Type
Crossword
Description

Requires manufacturers to provide and MSDS OSHA
What is an MSDS? Material Safety Data Sheet
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces Disinfectants
Effective for cleaning blood and body fluids Hospital disinfectants
An item made from a material that has no pores or openings, and cannot absorb liquids nonporous
Breaks down films and removes the residue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks Chelating Soaps
Single-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics Bacteria
Assuming all blood and body fluids are potential sources of infection standard precautions
The ability to produce and effect Efficacy
A form of formaldehyde, has a high pH, and damages the skin and eyes Phenolic disinfectant
A process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores sterilization
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans Pathogenic bacteria
List the FOUR ideal living conditions for bacteria (alphabetical order) Damp Dark Dirty Warm
Division of cells Binary fission
Binary fission creates daughter cells
Harmless organisms that may perform useful functions non-pathogenic
A type of fungi that is not harmful to people in the salon mildew
Resembles a string of beads, causes strep throat and blood poisoning streptococci
CDC centers for disease control
Spiral-shaped, causes syphilis spirilla
Most common type of bacteria Bacilli
Parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism virus
Grows in pairs and causes pneumonia diplococci

Infection Control Worksheet

Type
Matching Worksheet
Description

very safe and fast acting disinfectants Quats
what is MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets
One-celled microorganisms that has both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful some are harmless Bacterial
Chemical products approved by EPA design to destroy most bacteria (excluding spores), fungi, and viruses on surfaces disinfectants
Spherical bacteria that grows in pairs and causes diseases such as pneumonia Diplococci
The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells Binary Fission
The ability to produce an effect Efficacy
The invasion of body tissues by disease- causing pathogens Infection
Are the methods use to eliminate or reduce transmission of infectious organisms Infection Control
self-movement Motility
A fluid created by infection Pus
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body Pathogenic
Harmless microorganisms that may preform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause harm Nonpathogenic
Chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level Sanitizing
Capable of destroying viruses Virucidal
a ringworm fungus of the foot Tinea Pedis
The process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores Sterilization
Pus-forming bacteria that grows in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses,pustules,and boils. Staphylococci
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that causes diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease Spirilla
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and poisoning Streptococci
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size Microorganism
made or constructed of a material that has pores or an openings. Porous items are absorbent Porous
Caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection Infectious
Capable of destroying bacteria Bactericidal
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residue such as dust, hair and skin Contamination
The removal of blood and all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surfaces, and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust,hair and skin Decontamination

Chapter 5: Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration? OSHA
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products? Safety Data Sheet
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States. EPA
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Bacteria
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic? pathogenic
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions. nonpathogenic
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body. Pathogenic
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning. streptococci
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria. bacilli
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________. binary fission
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling. inflammation
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus. local infection
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen. MRSA
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus. HIV
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism? virus
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS). influenza
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body. Biofilms
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact. needles
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts? fungi
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism? parasites
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin. scabies
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection. Immunity
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed. acquired immunity
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed? sterilization
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces? disinfection
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label. efficacy
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution. immersed
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area. critical
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______. quats
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde. phenolic
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces. hypochlorite

Milady 2016 Chapter 5 Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

One-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful and some are harmless Bacteria
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking. Direct Transmission
Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts. Fungi
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object, such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface. Indirect Transmission
Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. Infection
Nonscientific synonym for disease-producing organisms. Germs
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size. Microorganism
Harmful microorganisms that enter the body and can cause disease. Pathogens
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host) while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses). Toxins
A submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. Virus
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. Allergy
A disease that is spread from one person to another person. Contagious Disease
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin. Contamination
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection. Inflammation

Decontamination and Infection Control Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Something that makes a place or substance no longer suitable for use Contaminant
The process that completely destroys all microbial life including spores Sterilization
Chemical germicides for use on skin; registered and regulated by the FDA Antiseptic
Chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms (except bacterial spores) on environmental surfaces disinfection
Chemical that destroys fungus Fungicide
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria,fungi,and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces Disinfectants
Information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidental harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings MSDS
What level disinfectants are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids Hospital
Created as a part of the U.S Department of Labor to regulate and enforce saftey and health standards to protect employees in the workplace OSHA
Chemical that destroys viruses Viricides

