An abnormal increase in the number of red cells in the blood
An immature RBC
A clump of red blood cells that appear to be stacked like a roll of coins
Red blood cell formation
An oxygen carrying molecule
Having two copies of the same gene
Breakdown of RBCs
Having a high fat level
Capillary blood collector
Samll blood vessels throughout the body that connect the smaller arteries to the smaller veins
Area in front of the elbow
The liquid part of blood
Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process
The excessive variation in size of cells, especially RBCs
A condition in whihc many red blood cells have abnormal or multiple types of shapes
having a multi-lobed nucleus; used to describe cells such as granulocytes
the inflammation of the lining of hte hear. may be associated with an increase in number of monocytes.
wBCs that are responsible for combating infection by parasites in the body
damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted.
a potent vasoconstrictor that is released by platelets adhering to a wounded blood vessel
an anticoagulant used to prevent and treat a thrombus or embolus. Also a rodent poison
Any substance that stimulates the production of antibodies.
removal and examination of tissue from the body performed to establish a precise diagnosis
a stone developing in the body, e.g., kidney or bile (not the branch of mathematics)
the study of cells, their origin, structure, function and pathology
What type of circulation does the heart use?
How many sections are in your heart?
How many ventricles are there in your body?
How many atrium's are in your body?
Which large vein brings oxygen/poor blood from the upper parts of the body to the right atrium?
Brngs oxygen/poor blood from lower regions of the body to the right atrium?
This chamber of the heart receives deoxygenated blood from the body.
The chamber of the heart that pumps oxygen/ poor blood to the lungs.
Carries poor oxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the left lung.
Blood vessels that carry oxygenated from the lungs to the left atrium.
Divides the left and right chambers of the heart.
circulation of blood between the heart and lungs.
Tiny, thin walled blood vessels that allow the exchange of gasses and nutrients between the blood and the cells of the body.
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart.
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
Colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended.
Tiny disk shaped bodies in the blood, very important in blood clot formation.
Blood cells containing hemoglobin that carry oxygen through the bloodstream.
Disease fighting cells in Blood cells containing hemoglobin that carry oxygen through the bloodstream.
What are the different types of blood?
The blood pressure (as measured by a sphygmomanometer) after the contraction of the heart while the chambers of the heart refill with blood.
The blood pressure (as measured by a sphygmomanometer) during the contraction of the left ventricle of the heart.
Circulation that supplies blood to all the body except to the lungs.
The system of heart and blood vessels that circulate blood throughout the body.
Carrier of genetic information.
Serum based material with assigned target values.
Reaction vessel (similar to a tube) used in photometric analyzers.
The study of hormones.
Hormone produced naturally by the pancreas and controls the level of glucose in the blood.
The process of dissolution of cells.
The study of microorganisms (bacteria/viruses/parasites).
Reproducibility of test results.
The procedure that removes waste substance from the circulating blood.
A newborn in its first month of life.
The liquid portion of blood remaining after a clot forms.
A measure of how close a determined value is to the true value.
Condition where red cell count or hemoglobin level is below normal.
Formed in the liver from the breakdown of hemoglobin.
Substance with the potential to produce cancer in humans or animals.
The process of forming a fibrin clot.
Red blood cell
Plasma protein produced in the liver and converted to fibrin through the action of thrombin.
The presence of blood in the urine.
The rupture or destruction of red cells resulting in the release of hemoglobin.
Excessive amount of fat in blood.
Having reduced color or hemoglobin content.
The organ in which urine is formed.
Cloudy appearance due to excess lipid content.
Substance that stops the blood from clotting,
Clumping of red blood cells that appear to be stacked like a roll of coins.
Capillary blood collector.
Low lint wipes used to clean in the lab.
An organ system that takes oxygen and nutrients to every corner of your body
The movement of blood through the blood vessels.
The blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart.
The tubes that blood moves through.
