Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

cooked so as to be still firm when bitten al dente
an appetizer typically consisting of olives, anchovies, cheeses, and meats anti pasto
cook food by dry heat without direct exposure to a flame, typically in an oven or on a hot surface bake
pour juices or melted fat over meat during cooking in order to keep it moist baste
foods that have been formed into long narrow shapes, appearing stick-like and somewhat similar to a baton batonette
a semiliquid mixture of flour, egg, and milk or water used in cooking, especially for making cakes or for coating food before frying batter
To smoothen a mixture by briskly whipping or stirring it with a spoon, fork, wire whisk, rotary beater, or electric mixer beat
To thicken a sauce or hot liquid by stirring in ingredients such as eggs, flour, butter, or cream bind
Twice-cooked biscotti
smooth, creamy, highly seasoned soup of French origin bisque
used in the preparation of fish and other foods and cooked in a very hot cast-iron skillet blackened
To cook in a liquid that has reached its highest possible temperature of 212°F boil
Any broth made by cooking meat, poultry, fish, or vegetables in water bouillion
is a combination-cooking method that uses both moist and dry heats braise
a kind of food made of flour or meal that has been mixed with milk or water, made into a dough or batter, with or without yeast or other leavening agent, and baked bread
To cover with sauce mask
To chop, grind, or cut into small pieces mince
A mixture made up of diced vegetables mirepox
To heat with sugar and spices to make a hot drink mull
A French term describing the coating of a prepared dish with sauce napper
A knife cut with two angled sides oblique cut
Scarps from a remaining meal ort
Fry in a pan with a small amount of oil pan fry
a sandwich made with Italian bread, usually toasted panini
Trim something by cutting away the outer edges pare
Scoop fruit of vegetables in ball shape parisienne scoop
A smooth creamy substance made of liquidized or crushed fruits or vegetables puree
a mixture of fat and flour used in making sauces roux
General purpose knife for slicing, dicing, and mincing santoku knife
Fried quickly in a little amount of hot fat saute
A straight sided pan sautoir pan
Milk at the point before boiling scald
Cooking at a high temperature until caramelized crust forms sear
Teeth on the blades so it won't squish the ripe fruits serrated knife
When you put hot food under ice water to stop cooking process shocking
Remove the top fat layer from liquids skim
A thickening mixture that is made up of equal parts flour and water slurry
When the food is vacuum packed, emerged in water bath and cooked at a constant temperature sous vide
The combination of solid food ingredients that have been cooked in liquid soup in restaurant gravy stew
A strained liquid that results from simmering meat and is used for soups or sauces stock
A gentle heating of vegetables in little oil or butter sweat
A ring shaped pasta tortellini
A seven sided football like shapes tourne cut
This small knife, similar to a paring knife, has a curved blade to make cutting the curved surfaces of tournéed vegetables easier tourne knife
to make fast with skewers, thread, or the like, as the wings or legs of a fowl in preparation for cooking trussing
To beat food with a whisk or mixer to incorporate air and produce volume whip

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Cooking Equipment Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

