Type
Crossword
Description

The single most important measure in infection prevention and control is ___________. handwashing
Infection control precautions that are to be used for the care of EVERYONE are called __________. standard precautions
The misappropriation of resident property or taking unfair advantage of the resident's physical or financial resources is called ___________. exploitation
Pathogens can be transmitted by _____________ given off by coughing, sneezing or talking. droplets
Federal Nursing Home Reform Act, or _____________, became law in 1987. obra87
70% of all communications is __________________. nonverbal
An infection acquired within a facility is called a hospital acquired infection (HAI) or ____________________ infection. nosocomial
________________-control practices help reduce the number of disease-producing microorganisms and hinder their transfer from one person to another. infection
Microorganisms that cause disease are called ______________. pathogens
If an infection is spread by touching the source of infection then touching a susceptible body location, it is spread by _________________________. direct contact
Gloves, mask and gowns are examples of __________________. personal protective equipment
___________________ hierarchy of needs is one example of explaining how humans prioritize needs. maslows
This is when an infection is picked up on an object and carried to the person indirectcontact
waterless hand cleaner is not to be used in _____________ preparation areas. food
This is the failure to use the care that a reasonable, prudent and careful person (CNA) would use in a similar situation. negligence
Human pathogens thrive at _____________ temperature. body
What do you wear if you might have contact with blood, body fluids, broken skin or mucous membranes? gloves
An act, or failure to act, that intentionally or recklessly causes harm, or is likely to cause harm to a resident. abuse

Infection Control Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

Should be trimmed and clean at all times Fingernails
This level of precautions relates to all aspects of resident care Standard
These precautions include gowns, gloves, masks, sometimes eyewear PPE
PPE to remove first Gloves
The pathogen against which alcohol hand sanitizer is ineffective C DIFF
The number one intervention to break the chain of infection Handwashing
You should wash your hands for at least this many seconds Twenty
Hepatitis B & C and HIV are spread by this Blood
Extremely small drops of liquid, such as occurs with a sneeze. Can carry infectious organisms Droplet
The separation of infected persons from others Isolation
Type of disease which can be carried on very small droplets or dust particles that float in the air (Chickenpox, measles, TB) Airborne
Type of precaution to use for pathogens can be transferred by direct contact (hand or skin-to-skin) or indirect contact (touching surfaces or items in room) Contact
Residents with _________ are more likely to get UTI Catheters
You should perform hand ____________ between care of every resident Hygiene
_______ care at least twice a day reduces the risk of a resident developing pneumonia Oral
The name of the virus that causes respiratory infections typically between the months of October and April. Have you taken the vaccine against it this year? Influenza
After washing hands, turn off the faucet with a _________ paper towel. dry
Wash your hands immediately after removing ___________ Gloves
What is a common bacteria that is antibiotic resistant? MRSA
Hands must be ___________ if they are visibly soiled, or if there has been contact with blood or body fluids washed
Most health-care-associated infections are transmitted to patients by _________ staff
The overuse and misuse of antibiotics causes antibiotic _________________. Resistance
Who is responsible for cleanliness within the workplace? Everyone
____________ is your body’s first line of defense against infection Skin
Be sure reusable equipment is ____________ before you use it on another patient disinfected
Never ______ needles after use. recap

Infection Control Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms asepsis
the use of a chemical agent or solution to destroy pathogens chemical disinfection
the presence of an infectious agent on a body surface or clothing, bedding and surgical instruments contaminated
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms sterile
a specified area such as within a tray that is considered to be free of microorganisms sterile field
a medical device that uses temperature and steam to sterilize surgical instruments autoclave
guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing risk of transmission standard precautions
personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks PPE
the process of destroying all microorganisms and their pathogenic products sterilization
the process of destroying all bacteria disinfection
a substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms antiseptics
a route in which a pathogen can enter a susceptible host portal of entry
the conveyance of a disease from one person to another person or object transmission
a pathogen that causes a disease such as virus, parasite or bacterium causative agent
an area for a pathogen to live and develop reservoir
acquired or occurring in a hospital nosocomial
requires oxygen to live aerobic
can live and develop without oxygen anaerobic
human immunodeficiency virus HIV
acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS
hepatitis b virus HBV
organisms invisible to the naked eye microorganisms
a bacterium, virus or other microorganism that can cause disease pathogens
a microorganism that cannot cause disease nonpathogens
a disease that can transmitted communicable disease
a route where a pathogen can leave its host portal of exit
infection risk susceptible host

