Type
Crossword
Description

electronic devices and media platforms such as computers, cell phones, video, the Internet, and video games that allow users to create, communicate, and interact with one another or with the device or application itself digital media
a figure of speech in which a comparison is made between two different things using the word like or as simile
navigating the digital world safely, responsibly, and ethically digital citizenship
a representation of someone or something, such as a photograph or drawing; the way someone or something is perceived by others image
a rule that is unfairly applied to different people or groups of people double standard
a set of principles and morals governing people’s behavior, including honesty and respect toward others ethics
a set of principles and morals governing people’s behavior as it relates to the Internet and digital devices online ethics
to depict yourself to others as being a certain way or having particular characteristics represent
an image and personality that you show to others persona
a graphic image that represents a person online avatar
without a name or other information that identifies who you are anonymous
the effect of something that happened earlier consequence
all of the information about a person that can be found online digital footprint
to let in or to be given entrance admission
someone seeking entrance to a school or placement in a job, usually competing with others for the position candidate
the general impression of a person held by others and the public reputation
to continue and endure persist
different factors that surround a piece of information that help determine its meaning context
a person or company other than you and the owner of the website you visit third party
choices a website might give you about what it does with your information privacy options
when companies collect information about you based on your online behavior track
when companies tailor content to you based on the information they have collected about you target
common categories of the population, such as age, gender, and race demographic
data files that are stored on your computer when you visit certain sites, often used by companies to identify repeat customers and personalize visitors’ experiences cookies
knowledge collected from many people towards a common goal collective intelligence
a website created by a group that allows all users in a group to add or edit content wiki
the ability to use a small amount of someone’s creative work without permission, but only in certain ways fair use
a use in connection with a business, usually for profit commercial purposes
a law that protects a creator’s ownership of and control over the work he or she creates, requiring other people to get the creator’s permission before they copy, share, or perform that work copyright
creative work that’s not protected by copyright and is therefore free for one to use however one wants public domain
an idea –whether a phrase, expression, image, or video – that gains widespread recognition online viral: the rapid spread of information, particularly meme
the view or outlook of someone, based on their thoughts, feelings, experiences, and background perspective
a person who is the object of an intentional action target
a person who intentionally commits acts to hurt or damage someone offender
a person who passively stands by and observes without getting involved bystander
a person who supports and stands up for someone else upstander
to increase or make more intense escalate
to decrease or make less intense de-escalate

Internet Safety Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

controlled by or connected to another computer or network online
working surface of a desk desktop
legal right given to an originator to print, publish, perform, film, or record the originator's work. copyright
any message passed through digital devices. digital communication
where computer networkers where users can communicate. chat room
regularly updated website or web page, typically one run by an individual or small group blog
capable of copying itself and destroying data. virus
electronic communication used to bully a person or a group of people. cyberbullying
applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking. social media
set of rules you should follow in order to make the internet better for others, and better for you. digital etiquette
acquisition and use of a person's private identifying information identity theft
A hostile, strongly worded message that may contain obscene language. flame
specific features or software that parents manage the online activities of children parental control
any device used to communicate provocative messages and/or sexual images sexting
A program, or set of instructions, that runs on a computer. software

Cyberbullying Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

An image or user name that represents a person online. Avatar
The denial of access to particular parts of the internet. Blocking
Interactive web journal or diary posted online. Blog
Repeated and deliberate harassment directed at another person. Bullying
Intentional & repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices. Cyberbullying
Suicide caused directly or indirectly from cyberbullying. Cyberbullicide
Repeated harassment using electronic devices and networked technology that includes threats of harm. Cyberstalking
Evidence of a person's use of the internet. Digital Footprint
Intentionally excluding someone from an online group, like a buddy list or a game. Exclusion
The act of restricting access to certain websites. Filtering
Hardware or software that restricts and regulates incoming and outgoing data to or from computer systems. Firewall
Online fights using electronic messages with angry and vulgar language. Flaming
Repeatedly sending offensive, rude, or insulting messages. Harassment
Breaking into someone's account, posing as that person and sending messages to make the person look bad. Impersonation
An image with text used to describe a thought, idea, or joke that is widely shared. Meme
The one who instigates online social cruelty. Also know as the aggressor. Offender
Sharing someone's secrets or embarrassing information online. Outing
Software or a website that allows one's internet connection to be routed or tunneled through a different connection or site. Proxy
Making a statement or taking an action that indicates harm to another. Threat
A person who is known for creating controversy in an online setting. Troll
The person who is on the receiving end of online social cruelty Victim