The smallest blood vessels connecting arteries and veins
The heart is divided into four parts called _____________.
The two upper chambers of the heart that receive blood first.
The two lower chambers of the heart that receive blood second.
The flap in the heart that keeps the blood flowing in the right direction.
A measure of your heartbeat.
The liquid that Carries nutrients, dissolved gasses and other substances.
the substance to which oxygen and carbon dioxide attach.
The cell that destroys harmful organisms.
The cells that carry oxygen and carbon dioxide through the body.
The cells that help blood clot.
Consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
A hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood
The upper chamber of the heart that receives blood that comes into the heart
The lower chamber of the heart that pumps blood out of the heart
A flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward
A group of heart cells that sends out signals that make he heart muscle contract.
Blood Vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
Tiny, narrow vessels.
Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart.
The first branches of the aorta that carry blood to the heart itself.
________ is caused by the alternating expansion and relaxation of the artery wall.
Process by which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.
The force blood exerts against the walls of blood vessels.
The liquid part of blood
Deliver oxygen from the lungs to cells elsewhere in the body.
________ is an iron-containing protein that binds chemically to oxygen molecules.
The body's disease fighters.
_______ are cell fragments that play an important part in forming blood clots.
The body's drainage system.
The fluid inside the lymphatic system is called ________.
Small knobs of tissue.
A condition in which an artery wall thickens as a result of the buildup of fatty materials.
A _____________ occurs when blood flow to part of the heart is blocked.
____________ is a disorder in which a person's blood pressure is consistently higher than normal.
place where substances are exchanged between the blood and body cells
the liquid part of blood
a flap of tissue that prevents blood from flowing backward
bloodvessles that carry blood back to the heart
take up oxyhgen in the blood and deliver it to cells elsewhere in the body
the body's disease fighters
consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood
(singular) lower chambers of the heart
(singular) upper chambers of the heart
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration
largest artery in the body
a force exerted by blood against the walls of blood vessels
the alternating expansion and relaxation of the artery walls
a group of heart cells that sends out signals that make the heart muscle contract
hollow, muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body
blood vessles that carry blood away from the heart
iron-containing protein that binds chemically to oxygen molecules
the fluid portion of the blood
red blood cells
the oxygen-transporting pigment of erythrocytes
white blood cell
a white blood cell with secretory granules in its cytoplasm (ex. eosinophil/basophil)
the most abundant of the white blood cells
granular white blood cells whose granules readily take up a stain called eosin
white blood cells whose granules stain deep blue with basic dye; have a relatively pale nucleus and granular-appearing cytoplasm
white blood cells with a one-lobed nucleus. no granules in cytoplasm
agranular white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that mature in the lymphoid tissue
large single-nucleus white blood cell; agranular leukocyte
one of the irregular cell fragments of blood; involved in clotting
formation of blood cells
stem cells that give rise to all the formed elements of the blood
the stopping of a flow of blood
the stout wall separating the lower chambers of the heart from one another
begins at the base of the right ventricle, branches into two pulmonary arteries which deliver deoxygenated blood to the corresponding lung
bicuspid and tricuspid
cord-like tendons that connect the papillary muscles to the tricuspid valve and the mitral valve in the heart (heart strings)
lub dub, lub dub
a condition in which the heart produces or is apt to produce a recurring sound indicative of disease or damage
abnormally high blood pressure
a disease of the arteries characterized by the deposition of plaques of fatty material on their inner walls
the membranous sac enveloping the heart
a chamber of the heart receiving blood from the veins; superior heart chambers
discharging chambers of the heart
system of blood vessels that carry blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange
major systemic artery; arises from the left ventricle of the heart
systems of blood vessels that carries nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood to all the body organs
valves that prevent blood return to the ventricles after contraction
the contraction phase of heart activity
a period (between contractions) of relaxation of the heart during which it fills with blood
a volume of blood ejected by a ventricle during systole
sequence of events encompassing one complete contraction and relaxation of the atria and ventricles of the heart
Heart Rate is measure in beats per
The top two chambers of the heart are called
How many chambers of the heart are there
What is the name of a heart specialist
What procedure uses external electric shocks to restore a normal heart rhythm?
