Type
Word Search
Description

acquisition
Bandura
classical conditioning
cognitive maps
conditioned reinforcement
Edward C Tolman
extinction
habituation
instinctive drift
instrumental learning
John B Watson
latent learning
learned helplessness
little albert
modeling
negative reinforcement
operant conditioning
partial reinforcement
positive reinforcement
premack principle
punishment
spontaneous recovery
stimulus discrimination
stimulus generalization

Psychology Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Unconditioned response
Retrieval
Encoding
Latent learning
Cognitive map
Cognitive learning
Social learning
Reinforcement
Extinction
Discrimination
Conditioned response
Conditioned stimulus
Neutral stimulus
Storage
Operant conditioning
Generalization
Classical conditioning
Narcolepsy
Insomnia
Rem sleep
Lobes
Fore brain
Neurotransmitter
Hind brain
Mid brain

PSYC 101 Chapter 6 Keywords Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

period of initial learning in classical conditioning in which human or animal begins to connect a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus will begin to elicit the conditioned response. acquisition
form of learning that involves connecting certain stimuli or events that occur together in the environment. associative
____________________ conditioning a type of learning in which the stimulus or experience occurs before the behavior and then gets paired or associated with the behavior. classical
a mental picture of the layout of the environment is a _____________ map. cognitive
___________ response is a response caused by the conditioned stimulus conditioned
The conditioned __________ elicits a response due to its being paired with an unconditioned stimulus stimulus
a type. of reinforcement that rewards behavior everytime it occurs continuous
the decrease in the conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the conditioned stimulus. extinction
when we learn not to respond to a stimulus that is presented repeatedly without change habituation
unlearned knowledge, involving complex patterns of behavior; thought to be more prevalent in lower animals than in humans instinct
a type of learning that may not be evident until there is a reason to demonstrate it. latent
change in behavior or knowledge that is the result of experience learning
person who performs a behavior that serves as an example model
taking away a pleasant stimulus to decrease or stop a behavior is an example of negative _________________. punishment
taking away an undesirable stimulus to increase a behavior is ____________ reinforcement negative
type of stimulus that does not initially elicit a response neutral
type of learning that occurs by watching others observational
____________ conditioning is a form of learning in which the stimulus/experience happens after the behavior is demonstrated operant
rewarding behavior only some of the time is _____________ reinforcement partial
adding a desirable stimulus to increase a behavior is positive ________________. reinforcement
_________________ punishment is adding an undesirable stimulus to stop or decrease a behavior positive
Food, water, shelter and sex are examples of _______________ reinforcers primary
implementation ofo a consequence in order to decrease a behavior punishment
implementation of a consequence in order to increase a behavior reinforcement
unlearned, automatic response by an organism to a stimulus in the environment reflex
A ___________________ reinforcer has no inherent value unto itself and only has reinforcing qualities when linked with something else (poker chips, money, gold stars) secondary
rewarding successive approximations toward a target behavior. shaping
stimulus ______________ is the ability to respond differently to similar stimuli discrimination
stimulus __________________ demonstrates the conditioned response to stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus. generalization
Type of punishment where the observer sees the model punihed, making the pbserver less likely to imitate the model's behavior vicarious

AP Psychology Unit 6! Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Decreasing response to stimulus with repeated exposure to it habituation
Conditioning/Learning-link 2 or more stimuli and learn to anticipate classical
Tendency, after response conditioned, for similar stimuli to elicit similar responses generalization
Learned ability to distinguish between conditioned stimulus and other irrelevant stimuli discrimination
Got dogs to salivate to sound of bell Pavlov
Did "Little Albert" and later-marketing and ads Watson
Conditioning-control behavior with reinforcers and punishers operant
Thorndike-behaviors followed by favorable become more likely, and vice versa. lawofeffect
Reinforcers guide behavior toward closer to desired shaping
Innately reinforces, satisfies bio. need primaryreinforcer
Studies on taste aversion Garcia
Process of observing and imitating a specific behavior modeling