Computer Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

is the ability to use information and communication technologies to find, evaluate, create, and communicate information, requiring both cognitive and technical skills Digital Literacy
a computer designed for use by one person at a time. Personal Computer
is the collection of physical parts of a computer system. Hardware
is a generic term for organized collections of computer data and instructions Software
one of the most essential parts of a computer system. Motherboard
A central processing unit CPU
refers to the copying and archiving of computer data so it may be used to restore the original after a data loss event. Back Up
The primary computer storage device, which spins, reads and writes one or more fixed disk platters. Hard Drive
Short for digital versatile disc or digital video disc DVD
a device or program that enables a computer to transmit data over Modem
a widely used sans-serif typeface developed in 1957 by Swiss typeface designer Max Miedinger Helvetica
Universal Serial Bus USB
The global communication network that allows almost all computers worldwide to connect and exchange information. Internet
providing a common topic identifier in text and chat messages so they can be searched as a group. Commonly used in tweets hashtag
connects to the motherboard of a computer system and generates output images to display. Video Card

technology Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

company of the type of touch screen phone most of the world uses today apple
does not eliminate servers serverless computing
a video adapter video card
is the integration of digital information with live video augmented reality
a conventional method of transmitting data Analogue
is software that allows you to view a PDF document Adobe Acrobat Reader
is a document sent with an email message Attachment
refers to the part of an application that performs an essential task not apparent to the user Back-end
smallest unit of measurement in computing. bit
a wireless communications technology intended to replace cables bluetooth
a saved link to a particular Web page bookmark
to load and initialise the operating system on a computer. boot
A software program that allows you to surf the web Browser
is temporarily stored on your computer. Cache
microprocessor that performs many functions and calculations that make your computer run Chip
refers to a website's text and information, as opposed to its design and structure Content
refers to measures designed to protect your computer Cybersecurity
a small program that allows a peripheral device such as a printer or scanner to connect to your PC Device driver
method by which users access and save or "pull down" software or other files to their own computers Download
electronic mail is a way of sending messages over the internet Email

Digital Media Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

The use of a computer to create movement on the screen. ANIMATION
A little application that gets downloaded to your computer along with a web page. APPLET
A two or three-dimensional icon that represents a computer user or gamer. AVATAR
The capacity of a device to process or transmit information. The more information it can handle per second, the greater its bandwidth. BANDWITH
A web page usually updated by one person; most allow viewers to post comments. BLOG
To mix two or more audio tracks into one. BOUNCE
The acronym for the use of computer to design products. CAD
A computer seeking information on your behalf from a server on a network. CLIENT
Digital images that can be legally used electronically. CLIPART
A self-organized group of people with a common agenda, cause, or interest. COMMUNITY
The speed of data transfer, normally expressed in bits or bytes per second. DATA RATE
A measurement of loudness. The higher the rating, the louder the sound. DECIBAL
Computers, cell phones, digital video, and social networking sites that allow users to create, communicate and interact with each other. DIGITAL MEDIA
A person in whose life there have always been computers, video games and the Internet. DIGITAL NATIVE
The process of converting analog audio and video signals into a digital format. DIGITIZING
Misleading images that are changed, modified or manipulated to trick the viewer. FAUXTOGRAPHY
The prevalent graphics format for images on the World Wide Web. GIF
Graphics that allow each pixel to appear as black, white, or shades of gray. GRAYSCALE
Jagged, stair-step-like bumps that advertise an image’s identity as a collection of pixels. JAGGIES
A file format used for photographs on the web. JPEG
To type your name and password to initiate a session with a host computer. LOGIN
A remix or blend of songs, videos, or other media into one product. MASH UP
A system enabling users to exchange information over long distances connecting through a system of routers, servers, switches, and the like. NETWORK
Video editing process in which editing occurs in any sequence. NONLINEAR
The illegal act of sending messages that appear to come from real sources, but really come from spammers to get people to share personal information. PHISHING
Tiny dots of white, black, or color arranged in rows that make up an image on a computer screen. PIXELS
A downloadable digital video or audio file that can be narrated or contain music and video. PODCAST
Re-creation of songs using fresh rhythms and audio samples. REMIXES
The density of pixels described in pixels per inch. RESOLUTION
Unwanted ads. SPAM
The acronym for the vector graphic format associated with Adobe Flash Player. SWF
Also known as SMS, this is a message that is sent from a cell phone. TEXT MESSAGE
Someone who posts unwanted ads on online message boards. TROLL
The process in which an animator creates key frames and objects and then uses software to fill in movement in-between frames. TWEENING
A social networking microblog where people’s messages, called Tweets, can be posted to their followers. TWITTER
The process of making video films. VIDEOGRAPHY
An HTML hypertext document on the World Wide Web. WEB PAGE