HANDHELD, DRAINS FOOD STRAINER
FREESTANDING & DRAINS FOOD COLANDER
DRAINS SOLIDS FROM LIQUIDS SLOTTEDSPOON
TO SHRED,SLICE OR GRATE FOOD GRATER
TO CUT OPEN PACKAGES AND CUT HERBS KITCHENSHEARS
DEEP,HAS HANDLE AND CAN COOK A VARIETY OR FOODS SAUCE PAN
GRILLS MEAT, PANCAKES AND EGGS GRIDDLE
PEELS VARIOUS FRUITS AND VEGETABLES VEGETABLEPEELER
MULTIPURPOSE KNIFE PARINGKNIFE
TO BAKE COOKIES, CREAM PUFFS AND FREESTANDING BREADS ON COOKIE SHEET
TO BAKE MUFFINS OR CUPCAKES IN MUFFIN TIN
TO BAKE PIES IN PIE PAN
MIXES, CHOPS, GRATES, SLICES, PUREES' INGREDIENTS FOOD PROCESSOR
PAN USED TO BAKE A CHEESECAKE IN SPRINGFORM
LEVELS INGREDIENTS AFTER MEASURING LEVEL
USED TO SERVE SOUP, STEW AND BEVERAGES LADLE
HANDHELD TOOL USED TO WHIP EGG WHITES OR CREAM WHISK
USED TO TURN FOOD SUCH AS BACON TONGS
TO MASH COOKED FOODS, SUCH AS POTATOES POTATOMASHER
TO LIFT AND TURN PANCAKES, HAMBURGERS AND EGGS SPATULA
HAS A HANDLE AND POURING LIP, USED TO MEASURE LIQUIDS LIQUID MEASURING CUP
SCRAPES SIDES OF BOWL RUBBER SPATULA
PROTECTS COUNTERS FROM HOT PANS, ALSO USED TO COOL FOOD ON COOLING RACKS
DRAINS DISHES DISH DRAINER
AIDS IN POURING FOODS INTO SMALL MOUTHED CONTAINERS FUNNEL
USED TO CUT FAT IN WITH FLOUR WHEN MAKING PASTRY OR BISCUITS PASTRY BLENDER
READS THE INTERNAL TEMPERATURE OF MEAT MEAT THERMOMETER
USED TO MEASURE DRY INGREDIENTS...LIKE FLOUR OR SUGAR DRY MEASURING CUPS
POUND MEAT AND MAKE MORE TENDER MALLET
TO OPEN CANS CAN OPENER
USES ELECTRICITY TO MIX AND BEAT INGREDIENTS ELECTRIC MIXER
TO ROAST MEATS IN OVEN ROASTING RACK
USED TO CUT PIZZA AS WELL AS OTHER FOODS PIZZACUTTER
A 9 x 13 PAN USED TO BAKE CAKES, ROASTS AND CASSEROLES OBLONG
FOR LONG , SLOW COOKING OF STEW, SOUPS AND MEATS DUTCH OVEN
PAN USED TO BAKE BREAD, POUND CAKE, AND MEAT LOAF IN LOAF
USED TO SEPARATE PARTICLES TO MAKE LIGHT AND FLUFFY SIFTER
USED TO MIX FOOD IN, VARIOUS SIZES MIXING BOWLS

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20 Common Culinary Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

To cook food in an oven using dry heat. Bake
To cut the bones from a piece of meat, poultry, or fish. Fillet
To coat the interior of a pan or dish with shortening, oil, or butter to prevent food from sticking during cooking. Grease
To soak in a sauce or flavoured liquid for a long period of time, usually a meat, poultry or fish. Marinate
Like baking but concerning meat or poultry, it is to cook food in an oven using dry heat. Roast
To cut vertically down. Slice
To cook food on a rack or in a steamer set over boiling or simmering water. Steam
To cook food (non-submerged) in hot fat or oil over moderate to high heat. Fry
This extremely hot chile is from Mexico and the Caribbean. Habanero
To remove the rind or skin from a fruit or vegetable using a knife or vegetable peeler. Peel
To incorporate two or more ingredients thoroughly. Blend
To cut solids into pieces with a sharp knife or other chopping device. Chop
To combine ingredients usually by stirring. Mix
To cook foods on a rack or a spit over coals. Barbecue
To cook in bubbling water Boil
To mix foods thoroughly to a smooth consistency using a spoon, fork, whisk or electric beater/mixer. Beat
To remove the shells from seafood. Shuck
To cook a pot or pan of food just below boiling point. Simmer
To soak fruit in a flavoured liquid mixture. Macerate
To improve the flavour of food by adding salt, pepper and other spices and flavours. Season

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Food Preparation terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