Psychology Chapter 5 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

A relatively enduring change in behavior or thinking that results from experiences Learning
A basic form of learning evident when an organism does not respond as strongly or as often to an event following multiple exposures to it. Habituation
An event or occurance that generally leads to a response Stimulus
a stimulus that does not cause a relevant automatic or reflexive response. Neutral Stimulus
A stimulus that automatically triggers an involuntary response without any learning needed. Uncondition Stimulus
Learning process in which two stimuli become associated with each other; when an originally neutral stimulus is condition to elicit an involuntary response. Classical Conditioning
A reflexive, involuntary response to an unconditioned stimulus. Unconditioned Response
A previously neutral stimulus that an organism learns to associate with an unconditioned stimulus. Conditioned Stimulus
A learned response to a conditioned stimulus Conditioned Response
The initial learning phase in both classical and operant conditioning Acquisiton
The tendency for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit the conditioned response. Stimulus Generalization
The ability to differentiate between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli sufficiently different from it. Stimulus Discrimination
In classical conditioning the process by which the CR decreases after repeated exposure to the CS in the absence of the US; in operant conditioning the disappearance of the learned behavior through the removal of it’s reinforce. Extinction
The reappearance of a conditioned response following its extinction Spontaneous Recovery
With repeated pairings of a conditions stimulus and a neutral stimulus, the second neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus as well. Higher Order Conditioning
A form of classical conditioning that occurs when an organism learns to associate the taste of a particular goof or drink with illness. Conditioned Taste Aversion
The degree to which a trait or behavior helps an organism survive. Adaptive Value
The tendency for animals to be predisposed or incline to from associations Biological Preparedness
An emotional reaction acquired through classical conditioning; process by which an emotional reaction becomes associated with a previously neutral stimulus. Conditioned Emotional Response
Thorndike’s principle stating that behaviors are more likely to be repeated when followed by pleasurable outcomes, and those followed by something unpleasant are less likely to be repeated. Law of Effect
Consequences, such as events or objects, that increase the likelihood of a behavior reoccurring. Reinforcers
Process by which an organism learns to associate a voluntary behavior with its consequences. Reinforcement
the scientific study of observable behavior Behaviorism
the use of reinforces to guide behavior to the acquisition of a desired, complex behavior Shaping
A method of shaping that uses reinforces to condition a series of small steps that gradually approach the target behavior. Successive Approximations
The tendency for animals to revert to instinctual behaviors after a behavior pattern has been learned. Instinctive Drift
The process by which reinforces are added or presented following a targeted behavior, increasing the likelihood of it occurring again. Positive Reinforcement
The removal of an unpleasant stimulus following a target behavior, which increases the likelihood of it occurring again. Negative Reinforcement
A reinforce that satisfies a biological need, such as food, water, physical contact; innate reinforce. Primary Reinforcer
Reinforces that do not satisfy biological needs but often gain their power through their association with primary reinforces. Secondary Reinforcer
A schedule of reinforcement in which every target behavior is reinforced Continuous Reinforcement
A schedule of reinforcement in which target behaviors are reinforced intermittently, not continuously. Partial Reinforcement
The tendency for behaviors acquired through intermittent reinforcement to be more resistant to extinction than those acquired through continuous reinforcement. Partial Reinforcement Effect
A schedule in which the subject must exhibit a predetermined number of desired behaviors before a reinforcer is given. Fixed-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the number of desired behaviors that must occur before a reinforcer is given changes across trials and is based on an average number of behaviors to be reinforced. Variable-Ratio Schedule
A schedule in which the reinforcer comes after a pre-established interval of times goes by: the behavior is only reinforced after the given interval is over. Fixed-Interval Schedule

Chapter 5 Vocabulary Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

Behavior Modification
Biological preparedness
Classical conditioning
cognitive map
contingency theory
counterconditioning
cumulative recorder
Discrimination
Discriminative stimulus
Extinction
Flooding
Generalization
Latent learning
Law of effect
Learning
Model
Negative reinforcer
Operant
Operant behavior
Operant conditioning
orienting response
positive reinforcer
Primary reinforcer
Punishment
Reflex
Reinforce
secondary reinforcer
Spontaneous recovery
Time out
UCR

Classical Conditioning Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

one stimulus signals the arrival of another stimulus Classical Conditioning
sight,sound,smell,taste or body stimulus
God Father of Classical Conditioning Pavlov
Food in your mouth=Salivate Reflexive Response
Stimulus response pair Reflex
Stimulus that automatically elicits an unconditioned response Unconditioned Stimulus
a response that's automatically elicited by the unconditioned stimulus Unconditioned response
learning isn't needed for stimulus unconditioned
a stimulus that elicits a new response conditioned stimulus
Response elicited by the conditioned stimulus conditioned response
Conditioned stimulus precedes the unconditioned stimulus and remains present, both occur together Delayed Conditioning
Conditioned stimulus precedes the unconditional, but is removed, so they don't occur together Trace conditioning
Acquiring a new response to the conditioned stimulus acquisition
Diminishing of the conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus no longer follows the conditioned stimulus Extinction
Partial Recovery in strength of the conditioned response following a break during extinction training Spontaneous Recovery
The more similar the stimulus is to the conditioned stimulus. the stronger it is Stimulus Generalization
Highly similar stimuli Stimulus discrimination

