a system that encodes, stores, and retrieves information
memory
encoding of meaning
semantic
encoding of sound
acoustic
encoding of picture images
visual
unconscious encoding of incidental information
automatic
requires attention and conscious effort
effortful
conscious repetition of information to maintain it in consciousness
rehearsal
the retention of encoding material over time
storage
another word for working memory
short term
shortest of our memories and generally holds sights, sounds, smells, and textures for a fraction of a second
sensory
capacity of short term memory
seven
mental pictures
imagery
another word for declarative memory; knowing what
explicit
another word for procedural memory; knowing how
implicit
extremely vivid and clear memories (ie. 9/11)
flashbulb
the locating and recovering of information from memory
retrieval
information in the working memory is gradually changed over to long term memory
consolidation
type of amnesia; the inability to remember information previously stored in memory
retrograde
type of amnesia; the inability to form memories from new materials
anterograde
search terms used to activate memory
retrieval cues
a quick association that leads to recall of a memory
priming
a retrieval method in which one must reproduce previously presented material
recall
memories gradually fade in strength over time
transcience
forgetting when a memory cannot be retrieved because of interference
blocking
old blocks new
proactive
new blocks old
retroactive