To cook in the oven with dry heat Bake
To cook on a rack or spit over hot coals or some other source of direct heat Barbecue
To spoon pan juices, melted fat, or another liquid over surface of food during cooking to keep the food moist and add flavor Baste
To mix ingredients together with a circular up-and-down motion using a spoon, whisk, rotary or electric beater Beat
To thicken or smooth out the consistency of a liquid Bind
To scald or parboil in water or steam Blanch
To stir ingredients until they are thoroughly combined Blend
To cook in liquid over 212°F (100°F Boil
To remove bones from fowl or meat Bone
To cook in a small amount of liquid Braise
To coat with dry bread or cracker crumbs Bread
To cook uncovered under a direct source of heat Broil
To turn the surface of a food brown by placing it under a brolier Brown
To apply sauce, melted fat, or other liquid with a basting or pastry brush Brush
To cook in a sugar syrup until coated or crystallized Candy
To heat sugar until a brown color and characteristic Caramelize
To make a food cold by placing it in a refrigerator or in a bowl over crushed ice Chill
To cut into small pieces Chop
To make a liquid clear by removing solid particles Clarify
To thoroughly cover a food with a liquid or dry mixture Coat
To cook by submerging in simmer liquid Coodle
To mix or blend two or more ingredients together Combine
To let a food stand until it no longer feels warm to the touch Cool
To sprinkle or coat with flour Flour
To make grooves or folds in dough Flute
To cook in a small amount of hot fat Fry
To pulverize Crush
To break fish into small pieces with a fork Flake
To remove liquid from a food product Drain
To cook in a large amount of hot fat Deep fry

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Cooking Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

Describing the degree of doneness for pastas and other foods where there is a firm center. Not overdone or too soft. Al Dente
To spoon, brush or pour fat, drippings or liquid continually over a baking or roasting food (usually poultry) in order to promote a moist finished product, to add flavor, and to glaze it. Baste
An uncooked mixture usually containing milk, flour, and eggs. It can be thick enough to be poured or spooned (as with muffins), or thin, to coat foods before being fried in oil. Batter
To stir vigorously in a circular motion. Beat
To briefly submerge food into boiling water and then into an ice bath to halt further cooking. It is a technique used to soften and bring out the chlorophyll in green vegetables. Blanch
A mixture of two or more flavors to produce its own unique character, and quality. Blend
To heat a liquid to the point of breaking bubbles on the surface or to cook submerged in a boiling liquid. Boil
A method of cooking, in which the heat source is above or below the food Broil
A small cut also referred to as a quick, heavy blows of a cleaver or knife when preparing foods. Chop
To cook by dry heat, usually in the oven. Bake
To soften a fat, especially butter, by beating it at room temperature. Butter and sugar are often creamed together, making a smooth, soft paste. CREAM
To cut food in small cubes of uniform size and shape. DICE
To incorporate a delicate substance, such as whipped cream or beaten egg whites, into another substance without releasing air bubbles FOLD
To cook in hot fat. FRY
To rub on a grater that separates the food in various sizes of bits or shreds. GRATE
To cut vegetables, fruits, or cheeses into thin strips. JULIENNE
To work and press dough with the palms of the hands or mechanically, to develop the gluten in the flour. KNEAD
To cut or chop food into extremely small pieces. MINCE
To combine ingredients usually by stirring. MIX
To remove the outermost skin of a fruit or vegetable. PARE
A pinch is the trifling amount you can hold between your thumb and forefinger. PINCH
To remove pits from fruits. PIT
To boil down to reduce the volume. REDUCE
To cook by dry heat in an oven. ROAST
To cook and/or brown food in a small amount of hot fat. SAUTE
To cut narrow grooves or gashes partway through the outer surface of food. SCORE
To brown very quickly by intense heat. This method increases shrinkage but develops flavor and improves appearance. SEAR
To cook slowly in liquid over low heat at a temperature of about 180°. The surface of the liquid should be barely moving, broken from time to time by slowly rising bubbles. SIMMER
To cook in steam in a pressure cooker, deep well cooker, double boiler, or a steamer made by fitting a rack in a kettle with a tight cover. STEAM
To beat rapidly to incorporate air and produce expansion, as in heavy cream or egg whites. WHIP

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Culinary Terms- 2 Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

