain pollutants in the atmosphere.

Culinary Arts: FOOD SAFETY Crossword

Culinary Arts: FOOD SAFETY Crossword

sickness caused by eating food that contains a harmful substance
substances that make food unfit for use
living creatures that are visible only through a microscope
means keeping food safe to eat by following proper food handling and cooking practices
occurs when harmful bacteria spread from one food to another
the immediate removal of a product from store shelves
moisture loss caused when food is improperly packaged or stored in the freezer too long
the surest way to test doneness is to use a food thermometer to check the ?
the prevention of illness through cleanliness
keeping yourself clean to avoid transferring harmful bacteria when handling food
protected cells that develop into bacteria under the right conditions

Infection Control Vocabulary Crossword

Infection Control Vocabulary  Crossword

the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms
the use of a chemical agent or solution to destroy pathogens
the presence of an infectious agent on a body surface or clothing, bedding and surgical instruments
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms
a specified area such as within a tray that is considered to be free of microorganisms
a medical device that uses temperature and steam to sterilize surgical instruments
guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing risk of transmission
personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks
the process of destroying all microorganisms and their pathogenic products
the process of destroying all bacteria
a substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms
a route in which a pathogen can enter a susceptible host
the conveyance of a disease from one person to another person or object
a pathogen that causes a disease such as virus, parasite or bacterium
an area for a pathogen to live and develop
acquired or occurring in a hospital
requires oxygen to live
can live and develop without oxygen
human immunodeficiency virus
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
hepatitis b virus
organisms invisible to the naked eye
a bacterium, virus or other microorganism that can cause disease
a microorganism that cannot cause disease
a disease that can transmitted
a route where a pathogen can leave its host
infection risk

Food & Safety Crossword

Food & Safety Crossword

A cup marked in graded amounts, used for measuring liquid ingredients in cooking.
Keeping work areas free from dirt or bacteria.
This is a type of bacteria found in contaminated water.
This is a safe and quick way for thawing frozen food.
This is used to check the temperature of meat to make sure it is all the way cooked.
Use these to take out hot cookware from the oven.
Foods that can become unsafe or spoil easily if not refrigerated or frozen.
Home canning that is incorrectly processed
Is a another name for a frying pan.
Found in milk and dairy products, and becomes contaminated when humans do not wash hands.
When food is left at room temperature for too long, usually with meats and mayo salads.
This tool is usually made of narrow metal strips or wires attached to a handle
Tiny living creatures visible only through a microscope.
The process by which bacteria are unintentionally transferred from one substance to another.
Keeping yourself clean.
Cooking food at a safe internal temp.
Found in soft cheese, hot dogs and deli meat.
This a durable board on which to place material for cutting.
Used for cutting bread.
Used to get vegetables out of a heated pot.

Foodborne Illness Vocabulary Crossword

Foodborne Illness Vocabulary Crossword

Microorganisms that infect a host organism with diseases.
A single-celled organism that can be found everyone in the world, even in food.
Tiny organisms that can cause severe illnesses in humans, animals, and plants.
When a food or beverage is heated up to a point where it can cause food spoilage or diseases.
To transfer bacteria from one food to another by using un-sanitized hands, or dirty utensils.
A term used to describe something that is free of live microorganisms.
When something is free of bacteria and visible dirt.
A microorganism known to cause fermentation.
An organism that lives inside another organism.
A microscopic fungi that lives on plants and animals

Photosynthesis Crossword

Photosynthesis Crossword

process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugar and starches
organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a producer
the steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process
a green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating other organisms or their byproducts and that cannot synthesize organic compounds from inorganic materials
specialized ground tissue that makes up the bulk of most leaves; performs most of a plant's photosynthesis
the second of two major stages in photosynthesis (following the light reactions), involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate.
a colored chemical compound that absorbs light, producing color
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy into chemical energy.
granum (grana) a stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast
The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membrane; involved in the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water.
large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a phosphate group together to produce ATP
The second of two major stages in photosynthesis, involving atmospheric CO2 fixation and reduction of the fixed carbon into carbohydrate. These reactions are also called the Calvin Cycle
is the set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
a compound composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups that supplies energy for many biochemical cellular processes by undergoing enzymatic hydrolysis.

