Infection Control Vocabulary Crossword

Type: Crossword

the absence of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms asepsis
the use of a chemical agent or solution to destroy pathogens chemical disinfection
the presence of an infectious agent on a body surface or clothing, bedding and surgical instruments contaminated
free from bacteria or other living microorganisms sterile
a specified area such as within a tray that is considered to be free of microorganisms sterile field
a medical device that uses temperature and steam to sterilize surgical instruments autoclave
guidelines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for reducing risk of transmission standard precautions
personal protective equipment such as gloves and masks PPE
the process of destroying all microorganisms and their pathogenic products sterilization
the process of destroying all bacteria disinfection
a substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms antiseptics
a route in which a pathogen can enter a susceptible host portal of entry
the conveyance of a disease from one person to another person or object transmission
a pathogen that causes a disease such as virus, parasite or bacterium causative agent
an area for a pathogen to live and develop reservoir
acquired or occurring in a hospital nosocomial
requires oxygen to live aerobic
can live and develop without oxygen anaerobic
human immunodeficiency virus HIV
acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS
hepatitis b virus HBV
organisms invisible to the naked eye microorganisms
a bacterium, virus or other microorganism that can cause disease pathogens
a microorganism that cannot cause disease nonpathogens
a disease that can transmitted communicable disease
a route where a pathogen can leave its host portal of exit
infection risk susceptible host


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Infection Control & Pathogens Word Search

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Susceptible Host
Portal of Exit
Portal of Entry
Mode of Transmission
Chain of Infection
Infection Control
Standard Precautions
Chemical Bath

Microorganisms Crossword


Microorganisms that cause infectious disease Pathogens
Pathogen that lives in blood Blood-borne
Bacteria that requires oxygen for survival Aerobic
Bacteria that live without oxygen Anaerobic
Small microbes that pass through most filters Virus
Microbes that grow on other organisms Fungus
Animal pathogen, parasites Protozoa
The way microorganisms enter the body Portals
Number of portals of entry for microorganisms Five
Spread of disease by contact with pathogen Contagion
Confined to one area of the body Localized
Spread through the body Systemic
Usual amount of specific disease in a community Endemic
Excess of normal occurrences of a specific disease Outbreak
Increase in normal number of cases of specific disease in a defined geographic area Epidemic
Epidemic spread over several countries Pandemic
Recently appearing infectious diseases in a population Emerging infection
Ingested or injected substances that have ability to inhibit growth or destroy pathogens Antibiotics
Chemical agents that treat disease Chemotherapy
Biologic or chemical agents that create immunity Immunizations
Absence or control of microorganisms Asepsis
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA
Bacteriostatic agents used on skin Antiseptics
Bacteriostatic agents used on inanimate objects Disinfectants
Process of destroying all living organisms Sterilization
Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA
Organism that lives at the expense of another Parasite
Encapsulated bacteria in an inative state Spores

Infection Control Crossword


too small to be seen by the naked eye microoriganisms
micro-organisms that cause infection pathogen
small single cell organisms bacteria
resistant form of bacteria, remain viable for years endospores
only grow inside animals richettsiae
organisms that contains genetic material viruses
decompose plants and animals to fill the soil with nutrients. fungus
smallest and least understood of all microbes. prions
complex single cell organisms. protozoa
most micro-organisms do not cause infections normalflora
any place where pathogens can thrive or pose a threat, must have moisture, nutrients, and suitable temperature. reservoir
route through which blood, body fluids, excretions, or secretions leave the body. portal of exit
most dircet way to break the cycle is prevention. transmission
host is touched by infected person transmitting pathogens directly. direct contact
object has been in contact with pathogen. fomite
infected arthropod as a host. vector
any medium that transports pathogens. vehicle
occurs with dust that contains spores or by droplet. airborne
when an infected person coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings droplet
route pathogens gain entry into a host. portal of entry
a pathogen lives inside. susceptible host
a natural resistance. immune system
born with a certian amount of immunity acquired
occurs following an injection of prepared anitbodies passive
2 million hospitalized patients acquire annually nosocomial
reducing the probability of speading infection asepsis
best way to avoid spreading infection handwashing

Milady 2016 Chapter 5 Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword


One-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful and some are harmless Bacteria
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking. Direct Transmission
Single-cell organisms that grow in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts. Fungi
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object, such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface. Indirect Transmission
Invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens. Infection
Nonscientific synonym for disease-producing organisms. Germs
Any organism of microscopic to submicroscopic size. Microorganism
Harmful microorganisms that enter the body and can cause disease. Pathogens
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host) while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses). Toxins
A submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms. Virus
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances. Allergy
A disease that is spread from one person to another person. Contagious Disease
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin. Contamination
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection. Inflammation