Social Media Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

Created in 2004, this social network has over 1 billion users. This website is blocked in china however that doesn't stop people using it there Facebook
Reconised by its yellow ghost, this network allows users to share photos to friends and family. But watch out! they only last for 10 seconds Snapchat
bird Twitter
When bought by Facebook in 2010, this network only have 13 employees, however now is used globally Instagram
3.2 billion people use this globally. Without it, social media wouldn't be around toaday Internet
Found in Instagram, Twitter and Facebook, this symbol is used to categories different posts. Hashtag
an image, video, piece of text, etc that is copied and spread rapidly by Internet users for amusement Meme
One of the most popular dating sights globally, this network recently lost many users due to its new age limit policy (18+) Tinder
A virtual representation of an individual, online and is commonly used for profile pics. This word also means incarnation in Sanskrit Avatar
Originally used for a short description of a user, however now holds many other purposes such as holding quotes. bio
Done by pretty much many social media user, it is when an individual looks scroll through another individuals account for extended periods of time Creep
Alters a photo Filter
Small images used to describe different situations. It is the internets way of showing emotion Emojis
7 seconds is all you have! Vine
Known as the virtual scrapbook, this is used to create specific boards filled with DIY's and photos Pinterest
a musical track comprising different songs Mashup
A photo of ones self Seflie
A form of blogging; were people upload videos to youtube vlog
Blue and white, allows you to video call friends skype
Created in February 2007, this is one of the biggest forms of social media in todays society Tumblr