Early Childhood Cognitive Development Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Increases the likelihood of a behavior occurring Reinforcement
mental representations of the world around them schemas
Piaget's first developmental stage sensorimotor
Conscious, rational part of personality Ego
Unconscious, source of biological needs/desires ID
The conscience Superego
directly processing information that a child knows Assimilation
changing what one knows to fit the new information Accommodation
Child starts to think in symbols Preoperational
Child starts to think logically Concrete
reinforcers and punishments operant
stimulus, response classical
decreases the likelihood of a behavior to occur punishment
Bandura's Social Learning Theory modeling
consists of activities and interactions in the immediate environment Microsystem

Psychology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

the learning or developing of a skill, habit, or quality Acquistion
(After conditoning takes place) causes a responce to something CR
Learning to make an involuntary (reflexive) responce to a stimulus other then the original stimulus that normally produces the reflex Classical Conditioning
A responce that is reinforced after some but not all. Correct responces will be more resistant to extinction than a responce that receives continues reinforcement Partail Reinforcement Effect
Adding something to stop a behavior Punisher
Adding something that a person wants and or desires Reinforcer
An action that is followed by a pleasurable consequence that tends to be repeated Law of efect
When operant behavior that was previously reinforced is no longer being reinforced and as a consequences the behavior gradually stops occurring Extinction
A brief reappearance of a CR when the original CS returns Spontaneous Recovery
An organism learns to respond to different stimuli in different ways Discriminative Stimulus
Responding to a stimulus that is simular to the original CS Genralization
Occurs through the effects of pleasant and unpleasant consequences to responses (voluntary) Operant Conditioning
A decrease to a response of a stimulus after repeated presentations habituation
A sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem Insight
A type of learning that occurs that you don't really see until there is some reinforcement Latent Learning
gradually molding or training an organism to perform a specific response Shaping
A term that refers to learning that two different events occur or happen together Associative Learning
Learned reinforcers that help satisfy primary reinforcers (money, grades, praise) Secondary Reinforcer
A reinforcer that is learned through something for survival (satisfy hunger, thirst, pleasure) Primary Reinforcers
type of learning where individuals learn how to act or perform by observing another individual Modeling
Behavior that is driven by internal rewards Instrinsic Motivation
behavior that is driven by external rewards Extrinsic Motivation
When an organism is prevented from avoiding some type of stimulus repeatedly (e.g., continuous electric shocks) Learned Helplessness
Mental representation on ones environment Cognitive Map
Any stimulus that can cause a response without the organism going through any previous learning UCS
A behavior that occurs naturally due to a given stimulus UCR
previously a neutral stimulus that becomes associated with the unconditioned stimulus CS
initially produces no specific response other than focusing attention Neutral Stimulus
when a stimulus reinforces (strengthens) set behaviors through its association with a primary reinforcer conditioned reinforcer
An organism is reinforced every single time that an organism provides the appropriate operant response Stimulus distinction
occurs through observing the behavior of others Observational Learning
How often a reinforcer is given either as a interval or a ratio Reinforcement Team

Learning Word Search

Type
Word Search
Description

insight
fixed-ratio schedule
negative reinforcement
positive reinforcement
reinforcement
biological disposition
operant
punisher
reinforcer
Little Albert
discrimination
extinction
conditioned response
conditioned stimulus
enconditioned stimulus
unconditioned response
stimulus
classical conditioning
unconscious
operant conditioning

Learning Theories Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Thinking,problem solving and creativity summaries this theory cognitive
The learner is the key focus of this theory constructivism
Stimuli and responses are paired together for a number of trials describes which theory Classical
A conditioned stimulus ultimatley will ellicit a conditioned ___ Response
In classical conditioning, discontinuing the pairing of stimuli and response will lead to extinction
When a stimulus-response is reinforced best describes which theory Operant
If a consequence is positive, the behavior will ... increase
If a consequence is negative, a ........ will decrease behavior
The main contributor to Connectionism is... Thorndike
Strengthening connections through practice is call the Law of ... exercise
Learning through observing others is the basis of what learning theory Social
This learning theory focuses on how we group our information gestalt