Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the process in which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another erosion
the process by which eroded material is dropped and creates new landforms deposition
the measure of the change in elevation over a certain distance gradient
the size of a streams ___________ has an affect on the stream's speed load
_____________ increases after a major storm occurs such as rapid snow melting discharge
when a stream or river floods, a layer of sediments is deposited over the flooded land. Very fertile & flat area floodplain
streams that deposit their load in a fan-shaped pattern delta
a ____________________ is a fan-shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
the curve, twists in a river or stream meander
the movement of water underground can also cause erosion groundwater
a circular depression left in the ground when the roof of a cave collapses. sinkhole
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
an area of shoreline that is made up of materials deposited by waves and currents beach

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Weathering, Erosion and Deposition Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the process by which sediment and other materials are moved from one place to another Erosion
process by which eroded material is dropped deposition
materials carried by a stream load
flat area formed by layers of deposited sediment floodplain
fan shaped pattern where streams deposit their loads delta
a fan shaped deposit that forms on dry land alluvial fan
a place where land and a body of water meet shoreline
water located within the rocks below Earth's surface groundwater
an area of shoreline that is made up of material deposited by waves and currents beach
mounds of wind deposited sand dunes
thick deposits of windblown, fine-grained sediment loess
term for all materials carried and deposited by a glacier Glacial drift
large mass of moving ice that forms by the compacting of snow by natural forces glacier
sudden and rapid movement of a large amount of material downslope landslide

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Surface water Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the movement of water across the surface of earth Run-off
all of the land area whose water drains into a stream system watershed
smaller streams that contributes water to a larger steam tributaries
watersheds are separated from one another by highland areas divide
the largest particle size that water can carry competence
the maximum quantity of load that a stream can carry; controlled by the discharge of a streach capacity
the volume of water that passes a point on the stream per unit of time discharge
material that is rolled or pushed along the streambed bed load
material that is small enough to be physically suspended in the water of the stream of a long distance suspension load
minerals that have dissolved out of rocks due to weathering solution load
the lowest level to which a stream can cut down. most base levels are temporary base level
sea level. no stream erosion can take place below sea level ultimate base level
broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streas bank that is covered with water during floods flood plain
curve or bend in a stream formed when a stream's slope decreases meander
an alluvial deposit that forms by accretion on the inner side of an expanding loop of a river point bar
formed when sediment laden stream enters a still body of water delta
the degree to which something inclines slope
v-shaped valley, steep slope, straight path young stream
u-shaped, begins to curve, less steep slope mature stream
the outside bank of a water channel which is continually undergoing erosion cut bank
the later state of a stream is an old stream old stream
a u-shaped bend in the course of a river oxbow
a curved lake formed at a former oxbow where the main stream of the river has cut across the narrow end oxbow lake
a tan or cone shaped deposit of sediment crossed and built up by streams alluvial fan

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Weathering Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the breaking down of rock by mechanical action of an other rock ABRASION
when strong acids fall to Earth they are called ACIDPRECIPITATION
the process by which rock is broken down by physical changes PHYSICALWEATHERING
the breakdown of rock by physical and chemical changes WEATHERING
the process when the outer layers of rock slowly peel away EXFOLIATION
the breaking down and wearing away of rock material by the mechanical action of other rock ABRASION
the breakdown of rocks by chemical reactions CHEMICALWEATHERING
the process by which other chemical combine with oxygen OXIDATION
a common feature in cave systems STALACTITES
a common feature in cave systems STALAGMITES
the process by which by which sediment is moved to one place to another EROSION
the process by which eroded material is dropped DEPOSITION
layers of deposited sediment can form a flat area called a FLOODPLAIN
streams often deposits their loads in a fan-shaped pattern DELTA
a fan-shaped deposit that forms on dry land ALLUVIALFAN
the water located within the rocks below Earth's surface GROUNDWATER
is a place where land and a body of water meet SHORELINE
an area of shorelinethat is made up ofmaterial deposited by waves and currents BEACH
an underwater or exposed ridge of sand, gravel, or shell material SANDBAR
a long narrow island usally made of sand BARRIERISLAND
mounds of wind-deposited sands are called DUNES
deposites of this windblown, finegrained sediment LOESS
a large mass of moving ice GLAICER
the general term for all materials carried and deposited by a glaicer GLACIERDRIFT
slow movement of material downslope CREEP
happens when loose rocks fall down a steep slope ROCKFALL
the sudden movement of a large amount of material downslope LANDSLIDE
a rapid movement of a large mass of mud is called MUDFLOW

