Type
Crossword
Description

Spanish conqueror of Mexico Hernan Cortes
took the lead in European exploration Portugal
went around the cape and cut across the Indian ocean to the coast of India Vasco de Gama
a thriving spice trade port melaka
believed he could reach Asia by sailing west instead of east around Africa Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus explored these coastlines cuba
persuaded the king of Spain to finance his voyage to Asia through the western hemisphere Ferdinand Magellan
explored the New England coastline of the Americas for England John Cabot
his letters described the land he saw led to the use of the name America Amerigo Vespucci
individuals with firearms, organizational skills, and determination that led to success conquistadors
Aztec monarch montezuma
landed on the pacific coast of south America with 180 men Francisco Pizarro
the right of landowners to use native Americans as laborers encomienda
the exchange of plants and animals between Europe and Asia columbian exchange
a settlement of people living in a new territory, linked to a parent country colony
a set of principles that dominated society mercantilism
the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports balance of trade
payments subsides
large agricultural estates plantations
connected Europe, Asia, and Africa triangular trade
the middle portion of the triangular trade route middle passage
"so great is the corruption that our country is being completely depopulated" king afonso
pulled into the slave trade benin
in the 1500's Portugal came to dominate this land Brazil
Spanish and Portuguese officials who had been born in Europe peninsulares
descendants of Europeans born in Latin America creoles
offspring of Europeans and Native Americans mestizos
offspring of Africans and Europeans mulattoes

European Explorers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The "G" that has to do with wealth Gold
_________ River Hudson
Spain, France, and Portugal are all in ______ Europe
_______ Cartier Jacques
________ Diaz Bartholomew
If people don't think Columbus is a Villain, they think he's a _____ hero
Type of people Columbus encountered when he came to the Americas Native Americans
The "G" that has to do with religion God
_________ Cabral Pedro
________ Passage Northwest
Known for discovering the Americas Christopher Columbus
Conquored the Aztecs Hernando Cortes
Juan Ponce de ______ Leon
_____, Pinta, and Santa Maria Nina
Rene Robert de La _____ Salle
Francisco ___________ Coronado
Giovanni __________ Verrazano
Marco _______ Polo
Country Columbus thought he landed in India
Vasco Da _____ Gama

Age Of Exploration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Estalished school for geogropher, astronomers, and map makers Prince Henry
Explored South East tip of Africa Bartolomeu Dias
Found an all water to asia Vasco de game
Theory if he traveled west across the ocean he wil find a faster route to Asia Christopher Columbus
What Country funded Christopher Columbus Spain
Island east cost of the America West Indies
Who figured out that Columbus found a new land Amerigo Vespucci
What did he name the continent America
Who went around the world Ferdinand Magellan
Disadvantages of Columbus Exploration Disease
Multiple people to to divide the investment, profit and risk Joint-stock
Where did the Dutch have control of asia Indonesia
What were the goods the Dutch were intrested to Spicies
What did the Dutch build in cit they controlled Trading outpost
What affected the Ottoman Empire during the 16 century Trade routes
Force people to nuy a permit to trade Cartaz Strategy
why did the Portuguese not create colonies in the indian ocean region Empires
Main reason that the Ottoman Empire didn't sell to the West Europeans Religion

Exploration And Colonization Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

way of thought with prime importance on humans not divine matters Humanism
a imagined place thats perfect Utopia
male head of a family or tribe Patriarch
setting up a colony away from origin/home country Colonization
the difference of the values of exports and inports for a country; a favorable balance is when there is more value in the exports than the imports. Balence of Trade
the action of traveling in or through an unfamiliar area in order to learn about it Exploration
a treaty signed in 1494 by Spain and Portugal, which split the Western lands down a line of demarcation from north to south, giving Spain the all territory west of the line, and Portugal all land east of the line Treaty of Tordesillas
Helped to usher in the intense period of European naval exploration that dominated the world during the 15th-17th centuries Prince Henry the Navigator
His exploration led to the discovery of the Americas by European and resulted in future European colonization in the Americas Christopher Columbus
Marks the beginning of European colonization in the Americas and sets the stage for European dominance of the Native populations Columbian Exchange
A system of slavery used by the Spanish conquistadors on their American plantations Encomienda System
A buisness formed by a group of investors who pooled their money to invest together Joint- Stock Company
Had their passage to America paid by someone else and in return they signed a contract agreeing to pay off their debt by working for this person. Indentured Servant
Came to America to establish their own colony to escape religious persicution in England Puritans
The first law in America for freedom of worship for all Christians Act for Religious Toleration
Were motivated by the 3 G's (God, Gold, Glory); Conquered many great Native American Civilizations and brought much much of the Americas under Spanish control in the 15th century Conquistadors
Defeted the Aztecs who were ruled by Montezuma, and conquered Mexico; Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortes
Recieved Hernando Cortes and his men as gods and allowed them to conquer his kingdom; Aztec Emperor Montezuma
A child of mix race born from a Spainard and an American Indian Mestizo
First permanent English settlement in America Jamestown