Chapter 5: Infection Control: Principles & Practices Crossword


What is the abbreviation for Occupational Safety and Health Administration? OSHA
What sheet is required for chemical manufacturers and importers assess and communicate the potential hazards associated with their products? Safety Data Sheet
The _______ registers all types of disinfectants sold and used in the United States. EPA
_________ are one-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Bacteria
There are thousands of different kinds of bacteria that fall into two primary types: ___________ and nonpathogenic? pathogenic
Most bacteria are _______________; in other words, they are harmless organisms that may perform useful functions. nonpathogenic
___________ are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body. Pathogenic
_______________ are pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning. streptococci
____________ are short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria. bacilli
When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called _______ ___________. binary fission
___________ is a condition by which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection by showing redness, heat, pain, and swelling. inflammation
A ________ _________, such as a pimple or abscess, is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus. local infection
What organism can clients bring into the salon where it can infect others? The bacteria can be carried by clients who are unaware they are harboring a dangerous pathogen. MRSA
Acquired Immune Deficiency syndrome is caused by the ____ virus. HIV
What is a submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism? virus
Some of the viruses that plague humans are measles, mumps, chicken pox, smallpox, rabies, yellow fever, hepatitis, polio, _________, and HIV (which causes AIDS). influenza
__________ are colonies of microorganisms that adhere to environmental surfaces, as well as the human body. Biofilms
The HIV virus is spread mainly through the sharing of _________ by IV drug users and by unprotected sexual contact. needles
What is a single-cell organism that grows in irregular masses that include molds, mildews, and yeasts? fungi
What are organisms that grow, feed, and shelter in or in another organism, while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism? parasites
__________ is a contagious skin disease and is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin. scabies
_________ is the ability of the body to destroy, resist, and recognize infection. Immunity
_________ ___________ is immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation, or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed. acquired immunity
What is the process by which all microbial life is destoyed? sterilization
What is the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces? disinfection
Disinfectants must have ________ claims on the label. efficacy
Properly cleaned implements and tools, free from all visible debris, must be completely ___________ in disinfectant solution. immersed
All disinfectants are inactivated in the presence of many substances. It is _________ to use soap or a detergent first to thoroughly clean the equipment and remove all debris. Never mix detergents with disinfectants and always use in a well-ventilated area. critical
Quaternary ammonium compounds are also known as _______. quats
___________ disinfectants, known as tuberculoidal, are a form of formaldehyde. phenolic
Household bleach, a 5.25% sodium ___________, is an effective disinfectant and has used extensively as a disinfectant in the salon for large surfaces. hypochlorite

Microbiology Crossword


The study of microorganisms microbiology
An organism that cause disease pathogen
A food made with the help of bacteria yoghurt
microorganisms used in the brewing and baking industry yeast
A harmless dose of a disease causing microbe vaccination
A protein produced by white blood cells in response to an antigen Antibody
Resistant to a disease immune
a human disease caused by a fungus Athletes foot
A fungal disease which caused the Great Irish Famine Blight
An organism that lives in or on another living thing Parasite
A chemical which kills bacteria and fungi but not viruses Antibiotic
Organisms which feed on the dead remains of living things decomposers
The use of living things to make a product Biotechnology
A term used to describe things which can only be seen by a microscope Microscopic
Composed of only one cell Unicellular
Microorganisms are found here Everywhere
Free from microorganisms Sterile
A condition needed for the growth of microbes Water
A substance which contains food needed for the growth of microbes Nutrient Agar
How bacteria reproduce Binary Fission

Infection Control Worksheet

Matching Worksheet

very safe and fast acting disinfectants Quats
what is MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets
One-celled microorganisms that has both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful some are harmless Bacterial
Chemical products approved by EPA design to destroy most bacteria (excluding spores), fungi, and viruses on surfaces disinfectants
Spherical bacteria that grows in pairs and causes diseases such as pneumonia Diplococci
The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells Binary Fission
The ability to produce an effect Efficacy
The invasion of body tissues by disease- causing pathogens Infection
Are the methods use to eliminate or reduce transmission of infectious organisms Infection Control
self-movement Motility
A fluid created by infection Pus
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body Pathogenic
Harmless microorganisms that may preform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause harm Nonpathogenic
Chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level Sanitizing
Capable of destroying viruses Virucidal
a ringworm fungus of the foot Tinea Pedis
The process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores Sterilization
Pus-forming bacteria that grows in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses,pustules,and boils. Staphylococci
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that causes diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease Spirilla
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and poisoning Streptococci
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size Microorganism
made or constructed of a material that has pores or an openings. Porous items are absorbent Porous
Caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection Infectious
Capable of destroying bacteria Bactericidal
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residue such as dust, hair and skin Contamination
The removal of blood and all other potentially infectious materials on an item's surfaces, and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust,hair and skin Decontamination