To cook eggs in or over boiling water poach
When the food is in hot liquid just below the boiling point simmer
To smoothen a mixture by briskly whipping or stirring it with a spoon, fork, wire whisk, rotary beater, or electric mixer blend
to mix ingredients together until combined blend
cook by exposure to direct, intense radiant heat. broil
partially cooking the surface of meat to help remove excessive fat brown
knife cut in which food item is first julienned and then turned a quarter turn and diced again brunoise
To split food through the middle without completely separating the halves and then spread the halves butterfly
the oxidation of sugar, a process used extensively in cooking for the resulting nutty flavor and brown color caramelize
also known as a cook's knife, originally designed primarily to slice and disjoint large cuts of beef chef knife
to cut food into bite-sized pieces using the quick, heavy blows of a knife chop
To turn a cloudy liquid clear by removing sediments clarify
To cover food with a coating that can be wet coat
is a cooking term meaning to rough chop any ingredient concasse cut
the treatment of the meat with large grained rock salt corned
French for strained liquid coulis
the technique of blending several ingredients cream
a small cake or ball of minced meat, poultry, or fish, or of rice, potato, or other food, often coated with beaten egg and bread crumbs, and fried in deep fat croquettes
range in size from less than 1/8 inch square to approximately 3/4 inch square cube
Working in solid shortening into dry ingredients with two knives or a pastry blender until well mixed cut in
Technique for removing and dissolving browned food residue from a pan to flavor sauces deglaze
To skim the fat off the surface of a hot liquid degrease
To remove the vein(s) or digestive tract of a shrimp or other prawn devein
A cooking method that allows heat to meet the food directly direct heat
A cooking technique used to coat wet or moist food with dry ingredients prior to cooking dredge
The liquid that drips fat and juices from meat in cooking drippings
To fall in fine drops or to pour liquid in thin stream drizzle
Beaten eggs and brushed on to the surface of a pastry before baking eggwash
Mixing two unlike liquid mixtures together to make a sauce emulision
Appetizer entree
Very flexible knife used to fillet fish fillet knife
Something that separates solids from liquids filter
The process if breaking off small pieces from foods flake
The process of blending a light ingredient into a heavier ingredient by lifting underneath with a spatula or spoon fold
The cooking of food in oil or other fat fry
A glaze, icing, sauce, or filling for pastries made from chocolate and cream ganache
The coating of a glossy, often sweet, sometimes savory substance applied to food glaze
to rub cheese, vegetables etc against a rough or sharp surface in order to break them into small pieces grated cheese Peel and grate the potatoes grate
to break something into small pieces or powder grind
a dish composed of a starchy food, topped by a protein, in combination with fresh vegetables haystack
puffy pancake perfected by the Amish hootenanny
to steep something in a liquid to extract the flavors from it infuse
a culinary knife cut in which the food item is cut into long thin strips, similar to matchsticks julienne
a French culinary term meaning with juice jus
to work into a uniform mixture by pressing, folding, and stretching knead
substances used to produce air bubbles that cause baked goods to rise leavener

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Objective 2.03 Student Project Foods I Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