The Columbian Exchange Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Columbus began a vast global exchange that would profoundly affect the world later to be called Columbian Exchange
A rise in prices that is linked to a sharp increase in the amount of money available Inflation
The period in European history when inflation rose rapidly Price Revolution
People who take on financial risk to make profits Entrepreneurs
Expanded trade, an increased money supply, and the push for overseas empires spurred the growth of European what Capitalism
The belief that a nations real wealth was measured in its gold and silver treasure Mercantilism
Columbus returned to what country in March 1493 Spain
New foods including tomatoes, pumpkins, and peppers were found in this country America
Each year shiploads of these settlers sailed to the Americas, lured by promise of a new life in a land of oppertunities Europeans
The method from Arabs to show profits and loses from there ventures Bookkeeping
Joint stock companies were developed in what time Medieval
North and South America New World
Europe, Asia, and Africa Old World
Most common disease brought to the Americas Syphilis
Scattering; spreading of Dispersal

Famous Explorers Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Who sailed the ocean in 1492 Christopher Columbus
Who was the first European to reach India by sea Vasco de Gama
1497, he discover parts of North America John Cabot
Made the first Europeans contact with the Eastern Coast of Australia James Cook
He conquered Mexico Hernando Cortes
Mapped much of the Southern half of the modern United States Hernando De Soto
Conquered Peru Francisco pizarro
English sea explorer and navigator in the early 17th century Jacque Cartier
Organized the Castilian expedition to the East Indies Ferdinand Magellan
Best known for crossing the isthmus of Panama to the Pacific Ocean in 1513 Vasco Balboa
First demanstrates that Brazil and the West IndIves did not represent Asias eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbian voyages America Vespucius
Sailed around the southernNmost tip of Africa in 1488, reaching the Indian Ocean from the Atlantic Bartolomeu Dias
Found the city of Santa Fe and New Mexico in 1610 Pedro Peralta
Explored the Great Lakes region of the United States, Canad, the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico Sierra do Salle
Claimed the Moreast coast of South America for Portugal Pedro Alvares Cabral
Founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608 Samuel Champlain
First governed of Puerto Rico by appointment of the Spanish crown Juan Ponce Leon
Italian explorer of North America in service of King Francis I of France Giovanni Verrazzano
First resident Bishop of Chiapas Bartolome Casas

Age of Exploration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

first European to make it to India by sea daGama
explorer who is given credit for "discovering" the Americas Columbus
his crew was the first to circumnavigate the globe Magellan
first European to sail to the southern tip of Africa Diaz
the wife of King Ferdinand of Spain. She and her husband sponsored Columbus' voyages Isabella
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztec Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Inca Pizarro
Spanish explorer who claimed Florida in his search for the "Fountain of Youth" Poncedeleon
Muslim explorer who led the Ming voyages in Chinese history ZhengHe
large Chinese ships Junk
navigational instrument Compass
the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Old and New Worlds ColumbianExchange
a labor system in which a person is seen as property slavery
the most economically valuable agricultural product grown in Latin America Sugar
name given to the voyage made by many slaves during their forced migration from Africa to the Americas MiddlePassage
labor system used by the Inca Mita
Prince of Portugal who sponsored voyages of exploration HenrytheNavigator
famous silver mine in South America Potosi
economic philosophy that encouraged countries to accumulate as much wealth as possible by exploiting colonies for resources mercantilism
dominant religion of Latin America following European settlement Catholicism