The principles of infection control Crossword


a microscopic living organism, which may be single celled or multicellular. Microorganism
the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease, a term which came into use in the 1880s. Pathogens
Organisms that live and reproduce in the absence of oxygen anaerobic
Process that destroys all microorganisms including spores and viruses sterilization
Plantlike organisms that live on dead organic matter fungi
Absence of pathogens asepsis
Infections acquired in health care facility noocomial
Organisms that require oxygen to live Aerobic
Disease originates outside the body Exogenous
One-celled plantlike organisms that multiply rapidly Bacteria
Factors that must be present for disease to occur chain of infection
Process that destroys or kills pathogens disinfection
Smallest microorganisms viruses
Process that inhibits or prevents the growth of pathogenic organisms Antisepsis
One-celled animal organisms found in decayed materials and contaminated water protozoa
Rod shaped bacilli
comma shaped vibrois (Spirilla)
round or spherical arranged in a chain cocci (streptococci)
intact unbroken skin portal of entry

Unit Two Reveiw Crossword


submicroscopic, infectious agents viruses
protein shell that protects the genome capsid
three dimensional polygon shaped capsid icosahedral
many viruses have spikes, or _______, that may protrude from the viral capsid or enelope peplomers
occurs when two different viral strains coinfect a single host cell reassortment
The RNA genome mutates frequently causing minor changes (two words) antigeneticdrift
viruses can be grouped by the presence or absence of an _________ envelope
a collection of species that a virus can infect (two words) hostrange
infectious proteins that contain no genetic material prions
organisms that live in extreme pH, temperature, and/or salt extremophiles
organisms that do not use oxygen to grow anaerobes
______ media singles out bacteria with specific properties selective
a substance or agent that destroys microorganisms germicide
a viable plate count is considered a ______ method of couting direct
term for pathway that breaks things down catabolic
protein catalysts that help chemical reactions occur under cellular conditions enzymes
first step of catabolism in any cell glycolysis
movement of ions accross a semipermiable membrane down the electrochemical gradient chemiosmosis
this follows glycolysis in prokaryotes fermentation
where are essential amino acids produced? cells
where are non-essential amino acids produced environment
a series of redox reactions and decarboxylation reactions krebs
type of inhibition when a substance binds somewhere esle on an enzyme, not the active site, disabling it non-competitive
most effective way to attain ATP aerobic
the process of building glucose glucogenesis
studies the pattern of disease incidence to design measures to limit transmission epidemiology
pathogen that does not require a weakened host truepathogen
disease sspread from animals to humans zoonotic
rapid, widespread disease in a particular region during a short time frame epidemic
rapid onset and progression of a disease means it is acute
habitat where an infectious agent normally lives and multiplies reservoir
if you got a pathogen from the environment, animals, or other humans the source is exogenous
person to person contact, animal bites, and scratches are all which type of contact direct
degree of pathogenicity, severity of the damage of a disease virulence
phase of infection where the earliest symptoms arise prodromal
another word for HAI's nosocomial
drug resistent pathogens superbug
incidence of a specific disease within a population morbidity
only disease to be completly eradicated smallpox
subsidiary of the US department of health and human services CDC
the who, what, and where of a particular disease epidemiologicaltriangle
well known disease that is spread through vertical transmission HIV
refers to the tissues or cell specificity due to viral surface factors tropism
the order level is the highest ______ for viruses taxon
During _____ phage commandeers host cell factors to transcribe and translate viral genes replication

Surgical Asepsis Crossword


kills ALL microorganisms & used for items in contact with internal body sterilization
transmitted during coughing droplet
disease producing organisms pathogens
resistance to disease immunity
found in blood producing disease bloodborne pathogens
spread by air current in a room airborne
cleaning removing debris sanitation
susceptible host capable of being infected
someone with a cold reservoir host
many different routes of transmission contact precautions
caring for any type of diagnosis standard precautions
remove microorganisms surgical scrub
soaking instruments disinfection
protect workers from HIV & bloodborne pathogens universal precautions
body is entered invasive procedures
area free of microorganisms surgical asepsis
being free of germs asepsis