Infection Control Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms asepsis
the use of a chemical agent or solution to destroy pathogens chemical disinfection
the presence of an infectious agent on a body surface or clothing, bedding and surgical instruments contaminated
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms sterile
a specified area such as within a tray that is considered to be free of microorganisms sterile field
a medical device that uses temperature and steam to sterilize surgical instruments autoclave
guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing risk of transmission standard precautions
personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks PPE
the process of destroying all microorganisms and their pathogenic products sterilization
the process of destroying all bacteria disinfection
a substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms antiseptics
a route in which a pathogen can enter a susceptible host portal of entry
the conveyance of a disease from one person to another person or object transmission
a pathogen that causes a disease such as virus, parasite or bacterium causative agent
an area for a pathogen to live and develop reservoir
acquired or occurring in a hospital nosocomial
requires oxygen to live aerobic
can live and develop without oxygen anaerobic
human immunodeficiency virus HIV
acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS
hepatitis b virus HBV
organisms invisible to the naked eye microorganisms
a bacterium, virus or other microorganism that can cause disease pathogens
a microorganism that cannot cause disease nonpathogens
a disease that can transmitted communicable disease
a route where a pathogen can leave its host portal of exit
infection risk susceptible host

Milady Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. allergy
Chemical germicide formulated for use on skin; registered & regulated by the FDA Antiseptics
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations) or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen/cat dander/ragweed. Acquired immunity
Showing no symptoms/signs of infection. Asymptomatic
Short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, diphtheria. Bacilli
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant & animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless. Bacteria
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions & are safe to come in contact w/ since they do not cause disease/harm NONPATHOGENIC
An item that is made/constructed of a material that has no pores/openings & cannot absorb liquids NONPOROUS
Illness resulting from conditions associated w/ employment, such as prolonged & repeated overexposure to certain products/ingredients OCCUPATIONALDISEASE
Bacteria capable of producing a protective coating that allows them to w/stand very harsh environments, & shed the coating when conditions become more favorable. BACTERIALSPORE
Capable of destroying bacteria BACTERICIDAL
The division of bacteria cells into 2 new cells called daughter cells BINARYFISSION
Colonies of bacteria that adhere together & adhere to environmental surfaces BIOFILMS
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood/body fluids, such as hepatitis & HIV BLOODBORNEPATHOGENS
chelating detergents; they break down stubborn films & remove the residue of pedicure products (scrubs/salts/masks) CHELATINGSOAPS
athlete's foot; medical term for fungal infections of the feet; red, itchy rash of the skin on the bottom of the feet &/or in between the toes, usually found between the 4th & 5th toe. TINEAPEDIS
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses) TOXINS
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis TUBERCULOCIDALDISINFECTANTS
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing/sneezing TUBERCULOSIS
Capable of destroying viruses VIRUCIDAL
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects & resides in cells of biological organisms VIRUS
SP; precautions such as wearing personal protective equipment to prevent skin & mucous membranes where contact w/ a client's blood, body fluids, secretions (except sweat), excretions, non-intact skin, & mucous membranes is likely. Workers must assume that all blood & body fluids are potential sources of infection, regardless of the perceived risk. STANDARDPRECAUTIONS
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils. STAPHYLOCOCCI
A mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap & water/detergent & water to remove all visible dirt, debris, & many disease-causing germs. Removes invisible debris that interfere w/ disinfection. Cosmetologists are required to do before disinfecting CLEAN
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The 3 types are staphylococci, streptococci, & diplococci COCCI
communicable disease; disease that is spread from 1 person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, &natural nail/toe & foot infections CONTAGIOUSDISEASE
The presence/reasonably anticipated presence, of blood/other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface/visible debris or residues (dust/hair/skin) CONTAMINATION
The removal of blood & all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface, and the removal of visible debris/residue (dust, hair, & skin) DECONTAMINATION
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms &/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis DIAGNOSIS
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs & cause diseases such as pneumonia DIPLOCOCCI
Transmission of blood/body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, & talking DIRECTTRANSMISSION
An abnormal condition of all/part of the body/its systems/organs, which makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function DISEASE