chapter 1 vocabulary Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

might include word processing, spreadsheet, database, presentation, and email application application software
a regularly updated website or web page, typically one run by an individual or small group, that is written in an informal or conversational style blog
a hardware device capable of transmitting an analog or digital signal over the telephone, other communication. communication device
an electronic device for storing and processing data computer
Computer literacy is the ability to use computers and related technology efficiently, with a range of skills covering levels from elementary use to programming and advanced problem solving. computer literacy
completed partially or entirely by using a computer. computer-aided
Manufacturing: make (something) on a large scale using machinery.
Convergence: the process or state of converging.
(central processing unit):the part of a computer in which operations are controlled and executed cpu
facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis data
Desktop computer: is a term commonly used to describe a system unit.
A software developer is a person concerned with facets of the software development process, including the research, design, programming, and testing of computer software developer
a camera that records and stores digital images digital camera
is the set of competencies required for full participation in a knowledge society digital literacy
an electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose ebook
E-book reader: is a mobile electronic device that is designed primarily for the purpose of reading digital e-books and periodicals.
system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system embedded computer
Enterprise computing: is a buzzword that refers to business-oriented information technology that is critical to a company's operations.
Enterprise user: is computer software used to satisfy the needs of an organization rather than individual users.
execute: and software engineering is the process by which a computer or a virtual machine performs the instructions of a computer program.
a list of questions and answers relating to a particular subject, especially one giving basic information for users of a website FAQ
Game console: A specialized desktop computer used to play video games.
graphical user interface: a visual way of interacting with a computer using items such as windows, icons, and menus, used by most modern operating systems.
Green computing: is the environmentally responsible and eco-friendly use of computers and their resources.
handheld computer: is a computer that can conveniently be stored in a pocket (of sufficient size) and used while you're holding it.
Hardware: tools, machinery, and other durable equipment.
Home user: A user is a person who uses a computer or network service.
Information: is stimuli that has meaning in some context for its receiver. When Information is entered into and stored in a computer, it is generally referred to as data.
Information processing: is the change (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer.
cycle: (sometimes called a fetch–decode–execute cycle) is the basic operational process of a computer.
input device: is (a piece of computer hardware equipment) used to provide data and control signals to an information processing system such as a computer or information appliance. Examples of input devices include keyboards, mouse, scanners, digital cameras and joysticks.
installing : install program. Also called a "setup program" or "installer," it is software that prepares an application (software package) to run in the computer.
Instant message: a message sent via the Internet that appears on the recipient's screen as soon as it is transmitted.
Internet: a global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities, consisting of interconnected networks using standardized communication protocols.
Internet-enabled: the single worldwide computer network that interconnects other computer networks, on which end-user services, such as World Wide Web sites or data archives, are located, enabling data and other information to be exchanged, (Also called) the Net.
Laptop computer: a computer that is portable and suitable for use while traveling.
Mainframe: (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications, bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning, and transaction processing.
Memory: is any physical device capable of storing information temporarily or permanently.
Microblogging: A type of blog that lets users publish short text updates. Bloggers can usually use a number of service for the updates including instant messaging, email, or Twitter. The posts are called microposts, while the act of using these services to update your blog is called microblogging.
Mobile computing: is a generic term that refers to a variety of devices that allow people to access data and information from wherever they are. Sometimes referred to as "human-computer interaction," mobile computing transports data, voice, and video over a network via a mobile device.
Mobile device: (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand. ... Mobile devices may run mobile operating systems that allow third-party apps specialized for said capabilities to be installed and run.
Mobile users: A person traveling with a smartphone, tablet or other portable device that requires Internet access via a cellular system.
Netbook: is a small, light, low-power,that has less processing power than a full-sized laptop but is still suitable for word processing, running a Web browser and connecting wirelessly to the Internet.
network: is defined as a group of two or more computer systems linked together. There are many types of computer networks, including the following: local-area networks(LANs): The computers are geographically close together (that is, in the same building).
notebook computer: is a battery- or AC-powered personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that can easily be transported and conveniently used in temporary spaces such as on airplanes, in libraries, temporary offices, and at meetings.
Online:Recently, however, the term "online" usually means being connected to the Internet. The connection can be through a phone line, using a dial-up or DSL modem, a cable line via a cable modem, or through a wireless connection. A computer can also be online via a connection to a computer network.
Online banking: a method of banking in which transactions are conducted electronically via the Internet.
Investing online: also known as online trading or trading online, is a process by which individual investors and traders buy and sell securities over an electronic network, typically with a brokerage firm.
Online social network is an online platform which people use to build social networks or social relations with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections.
Operating system: the software that supports a computer's basic functions, such as scheduling tasks, executing applications, and controlling peripherals.

E-Safety Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

What do you call a program that is sent to harm your computer virus
What is it called to break into another computer system hacking
What software can we use to protect out computer ---- virus? anti
I'm online and I meet someone my age in a chat room. Is it OK to give them my address or phone number? NO
In stead of using a photo of yourself, you should create an...? avatar
an email message sent to a large number of people without their consent, usually promoting a product or service spam
what is a computer program sent to gather information from your computer called? malware
What is a network security system used to stop unauthorised access called? firewall
what should you use to protect your user area? password
A password should included numbers, uppercase letters, symbols and ......... letters? lowercase
what is it called if people are nasty to you online? cyberbullying
Dont open ...... from people you dont know attachments
A term used to stop a computer reaching something on the internet, to stop a program running, or to stop someone from contacting you on a chat service. block
A program that can do things without the user of the computer having to give it instructions. Bot
A means of preventing certain types of material, keywords or anything you decide to block from reaching your computer. filter
An attempt to trick people into visiting malicious websites by sending emails or other messages which pretend to come from banks or online shops. phishing
a program that secretly monitors your actions. spyware
a person who posts inflammatory comments or messages in an online community such as a forum, chatroom, blog or on social networking sites. troll
when copying information or images off the internet you must check for what legal information? copyright
you need to check that the information you get off the web is R....... reliable