To cut food into small, uneven pieces. CHOP
To cut food into very fine, uneven pieces. MINCE
To cut food into small, equal size squares about ½ inch in size. CUBE
To cut food into small, equal size squares about ¼ to 1/8 inch in size. DICE
To reduce food into small pieces by pressing and rubbing it against the “teeth” of a grater. GRATE
To cut or break food into long, thin strips by using a knife, fork, or grater. SHRED
To remove the stem and the very thin layer of peel of a fruit or vegetable with a paring knife or peeler. PARE
To remove the outer layer/skin, by stripping or pulling off with your fingers or a knife. PEEL
To make small, straight, shallow cuts with a slicing knife in the surface of a food; often done to tenderize meat or to let sauces soak in. SCORE
To cut food into large, thick or thin flat pieces with a slicing knife. Use a sawing motion while gently pressing the knife down. SLICE
To pour or spoon pan juices, melted fat, or sauces over the surface of a food during cooking, using a baster, cup, or spoon, to keep the food moist and add flavor. BASTE
To lower a food’s temperature to freezing or below by placing it in a freezer. FREEZE
To expose to warmth in order to free from a frozen state. DEFROST
To cause a solid food to turn into or become part of a liquid. DISSOLVE
To remove liquid from a solid food by pouring off the liquid, putting the food through a colander, or drying with paper towels. DRAIN
To separate solid from liquid materials by pouring the mixture through a strainer or sieve. STRAIN
To lightly sprinkle the surface of a food with crumbs, flour, or sugar. DUST
To sprinkle or coat a food with flour. FLOUR
To rub fat on the surface of a food or a cooking utensil. GREASE
To soak food in a cold, seasoned liquid, usually containing an acid, in order to add flavor to or tenderize the food. MARINATE
To make something easy to chew by applying a process or a substance that breaks down connective tissue or fiber. TENDERIZE
To change food from a solid to a liquid by applying heat. MELT
To immerse food in a liquid for the purpose of wetting, softening, dissolving, or cleaning. SOAK
To increase the flavor of a food by adding herbs, spices, or other ingredients; to prepare a cooking utensil for cooking. (Ex. Cast iron skillet) SEASON
To leave an opening in the covering of a food through which steam can escape. VENT
To thoroughly mix ingredients and incorporate air using a spoon, wire whisk, mixer, or food processor with an up-and-down and circular motion BEAT
To stir or mix ingredients until they are thoroughly combined and smooth BLEND
To blend or mix two or more ingredients COMBINE
To beat solid fat and sugar with a wooden spoon or electric mixer until smooth, light, and creamy CREAM
To combine flour and solid fat by cutting the fat into tiny pieces using a pastry blender, two forks or knives, or the hands CUTIN
To blend a delicate mixture into a heavier one, using a rubber spatula, spoon, or wire whisk in a gentle up, down, and over motion so that the mixture stays light FOLD
To work a ball of dough with the heels of the hands repeating press, fold, and turn motions until the dough is smooth and elastic KNEAD
To combine two or more ingredients into one mass by stirring or beating them MIX
To reduce dry ingredients to finer particles, add air to dry ingredients, or combine dry ingredients by putting them through a sieve SIFT
To mix using a spoon or wire whisk with a circular motion STIR
To lightly mix ingredients by tumbling them with tongs or a large fork and spoon TOSS
To beat quickly and vigorously by hand, wire whisk, or mixer to incorporate air and to make a mixture light and fluffy WHIP
To cook in an oven with dry, hot air BAKE
To cook uncovered under a direct heat source BROIL
To broil over hot coals or on a griddle GRILL
To cook meat, fish, or poultry uncovered in an oven with dry, hot air ROAST
To roast slowly on a rack or spit over hot coals or some other direct heat source and baste with a spicy sauce BARBECUE
To cook food in hot liquid, 212 degrees fahrenheit, having bubbles that rise to and break on the surface of the liquid BOIL
To cook large pieces of meat or poultry slowly over low heat in a small amount of hot liquid in a tightly covered pan BRAISE
To cook food in a microwave oven using little or no liquid MICROWAVE
To cook food in liquid that is just below the boiling point SIMMER
To cook food in a pan using vapor produced by a boiling liquid STEAM
To cook food by completely immersing in hot fat; also know as French frying DEEPFRY
To cook food in a small amount of hot fat FRY
To lightly brown or cook food in a small amount of hot fat; also called pan-frying SAUTE
To cook small pieces of food quickly over high heat in a small amount of fat while stirring constantly STIRFRY
To turn on an appliance or oven to a desired temperature about 5 – 10 minutes before the food is to be placed in it PREHEAT

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Cooking methods Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

___ cooking that uses both dry and moist cooking techniques combination
To use metal and the radiation of hot air, oil or fat to transfer heat is a ___ cooking technique dry
When the proteins in food change from a liquid or semi-liquid state to a drier solid state. coagulation
moisture that escapes into the air evaporation
Cooking technique that uses liquid instead of oil for heat energy needed to cook food moist
The process of cooking sugar to high temperatures carmelization
To coat food with flour or finely ground crumbs dredging
To cook food directly under a primary heat source. Broiling
Foods that are cooked completely submerged in heated fat deep-fried
To quickly brown food at the start of the cooking process sear
Cooking that takes place after you remove food from heat source carryover
A coating made of eggs and crumbs breading
To partially Cook food blanching
A combination cooking technique with food items cut into small pieces stew
To cook food in liquid between 150-185 degrees poach
To cook food in liquid that is heated between 185-200 degrees F. simmer
To cook foods in a closed environment using vapors steam
A long slow cooking process that makes tough cuts of meat more tender braising
To loosen pan drippings with a small amount of liquid deglaze