Microbiology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The study of microorganisms microbiology
An organism that cause disease pathogen
A food made with the help of bacteria yoghurt
microorganisms used in the brewing and baking industry yeast
A harmless dose of a disease causing microbe vaccination
A protein produced by white blood cells in response to an antigen Antibody
Resistant to a disease immune
a human disease caused by a fungus Athletes foot
A fungal disease which caused the Great Irish Famine Blight
An organism that lives in or on another living thing Parasite
A chemical which kills bacteria and fungi but not viruses Antibiotic
Organisms which feed on the dead remains of living things decomposers
The use of living things to make a product Biotechnology
A term used to describe things which can only be seen by a microscope Microscopic
Composed of only one cell Unicellular
Microorganisms are found here Everywhere
Free from microorganisms Sterile
A condition needed for the growth of microbes Water
A substance which contains food needed for the growth of microbes Nutrient Agar
How bacteria reproduce Binary Fission

Infection Control Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

too small to be seen by the naked eye microoriganisms
micro-organisms that cause infection pathogen
small single cell organisms bacteria
resistant form of bacteria, remain viable for years endospores
only grow inside animals richettsiae
organisms that contains genetic material viruses
decompose plants and animals to fill the soil with nutrients. fungus
smallest and least understood of all microbes. prions
complex single cell organisms. protozoa
most micro-organisms do not cause infections normalflora
any place where pathogens can thrive or pose a threat, must have moisture, nutrients, and suitable temperature. reservoir
route through which blood, body fluids, excretions, or secretions leave the body. portal of exit
most dircet way to break the cycle is prevention. transmission
host is touched by infected person transmitting pathogens directly. direct contact
object has been in contact with pathogen. fomite
infected arthropod as a host. vector
any medium that transports pathogens. vehicle
occurs with dust that contains spores or by droplet. airborne
when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings droplet
route pathogens gain entry into a host. portal of entry
a pathogen lives inside. susceptible host
a natural resistance. immune system
born with a certian amount of immunity acquired
occurs following an injection of prepared anitbodies passive
2 million hospitalized patients acquire annually nosocomial
reducing the probability of speading infection asepsis
best way to avoid spreading infection handwashing

Microorganisms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Microorganisms that cause infectious disease Pathogens
Pathogen that lives in blood Blood-borne
Bacteria that requires oxygen for survival Aerobic
Bacteria that live without oxygen Anaerobic
Small microbes that pass through most filters Virus
Microbes that grow on other organisms Fungus
Animal pathogen, parasites Protozoa
The way microorganisms enter the body Portals
Number of portals of entry for microorganisms Five
Spread of disease by contact with pathogen Contagion
Confined to one area of the body Localized
Spread through the body Systemic
Usual amount of specific disease in a community Endemic
Excess of normal occurrences of a specific disease Outbreak
Increase in normal number of cases of specific disease in a defined geographic area Epidemic
Epidemic spread over several countries Pandemic
Recently appearing infectious diseases in a population Emerging infection
Ingested or injected substances that have ability to inhibit growth or destroy pathogens Antibiotics
Chemical agents that treat disease Chemotherapy
Biologic or chemical agents that create immunity Immunizations
Absence or control of microorganisms Asepsis
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA
Bacteriostatic agents used on skin Antiseptics
Bacteriostatic agents used on inanimate objects Disinfectants
Process of destroying all living organisms Sterilization
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA
Organism that lives at the expense of another Parasite
Encapsulated bacteria in an inative state Spores

Bacteria and Virus Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

a non living strand of genetic material within a protein coat virus
prokaryotic organisms that belong to domain bacteria bacteria
the outer layer of all viruses capsid
in a prokaryotic cell that contains a large, circular chromosome nucleoid
when the viral DNA inserts, or integrates into a chromosome in a host cell lysogenic cycle
a layer of polysaccharides around the cell wall capsule
submicroscopic, hairlike structures that are made of protein pilus
RNA virus, such as HV, iwth a reverse transcriptas in its core retrovirus
protein that can cause infection or disease prion
the division of a cell into two genetically identical cells binary fission
two prokaryotes attatch to each other and exchange genetic information conjugation
dormant bacterial endospore