the region where an oceanic plate sinks down into the asthenosphere at a convergent boundary, usually between continental and oceanic plates
subduction
the makeup of a rock; describes either the minerals or elements present in it
composition
the theory that continents can drift apart from one another and have done so in the past
continental drift
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement of a liquid or a gas
convection
the boundary between two colliding tectonic plates
convergant boundary
the central, spherical part of the Earth below the mantle
core
the thin, outermost layer of the Earth, or the uppermost part of the lithosphere
crust
the amount of matter in a given space; mass per unit volume
density
the boundary between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other
Divergent boundary
: a shaking or trembling of a portion of the earth
earthquake
a break in the Earth’s crust along which blocks of the crust slide relative to one another due to tectonic forces
fault
magma that flows onto the Earth’s surface
lava
the outermost, rigid layer of the Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle
lithosphere
the hot liquid that forms when rock partially or completely melts; may include mineral crystals
magma
the layer of the Earth between the crust and the core
mantle
the theory that the Earth’s lithosphere is divided into tectonic plates that move around on top of the asthenosphere and mantle
plate tectonic
the boundary between two tectonic pates that are sliding past each other horizontally
transform boundary
an act, process, or result of lifting up a part of the Earth’s surface
uplift
a mountain that forms when molten rock, called magma, is forced to the Earth’s surface
volcano

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