Milady Chapter 5 Crossword

Milady Chapter 5 Crossword

Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances.
Chemical germicide formulated for use on skin; registered & regulated by the FDA
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations) or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen/cat dander/ragweed.
Showing no symptoms/signs of infection.
Short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria.
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant & animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless.
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions & are safe to come in contact w/ since they do not cause disease/harm
An item that is made/constructed of a material that has no pores/openings & cannot absorb liquids
Illness resulting from conditions associated w/ employment, such as prolonged & repeated overexposure to certain products/ingredients
Bacteria capable of producing a protective coating that allows them to w/stand very harsh environments, & shed the coating when conditions become more favorable.
Capable of destroying bacteria
The division of bacteria cells into 2 new cells called daughter cells
Colonies of bacteria that adhere together & adhere to environmental surfaces
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood/body fluids, such as hepatitis & HIV
chelating detergents; they break down stubborn films & remove the residue of pedicure products (scrubs/salts/masks)
athlete's foot; medical term for fungal infections of the feet; red, itchy rash of the skin on the bottom of the feet &/or in between the toes, usually found between the 4th & 5th toe.
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses)
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing/sneezing
Capable of destroying viruses
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects & resides in cells of biological organisms
SP; precautions such as wearing personal protective equipment to prevent skin & mucous membranes where contact w/ a client's blood, body fluids, secretions (except sweat), excretions, non-intact skin, & mucous membranes is likely. Workers must assume that all blood & body fluids are potential sources of infection, regardless of the perceived risk.
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils.
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap & water/detergent & water to remove all visible dirt, debris, & many disease-causing germs. Removes invisible debris that interfere w/ disinfection. Cosmetologists are required to do before disinfecting
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The 3 types are staphylococci, streptococci, & diplococci
communicable disease; disease that is spread from 1 person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, &natural nail/toe & foot infections
The presence/reasonably anticipated presence, of blood/other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface/visible debris or residues (dust/hair/skin)
The removal of blood & all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface, and the removal of visible debris/residue (dust, hair, & skin)
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms &/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs & cause diseases such as pneumonia
Transmission of blood/body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, & talking
An abnormal condition of all/part of the body/its systems/organs, which makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function

Introduction to Microbiology Crossword

Introduction to Microbiology Crossword

Living orgnisms invisible to the naked eye
Study of viruses
Study of fungi
Requires oxygen to grow
Grows in an oxygen free environment
Bacteria that grows with or without oxygen
Microorganisms capable of producing disease
Harmless microorgnisms with their normal environment
Shape of Coccus
Rod shape bacteria
Formed under conditions of nutritional depletion, capable of surviving adverse conditions
Smaller than bacteria and are completely reliant on the host cell for survival
Reside on the surface of the skin and are easily removed by washing
Live in the cracks and crevices of the skin
Apparently healthy person who harbors and can transmit a pathogenic organism
Soiled by a microorganism
Particle of moisture which carries microorganisms
Special percautions taken to prevent transmission of microorganisms from specific body substance
Severe toxic febrile state resulting from infection with Pyogenic microorganism
Free of microorganisms and spores
E Coli is an example of what type of flora
An aerobic gram-positive bacilli
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa is an example of an aerobic gram-____ bacilli
Clostridium _____ is an example of an anaerobic gram-positive bacteria
This is transmitted through percutaneous or permucous in blood, serum, and other body fluids
Coexists with Hepatitis B
This can normally be found in the oral cavity, digestive tract and vagina
These are hospital acquired infections that occur in about 35% of all surgical patients
Most postoperative infections result from seeding by this type of microorganism