Bloodborne Pathogens Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

They are transmitted through blood or body fluid bloodborne pathogens
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome AIDS
PPE required for performing any first aid rubber gloves
The thickening of blood coagulation
Vampire food blood
A serious liver disease that can be prevented with a vaccine Hepatitis B
Causes AIDS HIV
An infection that attacks the liver but may have no symptoms Hepatitis C
Another word for needles Sharps
Sharp metal objects that can transport disease needles
Blood, saliva, etc. body fluids
Waste that poses an environmental danger due to its biological risk Infectious Waste
The action of stopping something from happening prevention
An approach to infection control to treat all human blodd and body fluids as if they were known to be infectious universal precautions
Help given to a sick or injured person until full medical treatment is available First aid
Equipment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury or infection personal protective equipment
Instruments used to administer medication into veins syringes
The state of being exposed to contact with something exposure
AIDS, HIV, Hepatitis C, etc. infectious diseases
The action or state of making or being made impure by polluting or poisoning contamination

Infection Control Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

too small to be seen by the naked eye microoriganisms
micro-organisms that cause infection pathogen
small single cell organisms bacteria
resistant form of bacteria, remain viable for years endospores
only grow inside animals richettsiae
organisms that contains genetic material viruses
decompose plants and animals to fill the soil with nutrients. fungus
smallest and least understood of all microbes. prions
complex single cell organisms. protozoa
most micro-organisms do not cause infections normalflora
any place where pathogens can thrive or pose a threat, must have moisture, nutrients, and suitable temperature. reservoir
route through which blood, body fluids, excretions, or secretions leave the body. portal of exit
most dircet way to break the cycle is prevention. transmission
host is touched by infected person transmitting pathogens directly. direct contact
object has been in contact with pathogen. fomite
infected arthropod as a host. vector
any medium that transports pathogens. vehicle
occurs with dust that contains spores or by droplet. airborne
when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings droplet
route pathogens gain entry into a host. portal of entry
a pathogen lives inside. susceptible host
a natural resistance. immune system
born with a certian amount of immunity acquired
occurs following an injection of prepared anitbodies passive
2 million hospitalized patients acquire annually nosocomial
reducing the probability of speading infection asepsis
best way to avoid spreading infection handwashing

Standard Precautions Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Practice hand hygiene whenever gloves are _____. removed
Natural nail tips should be kept less than 1/4 ____ long. inches
Use of gloves reduces the risk of ____ of health-care workers hands with blood and other body fluids contamination
When using an alcohol-based hand rub hands should be rubbed together, covering all surfaces, until the hands are ____. dry
Never wear the same pair of gloves for the care of more than ____ patient /resident. one
Standard precautions and transmission based precautions are designed to prevent the ____ of infectious microorganisms. spread
Your patient has vomited; you should don a ___________ and gloves per Standard Precautions. gown
Cleaning your hands before touching a patient/ resident protects the patient/resident against harmful ____ carried on your hands. microorganisms
A patient/ resident with influenza would require ____ precautions . droplet
When hands are visibly dirty, wash hands with soap and water for at least ____ seconds. twenty
Hand ____ is the undisputed single most effective infection control measure in prevention of HAI's. hygiene
____ nails are not allowed to be worn as they increase the risk to harbor gram-negative pathogens. artificial
Cleaning your hands after touching a patient/ resident and his/her immediate surroundings when leaving the patient/resident's side protects yourself and the health care ____ from harmful germs. workers
Change gloves during patient resident care if moving from a contaminated body site to a ____ body site. another
This type of precaution is applied to all patient/ residents. standard
These do not replace the need for hand hygiene gloves

Milady 2016 Chapter 5 Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

One-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful and some are harmless Bacteria
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking. Direct Transmission
Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts. Fungi
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object, such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface. Indirect Transmission
Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. Infection
Nonscientific synonym for disease-producing organisms. Germs
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size. Microorganism
Harmful microorganisms that enter the body and can cause disease. Pathogens
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host) while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses). Toxins
A submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. Virus
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. Allergy
A disease that is spread from one person to another person. Contagious Disease
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin. Contamination
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection. Inflammation

Chapter 5: Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration? OSHA
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products? Safety Data Sheet
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States. EPA
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Bacteria
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic? pathogenic
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions. nonpathogenic
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body. Pathogenic
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning. streptococci
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria. bacilli
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________. binary fission
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling. inflammation
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus. local infection
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen. MRSA
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus. HIV
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism? virus
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS). influenza
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body. Biofilms
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact. needles
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts? fungi
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism? parasites
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin. scabies
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection. Immunity
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed. acquired immunity
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed? sterilization
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces? disinfection
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label. efficacy
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution. immersed
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area. critical
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______. quats
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde. phenolic
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces. hypochlorite

Infection Control & Pathogens Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Sterile
Susceptible Host
Reservoir
Portal of Exit
Portal of Entry
Contaminated
Endogenous
Exogenous
Fomite
Mode of Transmission
Opportunistic
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Chain of Infection
Pathogen
Microorganism
Infection Control
Standard Precautions
Gowns
Gloves
Mask
Goggles
PPE
Infection
Chemical Bath
Autoclave
Handwashing
Sepsis
Sterilization
Disinfectant
Antisepsis
VRE
MRSA
Bacilli
Spirilla
Cocci
Helminth
Fungi
Protozoa
Virus
Rickettsaie
Bacteria