APUSH Period 1 Crossword Puzzle

Type
Crossword
Description

A system where encomenderos would offer protection and Catholicism for labor. Encomienda System
He was an encomenderos. In the Mid-1500s, he came to see his encomienda and saw the inhumane treatment and abuse the encomienda system promoted. He started petitioning the King of Spain to institute laws that would protect natives against abusive practices. Bartolome De Las Casas 
It put regulations on inhuman practices.   New Laws of 1542 
About 91% of all of them died from diseases that were being brought over to the Americas from Europe. Native Americans
It was a process of transferring plants, animals, diseases, and people between the Old and New Worlds. Columbian Exchange
He was given 3 ships (the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria) by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. He arrived at the Bahamas on October 12, 1492. By 1494, he decided to “subjugate by force of arms” the Taino, Arawak, and Carib people.  Christopher Columbus
They married and merged Castile and Aragon unifying Spain and stopping the encroachment of the Moors (Reconquista). They also funded Christopher Columbus’s voyage to America.   Ferdinand and Isabella
Spain went to the Pope because they were scared Portugal would try to take their territory. This treaty, in 1494, divided the world between Spain (having the western hemisphere) and Portugal (having land east however Portugal technically had Brazil). They didn’t ask the native people or anyone else in Europe for that matter. Treaty of Tordesillas 
The night Moctezuma drove Cortes from Tenochtitlan.  Noche Triste
In 1680, Pueblos revolt against attacks on their religion, killing priests and destroying Catholic missionaries. Spain lost control of Santa Fe and Mew Mexico for 50 years.  Pope's Rebellion
It was a belief that the Spanish only killed, tortured, and stole in the Americas while doing nothing good.  The Black Legend
In other words, it is corn cultivation, (in 6,000 BCE) domesticated crops and animals, led to civilization, and ended nomadic lifestyle. It was majorly significant to South America.  Maize
It was a practice of growing beans, corn, and squash together. It improved diet and also led to large populations.  Three-sister Farming
It was the 1st European nation to send explorers around the west coast of Africa.  Portugal
It taught people had to be constantly on defense against temptations. Europeans also wanted to share this with others around the world and became a major reason for exploration.  Christianity
The 3 main reasons many colonists wanted to come to the New World. Gold, God, Glory
It allowed sailors to sail with or against wind and made it capable for Europeans to now sail south toward Africa.  Caravel
The bridge that got the earliest Americans between 11,000 and 35,000 years ago from Asia. It was created during the Ice Age.  Beringia Land Bridge 
One of the causes of exploration, He was an Italian adventure who travelled to China, lived there 17 years and wrote a book that described the wealth and products of China.   Marco Polo
First European to see Pacific by crossing Panama in 1513 (claiming all land for Spain).  Vasco Nunez Balboa
An animal brought from Europe that changed the Indians way of life.    Horse
Started in Spain in 1519 with 5 ships, led the 1st successful European circumnavigation of globe in 1522. Ferdinand Magellan
From 1513 to 1521, he explored Florida seeking gold and the “fountain of youth” but unfortunately didn’t find either of those.  Juan Ponce De Leon
In 1509, he went to the Caribbean because of wealth and titles. In the 1520s, he failed to conquer the Inca Empire In 1533, he founded Peru. Eight years later, he was killed by a fellow conquistador named Diego de Almagro.  Francisco Pizarro
From 1539 to 1542, helped with the Inca defeat and explored in Southeast U.S. seeking for gold. He discovered the Mississippi River. He mistreated the Indians and died of fever and wounds. His people threw his body in the Mississippi River.  Hernando De Soto 
In 1519, he entered Aztec capital and discovered their rituals and wealth. He kidnapped Moctezuma, killed 100s of natives, but Spanish ended up running for their lives. He teamed up with other natives to defeat Aztecs. By 1521, he defeated the Aztecs.  Hernan Cortes
Person of mixed European and Indian ancestry.  Mestizos 
Their capital city was Tenochtitlan. They had a warrior culture and are well known for their rituals (human sacrifices). They lived in central Mexico.  Aztecs
They were located in Peru and Andes Mountains. They built road networks, terrace farming, and quipu.   Incas
They were located in Peru and Andes Mountains. They built road networks, terrace farming, and quipu.   Mayas

Age Of Exploration Crossword Puzzle:

Type
Crossword
Description

In 1592______ sailed the ocean blue. Columbus
Conquered the Inca civilization. Francisco Pizaro
Discovered New York State, Canada and Hudson Bay Henry Hudson
Fierce sailors who raided towns in their free time Vikings
A navigation device which replaced the Astrolabe and the Cross-staff because it could be used on land and sea. Sextant
A faster and more efficient cargo ship invented for better sea tavel. Caravel
Famous Portuguese leader who created a school for navigational sailing. Prince Henry
A system used for mass-producing books and maps. Printing Press
Long stories passed down verbally generation to generation. Saga
Northern part of Europe which includes Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Scandinavia
Eric The Red's son, viking explorer who discovered Greenland Lief Ericson
A very long and sleek ship used by the vikings. Longship
The Incan emperor that Francisco Pizaro captured and murdered. Atahlupa
Famous conquistador who conquered the Aztecs of Mexico. Hernando Cortes
Number of natives Christopher Columbus took back to Spain to serve as slaves. 500 natives
Columbus's sons name. Ferdinand
Name of the biggest main ship Columbus sailed with on his most famous voyage. Santa Maria
Name the other two ships in the same voyage in number 17. Nina and Pinta
A term used by the vikings to describe the savage natives. Skraelings
What the vikings were called/what they called themselves. Norsemen
A famous explorer who has a game named after him and found a lot of the Silk Road Marco Polo
An enormous trading route from East Asia to Europe. Silk Road

age of exploration Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the quality of being individual; served as a motivating factor for explorers to seek fame and glory by conquering far away lands individualism
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to Asia Christopher Columbus
Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the conquest of Aztec Mexico in 1519-1521 for Spain. Hernan Cortes
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas. Treaty of Tordesillas
Known as the Henry the Navigator, gathered experts in science, mapmaking, and shipbuilding whose work led to a fleet of ships that explored the coast of west Africa Prince Henry
to sail around the world Circumnavigate
an adventurer Conquistador
Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley French & Indian War
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas Columbian Exchange
a government tax on imports or exports Tariff
Portuguese-born navigator. Hired by Spain to sail to the Indies in 1519. Ferdinand Magellan
A Portuguese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean in the late 15th century Vasco De Gama
Conquered and divided the Inca empire, and was honored by the Spanish king before the Inca killed him. Franicisco Pizarro
war between the French and their Indian allies and the English that proved the English to be the more dominant force Seven Years war
Treaty signed in 1783 that officially ended the American Revolution. Treaty of Paris
A spanish explorer from central america that inspired the idea of the Panama Canal Vasco de Balboa
a group of people with the same ethnic values controlled by a foreign country Colonies
a navigational instrument used by explorers during the Age of Exploration to find the altitude of stars Astrolabe
a small, fast, type of sailing ship that sat high in the water and that was used by most Spanish and Portuguese explorers in the 15th and 16th century Caravel
to look over and study an area explore

Age of Discovery Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What contributed to the Scientific Revolution? Observation
Which Spanish explorer was the first to circumnavigate the globe? Ferdinand Magellan
Who discovered the circulation of the blood? William Harvey
Europeans started exploring because they wanted to trade with this continent Asia
This Portuguese Prince opened a school to teach explorers how to sail Prince Henry the Navigator
This Empire is in between Europe and Asia Ottoman
Vasco de Gama sailed around this continent Africa
This French explorer sailed to Canada Jaques Cartier
This Spanish explorer conquered the Incan Empire Francisco Pizarro
Hernando Cortez conquered what Central American Empire? Aztec
Francis Drake sailed under this European Country England
This explorer is credited as one of the first to sail to the New World Christopher Columbus
This Empire expanded into Central America Spanish
Trade between Europe and the Americas Columbian Exchange
Trade between Europe, the Americas, and Africa Triangular Trade
What was transported during the Middle Passage of the Triangular Trade Slaves
What led to the demise of 95% of the Native populations in the Americas? Disease
Nicolas Copernicus came up with this theory that posited that the Sun was the center of the universe Heliocentric Theory
Galileo invented this object Telescope
This scientist developed the laws of planetary motion Johannes Kepler
Isaac Newton discovered the laws of ________ and motion Gravity
The motivations for exploring were God, _________, and Glory Gold