the plane that divides the body into upper and lower segments
horizontal
the axis that runs from head to toe
longitudinal
movement away from the median
abduction
straightening a joint to increase the angle
extension
when you stand on your tip-toes, your ankles are in this position
plantar flexion
the bones that are most common in the wrists and ankles
short
the skeleton that includes the moveable limbs
appendicular
the longest bone in the body
femur
fingers and toes
phalanges
the tip of the sternum
xiphoid process
the tailbone
coccyx
the cheek bone
zygomatic
the shoulder blade
scapula
the ability of a muscle to stretch and return to its normal position
elasticity
a single nerve impulse
muscle twitch
the muscle primarily responsible for movement of a body part
agonist
the calf muscle
gastrocnemius
the chest muscle (group)
pectoralis
the butt muscles (group)
gluteals
the joints that allow the most movement
synovial
the joint found at the tumb
saddle
attach muscle to bone
tendons
when someone is injured, you should follow this principle for quick treatment
PIER
carbohydrates are stored as this in the muscles and liver
glycogen
the energy pathway that allows an athlete to compete in endurance type activities
aerobic system
the sub-pathway that produces the most ATP
electron transport chain
the muscle fibres that have the ability to tense and relax quickly
fast twitch
vessels that carry blood away from the heart
arteries
vitamins and minerals
micronutrients
lack of water during exercise can cause this
dehydration
something used to give an athlete a mental or physical edge over his/her competitors
ergogenics
the "F" in FITT
frequency
the breakdown of the overall training plan into distinct training periods
periodization
weightlifting is an example of this type of training
resistance
the sit and reach test measures this
flexibility
movement about an axis
rotational
application of force over a segment of time
impulse
the development of relationships with peers, friends, etc
social
the movements that take place after the critical instant
follow through
the sports event that takes place every 4 years
Olympics
1st Law of Motion
Inertia