What does SVT stand for?
Who performed the first succesful heart surgery?
blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
blood vessels that carry blood from the body to the heart
vessels which enable the actual exchange of water and chemicals between the blood and the tissues
A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of abnormal heart rhythms
Medical Abbreviation for Wolf-Parkinson White Syndrome
the cavity behind the nose and above the roof of the mouth that filters air and moves mucus and inhaled contaminants outward and away from the lungs.
voice box-passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords.
one of the tubules forming the respiratory system.
The passages that branch from the trachea and direct air into the lungs.
the paired organs in the thoracic cavity where gas exchange takes place between air in the alveoli and blood in the pulmonary capillaries.
progressively smaller tubular branches of the airways.
tiny sacs of lung tissue specialized for the movement of gases between air and blood.
short structures projecting from a cell and containing bundles of microtubules that move a cell through its surroundings or move fluid over the cell's surface.
protective secretion of the mucus membranes.
passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally.
the metabolic processes certain organisms obtaining energy from organic molecules.
the exchange of gases between the air in the alveoli and the blood in the pulmonary capillaries.
the uppermost cartilage of the larynx; covers the larynx during swallowing
inhalation; the intake of air into the lungs
any of the fine branching blood vessels that form a network between the arterioles and venules.
in warm conditions, the diameter of small blood vessels near the surface of the body increases, which increases blood flow
in cold conditions, the diameter of small blood vessels near the surface of the body decreases, which reduces blood flow
vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium
vessel that carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
cell fragments which help in blood clotting
straw-coloured liquid part of blood
bright red substance formed when oxygen binds to haemoglobin in red blood cells; this is how oxygen is transported to tissues
white blood cells that produce antibodies and antitoxins to destroy pathogens
chemical found in red blood cells which binds to oxygen to transport it around the body
the net movement of particles from a high concentration to a lower concentration (along their concentration gradient)
small blood vessels that are one cell thick and permeable for diffusion of gases; join arteries to veins
blood vessels with thick elastic walls that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart under high pressure
artery that carries oxygenated blood from the left ventricle to tissues around the body
the anterior (nearer to the head) chambers of the heart that receive blood from the body or lungs
vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the body to the right atrium
the lower chambers of the heart that pump blood around the body (left) or back to the lungs (right)
muscle that makes up the heart; it continuously contracts and relaxes
blood cells with a concave shape which are adapted to the transport of oxygen. As they move through the blood vessels they carry oxygen from the lungs to body cells
Serum based material with assigned target values
Condition where red cell count or hemoglobin level is below normal
plasma protein produced in the liver and converted to fibrin through the action of thrombin
clumping of red blood cells that appear to be stacked like a roll of coins
cloudy appearance due to excess lipid content
substance that stops blood from clotting
formed in the liver from the breakdown of hemoglobin
the procedure that removes waste substances from the circulating blood
hormone produced naturally by the pancreas and controls the level of glucose iin the blood
carrier of genetic information
having a reduced color or hemoglobin content
low lint wipes used in the lab
a newborn in its first month of life
excessive amounts of fat in the blood
reaction vessel used in photometric analyzers
the rupture or destruction of red cells resulting in the release of hemoglobin
a measure of how close a determined value is to the true value
the study of hormones
substance with the potential to produce cancer in humans or animals
red blood cell
capillary blood collector
the process of forming a fibrin clot
the presence of blood in the urine
reproducibility of test results
the liquid portion of blood remaining after a clot forms (no fibrinogen)
movement of an organism toward or away from any object that provides a mechanical stimulus
adherence of an antibody onto the surface of a red blood cell
component given to replace fibrinogen