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Cooking Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

proper planning procedure for a recipe, measuring out all ingredients before beginning to cook mise en place
to soften and rehydrate gelatin in warm liquid before use bloom
to split food down the center almost but not completely through; flat to resemble a butterfly butterfly
browning the outer surface of meat sear
cutting away the bones to produce a clean piece of fish or meat fillet
skewers of meat, fish, or vegetables grilled over a fire or coals kabobs
potatoes, cut into pieces the size and shape of matchsticks allumette
water bath to gently cook or keep food warm bainmarie
to partially or completely bake an unfilled pastry crust bake blind
items cut into pieces somewhat larger than allumette or julienne, "small stick" batonnet
a moist cooking method in which meat is seared in fat, then simmered in stock in a covered pot braise
gently combine a light mixture, like beaten egg whites, with a much heavier mixture like whipping cream fold
a cooked mixture of equal amounts of flour and fat (usually butter) roux
heat sugar until it liquefies and becomes syrup; fruits and vegetables with natural sugars sauted to give them a sweeter flavor caramelize
remove sediment from a cloudy liquid clarify
removeing browned particles of food from bottom of pan with a small amount of liquid after sauteing with a sma deglaze
bind two liquid ingredients together that normally do not mix, like water and fat emulsify
second chef sous chef
boiling vegetables for a brief period of time blanch
a flavor (tea, fruit, herb) extracted from any ingredient in a liquid like water, oil or vinegar infusion
make shallow cuts in meat to tenderize score

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Cooking methods Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

To cook food in large amount of hot oil. Deep Fry
Small pieces of food cooked in a little hot oil. Sauteing
Cooking under the oven grill or on BBQ Grilling
Cooking food in deep boiling liquid (not oil). Boiling
Cooking uncovered below boiling point in liquid (not oil). Simmering
Cooking food in a little liquid with lid on and at a simmer Stew
Food placed in a covered pan above boiling water Steaming
Browning food in fat then cooked with liquid in covered pan. Braising
Flaming food after frying. Flambeing
Frying in a little oil in frying pan PanFrying
Cooking meat in oven in small amount of liquid Roasting
Cooking wet ingredients in oven to rise. Baking

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Cooking Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

This crossword contains the following questions and answers:

to cook by dry heat usually in an oven bake
To roast meat slowly on a spit rack or rack over heat - basting frequently with a seasoned sauce. barbecue
To make mixture smooth by lifting it over and over quickly with a big beating stroke or to incorporate air through the mixture. beat
To mix two or more ingredients together until well combined. blend
To prepare food by applying heat in any form. cook
To beat sugar and fat together until fluffy cream
To cut fat into flour with two knives or pastry blender until it is distributed in small particles throughout the mixture. cut in
To coat food with butter, margarine, or egg - using a small brush. brush
To bake, dry, or toast a food until the surface is brown. brown
To beat rapidly to incorporate air and produce expansion, as in heavy cream or egg whites. whip
Italian term used to describe pasta that is cooked until it offers a slight resistance to the bite. al dente
To moisten foods during cooking with pan drippings or special sauce to add flavor and prevent drying. baste
A mixture containing flour and liquid, thin enough to pour. batter
To heat sugar in order to turn it brown and give it a special taste. caramelize
To cook on a grill under strong, direct heat. broil
To cut solids into pieces with a sharp knife or other chopping device. chop
To cut food in small cubes of uniform size and shape. dice
To cause a dry substance to pass into solution in a liquid. dissolve
To remove fat from the surface of stews, soups, or stock. Usually cooled in the refrigerator so that fat hardens and is easily removed. degrease
To dissolve the thin glaze of juices and brown bits on the surface of a pan in which food has been fried, sauteed or roasted. To do this, add liquid and stir and scrape over high heat, thereby adding flavor to the liquid for use as a sauce. deglaze
To preserve meats by drying and salting and/or smoking. cure
To preserve meats by drying and salting and/or smoking. clarify
To sprinkle or coat with flour or other fine substance. dredge
To sprinkle drops of liquid lightly over food in a casual manner. drizzle
To sprinkle food with dry ingredients. Use a strainer or a jar with a perforated cover, or try the good, old-fashioned way of shaking things together in a paper bag. dust
As a verb, to remove the bones from meat or fish. A fillet (or filet) is the piece of flesh after it has been boned. fillet
To mix by using circular motion, going around and around until blended stir
To mix ingredients lightly without mashing or crushing them. toss
To break lightly into small pieces. flake
To cook below the boiling point, bubbles form slowly and break on the surface. simmer
To add salt, pepper, or other substances to food to enhance flavor. season
To cook by braising; usually applied to fowl or rabbit. fricassee
To cook in a small amount of fat. saute
To cook in hot fat. To cook in a fat is called pan-frying or sauteing; to cook in a one-to-two inch layer of hot fat is called shallow-fat frying; to cook in a deep layer of hot fat is called deep-fat frying. fry
To flatten to a desired thickness by using a rolling pin. roll
To remove or strip off the skin or rind of some fruits and vegetables. peel
To cut or chop food as finely as possible. mince
To work dough with the "heel" of the hands, using a pressing motion, accompanied by folding and stretching until smooth and elastic. knead
To finely divide food in various sizes by rubbing it on a grater with sharp projections. grate
To mix ingredients by gently turning one part over another with a spatula fold in
To sprinkle or coat with a powdered a powdered substance, usually with crumbs or seasonings. flour
To ornament food - usually with another colorful food - before serving to add eye appeal. garnish
To cut into small pieces. chop
To cook in water or liquid in which bubbles rise continually and break on surface boil
To mix two or more ingredients together until well combined. blend
To flame foods by dousing in some form of potable alcohol and setting alight. flambe
To cook with a thin sugar syrup cooked to crack stage; mixture may be thickened slightly. Also, to cover with a thin, glossy icing. glaze
From the French word for "crust." Term used to describe any oven-baked dish--usually cooked in a shallow oval gratin dish--on which a golden brown crust of bread crumbs, cheese or creamy sauce is form. gratin
To cut vegetables, fruits, or cheeses into thin strips. julienne
Neither cool nor warm; approximately body temperature. lukewarm
To flavor and moisturize pieces of meat, poultry, seafood or vegetable by soaking them in or brushing them with a liquid mixture of seasonings known as a marinade. Dry marinade mixtures composed of salt, pepper, herbs or spices may also be rubbed into meat, poultry or seafood. marinate
Dredged with flour and sauteed in butter. meuniere
To remove the outermost skin of a fruit or vegetable. pare
To cook in small amounts of fat. pan fry
To boil down to reduce the volume. reduce
To cook very gently in hot liquid kept just below the boiling point. poach
To mash foods until perfectly smooth by hand, by rubbing through a sieve or food mill, or by whirling in a blender or food processor. puree
To make solid fat into liquid by melting it slowly. render
To cook by dry heat in an oven. roast
To make solid fat into liquid by melting it slowly. render
To remove pits from fruits. pit
the trifling amount you can hold between your thumb and forefinger. pinch
To bake a food, usually in a casserole, with sauce or other liquid. Crumbs often are sprinkled over. scallop
To cut narrow grooves or gashes partway through the outer surface of food. score
To immerse in rapidly boiling water and allow to cook slightly. blanch
To moisten foods during cooking with pan drippings or special sauce to add flavor and prevent drying. baste
To secure poultry with string or skewers, to hold its shape while cooking. truss
To simmer slowly in a small amount of liquid for a long time. stew
To destroy micro organisms by boiling, dry heat, or steam. sterilize
To extract color, flavor, or other qualities from a substance by leaving it in water just below the boiling point. steep
Cooked on a thick hardwood plank. planked
To preserve meats, vegetables, and fruits in brine. pickle
To soak dried fruits in liquid until they swell. plump
To bring to a temperature just below the boiling point. scald
To put one or more dry ingredients through a sieve or sifter. sift
To cut or tear in small, long, narrow pieces. shred
To brown very quickly by intense heat. This method increases shrinkage but develops flavor and improves appearance. sear
To cook uncovered in a hot fry pan, pouring off fat as it accumulates. pan broil
To boil until partially cooked; to blanch. Usually this procedure is followed by final cooking in a seasoned sauce. par boil
cook or brown food by exposure to a grill, fire, or other source of radiant heat. toast

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