Illnesses cause by many factors
any agent that casues a disease
Prokaryotic organisms that cause infections
Medicines that can be used as treatment for bacterial diseases
Nonliving things that attack cells and make them reproduce their illness
Viruses inject their _____ for cells to reproduce and infect others
Injections that can help prevent viral infections
Poisonous substances created by plants (poison ivy), animals (rattlesnakes), or improperly prepared or stored food
_________________ disorders are passed down from our parent's genes
Soaps and cleaners that prevent the spread of germs
Diseases that can be passed (caught) from person to person
Diseases that can't be caught (passed from person to person)
Diseases that are easily passed from person to person
Protection from getting a disease
Proteins in our bodies that recognize pathogens and protect us from them
A hospital given disease or infection
Soiled, unclean, not suitable for use
Free from all organisms, including spores and viruses
Deactivation to the bodies response to infection
Nursing a patient separately, usually in a single room, to reduce cross infection to, or from, the patient
The presence of micro-organisms at a particular site without presence of symptoms or clinical manifestations of illness or infection
The cheapest, easiest, and most effective way to stop the spread of germs and diseases
Personal Protective Equipment
An organism that causes illness
An object that carries germs
The most common portal of exit
Small agents, some of which cause disease
Nonling, extremely small, invade a host cell
Unicellular, prokaryotic (no nucleus), some cause disease
An agent that causes disease
Spreads disease from host to host
Outbreak of disease over continents; always contagious
Outbreak of disease in a certain area; not always contagious
Techniques to sterilize, disinfect, sanitize, etc.
An interaction where one organism harms a host
Used to treat bacterial infections
Used to treat the symptoms of a viral infection
Capable of being spread; contagious
Used to prevent viral and some bacterial infections
This system fights disease using white blood cells
This would be used to treat athlete's foot
A medicine/ drug or treatment effective against viruses is
Action or process of spreading something to another person is
An fatal disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV
The _________ ___________ protects your body from diseases and infections
The causative agent of an infectious disease
A fluid or fluid secretions of the body (ex: blood, semen, saliva)
Fluid that circulates throughout the body and carries oxygen
Keep something from happening
Virus that attacks the immune system
Medical treatment replaces an particular absent enzyme in patient
too small to be seen by the naked eye
micro-organisms that cause infection
small single cell organisms
resistant form of bacteria, remain viable for years
only grow inside animals
organisms that contains genetic material
decompose plants and animals to fill the soil with nutrients.
smallest and least understood of all microbes.
complex single cell organisms.
most micro-organisms do not cause infections
any place where pathogens can thrive or pose a threat, must have moisture, nutrients, and suitable temperature.
route through which blood, body fluids, excretions, or secretions leave the body.
most dircet way to break the cycle is prevention.
host is touched by infected person transmitting pathogens directly.
object has been in contact with pathogen.
infected arthropod as a host.
any medium that transports pathogens.
occurs with dust that contains spores or by droplet.
when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings
route pathogens gain entry into a host.
a pathogen lives inside.
a natural resistance.
born with a certian amount of immunity
occurs following an injection of prepared anitbodies
2 million hospitalized patients acquire annually
reducing the probability of speading infection
best way to avoid spreading infection
Indigenous, native (noun, sing.)
Natural bioreactor (noun, sing.)
The viral surface protein which is the determinant for coronavirus entry into target cells (noun, sing.)
The term used for percent reactivity for a test's positively or false-negatively reported samples (noun, sing.)
The strength by which an antibody binds to complex antigen (noun, sing.)
The component of blood that contains antibodies and other proteins, but not clotting factors (noun, sing.)
The reason why exising T cells in a host may neutralise SARS-Cov-2 without a previous Covid-19 infection or immunisation (noun, sing.)
Ability of a virus to preferentially infect a particular cell or a tissue (noun, sing.)
The term given to a surrogate lentiviral vector with the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein expressed on its surface (noun, sing.)
The protein to which you are assessing antibodies against in an antibody assay (noun, sing.)
Human infectious diseases caused by a pathogen originating from a non-human organism (noun, pl.)
Ingredients used in some vaccine types for a stronger immune response (noun, pl.)
Tthe percentage of negative samples that are reported as negative by an assay (noun, sing.)
Effective mitigation measures can lower the basic reproductive rate (R) to an effective transmission _______________ (noun, sing.)
Groups of apoptotic cells after in vitro SARS-CoV-2 infection and succesful viral replication (noun, pl.)
Cells responsible for immunity to a coronavirus infection (noun, sing.)
A substance, also called an antigen, capable of provoking an immune response
Molecules in the blood or secretory fluids that tag, destroy or neutralize bacteria, viruses or other harmful toxins
A substance that, when introduced into the body, is capable of inducing the production of a specific antibody
Cellular suicide, also known as programmed cell death
Usually used in AIDS literature to describe a person who has a positive reaction to one of several tests for HIV antibodies, but who shows no clinical symptoms of the disease.
Any infectious disease capable of being transmitted by casual contact from one person to another
A protein found in muscles and blood, and excreted by the kidneys in the urine.The level provides a measure of kidney function.
The period when an organism (i.e., a virus or a bacterium) is in the body and not producing any ill effects
All white blood cells
Any perceptible, subjective change in the body or its functions that indicates disease or phases of disease, as reported by the patient.
Development of detectable antibodies to HIV in the blood as a result of infection with HIV
Any substance or process that destroys a virus or suppresses its ability to reproduce
A prolonged, lingering or recurring state of disease
How well a drug works
The presence of virus in the bloodstream
INFECTIONS NOT TRANSMITTED CONGENITALLY
INFECTIONS THAT CROSS THE PLACENTA AND AFFECT THE DEVELOPING FETUS
INFECTION OF THE SACS THAT SURROUND THE BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD
INFLAMMATION OF THE BRAIN
INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER, USUALLY CAUSED BY A VIRUS
VIRAL INFECTION THAT ATTACKS THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
HIV MANIFESTED AS A SEVERE CLINICAL CONDITION
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED BACTERIAL INFECTION
PARASITE THAT CROSSES THE PLACENTA
GERMAN MEASLES; A VIRUS
VIRAL INFECTION THAT AFFECTS THE DEVELOPING FETUS IF CONTRACTED THE FIRST TIME DURING PREGNANCY
VIRAL INFECTION TRANSMITTED THROUGH MUCOUS MEMBRANES