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Weathering and Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

What type of weathering breaks smaller pieces of rock from larger pieces Mechanical
What type of weathering slowly dissolves rock chemical
What is the process in which wind, water, gravity transport soil? Erosion
When farmers change crops to protect nutrient depletion. Crop rotation
When farmers grow a crop between seasons to prevent erosion. cover crop
Creating a series of steps so that farming can occur on a steep hill Terracing
Leaving the previous season's stalks behind to prevent erosion. no till
Refers to the pore space in soil taken up by water or oxygen porosity
Water dissolves and carries nutrients in topsoil to lower layers leaching
The top layer of soil topsoil
The most fertile section of topsoil humus
The layer of rock beneath soil layers bedrock
When water in the air causes chemical change oxidation
Repeated freezing and thawing in cracks of rock ice wedging
Type of weathering in which harder rock weathers less than softer rock differential
When limestone is dissolved underground, you get a... cave
When pollution and rain weather together. acid rain
Grinding away of rock abrasion
Agent of mechanical weathering wind
Agent of chemical weathering water
Living agent of mechanical weathering plants
Rock that is the source of the fragments parent rock
Protecting soil from nutrient loss or erosion soil conservation
When water slows and drops sediment deposition
Deposition that occurs as a body of water slows to flow into another delta
Sediment deposits here when a river overflows its banks (pg.318) floodplain
a fan-shaped deposion on land alluvial fan
As a mountain ages, its peaks become (rounder/sharper) rounder

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Weathering Erosion Surface Water Vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

The breakup of rock due to exposure to process that occur at or near Earth's surface is called Weathering
Erosion is the removal and transport of materials by natural agents such as _______ and running water Wind
The breakdown of rock that takes place when a rock is broken into smaller peices of the same material without changing its composition MechanicalWeathering
The breakdown or _________ of a rock that takes place when minerals are changed into different substances is called Chemical Weathering Decomposition
A mechanical wheathering process in which water freezes in the cracks of a rock and ________ apart is called frost wedging Wedges
The wearing away of rock material by grinding action is called Abrasion
The peeling of surface layers from _______ bedrock is called exfoliation Exposed
______ is the chemical reaction of water with other substances Hydrolysis
Rainwater that contains unusually high amounts of acids that can be traced back to pollutants, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen compounds, and carbon dioxide is called AcidRain
Oxidation is the chemical reaction of ________ with other substances Oxygen
Mass movement is the _________ transportation of large masses of earth materials by gravity Downslope
________ is the slow, often imperceptible, movement of soil down a slope Creep
The downslope movement of water that contains large amounts of suspended clay and silt is called Mudflow
________ is the higher land that separates one drainage basin from another Divide
All the land that ______ into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a watershed is called drainage basin Drains
________ is sand, pebbles, and boulders that are moved along the bed of a stream and that are too heavy to be carried in suspension BedLoad
The volume of water that passes a certain point in a stream or river in a given amount of time is called Discharge
A river and all of its tributaries RiverSystem
_______ is a state in whk materials carried by a river are stirred up and kept from sinking by the turbulence of stream flow Suspention
The slope or incline of an area of land or of a stream is called Gradient
A measure of the total amount of sediment a stream can carry is called Capacity
A crescent-shaped body of water formed when sediments deposited by a river cut off a meander from the river is called OxbowLake
Broad, looping bends in a river are called Meanders
A wide, level area that borders a river and is covered by its water during a flood is called Floodplain
A measure that describes the maximum size of the particles a stream can carry is called Competence
A fan-shaped deposite that forms when a river flows into a quiet or large body of water, such as a lake, and ocean, or an island sea is called Delta
A stream that runs into another stream or river is called a Tributary
All the land that drains into the river either directly or through its tributaries; a drainage basin is called a Watershed