Social Media Terms Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

“ask me anything," which originated in a popular subreddit where users will use the term to prompt questions from other users. AMA
an image or username that represents a person online, most often within forums and social networks. Avatar
a free URL shortening service that provides statistics for the links users share online. Popularly used to condense long URLs to make them easier to share on social networks such as Twitter. Bitly
on social media refers to a short bit of explainer text that explains who the user is. Bio
created from two words: “web log.” Usually maintained by an individual or a business with regular entries of content on a specific topic, descriptions of events, or other resources such as graphics or video. Can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to one. Blog
marking something you found important, enjoyed, or want to continue reading later. The only difference online is that it's happening through websites using one of the various services available, such as Pocket, or right within your browser. Bookmarking
any kind of communication over the internet but traditionally refers to one to one communication through a text-based chat application, commonly referred to as instant messaging (IM) applications. Chat
clusters of a user's friends, colleagues, family, or connections on Google+. You get to choose who goes in which, and when you want to share content with only these individuals, you include that specific ____ in your post's sharing options. Circles
marketing or advertising material that employs a sensationalized headline to attract clicks. They rely heavily on the "curiosity gap" by creating just enough interest to provoke engagement. Clickbait
a response that is often provided as an answer or reaction to a blog post or message on a social network. Comment
The LinkedIn equivalent of a Facebook 'friend'. Because LinkedIn is a social networking site, the people you are connecting with are not necessarily people you are friends with, but rather professional contacts that you've met, heard speak, done business with, or know through another member. Connections
a popular online commerce site in which users sell a variety of goods and services to other users. The service has been credited for causing the reduction of classified advertising in newspapers across the United States. Craigslist
a nonprofit corporation dedicated to making it easier for people to share and build upon the work of others, consistent with the rules of copyright. It provides free licenses and other legal tools to mark creative work with the freedom the creator wants it to carry, so others can share, remix, use commercially, or any combination thereof. Creative Commons
the act of soliciting ideas or content from a group of people, typically in an online setting. Crowdsourcing
private conversations that occur on Twitter. Both parties must be following one another to send a message. DirectMessage
an electronic version of a book Ebook
Refers to an instance in which another LinkedIn user recognizes you for one of the skills you have listed on your profile. Endorsement
popular social media metric used to describe the amount of interaction - likes, shares, comments a piece of content receives. EngagementRate
social media platform founded by Mark Zuckerberg in 2004. The site connects people with friends, family, acquaintances, and businesses from all over the world and enables them to post, share, and engage with a variety of content such as photos and status updates. Facebook
Represented by the small star icon on Twitter, the action signals to the creator that you liked their content or post. Favorite
a social network for online picture sharing. The service allows users to store photos online and then share them with others through profiles, groups, sets, and other methods. Flickr
Also known as a message board, it is an online discussion site. It originated as the modern equivalent of a traditional bulletin board, and a technological evolution of the dial- up bulletin board system. Forums
In a social media setting, a person who subscribes to your account in order to receive your updates. Follower
the term used on Facebook to represent the connections you make and the people you follow. These are individuals you consider to be friendly enough with you to see your Facebook profile and engage with you. Friends
the directional coordinates that can be attached to a piece of content online. For example, Instagram users often use it to highlight the location in which their photo was taken. Geotag
acronym for Graphics Interchange Format. In social media, small- scale animations and film clips. GIF
a free web browser produced by Google that fully integrates with its online search system as well as its other applications. Chrome
a group of web-based office applications that includes tools for word processing, presentations, spreadsheet analysis, etc. All documents are stored and edited online and allow multiple people to collaborate on a document in real time GoogleDocuments
Google's social network. It serves as a platform for users to connect with friends, family, and professionals while enabling them to share photos, send messages, and engage with content. Google uses the "+1" to serve as the equivalent to a Like on Facebook or Instagram. Google+
someone's @username on Twitter. Handle
the large photo displayed at the top of your profile on Header