Milady Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. allergy
Chemical germicide formulated for use on skin; registered & regulated by the FDA Antiseptics
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations) or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen/cat dander/ragweed. Acquired immunity
Showing no symptoms/signs of infection. Asymptomatic
Short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria. Bacilli
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant & animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless. Bacteria
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions & are safe to come in contact w/ since they do not cause disease/harm NONPATHOGENIC
An item that is made/constructed of a material that has no pores/openings & cannot absorb liquids NONPOROUS
Illness resulting from conditions associated w/ employment, such as prolonged & repeated overexposure to certain products/ingredients OCCUPATIONALDISEASE
Bacteria capable of producing a protective coating that allows them to w/stand very harsh environments, & shed the coating when conditions become more favorable. BACTERIALSPORE
Capable of destroying bacteria BACTERICIDAL
The division of bacteria cells into 2 new cells called daughter cells BINARYFISSION
Colonies of bacteria that adhere together & adhere to environmental surfaces BIOFILMS
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood/body fluids, such as hepatitis & HIV BLOODBORNEPATHOGENS
chelating detergents; they break down stubborn films & remove the residue of pedicure products (scrubs/salts/masks) CHELATINGSOAPS
athlete's foot; medical term for fungal infections of the feet; red, itchy rash of the skin on the bottom of the feet &/or in between the toes, usually found between the 4th & 5th toe. TINEAPEDIS
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses) TOXINS
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis TUBERCULOCIDALDISINFECTANTS
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing/sneezing TUBERCULOSIS
Capable of destroying viruses VIRUCIDAL
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects & resides in cells of biological organisms VIRUS
SP; precautions such as wearing personal protective equipment to prevent skin & mucous membranes where contact w/ a client's blood, body fluids, secretions (except sweat), excretions, non-intact skin, & mucous membranes is likely. Workers must assume that all blood & body fluids are potential sources of infection, regardless of the perceived risk. STANDARDPRECAUTIONS
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils. STAPHYLOCOCCI
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap & water/detergent & water to remove all visible dirt, debris, & many disease-causing germs. Removes invisible debris that interfere w/ disinfection. Cosmetologists are required to do before disinfecting CLEAN
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The 3 types are staphylococci, streptococci, & diplococci COCCI
communicable disease; disease that is spread from 1 person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, &natural nail/toe & foot infections CONTAGIOUSDISEASE
The presence/reasonably anticipated presence, of blood/other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface/visible debris or residues (dust/hair/skin) CONTAMINATION
The removal of blood & all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface, and the removal of visible debris/residue (dust, hair, & skin) DECONTAMINATION
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms &/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis DIAGNOSIS
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs & cause diseases such as pneumonia DIPLOCOCCI
Transmission of blood/body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, & talking DIRECTTRANSMISSION
An abnormal condition of all/part of the body/its systems/organs, which makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function DISEASE

Infection Control Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Most important defense against the spread of infection. hand hygiene
When moving from dirty to _____ hand hygiene must be performed clean
Urine testing should only be done when there are 3 of these without catheter, 2 with catheter Symptoms
Linen, clothing, and food must be ____ when traveling through the halls. Covered
_____ should be encouraged to wash their hands before meals, after toileting, after blowing nose, etc. Residents
Staff with ____ must be off work for 24 hours after last episode. Fever
Staff with stomach symptoms must be off work for 48 ____ after last episode Hours
When serving food, edges of plates, rims of cups/bowls, ends of silverware must not be _____. touched
Linen should not be ___ against uniform. Held
Residents with stomach symptoms and/or fever are kept in their room on _____ until cleared to leave. Precautions
Alcohol gel is not useful in killing this infection. Cdiff
Hand Hygiene must be performed frequently and ____ throughout the day. thoroughly
Staff wear food handler gloves when ____ bread/toast, raw fruit, handling
Eye dropper tips should never touch the ___. Eye
Dirty linen and laundry should be ______ in the room. bagged
PPE is Personal ______ Equipment. Protective
PPE includes Gowns, Masks, and _____. Gloves
Life Enrichment staff ______ items such as bingo chips and tables after each activity. disinfect
Blood borne ______ are a group on infections that are carried & transmitted within blood & body fluids. pathogens
Linen closet doors must be kept _____ to decrease potential contamination. closed
Food must be _____ to 40 degrees to prevent bacteria growth cooled
Food being ______ must be maintained at 135 degrees. served
Sharps _______ must be reported for workers compensation and infection tracking purposes. Injuries
Proper hand hygiene requires at least 20 _____ of washing. seconds
Glucometers should be cleaned after each ___. use
Any surface that is touched could potentially be covered with ____. germs
Lifts should be wiped with a bleach _____ after each resident. wipe
Infectious medical waste should be discarded in ____ bags red
The blood spill kits are located in the 200 ____ dirty utility room wing
The term do we use for everyday practice to prevent spread of infection is ________ precautions standard
Which of the top 3 blood borne pathogens can you be vaccinated against? HepatitisB