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weathering and erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the process of eroding or being eroded by wind, water, or other natural agents erosion
the process of breaking big rocks into little ones. This process usually happens near the surface of the planet mechanical weathering
the erosion or disintegration of rocks, building materials, etc., caused by chemical reactions (chiefly with water and substances dissolved in it) rather than by mechanical processes. chemical weathering
is caused by the repeated freeze-thaw cycle of water in extreme climates. Most rocks have small cracks in them, called joints (or, tectonic joints). When it rains, rainwater seeps into these joints. As the day cools and temperatures at night drop below freezing, the water inside the joints freezes. frost wedging
an area damaged by scraping or wearing away. abrasion
the process of rocks wearing there old surface off exfoliation
the chemical breakdown of a compound due to reaction with water. hydrolysis
ainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes. The main cause is the industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels, the waste gases from which contain sulfur and nitrogen oxides, which combine with atmospheric water to form acids. acid rain
the process or result of oxidizing or being oxidized. oxidation
the movement of surface material caused by gravity. mass movement
move slowly and carefully, especially in order to avoid being heard or noticed. creep
a fluid or hardened stream or avalanche of mud. mud flow
separate or be separated into parts divide
an extent or an area of land where surface water from rain, melting snow, or ice converges to a single point at a lower elevation, usually the exit of the basin drainage basin
particles in a flowing fluid (usually water) that are transported along the bed. bed load
allow (a liquid, gas, or other substance) to flow out from where it has been confined. discharge
a river thats conected to other rivers river system
a mixture in which particles are dispersed throughout the bulk of a fluid. suspension
an increase or decrease in the magnitude of a property (e.g., temperature, pressure, or concentration) observed in passing from one point or moment to another. gradient
the maximum amount that something can contain. capacity
a curved lake formed at a former oxbow where the main stream of the river has cut across the narrow end and no longer flows around the loop of the bend. oxbow lake
a winding curve or bend of a river or road. meander
an area of low-lying ground adjacent to a river, formed mainly of river sediments and subject to flooding. flood plain
the ability to do something successfully or efficiently. competence
a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or standing water. This occurs where a river enters an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, reservoir, or (more rarely) another river that cannot transport away the supplied sediment delta
a river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake. tributary
an area or ridge of land that separates waters flowing to different rivers, basins, or seas. watershed

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River Landscapes and Processes Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Bends usually in the middle course of a river. meanders
Where a river starts, usually a lake or spring source
Water wears away rocks and soil on the river banks and bed. erosion
Flat land next to a river which is sometimes flooded. Flood plain
FIne sediments which are deposited by a river. alluvium
A type of erosion where rocks in a river hit each other, slowly becoming smaller. attrition
The point where two rivers meet. confluence
the mouth of a river which broadens into the sea and is affected by tides. estuary
A steep, narrow valley with rocky sides. gorge
A hollow under a waterfall created by erosion and filled with water. Plunge pool
The boundary separating two drainage basins. watershed
The speed at which a river flows. velocity
A stream or small river that joins a larger one. tributary
The process where some minerals dissolve in a river. solution
The gentle slope on the inside of a meander bend. slipoffslope