video service on Google+ that allows you to video chat with up to 10 Google+ users are a time. You can name these chats, watch YouTube videos during them, open a Google Doc with colleagues, and much more. Hangout
tag used on a variety of social networks as a way to annotate a message. Word or phrase used to categorize information and make it easily searchable for users. Hashtag
a photo sharing application that lets users take photos, apply filters to their images, and share the photos instantly on the Instagram network and other social networks like Facebook, Flickr, Twitter, and Foursquare. The app is targeted toward mobile social sharing, and has gained more than 300 million users. Instagram
form of real- time, direct text- based communication between two or more people. More advanced instant messaging software clients also allow enhanced modes of communication, such as live voice or video calling. InstantMessaging
on Facebook or Instagram, instead of writing a comment or sharing a post, a user can click the button as a quick way to show approval. Like
Business oriented social networking site with over 380 million members in over 200 countries and territories. Founded in December 2002 and launched in May 2003, it is mainly used for professional networking. LinkedIn
the act of delivering content over the internet in real- time. This term was popularized in social media by apps such as Meerkat and Periscope. Livestreaming
a person who reads discussions on a message board, newsgroup, social network, or other interactive system, but rarely or never participates in the discussion. Lurker
Content that contains multiple types of media drawn from pre-existing sources to create a new work. Mashup
a thought, idea, joke, or concept that's widely shared online. It is typically an image with text above and below it, but can also come in video and link form. Meme
Twitter term used to describe an instance in which a user includes someone else's @username in their tweet to attribute a piece of content or start a discussion. Mention
a type of online advertising in which the ad copy and format adheres to the format of a regular post on the network it's being published on. The purpose is to make ads feel less like ads, and more like part of the conversation. NativeAdvertising
On Facebook, the homepage of users' accounts where they can see all the latest updates from their friends. Called Timeline on Twitter. News Feed
the practice of capitalizing on the popularity of a news story to amplify your sales and marketing success. Newsjacking
social online radio station that allows users to create stations based on their favorite artists and types of music. Pandora
social video app that allows users to broadcast live video from wherever they are. App users also have the ability to engage with others videos, browse live or recent broadcasts, and follow users to receive notifications. Periscope
an address or URL of a particular post within a blog or website that remains indefinitely unchanged. Permalink
a photo sharing social network that provides users with a platform for uploading, saving, and categorizing "pins" through collections called "boards." Boards are typically organized by theme, such as: Food & Drink, Women's Fashion, Gardening, etc. Users have the ability to "pin" and "repin" content that they like to their respective boards. Pinterest
a series of digital media files, usually audio, that are released episodically and often downloaded through an RSS feed. Podcast
acronym for pay per click- an online advertising model in which advertisers display ads on various websites or search engines and pay when a visitor clicks through. Bid- based PPC involves an auction in which advertisers compete with other advertisers by setting the max bid or highest amount they're willing to pay for each click. Each time a visitor triggers the ad spot, the auction process pans out to select which ad will be displayed. PPC

Digital Citizenship Crossword

Type
Crossword
Description

communication including television, radio, and newspapers, that often reaches and impacts a large audience media
electronic devices and media platforms such as computers, cell phones, the Internet that allow users to communicate and interact with one another or with the device or application itself digital media
two or three dimensional icon that represents a compute user or a gamer avatar
the act of saying mean things online usually in ALL CAPS Flaming
remix or blend of multiple songs, videos, or other media content into one product Mash up
downloadable video or audio file. podcast
the illegal act of sending emails or messages that appear to come from authentic sources but really come from spammers. phishing
an attempt to trick someone, usually with the intention of stealing money or private information scam
a type of crime in which your private information is stolen and used for criminal activity identity theft
in a position that makes it easier for you to be harmed or attacked vulnerable
someone who sees cyberbullying but does nothing to help bystander
someone who helps when they see cyberbullying occur upstander
to imagine the feelings that someone else is experiencing empathize
bombarding someone with messages over digital media. repeated contact when it is least expected harassing
using fake names, posing as someone else, or creating a fake profile about someone else deceiving
a verbal attack targeting someone because of their race gender, religion or sexual orientation hate speech
a person who is the object of an intentional action target
a person who has malicious intents to hurt or damage someone offender
to increase or make intense escalate