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Landforms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

a photograph of the earth's surface taken from an airplane or spacecraft flying above the earth. aerial photograph
a fan-shape landform deposited at the end of a steep canyon where the slop becomes flatter;fans are usually found in arid regions,like death valley. alluvial fan
a ruler line on a topographic map that shows the scale. bar scale
the bottom of a moutain base
A low area in which the sediments are often deposited. basin
a surveyor's marker usually placed permanently in the ground at a known position and elevation. benchmark
the limit or borer of an area or region. boundary
a v-shape valley cut by a river or stream canyon
a person who makes maps cartographer
the course a stream follows; the deepest part of the river,stream,or harbor channel
an instrument for determining directions by means of a magnetic needle swing freely, pointing to magnetic north compass
a construction of wall across a river that holds the water flowing thought the river,creating a reservoir or lake dam
the solid,rocky outer shell of the earth crust
a line on o topographic map that connects points of equal elevation. contour line
the distance in elevation between contour lines contour interval
a fan-shape (triangular) deposit of earth materials at a mouth of a stream delta
the process by which eroded earth materials settle out in another place deposition
the breakdown and removal of soil and rock by water ,wind or other forces. erosion
vertical distance or height elevation
a community of living things, all the nonliving things that surround it, and the relationship between them ecosystem
a system of rivers and streams that drains an area like the colorado plateau drainage basin

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Weathering, Erosion and Soil Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

process of erosion where windblown particles scrape against rock surfaces and wear them away abrasion
unweathered solid parent rock bedrock
all of Earth's organisms and the environment in which they live biosphere
type of weathering where rocks and minerals undergo changes in their composition due to chemical reactions chemical
process by which productive land becomes a desert desertification
removal and transport of weathered material erosion
the settling of eroded material deposition
process that occurs when water repeatedly freezes and thaws in cracks in rocks frost wedging
erosion that occurs when a channel widens and deepens gully
weathering where big rocks break down into smaller pieces physical
erosion where water runs down the side of a slope carving a small stream rill
pieces of rock that are moved and deposited sediment
loose covering of weathered rock overlying bedrock soil
distinct layer in soil horizon
section of soil with many distinct layers profile
the change in elevation of the Earth's crust topography
the most influential factor in soil formation climate
soil whose parent material is local residual
soil whose parent material has moved far from its source transported
steep slopes have this kind of soil shallow
they help break down organic material and helps increase water holding capacity organisms
regardless of the type of soil, they all need this to develop time
decreasing surface area, _____________ chances of chemical weathering decreases
row of trees planted perpendicular to the wind windbreak
type of erosion that creates unsorted deposits glacial
chemical weathering due to oxygen oxidation
weathering where outer layers seem to peel away like an onion exfoliation
type of weathering that is favored in cold and dry climate mechanical
type of erosion that can defy gravity wind

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Weathering & Erosion Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

the breakdown of rocks into smaller particles weathering
small particles of rock that break off another rock sediments
the type of weathering in which the composition stays the same physical
the type of weathering in which the composition of the rock changes chemical
what water does when it freezes expands
the release of pressure that causes a rock to break exfoliation
when sediments collide and break abrasion
the name of the rock that caves form in limestone
the most important cause of chemical weathering water
when oxygen combines with iron in a rock and forms iron oxide(rust) oxidation
examples of organisms that release acids to chemically weather rocks lichens
decayed plant an animal material found in soil humus
when the bedrock matches the soil residual
when the bedrock does NOT match the soil transported
the process by which weathered sediments are transported erosion
another name for gravity erosion massmovement
the force behind most types of erosion gravity
a smaller stream running into a larger one tributary
an area of land that drains to a specific stream/water body watershed
a v-shaped valley is formed by this river
when sediments are dissolved in water solution
when small minerals are carried within water suspension
a u-shaped lake that forms when a meander is cut off from the rest of a stream/river oxbow
wind blows loose sediment against rocks sandblasting
a U-shaped valley is made by this glacier
a rock deposited by a glacier that does not match the surrounding rock in the area erratic
the shape of rocks eroded by water round
the shape of rocks eroded by gravity angular
you find these on rocks carried by glaciers scratches

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